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1.
Meat Sci ; 167: 108163, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387878

RESUMO

A total of 144 barrows were distributed into four treatment groups. One group was housed conventionally and fasted for 16 h preslaughter, while the other three groups were housed in enriched conditions (straw-bedding and low density) and fasted for 16, 24 and 32 h preslaughter. When compared with conventionally-housed pigs, enriched-housed pigs were heavier (P < .05) and fatter (P < .01), but easier to handle at loading (P < .05) and produced less exudative pork (P < .05) possibly resulting from a lower post-mortem muscle glycolytic potential (P = .10). Extending fasting time up to 32 h reduced dressing yield (P < .001) and increased skin lesion scores (P < .01), but did not result in any clear or major effect on muscle metabolism and meat quality. In conclusion, given the beneficial effects of enriched housing conditions on stress response and pork quality, the application of an extended fasting time (32h) preslaughter is not required for this production.

2.
Clin Chim Acta ; 507: 264-270, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the serum concentrations of growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) in children with acute Kawasaki disease (KD) and evaluate its role in predicting coronary artery lesions (CALs) and no response KD. METHODS: We obtained blood sample from 30 healthy children and 131 children with KD before intravenous immunoglobulin therapy. Serum GDF-15 concentrations were measured using ELISA kits. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were conducted to evaluate the potential association between GDF-15 and the occurrence of CALs and treatment responses. RESULTS: Serum GDF-15 concentrations in KD were remarkably increased compared with healthy control. Serum GDF-15 concentrations in KD with CALs were also increased compared with no CALs, and in no response KD compared with response KD. Serum of GDF-15 concentrations was positively correlated with white blood cell count, C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and negatively associated with albumin and pre-albumin in all patients with KD. GDF-15 was an independent predictor of CALs and no response KD. GDF-15 was superior to CRP and ESR, while it was not inferior to the combination of CRP and ESR for predicting CALs. CONCLUSIONS: Serum of GDF-15 concentrations was significantly increased in acute KD patients, especially in KD with CALs and no response KD. GDF-15 could sever as an independent predictor for CALs and no response KD.

3.
Int J Mol Med ; 45(6): 1918-1926, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236610

RESUMO

Periodontitis is the main cause of tooth or tissue loss. Human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs), which have high proliferative, self­renewal and multi­differentiation abilities, are vital for the restoration of periodontitis­induced injuries. The anti­inflammatory and anti­apoptotic agent, tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), is a promising agent used for the protection of PDLSCs from apoptosis and inflammation induced by periodontitis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of TMP on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)­stimulated hPDLSCs. LPS­stimulated hPDLSCs were established as the cell model. CCK­8 assay was performed to evaluate cell viability, western blot analysis was performed to measure protein expression and flow cytometry was performed to detect cell apoptosis levels. Detection kits were used to evaluate the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)­α, interleukin (IL)­1ß and IL­6. Reverse transcription­quantitative PCR analysis was performed to detect gene expression. TMP alleviated the effects of LPS on cell viability, inflammation levels and cell apoptosis. TMP downregulated microRNA (miR)­302b levels in LPS­stimulated cells. Transfection with miR­302b mimic reversed the anti­inflammatory and anti­apoptotic effects of TMP on LPS­stimulated cells. TMP reduced inflammation and the apoptosis of LPS­stimulated human periodontal ligament cells via the downregulation of miR­302b. The anti­inflammatory and anti­apoptotic effects exerted by TMP render it a promising agent for the protection of PDLSCs from injuries induced by periodontitis. The findings of the present study may aid in the development of a novel strategy for the treatment of periodontitis and may pave the way for further research.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 721: 137624, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171137

RESUMO

The occurrence, partition, and human health risk of thirteen pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) have been investigated in surface water, overlying water, pore water and sediment samples from Dianshan Lake of Yangtze River Delta Ecology and Greenery Integration Development Demonstration Zone in China. PPCPs were ubiquitous in aqueous phase and sediments from Dianshan Lake. Sulfamethazine (SMZ) was dominated in surface water and overlying water, while ketoprofen (KPF) was rich in sediment. The total concentration of PPCPs ranged from 0.38-85.27 ng/L, 24.26-130.03 ng/L and 5.39-149.84 µg/kg in surface water, overlying water and sediment, respectively, which were in middle levels compared with these reported in other aquatic environment in China. Naproxen (NPX), sulfadimethoxine (SDM), sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and sulfamethazine (SMZ) in surface water showed a relatively higher level in lake side than those in lake center suggesting that a mixed containment source of human- and animal-derived from the areas around lake. The significant season variations of most PPCPs were mainly attributed to their usage, water temperature and dilution effect. The partition behaviors of PPCPs in sediment-overlying water and sediment-pore water system were mainly affected by their logKow values, and showed weak correlation with total organic carbon (TOC) content in sediment and molecular weights of PPCPs. Preliminary results indicated that PPCPs in Dianshan Lake have not posed a high risk to human health by exposure to drinking water for all age groups. Nevertheless, their potential to cause the mixture toxicity and resistance genes cannot be neglected. This work will contribute to the clear picture of PPCPs contamination in drinking water source in the Demonstration Zone, and provide reliable and simple-to-use information to regulators on the exposure and risk levels of PPCPs, as well as recommendations for future research.

5.
Chemosphere ; 248: 125951, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000036

RESUMO

Severe contaminations of perfluoroalkanesulfonic acids (PFSAs) existed in the natural groundwater beneath a fluorochemical industrial park (FIP) in Fuxin of China. In the present study, systematic researches were performed to determine the best conditions of efficient treatment for 1 mg L-1 of PFSAs in the synthetic groundwater samples with the periodically reverse electrocoagulation (PREC) using the Al-Zn electrodes. Based upon the orthogonal experiments, the removal efficiencies of perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) could reach 87.4%, 95.6%, and 100%, respectively, within the initial 10 min, under the optimal conditions of voltage at 12.0 V, pH at 7.0, and stirring speed at 400 rpm. In addition, the optimized PREC technique was further applied to remove the PFSA contaminations from the natural groundwater samples of the Fuxin FIP, subsequently generating the removal efficiencies of three target PFSA analytes in the range between 59.0% and 100% at 60 min. Moreover, the SEM-EDS analyses showed the hydroxide flocs formed during the process of PREC treatment had clear characteristics of floc aggregates, with the major constituents of O, Al, C, N, Zn, and F elements. As a result, long-chain PFHxS and PFOS tended to be eliminated completely from the natural groundwater by their absorptions on the Al-Zn hydroxide flocs, potentially because of their higher hydrophobicity compared with short-chain PFBS.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/análise , Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/química , China , Eletrocoagulação , Fluorcarbonetos/química , Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(4): 388-394, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a congenital malformation that results in infertility and an inability to have vaginal intercourse, Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome places a considerable psychological burden on patients, which results in anxiety symptoms. However, only single case studies or a few small to medium-sized cross-sectional studies were identified to focus on anxiety symptoms in MRKH patients. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the status of anxiety symptoms and the related factors in patients with MRKH syndrome. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involving 141 patients with MRKH syndrome and 178 healthy women was conducted from January 2018 to December 2018. All participants were required to complete a demographic questionnaire and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised, Short Scale for Chinese, and Chinese Version of the Female Sexual Function Index. The main outcome was the anxiety symptoms measured by the GAD-7. Main outcome was compared between the MRKH syndrome group and the healthy control group. Then, we explored the related factors by comparing patients with and without anxiety symptoms. RESULTS: Of the respondents, 24.1% experienced moderate to severe anxiety symptoms. Patients with MRKH syndrome manifested more severe anxiety symptoms than healthy women. Negative self-evaluation of femininity (odds ratio [OR] 2.706, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.010-7.247), neurotic personality traits (OR 1.100, 95% CI 1.029-1.175), and coexisting depressive symptoms (OR 4.422, 95% CI 1.498-13.049) were more prevalent in anxious patients. CONCLUSION: The findings stress the importance of anxiety symptom screening in MRKH patients and identify patients at risk of anxiety symptoms, providing a possible basis for future intervention.

7.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 55, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urban parks play an important role in promoting physical activity (PA) among adults and especially among older city residents. According to the socioecological approach the association of physical environments and psychosocial factors in the context of park-based PA of elderly have not been systematically examined until now, let alone the relevance of the city (urban area) on a cross-cultural level. This study investigated selected aspects of (1) the association of psychosocial and park environmental factors with park-based physical activity (PBPA) of older people; and (2) the moderating effect of city on the association of these factors with PBPA. METHODS: A face-to-face survey was conducted of a mixed-culture sample from different urban surroundings in Hong Kong (HK) and Leipzig (L). In six parks of each city physically active elderly (> = 60 years; HK: n = 306; L: n = 311) were recruited. Multiple linear regressions were used to analyse the association between psychosocial factors and perceived environmental factors with PBPA and the moderating effect of city. RESULTS: Controlled for demographic variables, all other psychosocial factors were significantly related to PBPA, except social support. In terms of environmental factors, PBPA was positively associated with safety, attractiveness, features and negatively associated with park time distance. Controlled for demographic variables, psychosocial and environmental factors, the moderating effect of city on the associations of park features and park time distance with PBPA was not significant in HK. In contrast, there was a significant positive relationship for park features and a negative relationship for park time distance with PBPA in L. CONCLUSIONS: Psychosocial and perceived environmental factors significantly influence PBPA of older people. City moderates the associations of these factors and independently contributes to park-based PA of the elderly. The different interactions of environmental factors and urban area for PBPA of elderly can support policy makers on the municipal level in choosing adequate strategies for promoting PA of older people in parks.


Assuntos
Planejamento Ambiental , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Parques Recreativos , População Urbana , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cidades , Feminino , Alemanha , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 9499-9508, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that causes gingival detachment and disintegration of alveolar bone. Salvianolic acid C (SAC) is a polyphenol compound with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities that is isolated from Danshen, a traditional Chinese medicine made from the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of underlying its protective effects and its inhibition effect on inflammation and apoptosis in human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). MATERIAL AND METHODS LPS-induced hPDLSCs, as a model mimicking an inflammatory process of periodontitis in vivo, were established to investigate the therapeutic effect of SAC in periodontitis. The inflammatory cytokines secretion and oxidative stress status were measured by use of specific commercial test kits. The hPDLSCs viability was analyzed by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. The cell apoptosis and cell cycle were assayed with flow cytometry. Expressions levels of proteins involved in apoptosis, osteogenic differentiation, and TLR4/NF-kappaB pathway were evaluated by Western blotting. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was detected by ALP assay kit and ALP staining. The mineralized nodules formation of hPDLSCs was checked by Alizarin Red S staining. RESULTS Our results showed that LPS induced increased levels of inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress and mediated the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of NF­kappaB p65 in hPDLSCs. SAC reversed the abnormal secretion of inflammatory cytokines and inhibited the TLR4/NF­kappaB activation induced by LPS. SAC also upregulated cell viability, ALP activity, and the ability of osteogenic differentiation. The anti-inflammation and TLR4/NF­kappaB inhibition effects of SAC were reversed by TLR4 overexpression. CONCLUSIONS Taken together, our results revealed that SAC effectively attenuates LPS-induced inflammation and apoptosis via the TLR4/NF-kappaB pathway and that SAC is effective in treating periodontitis.

9.
J Diabetes Res ; 2019: 6053604, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772943

RESUMO

Aims/Introduction: This study is aimed at (1) investigating the change of ß-cell dysfunction as baseline fasting glucose progresses in newly diagnosed patients with T2DM and (2) finding whether body mass index (BMI) has different degrees of impact on insulin secretion as baseline fasting glucose progresses. Materials and Methods: 661 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM were enrolled in the present study. A 75 g oral glucose tolerance test was used to calculate HOMA-ß, HOMA-IR, early-phase insulin secretion index (EISI, calculated as ΔI30/ΔG30), and area under the insulin releasing curve (AUCI0-180). Patients were divided into low, medium, and high FBG groups. Each group was further divided into lean, overweight, and obese subgroups according to BMI. Results: A decrease of EISI and HOMA-ß and an increase of HOMA-IR were shown among different FBG groups significantly. In the medium FBG group, AUCI0-180, EISI, HOMA-ß, and HOMA-IR in obese patients were higher than those in lean and overweight patients. In the low and high FBG groups, AUCI0-180, HOMA-ß, and HOMA-IR in obese patients were higher than those in other subgroups. BMI was positively associated with high EISI in the medium FBG group but failed to yield a significant association with EISI in the low and high FBG groups. Conclusions: During the progression of baseline FBG, ß-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance worsened. As FBG increased, increased BMI had a positive influence on ß-cell dysfunction in all FBG groups. The independent factors that correlated to EISI differed with the increasing of baseline FBG.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755854

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, facultative anaerobic, motile and straight rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain C1-9T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Ktze collected from a tea garden in Huize, south-western PR China. Cells were oxidase-positive and catalase-negative. Growth occurred at 20-40 °C and pH 6.0-10.0, with an optimal growth at 30 °C and pH 7.0. The respiratory quinone was detected as ubiquinone-8 (Q-8). The major fatty acids were identified as summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c or C18 : 1ω6c). The cellular polar lipids contained phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified lipids, one unidentified aminophospholipid and one unidentified aminolipid. The polyamine types were detected as 1,8-diaminooctane and 2-hydroxyputrescine. The genomic DNA G+C content was 68.6 mol%. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain C1-9T (MF687442) showed highest sequence similarity to Rivibacter subsaxonicus DSM 19570T (97.1 %). The phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain C1-9T clustered close to R. subsaxonicus DSM 19570T, Methylibium petroleiphilum CCTCC AB 2014193T and species belonging to the genera Rhizobacter and Piscinibacter. The phylogenomic tree indicated that strain C1-9T formed a clade with R. subsaxonicus. The average nucleotide identity value was 76.0 % between strain C1-9T and R. subsaxonicus DSM 19570T, which is lower than the prokaryotic species delineation threshold of 95.0-96.0 %. The polyphasic taxonomic characteristics indicated that strain C1-9T represents a novel species of a new genus within the order Burkholderiales, for which the name Pseudorivibacter rhizosphaerae gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain C1-9T = KCTC 62325T=CGMCC 1.13864T) is proposed.

11.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(5): 615-621, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699191

RESUMO

Objective To validate the Union Physio-Psycho-Social Assessment Questionnaire(UPPSAQ-70)and test its validity and reliability.Methods From April,2013 to July,2018,patients were asked to finish the computer evaluation of UPPSAQ-70 and Symptom Checklist 90(SCL-90)in Peking Union Medical College Hospital(PUMCH).Confirmatory factor analysis(CFA)was conducted on the SPSS 17.0,and the number of fixed factors was 8 factors and 3 factors.Amos 23.0 was used to verify the original 8-factor model,8-factor revision model,3-factor model,3-factor revision model,and single-factor model.Each factor of SCL-90 was used as the calibration standard to calculate the correlation coefficient between factors.The retest reliability was tested by the outpatients in PUMCH in July,2018.Results Exploratory factor analysis indicated that the 8-factor revised model included:depression,anxiety and fatigue,sleep,physical discomfort,sexual function,happiness and satisfaction,hypochondria,and social anxiety.The 3 factors revised model included that:psychological,physiological and social dimension.Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the 8-factor modified model was superior to the 3-factor model and the single-factor model: χ 2=10 410.4,df=1862,RMSEA=0.07,CFI=0.753,and NFI=0.715.With SCL-90 as the standard criteria,except the low correlation coefficient between emotional scale and depression(r=0.600)and anxiety(r=0.520),the correlation coefficients of other symptoms were below 0.5.The chronbach's α between each factor and total score of UPPSAQ-70 was between 0.823 and 0.904,and the Chronbach's α coefficient of the whole scale was between 0.954 and 0.956 after each item was deleted.The retest reliability of the scale of 32 participants Chronbach's α was 0.847.Each item of the scale measured between one week was significantly correlated(P<0.05). Conclusion UPPSAQ-70 is a good scale for evaluating overall health status and is especially feasible in general hospitals.


Assuntos
Testes Psicológicos/normas , Psicometria , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(12): 3716-3722, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592754

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile, aerobic, catalase-negative and oxidase-positive bacterium, designated strain Sn-9-2T, was isolated from a cave soil sample collected from Tiandong cave, Guizhou Province, south-west PR China. Growth occurred at 15-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0) and with 0-1 % NaCl (w/v). The predominant respiration quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c or C18 : 1ω6c; 83.9 %) and C16 : 0 (5.8 %). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified glycolipids, two unidentified polar lipids and one unidentified aminolipid. The DNA G+C content of strain Sn-9-2T was 67.5 mol%. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the nearest phylogenetic neighbours of strain Sn-9-2T (MF958452) were identified as Aquabacter spiritensis (FR733686) DSM 9035T (97.5 %), Xanthobacter autorophicus (jgi.1053054) DSM 432T (97.2 %) and Xanthobacter tagetidis ATCC 700314T RCTF01000015 (96.9 %). The average nucleotide identity values were 78.0, 77.4 and 77.6 % and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values were 21.8, 22.0 and 18.8 % between strain Sn-9-2T and A. spiritensis DSM 9035T, X. autotrophicus DSM 432T and X. tagetidis DSM 11105T, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization data indicated that strain Sn-9-2T represented a novel genomic species. On the basis of the results of phylogenetic analysis, chemotaxonomic data, physiological characteristics and DNA-DNA hybridization data, strain Sn-9-2T should represent a novel species of the genus Aquabacter, for which the name Aquabactercavernae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Sn-9-2T (=KCTC 62308T=CCTCC AB 2018270T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Cavernas/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
13.
Viruses ; 11(10)2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658680

RESUMO

Flaviviruses, most of which are emerging and re-emerging human pathogens and significant public health concerns worldwide, are positive-sense RNA viruses. Flavivirus replication occurs on the ER and is regulated by many mechanisms and factors. NS5, which consists of a C-terminal RdRp domain and an N-terminal methyltransferase domain, plays a pivotal role in genome replication and capping. The C-terminal RdRp domain acts as the polymerase for RNA synthesis and cooperates with diverse viral proteins to facilitate productive RNA proliferation within the replication complex. Here, we provide an overview of the current knowledge of the functions and characteristics of the RdRp, including the subcellular localization of NS5, as well as the network of interactions formed between the RdRp and genome UTRs, NS3, and the methyltransferase domain. We posit that a detailed understanding of RdRp functions may provide a target for antiviral drug discovery and therapeutics.

14.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1097, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the design and present the baseline characteristics of a web-based lifestyle intervention program, which comprises of sequentially and simultaneously delivered intervention modules targeting physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) in Chinese college students. METHODS: The study adopted a randomized placebo-controlled trial, using the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) and the Compensatory Carry-Over Action Model (CCAM) as the theoretical backdrops. 556 Chinese college students participated in the 8-week web-based lifestyle intervention program. All eligible participants were randomly assigned to one of four groups: 1) the PA-first arm which received a 4-week intervention addressing PA followed by a 4-week intervention addressing FVC; 2) the FVC-first arm which received a 4-week intervention addressing FVC followed by a 4-week intervention addressing PA; 3) the PA + FVC simultaneous arm that received an 8-week intervention addressing both PA and FVC at the same time; and 4) the placebo-control arm that received 8 weeks of general health information, which is not relevant for changing actual PA and FVC behaviors. Data collection includes four time-points: at the beginning and end of the intervention, and a 3-month and 12-month follow-up after the intervention. RESULTS: At baseline, 41.7% of participants were male and 58.3% were female. 41.0% of the participants did not meet the standard PA-recommendations, while 69.6% did not adhere to the standard FVC-recommendations. In total, only 19.6% of participants met both PA and FVC recommendations. Baseline characteristics across the four groups had no significant differences (all P = .17-.99), indicating successful randomization. CONCLUSIONS: The preliminary results indicate a high prevalence of unhealthy lifestyles in college students in China, which further supports the need for web-based health intervention programs. This is also the first study that examines the comparative effectiveness of simultaneously and sequentially delivered lifestyle interventions in the Chinese population. These findings may contribute to the creation of future web-based health behavior change interventions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrails.gov: NCT03627949 , 14 August, 2018.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Internet , Estilo de Vida , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , China , Dieta/psicologia , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Frutas , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Verduras , Adulto Jovem
15.
ACS Omega ; 4(6): 9911-9917, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460081

RESUMO

Development of metal-doped carbon dots (CDs) to effectively modulate their electronic properties and surface chemical reactivities is still in its early stage. In this paper, a facile solid-phase synthesis strategy was developed to synthesize Cu-doped CDs (Cu-CDs) using citric acid as the carbon source and Cu(NO3)2·3H2O as the dopant, respectively. The as-prepared Cu-CDs exhibited superior peroxidase-like activity to horseradish peroxidase and were stable under a wide range of pH and temperatures. Consequently, the Cu-CD-based chemiluminescence sensing was applied to sensitively detect glucose with a low detection limit of 0.32 µM, and the recoveries and the relative standard deviation of the serum sample are 87.2-112.2 and 8.16% (n = 6), respectively. Notably, the proposed chemiluminescence sensing was also successfully applied for label-free detection of glucose in complex biological samples, which envisioned its potential applications in clinical diagnosis and other analytical assays.

16.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(8): 544, 2019 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320613

RESUMO

The process of vascular remodeling is associated with increased hypoxia. However, the contribution of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α), the key transcription factor mediating cellular hypoxic responses, to vascular remodeling is established, but not completely understood. In the angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced vascular remodeling model, HIF1α was increased and activated in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Selective genetic disruption of Hif1a in VSMCs markedly ameliorated Ang II-induced vascular remodeling, as revealed by decreased blood pressure, aortic thickness, collagen deposition, inflammation, and aortic stiffness. VSMC Hif1a deficiency also specifically suppressed Ang II-induced infiltration of CD45+CD11b+F4/80+CD206- M1 macrophages into the vessel. Mechanistically, HIF1α deficiency in VSMCs dramatically suppressed the expression of CCL7, a chemokine critical for macrophage recruitment. Bioinformatic analysis and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays revealed three functional hypoxia-response elements in the Ccl7 promoter, indicating that Ccl7 is a direct HIF1α target gene. Blocking CCL7 with antibody in vivo alleviated Ang II-induced hypertension and vascular remodeling, coincident with decreased macrophage infiltration. This study provides direct evidence that HIF1α activation in VSMCs exacerbates Ang II-induced macrophage infiltration and resultant vascular remodeling via its target gene Ccl7, and thus may serve as a potential therapeutic target for remodeling-related vascular disease.

17.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(7): 397, 2019 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31161235

RESUMO

Nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQD) were employed along with Cu(II) ions under alkaline conditions and room temperature to synthesize nanocomposites of type Cu(II)/Cu2O/N-GQDs. These nanocomposites exhibit excellent stability and dispersity, and also display a peroxidase-like activity that is superior to pure Cu2O nanoparticles and natural peroxidase (POx). A chemiluminescence (CL) method was designed that is based on the use of uricase which oxidizes uric acid under formation of H2O2. The nanocomposites were used as a POx mimic in the luminol-H2O2 CL system. Under optimized conditions, a linear relationship between CL intensity and the uric acid (UA) concentration in the range of 0.16-4.0 µM, and a detection limit of 0.041 µM (at S/N = 3) were obtained. The CL method was applied to the determination of UA in spiked serum and urine, and recoveries ranged from 85.0 to 121.3%. Graphical abstract Schematic presentation of synthesis strategy of Cu(II)/Cu2O/N-GQDs and the CL method based Cu(II)/Cu2O/N-GQDs for H2O2-meidated uric acid detection. The method can be used for the determination of uric acid (UA) with the detection limit of 0.041 µM.

18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(7): 2082-2088, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099732

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain X7XT, was isolated from a rhizosphere soil sample of Nicotiana tabacum L. collected from a tobacco factory located in Kunming, south-western China. The cells showed oxidase-positive and catalase-positive reactions. Growth occurred at 20-40 °C and pH 6.0-8.0, with optimal growth at 30 °C and pH 7.0. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. The major fatty acids were identified as iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3OH and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c). The cellular polar lipids contained phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified glycolipids, four unidentified aminolipids and four unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 49.7 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain X7XT should be affiliated to the genus Flavisolibacter. Results from further analysis showed that strain X7XT had highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Flavisolibacter metallilatus TX0661T (96.4 %) and 'Flavisolibacter swuensis' SR2-4-2T (96.4 %), followed by other species of the genus Flavisolibacter. The polyphasic taxonomic characteristics indicated that strain X7XT represents a novel species of the genus Flavisolibacter, for which the name Flavisolibacternicotianae sp. nov. (type strain X7XT=KCTC 62326T=CGMCC 16451T) is proposed.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Tabaco/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 103(11): 4575-4584, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31001745

RESUMO

The identification of animal species in feed and feedstuffs is important for detecting contamination and fraudulent replacement of animal components that might cause health and economic problems. A novel multiplex assay, based on xMAP technology and the generic detection of closely related species, was developed for the simultaneous differential detection of avian, fish, and ruminant DNA in products. Universal primers and probes specific to avian, fish, or ruminant species were designed to target a conserved mitochondrial DNA sequence in the 12S ribosomal RNA gene (rRNA). The assay specificity was validated using samples of 27 target and 10 nontarget animal species. The limits of detection of the purified DNA were determined to be 0.2 pg/µL-0.1 ng/µL by testing the meat samples of six species and four feedstuffs. The detection sensitivity of the experimental mixtures was demonstrated to be 0.01% (weight percentage). The assay's suitability for practical application was evaluated by testing feed samples; unlabeled animal ingredients were detected in 32% of the 56 samples. The assay differentially detected the three targeted categories of animal species in less than 2 h, reflecting improvements in speed and efficiency. Based on these results, this novel multiplex xMAP assay provides a reliable and highly efficient technology for the routine detection of animal species in feed and other products for which this information is needed.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , DNA/isolamento & purificação , Contaminação de Alimentos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Animais , Aves , DNA/genética , Primers do DNA/genética , Peixes , Sondas de Oligonucleotídeos/genética , RNA Ribossômico/genética , Ruminantes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(20): 6584-6589, 2019 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30838757

RESUMO

Although metal oxide nanocrystals are often highly active, rapid aggregation (particularly in water) generally precludes detailed solution-state investigations of their catalytic reactions. This is equally true for visible-light-driven water oxidation with hematite α-Fe2 O3 nanocrystals, which bridge a conceptual divide between molecular complexes of iron and solid-state hematite photoanodes. We herein report that the aqueous solubility and remarkable stability of polyoxometalate (POM)-complexed hematite cores with 275 iron atoms enable investigations of visible-light-driven water oxidation at this frontier using the versatile toolbox of solution-state methods typically reserved for molecular catalysis. The use of these methods revealed a unique mechanism, understood as a general consequence of fundamental differences between reactions of solid-state metal oxides and freely diffusing "fragments" of the same material.

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