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1.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 329, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471087

RESUMO

It's a challenge for detecting the therapeutic targets of a polypharmacological drug from variations in the responsed networks in the differentiated populations with complex diseases, as stable coronary heart disease. Here, in an adaptive, 31-center, randomized, double-blind trial involving 920 patients with moderate symptomatic stable angina treated by 14-day Danhong injection(DHI), a kind of polypharmacological drug with high quality control, or placebo (0.9% saline), with 76-day following-up, we firstly confirmed that DHI could increase the proportion of patients with clinically significant changes on angina-frequency assessed by Seattle Angina Questionnaire (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 20) (12.78% at Day 30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.86-19.71%, P = 0.0003, 13.82% at Day 60, 95% CI 6.82-20.82%, P = 0.0001 and 8.95% at Day 90, 95% CI 2.06-15.85%, P = 0.01). We also found that there were no significant differences in new-onset major vascular events (P = 0.8502) and serious adverse events (P = 0.9105) between DHI and placebo. After performing the RNA sequencing in 62 selected patients, we developed a systemic modular approach to identify differentially expressed modules (DEMs) of DHI with the Zsummary value less than 0 compared with the control group, calculated by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and sketched out the basic framework on a modular map with 25 functional modules targeted by DHI. Furthermore, the effective therapeutic module (ETM), defined as the highest correlation value with the phenotype alteration (ΔSAQ-AF, the change in SAQ-AF at Day 30 from baseline) calculated by WGCNA, was identified in the population with the best effect (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 40), which is related to anticoagulation and regulation of cholesterol metabolism. We assessed the modular flexibility of this ETM using the global topological D value based on Euclidean distance, which is correlated with phenotype alteration (r2: 0.8204, P = 0.019) by linear regression. Our study identified the anti-angina therapeutic module in the effective population treated by the multi-target drug. Modular methods facilitate the discovery of network pharmacological mechanisms and the advancement of precision medicine. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01681316).

2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(3): 1343-1353, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742931

RESUMO

Bacteriohopanepolyols (BHPs), as a novel bacterial biomarker, show clear potential for tracking organic matter sources and environmental change. To evaluate BHPs as indicators of seasonal hypoxia in the Yangtze Estuary and its adjacent areas, the composition, distribution, and source of BHPs in surface sediments were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry (HPLC-APCI-MS). A total of 12 BHPs were detected with a normalized TOC concentration of 3.79-269 µg·g-1. The BHPs present in the surface sediments were dominated by bacteriohopanetetrol (BHT), 2-methyl-BHT, amino-BHPs, and adenosylhopane and its homologues, accounting for 40%, 22%, 12%, and 4% of the total BHPs, respectively. Each of these components and their corresponding indices show clear spatial trends. Specifically, BHT showed an "offshore increase" trend, which was mainly attributed to marine autochthonous inputs; and soil marker BHPs including adenosylhopane, which were dominated by terrestrial sources, showed an "offshore decrease" trend. The Rsoil index indicated a similar spatial pattern to the soil marker BHPs, with the relative contribution of terrestrial organic matter decreasing from 61.5% in coastal waters to 1.66% in the open ocean. This suggests that the organic matter in the coastal waters was mainly derived from terrestrial sources while marine sources were dominant in the open ocean. BHT-Ⅱ, the BHT stereoisomer, was derived from anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria. High BHT-Ⅱ ratios were consistent with seasonal hypoxic zones in the Yangtze Estuary and, furthermore, these ratios were significantly negatively correlated with dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations in the bottom waters. These observations indicate that hypoxic environments are beneficial to BHT-Ⅱ production, implying that BHT-Ⅱ can be used as an indicator of marine hypoxia.


Assuntos
Estuários , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Bactérias , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Humanos , Hipóxia , Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
Adv Ther ; 38(5): 2302-2314, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740217

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to understand the baseline salt intake of adult patients with hypertension in Shanxi Province, and to analyze the correlation between urinary sodium excretion and blood pressure. METHODS: From June 2018 to December 2019, 16 hospitals with regional representativeness and experimental conditions in Shanxi Province were selected, and 643 eligible adult inpatients with primary hypertension were enrolled from these hospitals. The ages of patients ranged from 18 to 80 years. A 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was performed, and morning urine sodium concentration and 24-h urine sodium excretion were measured. The correlation between urinary sodium excretion and blood pressure in adult patients with hypertension was analyzed. RESULTS: The baseline salt intake of the adult patient participants with hypertension in Shanxi Province was 11.51 g/day. The average 24-h urinary sodium excretion of all observed subjects was 191.90 ± 98.18 mmol. The 24-h urinary sodium excretion and morning urinary sodium concentration were significantly positively correlated with systolic and diastolic blood pressure following adjustment of confounding factors, including gender, age, body weight, and smoking. CONCLUSION: The morning urine sodium concentration and 24-h urine sodium excretion were significantly positively correlated with blood pressure. High sodium excretion may be a risk factor for rhythm abnormalities in non-dipper pattern blood pressure. The control of urinary sodium concentration can thus be an important strategy for regulating abnormal blood pressure rhythm.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Sódio , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
4.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(5): 1753-1762, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530255

RESUMO

Amino sugars (AS) are one of the important biochemical components in the natural organic matter pool. Clarifying the sources and transformations of AS would facilitate our understan-ding of the microbial regulation of organic matter. As an emerging technology, compound-specific isotope analysis of amino sugars (CSIA-AS) provides more detailed dynamic information of indivi-dual AS in natural environment. Here, we systematically summarized the determination methods of CSIA-AS and gave an overview on innovative applications in the cycling of AS. CSIA-AS can be performed by gas chromatography-isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-IRMS) and ion chromatography-isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IC-IRMS). Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages, but reliable results can be achieved after calibration. The mean residence time of AS is relatively low in soil organic matter, and the bacterial-derived muramic acid possesses a higher minera-lization rate than glucosamine, galactosamine, and mannosamine. The source and metabolic transformation of AS are affected by the substrate, which is related to the specific response of microbial community to different carbon and nitrogen sources. The promotion of CSIA-AS technology requires further optimization of method and integration with other approaches such as microbial screening to decipher the source, transformation, fate and regulatory mechanisms of organic matter.


Assuntos
Amino Açúcares , Carbono , Isótopos de Carbono , Isótopos de Nitrogênio , Solo
5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 29(9): 3147-3158, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30411593

RESUMO

As important components of marine organic matters especially of organic nitrogen, amino acids play an important role in organic matter cycles owing to their lability. The concentration, composition, and distribution of amino acids have been widely used to indicate the degradation state of organic matters in particulates and sediments of marine. Here, the distribution, influencing factors of amino acids and their role in indicating degradation of organic matters were systematically summarized. Gly, Glu, Ala, and Asp were the major components of amino acids in marine particulates and sediments. The contents of amino acids in the particles and sediments showed a decreasing tendency from the coastal waters to the open sea, and adecreased with the water depth. The lower value of %AA-C/TOC, %AA-N/TN and degradation index (DI) based on changes in the composition of amino acids indicated the higher degradation degrees of organic matters. The reactivity index (RI) and ratios of D-AA and L-AA (D/L) based on non-protein amino acids and D-AA were used to indicate the degradation of organic matter according to the bacterial transformation of amino acids, in which RI value closer to 0, higher D/L, and lower ratios of protein amino acids to non-protein amino acids (Asp/ß-Ala and Glu/γ-Aba) indicated the higher degree of degradation in organic matters. The migration and transformation of amino acid were mainly affected by dissolved oxygen, nutrient concentrations, sources of organic matter, depositional environments and microbial activities. Further studies should focus on the synergistic effects of particles and sediments, and also the effects and the specific regulatory roles of microorganisms on amino acids.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Nitrogênio , Material Particulado , Água do Mar/química
6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 28(1): 353-366, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29749221

RESUMO

As a typical semi-closed bay, Jiaozhou Bay, is remarkably affected by human activities. Biogenic elements transported into the oceans by the atmospheric deposition of anthropogenic particles can lead to profound impacts on the ecosystem of Jiaozhou Bay. In this paper, the researches of atmospheric dry and wet depositions in the Jiaozhou Bay were systematically summarized from the following three aspects: study methods, variation characteristics of the fluxes and their influencing factors and the ecological effects of atmospheric deposition. The concentrations and fluxes of nitrogen species in atmospheric dry and wet depositions were very high in the Jiaozhou Bay compared with other bays, estuaries and marginal seas around the world. The dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) was the main component of the total dissolved nitrogen (TDN) and the dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) accounted for 22%-31% of TDN. However, the concentrations and fluxes of phosphate and silicate species were very low. The atmospheric deposition fluxes of (NO3--N+NO2--N) were slightly higher than terrestrial inputs, while the fluxes of NH4+-N, PO43--P and SiO32--Si were very low compared with terrestrial inputs. The concentration of total suspended particulates (TSP) in the air, the intensity of the emission sources, precipitation amount and meteorological conditions are the major factors influencing the atmospheric depositions of biogenic elements, which can increase the primary productivity, change the structure of nutrients and the structure of phytoplankton communities in surface seawater and further promote the succession of phytoplankton dominant species from diatom to dinoflagellate in the Jiaozhou Bay. On that basis, the future research should be focused on constructing the monitoring network for atmospheric dry and wet depositions, accurately quantifying the deposition rates of aerosol particles of different forms and sizes, recognizing the ecological effects and biogeochemical mechanisms of atmospheric depositions of biogenic elements and discriminating the mechanisms, fluxes and influencing factors of atmospheric deposition biogenic elements via indirect approaches such as overland runoff, sheetflood and permeation etc. It is significant for illuminating the effects of anthropogenic activities on the coastal waters as well as understanding the bio-geochemical processes of biogenic elements in marginal seas by elucidating atmospheric depositions of biogenic elements in the Jiaozhou Bay.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Baías , China , Nitrogênio , Oceanos e Mares , Água do Mar
7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 38(7): 2763-2772, 2017 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29964615

RESUMO

Hydrocarbons emitted by human activities probably constitute the largest class of contaminants that are present in coastal areas, because of widespread use of fossil fuels for power generation and logistics, and accidental spillages. The chemical composition of hydrocarbon mixtures found in the marine environment allowed the identification of relative contributions of different natural and anthropogenic sources. Identification of these hydrocarbons, especially n-alkanes, could act as tracers for the possible sources. To evaluate n-alkanes concentrations with emphasis on source analysis, surface water without visible oil was collected from the cruise in April 2016. Determination and quantification were performed by solvent extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Various molecular diagnostic parameters were used to assess the contribution of different sources and origin of n-alkanes in surface seawater of Jiaozhou Bay. Concentrations of total dissolved n-alkanes(C11-C37) were between 1.756-39.09 µg·L-1 with a high carbon number predominance profile without odd-even carbon number preference. The n-alkane concentrations varied spatially depending on the distance away from main input sources and the ability of water exchange. It was at a higher concentration in the northeast and west coastal areas, as well as the mouth of Jiaozhou Bay. And concentrations were relatively lower in the inner area and outside of Jiaozhou Bay. In the sea area with strong water exchange, concentrations of total n-alkanes were around 2.196 µg·L-1, which could be considered as the environmental background level of n-alkanes in Jiaozhou Bay. Those n-alkanes were dominated with C24, with a slightly odd carbon number preference in low carbon n-alkanes and an even carbon number preference in high carbon n-alkanes. The values of CPI for the whole range of n-alkanes series, low carbon n-alkanes, and high carbon n-alkanes were 0.949, 1.026, and 0.980, respectively. Diagnostic indices and curves indicated that the dominant inputs of those n-alkanes were from marine biogenic input such as algae and marine bacteria. The concentration profiles of n-alkanes in other areas were characterized by no odd-even predominance in the range of C21-C33 with peaks center at C24 which were indicative of anthropic contributions as emission sources. N-alkanes dominating with anthropic sources comprised a high proportion(83.7%) of total n-alkanes. Activities of harbors and ships were the main contributors of Jiaozhou Bay n-alkanes. Physical processes, such as evaporation and dilution, were the principal weathering mechanisms. Because of its sufficient environmental capacity, Jiaozhou Bay was still moderately contaminated with petroleum.

8.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 27(1): 299-306, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27228622

RESUMO

Abstract: Jellyfish bloom has been increasing in Chinese seas and decomposition after jellyfish bloom has great influences on marine ecological environment. We conducted the incubation of Nemopilema nomurai decomposing to evaluate its effect on carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus recycling of water column by simulated experiments. The results showed that the processes of jellyfish decomposing represented a fast release of biogenic elements, and the release of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus reached the maximum at the beginning of jellyfish decomposing. The release of biogenic elements from jellyfish decomposition was dominated by dissolved matter, which had a much higher level than particulate matter. The highest net release rates of dissolved organic carbon and particulate organic carbon reached (103.77 ± 12.60) and (1.52 ± 0.37) mg · kg⁻¹ · h⁻¹, respectively. The dissolved nitrogen was dominated by NH4⁺-N during the whole incubation time, accounting for 69.6%-91.6% of total dissolved nitrogen, whereas the dissolved phosphorus was dominated by dissolved organic phosphorus during the initial stage of decomposition, being 63.9%-86.7% of total dissolved phosphorus and dominated by PO4³â»-P during the late stage of decomposition, being 50.4%-60.2%. On the contrary, the particulate nitrogen was mainly in particulate organic nitrogen, accounting for (88.6 ± 6.9) % of total particulate nitrogen, whereas the particulate phosphorus was mainly in particulate. inorganic phosphorus, accounting for (73.9 ±10.5) % of total particulate phosphorus. In addition, jellyfish decomposition decreased the C/N and increased the N/P of water column. These indicated that jellyfish decomposition could result in relative high carbon and nitrogen loads.


Assuntos
Carbono/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Cifozoários/química , Água do Mar/química , Animais , Material Particulado
9.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 101(1): 434-441, 2015 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26475021

RESUMO

Surface and core sediments were collected to study distributions, phases and potential environmental risk of Hg and to reconstruct anthropogenic Hg change over the past one hundred years in the East China Sea (ECS). Hg contents in surface sediments displayed a decreasing gradient from the Changjiang Estuary to the outer sea. Sequential extraction analysis showed that Hg mainly existed as residual fraction (70.18% of total), and while organic matter fraction (22.96% of total) was the main component of labile fraction, indicating the strong adsorption of organic matters on Hg. Enrichment factor and sediment quality guidelines suggested that Hg in sediments of ECS were at minor enrichment and low adverse effect. Temporal distributions of total Hg content, labile fraction, burial flux and anthropogenic Hg flux showed that anthropogenic Hg input increased since the 1960s, which was related to riverine input and atmospheric transport.


Assuntos
Estuários , Mercúrio/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Adsorção , Fracionamento Químico , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Sedimentos Geológicos/análise , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
10.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 97(1-2): 199-208, 2015 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26088540

RESUMO

A growing body of evidence suggests that the jellyfish population in Chinese seas is increasing, and decomposition of jellyfish strongly influences the marine ecosystem. This study investigated the change in water quality during Cyanea nozakii decomposition using simulation experiments. The results demonstrated that the amount of dissolved nutrients released by jellyfish was greater than the amount of particulate nutrients. NH4(+) was predominant in the dissolved matter, whereas the particulate matter was dominated by organic nitrogen and inorganic phosphorus. The high N/P ratios demonstrated that jellyfish decomposition may result in high nitrogen loads. The inorganic nutrients released by C. nozakii decomposition were important for primary production. Jellyfish decomposition caused decreases in the pH and oxygen consumption associated with acidification and hypoxia or anoxia; however, sediments partially mitigated the changes in the pH and oxygen. These results imply that jellyfish decomposition can result in potentially detrimental effects on marine environments.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Cifozoários/fisiologia , Amônia/metabolismo , Animais , Organismos Aquáticos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Fósforo/metabolismo
11.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 24(7): 2040-8, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24175538

RESUMO

Coastal salt marsh has higher potential of carbon sequestration, playing an important role in mitigating global warming, while coastal saline soil is the largest organic carbon pool in the coastal salt marsh carbon budget. To study the carbon deposition and burial in this soil is of significance for clearly understanding the carbon budget of coastal salt marsh. This paper summarized the research progress on the deposition and burial of organic carbon in coastal salt marsh from the aspects of the sources of coastal salt marsh soil organic carbon, soil organic carbon storage and deposition rate, burial mechanisms of soil organic carbon, and the relationships between the carbon sequestration in coastal salt marsh and the global climate change. Some suggestions for the future related researches were put forward: 1) to further study the underlying factors that control the variability of carbon storage in coastal salt marsh, 2) to standardize the methods for measuring the carbon storage and the deposition and burial rates of organic carbon in coastal salt marsh, 3) to quantify the lateral exchange of carbon flux between coastal salt marsh and adjacent ecosystems under the effects of tide, and 4) to approach whether the effects of global warming and the increased productivity could compensate for the increase of the organic carbon decomposition rate resulted from sediment respiration. To make clear the driving factors determining the variability of carbon sequestration rate and how the organic carbon storage is affected by climate change and anthropogenic activities would be helpful to improve the carbon sequestration capacity of coastal salt marshes in China.


Assuntos
Carbono/análise , Aquecimento Global , Cloreto de Sódio/análise , Solo/química , Áreas Alagadas , Sequestro de Carbono , Atividades Humanas , Oceanos e Mares , Compostos Orgânicos/análise
12.
J Environ Monit ; 12(8): 1547-55, 2010 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20582370

RESUMO

In Bohai Bay sediment, two cores were collected to estimate the source of sediments, and assess the environmental changes. Sequential extractions were carried out in this study. Rare earth elements (REE) were leached out from four labile fractions: Exchangeable (L1), Bound to carbonates (L2), Bound to Fe-Mn oxides (L3), Bound to organic matter (L4), and the remainder was Residual (R5). The percentages of REE in different fractions follow the order: R5 > L3 > L2 > L4 > L1. With heavy REE depletion and no pronounced REE fractionation, NASC-normalized REE patterns of Bohai Bay sediments are quite consistent with that of Haihe River sediment, which is the key river of Bohai Bay. Y/Ho ratios of total contents are all much lower than the average value of continental crust, while Y/Ho ratios of L2 are higher than those of other fractions. Based on the patterns of REE and Y/Ho ratios of samples, sediments of Bohai Bay mainly come from terrigenous matters, which are mainly brought by Haihe River. And REE combined with carbonates may be partly inherited from anthropogenic matter. Moreover, environmental changes exert significant influences on the patterns and fractionations of REE, and they can be deduced from the characteristics of REE. Our results on the patterns and burial fluxes of REE reflect two environmental changes: Bohai Bay has been shifting towards more reducing conditions in the last one hundred years, and there was a large flood in 1939.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Metais Terras Raras/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , China , Fenômenos Geológicos , Metais Terras Raras/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
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