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1.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(42): 36177-36186, 2018 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30264563

RESUMO

Flexible and low-voltage near-infrared organic phototransistors (NIR OPTs) were prepared with a low-band gap donor-acceptor conjugated polymer as the semiconductor layer and n-octadecyl phosphonic acid modified anodic alumina (AlO x/ODPA) as the insulating layer. The phototransistors exhibit the typical n-type transistor characteristics at a voltage below 5 V. The photosensitivity of phototransistors can be enhanced by regulating the packing densities of the ODPA self-assembled monolayers and forming different trap states. The enhanced OPTs exhibit good photosensitivity to 808-980 nm NIR with the photocurrent/dark current ratio and photoresponsivity as high as 5 × 103 and 20 mA W-1, respectively, benefiting from the charge-trapping effect at the AlO x/ODPA interface. The OPTs also present a fast optical switching speed of 20/30 ms and an excellent mechanical flexibility. The outstanding performance of the NIR OPTs indicates that the development of wearable electronics is, indeed, possible.

2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 133: 514-20, 2014 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24983919

RESUMO

Alkyne bridged porphyrin sensitizers have attracted great attention in the field of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) because of their excellent photo-to-electric conversion efficiencies, among which YD2 has reached 11% while YD2-o-C8 has reached 11.9% solely and 12.3% co-sensitized with other sensitizers. Design and screening of porphyrin sensitizer candidates with wider electronic absorption spectra to further improve the photo-to-electric conversion efficiencies of corresponding solar cells is still very important. Twenty novel alkyne bridged zinc porphyrin sensitizer candidates composed of the donors diarylamino-, tri-4-methylphenyl-, tri-hydroxyl- and tri-amino-substituted zinc porphyrins as well as the selected acceptors E, M, Q, R and S have been designed and calculated at the density functional B3LYP level. YD2 and YD2-o-C8 are also calculated at the same level for comparison. The result shows that the sensitizer candidates all have smaller HOMO-LUMO gaps as well as wider and red-shifted absorption bands than those of YD2 and YD2-o-C8. Most of the sensitizer candidates have appropriate HOMO and LUMO energy levels relative to the redox potential of the mediator and the TiO2 conduction band, showing that they are promising to provide comparable or even higher photo-to-electric conversion efficiencies than 11% of YD-2 or 11.9% of YD2-o-C8.


Assuntos
Alquinos/química , Corantes/química , Metaloporfirinas/química , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Elétrons , Teoria Quântica , Energia Solar
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