Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 487
Filtrar
1.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5257, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611921

RESUMO

Hui Medicine ZhaLi NuSi Prescription (ZLNS) is described in "Hui Hui Prescription" and it has been used to treat cerebral infarction in Hui Region, China. In this study, a rapid and reliable ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was established and applied to simultaneously determine geniposidic acid, oxypaeoniflorin, hydroxysafflor yellow A, caffeic acid, magnoflorine, paeoniflorin, ferulic acid, ß-ecdysterone, icariin, rhein and baohuoside I in rat plasma. The pharmacokinetic parameters of these components and the influences of essential oil (EO) on them were investigated in normal rats. The results showed that the pharmacokinetic parameters (AUC0-t , AUC0-∞ , t1/2 , tmax , cmax ) of the above compounds were significantly changed after co-administering with ZLNS EO. The AUC values of oxypaeoniflorin, paeoniflorin, ferulic acid and baohuoside I with EO were decreased significantly. This is the first report for comparative pharmacokinetic study of ZLNS bioactive components in normal rats, which may provide the basis for drug interaction study in vivo, and an insight for their clinical applications.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 114713, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626776

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Mulberry leaves have been used as traditional hypoglycemic medicine-food plant for thousand years in China. According to traditional Chinese medicine theory, type 2 diabetes belongs to the category of XiaoKe. Presently, the research of mulberry leaf hypoglycemic and lipid-lowering direction is mature, but the curative effects of alkaloids, flavonoids, polysaccharides, and other bioactive ingredients and the related mechanism is still unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This paper aims to study the efficacy and mechanism of alkaloids, flavonoids, polysaccharides, and other bioactive components in mulberry leaves in the treatment of type 2 diabetes individually. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The determination of levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (T-Cho), and pyruvate kinase (PK), hexokinase (HK), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT/GPT) of in plasma of diabetic mice. Urine metabolomics was analyzed by UPLC-QTOF/MS to evaluate differential metabolites from multiple metabolic pathways. The glucose uptake of HepG2 cells and 3T3-L1 cells. Expression of Caspase-3 and caspase-9, inflammatory injury and p38MAPK/NF signaling pathway in GLUTag cells. RESULTS: Our study revealed alkaloids, flavonoids, and polysaccharides in mulberry leaf could increase the levels of PK, HK, and ALT/GPT, and decrease the levels of TG and T-Cho significantly, and regulate glucose, amino acid, and lipid metabolism. Furthermore, 1-deoxynojirimycin and isoquercitrin both could increase glucose uptake and promote differentiation of HepG2 cells, increase PPARγ, C/EBPα and SREBP-l expression in 3T3-L1 cells, and inhibit AGEs-induced injury and apoptosis in GLUTag cells, reduce the expression of proteins related to AGEs/RAGE and p38MAPK/NF-κB pathway. Notably, isoquercitrin exhibited more pronounced anti-diabetic efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: The alkaloids, flavonoids, and polysaccharides from mulberry leaf exhibited hypoglycemic activity through the regulation of glucose, amino acid, and lipid metabolism. 1-DNJ and QG increased glucose uptake and promoted differentiation of HepG2 cells, increased PPARγ, C/EBPα and SREBP-l expression in 3T3-L1 cells, and inhibited AGEs-induced injury and apoptosis in GLUTag cells via the AGEs/RAGE and p38 MAPK/NF-κB pathway.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3133-3143, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467705

RESUMO

To study the effect of mineral Chloriti Lapis on pulmonary metabolites and metabolic pathways in lung tissues of rats with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD). The AECOPD rat model of phlegm heat syndrome was replicated by the method of smoking combined with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. Except for using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analysis, SPSS 18.0, SIMCA 13.0 and other software were also used for statistical analysis. Through literature search and online database comparison, the differential metabolites were identified, and the possible metabolic pathways were analyzed. After 15 days of administration, PLS-DA analysis was carried out on lung tissue samples of rats in each group. The results showed that the metabolic profiles of lung tissues of rats in each group could be well separated, which indicated that Chloriti Lapis and aminophylline had significant intervention effect on the lung metabolic profile of rats with AECOPD. Moreover, the metabolic profile of Chloriti Lapis group was closer to that of control group, and the intervention effect was better than that of aminophylline group. As a result, 15 potential differential metabolites were identified: phytosphingosine, sphinganine, tetradecanoylcarnitine, L-palmitoylcarnitine, elaidic carnitine, lysoPC[18∶2(9Z,12Z)], lysoPC(16∶0), lysoPC[18∶1(9Z)], lysoPC(18∶0), stearic acid, lysoPC(15∶0), arachidonic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid. Among them, Chloriti Lapis could significantly improve the levels of 10 differential metabolites of phytosphingosine, tetradecanoylcarnitine, L-palmitoylcarnitine, elaidic carnitine, lysoPC[18∶2(9Z,12Z)], lysoPC(16∶0), lysoPC[18∶1(9Z)], stearic acid, lysoPC(15∶0), and palmitic acid(P<0.05). The intervention effect of Chloriti Lapis group was better than that of aminophylline group. Analysis of metabolic pathways showed that there were 8 possible metabolic pathways that could be affected, and three of the most important metabolic pathways(pathway impact>0.1) were involved: linoleic acid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and sphingolipid metabolism. Chloriti Lapis had obvious intervention effects on lung tissue-related metabolites and metabolic pathways in rats with AECOPD, and the effect was better than that of aminophyllinne.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Animais , Pulmão , Metabolômica , Minerais , Ratos
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4096-4102, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467719

RESUMO

The pharmacological effects of Angelicae Sinensis Radix from different producing areas are uneven. Accurate identification of its producing areas by computer vision and machine learning(CVML) is conducive to evaluating the quality of Angelicae Sinensis Radix. This paper collected the high-definition images of Angelicae Sinensis Radix from different producing areas using a digital camera to construct an image database, followed by the extraction of texture features based on the grayscale relationship of adjacent pixels in the image. Then a support vector machine(SVM)-based prediction model for predicting the producing areas of Angelicae Sinensis Radix was built. The experimental results showed that the prediction accuracy reached up to 98.49% under the conditions of the model training set occupying 80%, the test set occupying 20%, and the sampling radius(r) of adjacent pixels being 2. When the training set was set to 10%, the prediction accuracy was still over 93%. Among the three producing areas of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Huzhu county, Qinghai province exhibited the highest error rate, while Heqing county, Yunnan province the lowest error rate. Angelicae Sinensis Radix from Minxian county, Gansu province and Huzhu county, Qinghai province were both wrongly attributed to Heqing county, Yunnan province, while most of those from Huzhu county, Qinghai province were misjudged as the samples produced in Minxian county, Gansu province. The method designed in this paper enabled the rapid and non-destructive prediction of the producing areas of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, boasting high accuracy and strong stability. There were definite morphological differences between Angelicae Sinensis Radix samples from Minxian county, Gansu province and those from Huzhu county, Qinghai province. The wrongly predicted samples from Minxian county, Gansu province and Huzhu city, Qinghai province shared similar morphological characteristics with those from Heqing county, Yunnan province. Most wrongly predicted samples from Heqing county, Yunnan province were similar to the ones from Minxian county, Gansu province in morphological characteristics.


Assuntos
Angelica sinensis , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Raízes de Plantas/química
5.
Food Chem ; 369: 130882, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481403

RESUMO

Starch nanoparticles (SNPs) with different morphology and particle size can be prepared by modulating the reaction conditions over SNPs preparation. This study was to synthesize various SNPs by using ultrasound assisted nanoprecipitation method, and characterized by particle size analysis, SEM and XRD performing. SNPs were successfully produced via nanoprecipitation and the particle size were controlled in the range of 95 to 150 nm. Moreover, variously different morphologies were obtained when using corn, potato or Trichosanthes kirilowii pulp (TKP) starch to produce nanoparticles, including fiber, flake and film. Results shown film TKP SNPs demonstrated an improved urea adsorption rate to 135.60 mg/g with the highest qm at 1.00 mg/mL. SNPs can be developed using ultrasound assisted nanoprecipitation method and the particle size together with surface morphology can be varied according to the source of starch and preparation method, while surface morphology is the key factor in altering adsorption performance.

6.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514725

RESUMO

Red and yellow pigments are the major ingredients of safflower, often used to color food and cosmetics. Carthamin was the main component of red pigment and hydroxysafflor yellow A and anhydrosafflower yellow B were representative components of yellow pigment. Plant metabolomics and semi-quantitative analysis were used to analyze the changes of pigment composition during the blooming period, especially these characteristic components. Carthamin, hydroxysafflor yellow A, anhydrosafflower yellow B, and other components were screened out as differential metabolites based on plant metabolomics. Then semi-quantitative analysis was used to quantify these three representative components of pigments. Experimental results showed that the content of pigments has dynamic changes along with flowering, in the early blooming period, yellow pigment accumulated much and red pigment was low in content. In the middle period, the accumulation rate of the yellow pigment slowed down and content was stabilized. In the next step, the content of yellow pigments gradually decreased, and the content of red pigments gradually increased. Later, the level of yellow pigment decreased significantly, and the accumulation rate of red pigment increased significantly. Last, the appearance color of safflower was red, with yellow parts barely visible, and accumulation of red pigment was the highest and of the yellow pigment was the lowest in content.

7.
Food Chem ; 370: 131010, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530347

RESUMO

Laminaria japonica is a familiar marine plant and is often used as food due to its abundant carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. As one of the main types of active substances in L. japonica, polysaccharides are widely used in the food and chemical industries and in medicine and healthcare due to their health benefits, such as immunoregulatory, antioxidant, and antidiabetic effects. However, there has been no systematic summary of the isolation, structural characterization and bioactivities of L. japonica polysaccharides (LJPs). Therefore, the present review includes a survey of extraction and purification methods for these bioactive molecules, along with a dissertation on the structural characterization of the carbohydrate components. Moreover, an overview of the most recent results related to LJP biological activities is provided. This review provides a useful reference for further research, production, and application of LJPs in functional foods and therapeutic agents.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3478-3486, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402269

RESUMO

Elaphurus davidianus( Milu),a rare animal unique to China,has been used as medicine for more than a thousand years,but the extinction of Milu in modern times resulted in the unavailability of related medical products. Today,the reintroduction of Milu population makes it possible to restore its medicinal usage. The resource reserves of Cervi Cornu,the natural shedding product from Milu,are increasing with the expansion of the population,allowing it to be fully utilized in the medical field. Mijiao Pills,first recorded in Important Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergency( Bei Ji Qian Jin Yao Fang) by Sun Simiao in the Tang Dynasty,is the first Chinese medicinal prescription with Cervi Cornu as the sovereign medicinal,which is effective in tonifying. Its composition,preparation,efficacy and indications,and administration are described in detail in the Important Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergency,which however,have changed significantly over the thousands of years,seriously affecting the clinical application of this classical prescription and related product development. Therefore,the key information of this prescription should be systematically collated and summarized. According to the principles of textual research on key information in ancient classical prescriptions promulgated by relevant authorities,this paper reviewed ancient Chinese medical books of the past dynasties,modern literature,as well as the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China( 2020 Version) to figure out such key information as the source,historical evolution,original plants and animals and their processing,dosage,preparation,and usage of Mijiao Pills. This paper aimed to provide a basis for the clinical application of Mijiao Pills and subsequent product development,thus facilitating the development and utilization of this precious medicinal animal resource.


Assuntos
Cornus , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Livros , China , Humanos , Prescrições
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3487-3493, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402270

RESUMO

Nano-LC-MS/MS was used to analyze trypsin digested deer-horn gelatin( DCG) and deer-hide gelatin( DHG) samples.The glycopeptides in DCG and DHG were quantified by Label-free quantitative( LFQ) peptidomics,on the basis of which the glycopeptides with significant difference in DCG and DHG were determined. As a result,5 736 peptides were identified from DCG samples,including 213 galactosyl-hydroxylysine containing peptides( Gal-Hyl-peptides) and 102 glucosyl-galactosyl-hydroxylysine containing peptides( Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides),while 6 836 peptides were identified from DHG samples,among which there were 250 Gal-Hyl-peptides and 98 Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides. With over 3-fold peak area difference and highly significant intergroup difference( P < 0. 01) as the screening criteria,444 differential peptides were determined in DCG and DHG,including 16 Gal-Hyl-peptides and 5 Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides. Then XIC peak shapes,standard deviation of peak area,and fold change were applied for further screening and 5 glycopeptides with significant differences in DCG and DHG were confirmed,which could serve as potential biomarkers for distinguishing DCG and DHG. The present study provided ideas and strategies for the in-depth investigation on the discrimination of DCG and DHG and is of good theoretical significance and application value for the further research on chemical constituents and quality control of gelatin derived Chinese medicinals.


Assuntos
Cervos , Gelatina , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Glicopeptídeos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3494-3503, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402271

RESUMO

In order to reveal the regional characteristics of nucleosides and amino acids in Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu,39 samples of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu collected from 4 different regions were analyzed by UPLC-QTRAP ~®/MS2 method followed by orthogonal partial least-squares discrimination analysis( OPLS-DA) and cluster analysis( CA). The results showed all the samples contained abundant nucleosides and amino acids,with the total content of 45. 09 µg·g~(-1) and 634. 80 µg·g-1,respectively. The samples presented significant regional differences in the contents of individual components,and the main differential components included Ura,Hpro,Thr,Glu,G5 P,2'-dG,Adeno,Met,Ade,Gln,Orni,Phe,2'-dA,Hit,Lys,and Ile. Among them,Ura,Met,Glu,and Ile had the highest content in the samples from Dafeng in Jiangsu,Qinhu in Jiangsu,Beijing,and Shishou in Hubei,respectively. OPLS-DA and CA demonstrated that all the samples of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu could be divided into three categories,reflecting the regional characteristics. The results indicated that the accumulation of nucleosides and amino acids in Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu was closely related to its habitat,providing a useful reference for the research on the quality formation,quality evaluation and control,as well as the comprehensive utilization of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu. The findings suggested that the content factors of Ura,Met,Glu,and Ile could be included into the quality standard system of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu as the characteristics of medicinal materials from different regions.


Assuntos
Cornus , Aminoácidos , Pequim , Nucleosídeos
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3694-3704, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402294

RESUMO

The effects of Chloriti Lapis on metal elements in plasma and lung tissue of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease( AECOPD) rats were studied. The rat AECOPD model with phlegm heat syndrome was established by smoking combined with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. After the rats were treated by Chloriti Lapis,the contents of metal elements in plasma and lung tissue were determined by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy( ICP-OES) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry( ICP-MS). The changes in the contents of metal elements were analyzed by SPSS 18. 0. Further,the correlations of differential metal elements( including Cu/Zn ratio) with differential metabolites in plasma,lung tissue and urine of AECOPD rats treated with Chloriti Lapis were analyzed. The results showed that Chloriti Lapis significantly up-regulated the contents of Fe,Al,Mn,Cu,Zn,Sn( P<0. 05),V,Co( P< 0. 01) and Cu/Zn ratio( P< 0. 05),and significantly down-regulated the contents of Ti( P< 0. 05)and Pb( P<0. 05) in the model rat plasma. It significantly increased the content of Be( P<0. 05) and decreased the contents of Mg,Ti and Al( P<0. 01) in model rat lung tissue. The element profiles of normal group,model group and Chloriti Lapis group can be well separated. Chloriti Lapis group and other groups were clustered into two categories. The taurine in plasma and phytosphingosine in lung tissue had the strongest correlations with differential metal elements. The Fe,Al,Mg,Be,Ti,V,Mn,Cu,Zn,Sn,and Co in Chloriti Lapis may directly or indirectly participate in the intervention of AECOPD rats. This group of metal elements may be the material basis of Chloriti Lapis acting on AECOPD rats,and reduce the Cu/Zn value in vivo. It was further confirmed that Chloriti Lapis could interfere with the metabolic pathways of taurine and hypotaurine in plasma and urine as well as the sphingolipid metabolism pathway in lung tissue of AECOPD rats. In addition,this study confirmed that long-term smoking can cause high-concentration Cd accumulation in the lung and damage the lung tissue.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Oligoelementos , Animais , Pulmão , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Minerais , Ratos , Análise Espectral , Oligoelementos/análise
12.
Phytother Res ; 35(9): 5227-5240, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236110

RESUMO

This study was designed to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of acteoside on DKD in diabetes male db/db mice and high glucose-induced HK-2 cells. The diabetes db/db mice were divided randomly into model group, metformin group, irbesartan group, and acteoside group. We observed the natural product of acteoside exhibiting a significant effect in renal protection through analyzing of biochemical indicators and endogenous metabolites, histopathological observations, and western blotting. HK-2 cells subjected to high glucose were used in invitro experiments. The molecular mechanisms of them were investigated by RT-PCR and western blot. Acteoside prevents high glucose-induced HK-2 cells and diabetes db/db mice by inhibiting NADPH/oxidase-TGF-ß/Smad signaling pathway. Acteoside regulated the disturbed metabolic pathway of lipid metabolism, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, and arachidonic acid metabolism. We discovered the natural product of acteoside exhibiting a significant effect in renal protection. This study paved the way for further exploration of pathogenesis, early diagnosis, and development of a new therapeutic agent for DKD.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Fenóis/farmacologia , Animais , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Rim , Masculino , Camundongos , NADP , NADPH Oxidases , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Smad , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta
13.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 285, 2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34157988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels (A. sinensis) is a Chinese herb grown in different geographical locations. It contains numerous active components with therapeutic value. Rhizosphere microbiomes affect various aspects of plant performance, such as nutrient acquisition, growth and development and plant diseases resistance. So far, few studies have investigated how the microbiome effects level of active components of A. sinensis. This study investigated whether changes in rhizosphere microbial communities and metabolites of A. sinensis vary with the soil microenvironment. Soils from the two main A. sinensis-producing areas, Gansu and Yunnan Province, were used to conduct pot experiments. The soil samples were divided into two parts, one part was sterilized and the other was unsterilized planting with the seedling variety of Gansu danggui 90-01. All seedlings were allowed to grow for 180 days. At the end of the experiment, radix A. sinensis were collected and used to characterize growth targets and chemical compositions. Rhizosphere soils were subjected to microbial analyses. RESULTS: Changes in metabolic profiles and rhizosphere microbial communities of A. sinensis grown under different soil microenvironments were similar. The GN (Gansu non-sterilized), YN (Yunnan non-sterilized), GS (Gansu sterilized), and YS (Yunnan sterilized) groups were significantly separated. Notably, antagonistic bacteria such as Sphingomonas, Pseudomonas, Lysobacter, Pseudoxanthomonas, etc. were significantly (p < 0.05) enriched in Gansu soil compared with Yunnan soil. Moreover, senkyunolide I and ligustilide dimers which were enriched in GS group were strongly positively correlated with Pseudomonas parafulva; organic acids (including chlorogenic acid, dicaffeoylquinic acid and 5-feruloylquinic acid) and their ester coniferyl ferulate which were enriched in YS Group were positively associated with Gemmatimonadetes bacterium WY71 and Mucilaginibater sp., respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The soil microenvironment influences growth and level/type of active components in A. sinensis. Further studies should explore the functional features of quality-related bacteria, identify the key response genes and clarify the interactions between genes and soil environments. This will reveal the mechanisms that determine the quality formation of genuine A. sinensis.


Assuntos
Angelica sinensis/metabolismo , Microbiologia do Solo , Angelica sinensis/anatomia & histologia , Raízes de Plantas/anatomia & histologia , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Rizosfera
14.
Food Chem ; 363: 130347, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147893

RESUMO

Gelatin and gelatin-based derivatives have been attracting worldwide attention as health-food ingredients. Deer horn gelatin (DCG), a well-known and expensive gelatin food in Asia, has suffered adulterants by adding deer-hide gelatin (DHG) in it. However, robust and effective methods which could differentiate DCG from DHG are still unavailable. This study is committed to discover peptide biomarkers to distinguish DCG from DHG using label-free peptidomics by nanoLC-MS/MS. Multivariate statistical analysis combined with glycosylation sites analysis of peptides was applied to visualize the difference between DCG and DHG. As a result, four peptide biomarkers for distinguishing DCG and DHG were confirmed and validated by UPLC-MS/MS and MRM mode, which was also used to calculate adulteration percentage in commercial samples. The presented strategy may be also particularly helpful in the in-depth authentication of food gelatins from different tissues of the same species.


Assuntos
Cervos , Gelatina/química , Animais , Chifres de Veado/química , Biomarcadores , Cromatografia Líquida , Peptídeos , Pele/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
15.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(6): 422-431, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092293

RESUMO

Colon cancer-related anemia (CCRA) is mainly caused by systemic inflammation, intestinal bleeding, iron deficiency and chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression in colon cancer. However, the best therapeutic schedule and related mechanism on CCRA were still uncertain. Studies on blood enrichment and anti-tumor effects of combined Danggui Buxue Decoction (DBD), Fe and rhEPO based on CCRA and gut microbiota modulation were conducted in this paper. Here, CCRA model was successfully induced by subcutaneous inoculation of CT-26 and i.p. oxaliplatin, rhEPO + DBD high dosage + Fe (EDF) and rhEPO + DBD high dosage (ED) groups had the best blood enrichment effect. Attractively, EDF group also showed antitumor activity. The sequencing results of gut microbiota showed that compared to P group, the relative abundances of Lachnospiraceae and opportunistic pathogen (Odoribacter) in ED and EDF groups were decreased. Interestingly, EDF also decreased the relative abundances of cancer-related bacteria (Helicobacter, Lactococcus, Alloprevotella) and imbalance-inducing bacteria (Escherichia-Shigella and Parabacteroides) and increased the relative abundances of butyrate-producing bacteria (Ruminococcaceae_UCG-014), however, ED showed the opposite effects to EDF, this might be the reason of the smaller tumor volume in EDF group. Our findings proposed the best treatment combination of DBD, rhEPO and Fe in CCRA and provided theoretical basis and literature reference for CCRA-induced intestinal flora disorder and the regulatory mechanism of EDF.

16.
Front Immunol ; 12: 628358, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34025639

RESUMO

Irinotecan (CPT-11)-induced gastrointestinal toxicity strongly limits its anticancer efficacy. Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch., especially flavonoids, has strong anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. Herein, we investigate the protective effect of the total flavonoids of G. uralensis (TFGU) on CPT-11-induced colitis mice from the perspective of gut microbiota and fecal metabolism. The body weight and colon length of mice were measured. Our results showed that oral administration of TFGU significantly attenuated the loss of body weight and the shortening of colon length induced by CPT-11. The elevated disease activity index and histological score of colon as well as the up-regulated mRNA and protein levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 in the colonic tissue of CPT-11-treated mice were significantly decreased by TFGU. Meanwhile, TFGU restored the perturbed gut microbial structure and function in CPT-11-treated mice to near normal level. TFGU also effectively reversed the CPT-11-induced fecal metabolic disorders in mice, mainly call backing the hypoxanthine and uric acid in purine metabolism. Spearman's correlation analysis further revealed that Lactobacillus abundance negatively correlated with fecal uric acid concentration, suggesting the pivotal role of gut microbiota in CPT-11-induced colitis. Since uric acid is a ligand of the NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, TFGU was further validated to inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome by CPT-11. Our findings suggest TFGU can correct the overall gut microbial dysbiosis and fecal metabolic disorders in the CPT-11-induced colitis mice, underscoring the potential of using dietary G. uralensis as a chemotherapeutic adjuvant.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Colite/prevenção & controle , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fezes/microbiologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/metabolismo , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/metabolismo , Colite/microbiologia , Colo/metabolismo , Colo/microbiologia , Colo/patologia , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Disbiose , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Glycyrrhiza uralensis/química , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Irinotecano , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(10): 2371-2379, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047081

RESUMO

In this paper, network pharmacology method and molecular docking technique were used to investigate the target genes of Olibanum and Myrrha compatibility and the possible mechanism of action in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA). Our team obtained the main active components of Olibanum-Myrrha based on literatures study, relevant traditional Chinese medicine systematic pharmacological databases and literature retrieval, and made target prediction of the active components through SwissTargetPrediction database. At the same time, RA-related targets were collected through DrugBank, GeneCards and Therapeutic Target Database(TDD) databases; and VENNY 2.1 was use to collect intersection targets to map common targets of drug and disease of Venn diagram online. The team used STRING database to construct PPI protein interaction network diagram, and screen out core targets according to the size of the interaction, and Cytoscape 3.6.0 software was used to construct network models of "traditional Chinese medicine-component-target" "traditional Chinese medicine-component-target-disease" and core target interaction network model. The intersection target was analyzed by using DAVID 6.8 online database for GO function analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, and Pathon was used to visualization. AutoDock Vina and Pymol were used to connect the core active components with the core targets. Sixteen active components of Olibanum-Myrrha pairs were found and collected in the laboratory, and 320 relevant potential targets, 468 RA-related targets and 62 intersection targets were obtained through the Venn diagram. It mainly acted on multiple targets, such as IL6, TNF, IL1 B and MAPK1, involving TNF signaling pathway and Toll-like receptor signaling pathway in RA treatment. Finally, in this study, possible targets and signaling pathways of Olibanum-Myrrha compatibility therapy for RA were discussed, and molecular docking between core targets and core active components was conducted, which could provide scientific basis for the study on the mechanism of Olibanum-Myrrha compatibility.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Franquincenso , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(9): 2142-2148, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047114

RESUMO

Metallomics is a frontier interdisciplinary subject at its vigorous development stage. Its goal is to systematically study the content, distribution, chemical species, structural characteristics and functions of metal elements in biological system. It is also a comprehensive discipline to study the existing state and function of free or complex metal elements in life. Metallomics is an ideal tool to study the biological behavior of inorganic elements, which can be used to solve many problems in the research of mineral Chinese medicine(MCM). It provides a strong theoretical basis and technical support for the research of MCM. Its theory and methods provide re-ference and enlightenment for the in-depth study of MCM, and also provide new ideas and open up new ways for the research of MCM. The application of metallomics theory and methods in the research of MCM is of great significance to reveal the material basis and mec-hanism of MCM, promote the process of basic research on MCM, fully exploit and utilize medicinal mineral resources and carry forward the traditional MCM treasure in China. In this paper, we introduced the concept, academic development, research content and research methods of metallomics, and discussed the application prospects of metallomics in the analysis of inorganic element composition characteristics and quality control, material basis and mechanism of MCM, so as to provide reference for further researches on MCM.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , China , Minerais , Controle de Qualidade
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33975272

RESUMO

Rehmanniae Radix Preparata (RR) and Corni Fructus (CF), well-known traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs), were generally used together in the clinical practices to treat chronic kidney disease (CKD) with synergistic effects for thousands of years, but their combination mechanism remains largely unknown so far. Recent evidences have implicated intestinal flora as potential targets for the therapy of CKD. In this study, the CKD rat model was induced by adenine. The levels of proteinuria, serum creatine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine clearance (Ccr) were used to assess the cooperation effect of RR and CF. Furthermore, high-throughput 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing combined with fecal metabonomics based on UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS were applied to explore the variations of intestinal flora and their metabolic profiles. 16S rRNA gene sequencing data indicated that CKD rats treated with RR, CF and RC showed the differences in the composition of gut microbiota. The abundance of beneficial bacteria including Ruminococcaceae UCG-014, Ruminococcus 1, Prevotellaceae_NK3B31_group, Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group and Lachnospiraceae UCG-001 were elevated in various degrees, while the opportunistic pathogen such as Desulfovibrio was markedly decreased after the treatment. Moreover, fecal metabolite profiles revealed 15 different metabolites associated with CKD. These metabolites were mainly involved in the related metabolic pathways such as amino acid metabolism, bile acids metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism. The results implied that gut flora and their metabolites might play a vital role in the progress of CKD, which provided a potential target for the development of novel drugs for the therapy of CKD.


Assuntos
Cornus , Fezes/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Rehmannia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Adenina/efeitos adversos , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Metaboloma/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/induzido quimicamente , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(8): 2084-2093, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982524

RESUMO

This study is to clarify the composition and content differences of water-soluble nutrients in Lycium barbarum leaves(LBLs) from different areas. The total polysaccharides, free monosaccharides and oligosaccharides, nucleosides and amino acids in 35 batches of LBLs were analyzed with use of spectrophotometry, HPLC-ELSD and UPLC-MS/MS. The results showed that LBLs contained abundant polysaccharides, fructose, glucose, sucrose and maltose, with an average contents of 39.07, 12.69, 8.99, 17.44, 8.32 mg·g~(-1), respectively. Besides, eight nucleosides and twelve amino acids were detected in LBLs, and their average total contents were 54.95, 336.9 µg·g~(-1). Principal component analysis(PCA) and partial least squares discrimination analysis(PLS-DA) of carbohydrate, nucleoside and amino acid showed that the water-soluble nutrients of the samples from Qinghai Province were significantly different from those from other areas mainly in asparagine, proline, glutamine, sucrose, adenine and guanosine. In this study, the compositions and contents of water-soluble nutrients in LBLs were preliminarily clarified, which provided basis for further development and utilization of LBLs resoures.


Assuntos
Lycium , Cromatografia Líquida , Nutrientes , Folhas de Planta , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Água
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...