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1.
Biochem Cell Biol ; 97(6): 702-708, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770017

RESUMO

Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a devastating complication for patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) who are treated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). HT is associated with high morbidity and mortality, but no effective treatments are currently available to reduce the risk of HT. Therefore, methods to prevent HT are urgently needed. In this study, we used IM-12, an inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK-3ß), to evaluate the role of the Wnt-ß-catenin signaling pathway in recombinant tPA (rtPA)-induced HT. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of ischemic stroke, and then were either administered rtPA, rtPA combined with IM-12, or the vehicle at 4 h after stroke was induced. Our results indicate that rats subjected to HT had more severe neurological deficits, brain edema, and blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown, and had a greater infarction volume than the control group. Rats treated with IM-12 had improved outcomes compared with those of rats treated with rtPA alone. Moreover, IM-12 increased the protein expression of ß-catenin and downstream proteins while suppressing the expression of GSK-3ß. These results suggest that IM-12 reduces rtPA-induced HT and attenuates BBB disruption, possibly through activation of the Wnt-ß-catenin signaling pathway, and provides a potential therapeutic strategy for preventing tPA-induced HT after AIS.

2.
Front Oncol ; 9: 369, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31143705

RESUMO

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) ranks as the second most malignant type of primary liver cancer with a high degree of incidence and a very poor prognosis. Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) functions as an eraser of the RNA m6A modification, but its roles in ICC tumorigenesis and development remain unknown. We showed here that the protein level of FTO was downregulated in clinical ICC samples and cell lines and that FTO expression was inversely correlated with the expression of CA19-9 and micro-vessel density (MVD). A Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that a low expression of FTO predicted poor prognosis in ICC. in vitro, decreased endogenous expression of FTO obviously reduced apoptosis of ICC cells. Moreover, FTO suppressed the anchorage-independent growth and mobility of ICC cells. Through mining the database, FTO was found to regulate the integrin signaling pathway, inflammation signaling pathway, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway, angiogenesis, and the pyrimidine metabolism pathway. RNA decay assay showed that oncogene TEAD2 mRNA stability was impaired by FTO. In addition, the overexpression of FTO suppressed tumor growth in vivo. In conclusion, our study demonstrated the critical roles of FTO in ICC.

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