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1.
EBioMedicine ; 74: 103732, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34864363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The survival time of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is greatly variable and protective or risk effects of the potential survival predictors are controversial. Thus, we aim to undertake a comprehensive meta-analysis of studies investigating non-genetic prognostic and survival factors in patients with ALS. METHODS: A search of relevant literature from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library and other citations from 1st January 1966 to 1st December 020 was conducted. Random-effects models were conducted to pool the multivariable or adjusted hazard ratios (HR) by Stata MP 16.0. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42021256923. FINDINGS: A total of 5717 reports were identified, with 115 studies meeting pre-designed inclusion criteria involving 55,169 ALS patients. Five dimensions, including demographic, environmental or lifestyle, clinical manifestations, biochemical index, therapeutic factors or comorbidities were investigated. Twenty-five prediction factors, including twenty non-intervenable and five intervenable factors, were associated with ALS survival. Among them, NFL (HR:3.70, 6.80, in serum and CSF, respectively), FTD (HR:2.98), ALSFRS-R change (HR:2.37), respiratory subtype (HR:2.20), executive dysfunction (HR:2.10) and age of onset (HR:1.03) were superior predictors for poor prognosis, but pLMN or pUMN (HR:0.32), baseline ALSFRS-R score (HR:0.95), duration (HR:0.96), diagnostic delay (HR:0.97) were superior predictors for a good prognosis. Our results did not support the involvement of gender, education level, diabetes, hypertension, NIV, gastrostomy, and statins in ALS survival. INTERPRETATION: Our study provided a comprehensive and quantitative index for assessing the prognosis for ALS patients, and the identified non-intervenable or intervenable factors will facilitate the development of treatment strategies for ALS. FUNDING: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Fund of China (Grant No. 81971188), the 1.3.5 project for disciplines of excellence, West China Hospital, Sichuan University (Grant No. 2019HXFH046), and the Science and Technology Bureau Fund of Sichuan Province (No. 2019YFS0216).


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
2.
Int J Soc Psychiatry ; 65(7-8): 603-614, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impacts of schizophrenia on different types of caregiving burden. AIM: This study aims to examine how the severity of schizophrenia, social functioning and aggressive behavior are associated with caregiving burden across different kinship types. METHOD: The analytic sample included 300 dyads of persons with schizophrenia and their family caregivers in Xinjin, Chengdu, China. The 10th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) was utilized to identify the patients, whose symptom severity, social functioning and aggressive behavior were measured. Caregiving burden was estimated using the Burden Scale for Family Caregivers-short (BSFC-s). RESULTS: A higher level of burden was significantly associated with female caregivers, larger family size, lower income, worse symptoms, poorer functional status and more aggressive behaviors. Parent caregivers showed greater burden if the patients had better functioning of social interest and concern or more aggression toward property. Mother caregivers showed greater burden than fathers. Spouses tended to perceive greater burden if the patients had better marital functioning, poorer occupational functioning or more aggressive behaviors toward property. Patients attacking others or a father with schizophrenia was related to a higher burden of child caregivers. A heavier burden of other relatives was correlated with patients' more verbal aggression and self-harm. CONCLUSION: This study shows the distinct impacts of disease-related factors on the caregiving burden across different kinship types. Our findings have implications for health-care professionals and practitioners in terms of developing more targeted family-based or individualized intervention to ameliorate burden according to kinship types and deal with behavioral and functional problems in schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Família/psicologia , Esquizofrenia/terapia , Adaptação Psicológica , Idoso , China , Estudos Transversais , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
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