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1.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 9(5): 626-634, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is acute decompensation of liver function in the setting of chronic liver disease, and characterized by high short-term mortality. In this study, we sought to investigate the clinical course of patients at specific time points, and to propose dynamic prognostic criteria. METHODS: We assessed the clinical course of 453 patients with ACLF during a 12-week follow-up period in this retrospective multicenter study. The clinical course of patients was defined as disease recovery, improvement, worsening or steady patterns based on the variation tendency in prothrombin activity (PTA) and total bilirubin (TB) at different time points. RESULTS: Resolution of PTA was observed in 231 patients (51%) at 12 weeks after the diagnosis of ACLF. Among the remaining patients, 66 (14.6%) showed improvement and 156 (34.4%) showed a steady or worsening course. In patients with resolved PTA, the clinical course of TB exhibited resolved pattern in 95.2%, improved in 3.9%, and steady or worse in 0.8%. Correspondingly, in patients with improved PTA, these values for TB were 28.8%, 27.3%, and 43.9%, respectively. In patients with steady or worsening PTA, these values for TB were 5.7%, 32.3%, and 65.6%, respectively. Dynamic prognostic criteria were developed by combining the clinical course of PTA/TB and the clinical outcomes at 4 and 12 weeks after diagnosis in ACLF patients. CONCLUSIONS: We propose the following dynamic prognostic criteria: rapid progression, slow progression, rapid recovery, slow recovery, and slow persistence, which lay the foundation for precise prediction of prognosis and the improvement of ACLF therapy.

2.
Front Oncol ; 11: 733680, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722278

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignancy worldwide. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is still the only serum biomarker widely used in clinical settings. However, approximately 40% of HCC patients exhibit normal AFP levels, including very early HCC and AFP-negative HCC; for these patients, serum AFP is not applicable as a biomarker of early detection. Thus, there is an urgent need to identify novel biomarkers for patients for whom disease cannot be diagnosed early. In this study, we screened and identified novel proteins in AFP-negative HCC and evaluated the feasibility of using autoantibodies to those protein to predict hepatocarcinogenesis. First, we screened and identified differentially expressed proteins between AFP-negative HCC tissue and adjacent non-tumor liver tissue using SWATH-MS proteome technology. In total, 2,506 proteins were identified with a global false discovery rate of 1%, of which 592 proteins were expressed differentially with 175 upregulated and 417 downregulated (adjusted p-value <0.05, fold-change FC ≥1.5 or ≤0.67) between the tumor and matched benign samples, including 14-3-3 zeta protein. For further serological verification, autoantibodies against 14-3-3 zeta in serum were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent, Western blotting, and indirect immunofluorescence assays. Five serial serum samples from one patient with AFP-negative HCC showed anti-14-3-3 zeta autoantibody in sera 9 months before the diagnosis of HCC, which gradually increased with an increase in the size of the nodule. Based on these findings, we detected the prevalence of serum anti-14-3-3 zeta autoantibody in liver cirrhosis (LC) patients, which is commonly considered a premalignant liver disease of HCC. We found that the prevalence of autoantibodies against 14-3-3 zeta protein was 16.1% (15/93) in LC patient sera, which was significantly higher than that in patients with chronic hepatitis (0/75, p = 0.000) and normal human sera (1/60, 1.7%, p = 0.01). Therefore, we suggest that anti-14-3-3 zeta autoantibody might be a biomarker for predicting hepatocarcinogenesis. Further follow-up and research of patients with positive autoantibodies will be continued to confirm the relationship between anti-14-3-3 zeta autoantibody and hepatocarcinogenesis.

3.
JGH Open ; 4(6): 1065-1073, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: In China, clinical experience with direct-acting antiviral treatments for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is still emerging. C-CORAL is a phase 3, multinational, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR) in participants with HCV infection from the Asia-Pacific region and Russia. Here, we report the data from participants enrolled in China. METHODS: Treatment-naive participants with chronic HCV genotype (GT) 1, GT4, or GT6 infection were randomly assigned to receive 50 mg EBR/100 mg GZR for 12 weeks (immediate-treatment group, ITG) or placebo followed by deferred treatment with EBR/GZR (deferred-treatment group, DTG). The primary efficacy end-point was sustained virologic response at 12 weeks after completing treatment (SVR12), and the primary safety end-point was a comparison of safety between participants receiving EBR/GZR and placebo (NCT02251990; Protocol PN-5172-067). RESULTS: A total of 152 participants in China were randomly assigned (ITG, n = 115; DTG, n = 37). SVR12 was achieved in 96.7% (146/151) participants overall and in 97.3% (142/146) of those with GT1b infection. Four participants relapsed (GT1b, n = 3; GT6a, n = 1). Drug-related AEs were reported in 25 (21.7%) and 9 (24.3%) participants receiving EBR/GZR and placebo, respectively; no drug-related serious adverse events (AEs) occurred. Two (1.7%) participants receiving EBR/GZR had late hepatic transaminase elevations. Patient-reported outcomes indicate improved quality of life at follow-up week 4 in participants receiving EBR/GZR compared to placebo. CONCLUSION: EBR/GZR administered for 12 weeks represents a highly effective and safe treatment option for Chinese individuals with HCV GT1 infection.

4.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(45): 7088-7103, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33362370

RESUMO

Based on reviews of the literature and experts' consensus, the Chinese Society of Hepatology developed guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of liver cirrhosis, in order to improve clinical practice. In addition to what has been covered in previously published guidelines on the management of cirrhosis complications, these guidelines add new sections and provide updates. The guidelines emphasize the early diagnosis of the cause and assessment of complications. Comprehensive treatments including etiological treatment and complication management should be initiated immediately. In addition, regular monitoring, especially surveillance of hepatocellular carcinoma, is crucial for managing patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Gastroenterologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia
5.
Clin Lab ; 66(8)2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between non-cholestatic liver disease and total bile acid (TBA) remains obscure. The present study aimed to verify this relationship in patients with non-cholestatic chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. METHODS: A total of 922 consecutive chronic HBV infected patients with alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 1.5 upper limit of normal (ULN) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) ≤ 3 ULN were rigorously included in this cross-sectional study. Liver biopsy was performed in 53 patients and Scheuer scoring system was used to evaluate inflammation grade. G3/G4 or Child-Pugh B/C were considered to be significant liver injury. RESULTS: Compared to Child-Pugh A, TBA, total bilirubin (TBIL), ALP, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and AST to ALT ratio (AST/ALT) were significantly higher in Child-Pugh B/C, while TBIL to TBA ratio (TBIL/TBA) was significantly lower (all p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, TBA and AST/ALT were independently correlated with Child-Pugh B/C [odds ratio (OR) = 1.04, p < 0.001; OR = 1.79, p < 0.001, respectively]. The area under the curve (AUC) of TBA (0.82) was significantly higher than that of AST (0.73, p < 0.001) and ALT (0.63, p < 0.001). Furthermore, in patients with liver biopsy, TBA was also significantly higher in G3/G4 while TBIL/TBA was significantly lower (p < 0.05). After adjusting the factors related to bile excretion, TBIL/TBA was independently associated with G3/G4 (OR = 0.89, p = 0.037). CONCLUSIONS: Serum TBA shows a close relationship with significant liver injury in chronic HBV infected patients without cholestasis. Assessment of TBA, especially in combination with TBIL/TBA, may serve as a non-invasive marker for the diagnosis of non-cholestatic hepatic damage.


Assuntos
Colestase , Hepatite B Crônica , Alanina Transaminase , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Estudos Transversais , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Fígado
6.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(1): 243-250, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32550883

RESUMO

Although the platelet count may provide clues regarding the severity of liver disease, there are currently no available data supporting the utility of the platelet count to evaluate the degree of liver injury in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The present study aimed to determine the association between the platelet count and the severity of liver injury in patients with chronic HBV infection. A total of 941 patients were included and were stratified into a Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) class A group and a CTP class B/C group using the CTP scoring system. A total of 53 patients underwent liver biopsy. The pathological stage F4 was defined as cirrhosis based on the METAVIR scoring system. Compared with that in patients with CTP class A, the platelet count in patients with CTP class B/C was lower (P<0.001). Similarly, for patients with normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, the platelet count was significantly different between the CTP class B/C and A groups (P<0.001). The platelet count was inversely correlated with the CTP score (r=-0.420, P<0.001) and independently associated with CTP grade B/C [odds ratio (OR), 0.994; 95% CI, 0.990-0.999; P=0.009]. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the platelet count to distinguish CTP grade B/C from A was 0.712 and 0.791, respectively, in all patients with HBV infection and the subset with normal ALT levels. In addition, compared to patients with chronic hepatitis B, patients with cirrhosis had a lower platelet count and higher aspartate transaminase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis index based on four factors (FIB-4) (P<0.001). The platelet count was inversely correlated with FIB-4 (r=-0.855, P<0.001) and APRI (r=-0.741, P<0.001). The AUC for the platelet count to distinguish cirrhosis from chronic hepatitis B was 0.927 (sensitivity, 78.76%; specificity, 92.22%). Among patients who underwent liver biopsy, the platelet count in those with F4 was lower compared with that in patients with ≤F3 (P=0.013). The platelet count was inversely correlated with the pathological stage (r=-0.295, P=0.032) and was independently associated with F4 (OR, 0.978; 95% CI, 0.960-0.997; P=0.026). The AUC of the platelet count to distinguish F4 from patients with ≤F3 was 0.761. In conclusion, the platelet count may be used as a non-invasive marker to assess the severity of liver injury and of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic HBV infection.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e19248, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080129

RESUMO

Although serum bile acids and total cholesterol (TC) are closely related to liver cirrhosis, the potential diagnostic value of total bile acid-to-cholesterol ratio (TBA/TC) for liver fibrosis is unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the value of TBA/TC in the diagnosis of cirrhosis and the relationship between TBA/TC and significant liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected patients without cholestasis.667 patients with alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 1.5 upper limit of normal (ULN) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) ≤ 3 ULN were rigorously included in this cross-sectional study. Liver biopsy was performed in 32 patients and METAVIR scoring system was used to evaluate liver fibrosis stage. Liver ultrasound elastography was performed in 138 patients, significant fibrosis was defined as fibrosis ≥ F2. Multiple logistic regression as well as receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves analyses were performed.Compared to patients with non-cirrhosis, TBA and TBA/TC were significantly higher in cirrhosis while TC was significantly lower (all P < .001). In multivariate analysis, TBA/TC was also independently associated with cirrhosis [odds ratio (OR) = 1.102, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.085-1.166]. The area under the curve (AUC) of TBA/TC (0.87) was almost equivalent to the aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI, AUC = 0.84) and fibrosis 4 score (FIB-4, AUC = 0.80), and the optimal cut-off value for TBA/TC to diagnose cirrhosis was 2.70. Among the patients performed liver biopsy, TBA/TC were significantly higher both in significant fibrosis and cirrhosis as well as significantly correlated with fibrosis stage (all P < .001). Furthermore, In patients performed liver ultrasound elastography, TBA/TC was also independently associated with significant fibrosis (OR = 1.040, 95% CI: 1.001-1.078).Assessment of TBA/TC could serve as an additional marker of significant liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in non-cholestatic chronic HBV infection.


Assuntos
Ácidos e Sais Biliares/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Estudos Transversais , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/sangue , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Testes de Função Hepática , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
8.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(36): 5403-5422, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576089

RESUMO

The Chinese Society of Hepatology developed the current guidelines on the management of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhosis based on the published evidence and the panelists' consensus. The guidelines provided recommendations for the diagnosis and management of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) including minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) and overt hepatic encephalopathy, emphasizing the importance on screening MHE in patients with end-stage liver diseases. The guidelines emphasized that early identification and timely treatment are the key to improve the prognosis of HE. The principles of treatment include prompt removal of the cause, recovery of acute neuropsychiatric abnormalities to baseline status, primary prevention, and secondary prevention as soon as possible.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Terminal/complicações , Gastroenterologia/normas , Encefalopatia Hepática/terapia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Sociedades Médicas/normas , China , Consenso , Doença Hepática Terminal/terapia , Gastroenterologia/métodos , Encefalopatia Hepática/diagnóstico , Encefalopatia Hepática/etiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Prognóstico , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/normas , Fatores de Tempo
9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(25): 3281-3282, 2019 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333318

RESUMO

[This retracts the article on p. 224 in vol. 23, PMID: 28127196.].

10.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0211795, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30753207

RESUMO

Recent advance in the direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) offers the potentials to eradicate hepatitis C virus (HCV) worldwide and makes universal screening more urgent. A point-of-care (POC) oral anti-HCV assay, the Fortune assay, was developed and its performance was evaluated. Individuals with or without HCV infection were recruited in three Centers. Paired oral and serum samples were tested using the Fortune and InTec anti-HCV assays. The Kehua serum anti-HCV assay served as a supplemental test to verify the discordant results. Some oral samples were also tested using the OraQuick anti-HCV assay. Furthermore, the Fortune assay results were compared with the documented RNA results. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the Fortune assay was 93.11%, 98.48%, and 96.58%, respectively (n = 1,022). Consistency between the Fortune and OraQuick assays was 96.35% (264/274); the Fortune assay detected additional 8 positive oral samples missed by the OraQuick assay. The Fortune assay demonstrated a 97.46% (115/118) positivity among the viremic patients. Furthermore, its sensitivity was HCV genotype independent. In conclusion, the Fortune assay was highly specific and accurate. It had comparable sensitivity as the serum assays for the diagnosis of active HCV infection. It provides a completely non-invasive and reliable tool for HCV screening in the DAA era.


Assuntos
Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/sangue , Hepatite C/genética , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , RNA Viral , Adulto , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Viral/sangue , RNA Viral/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
11.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 12(3): 1035-1040, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933916

RESUMO

Idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH) is a rare disease, and its etiology and pathogenesis have not yet been fully clarified. The main clinical manifestations are non-cirrhotic intrahepatic portal hypertension, accompanied by splenomegaly, thrombocytopenia, and recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The liver histopathologic changes are diverse. Splenectomy is considered an effective treatment for hypersplenism. We report a patient who presented with splenomegaly, then underwent splenectomy to relieve thrombocytopenia based on routine treatment strategies. However, multiple space-occupying lesions were found in the liver about one year later. Thereafter, the lesions were confirmed as nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) by liver biopsy, the patient was finally diagnosed with IPH. We consider that although splenectomy is generally recommended for IPH, under certain circumstances splenectomy may disturb blood flow in the liver, leading to the formation of NRH. Therefore, splenectomy in IPH patients should be chosen carefully.

12.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(1): 12-21, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30311701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although treatment with direct-acting antivirals has dramatically improved morbidity and mortality attributable to chronic hepatitis C virus infection, universal access to these medicines has been slow in the Asia-Pacific region and Russia. This study evaluated efficacy and safety of elbasvir/grazoprevir in participants with hepatitis C virus infection from Asia-Pacific countries and Russia (C-CORAL). METHODS: C-CORAL was a phase 3, randomized, placebo-controlled study (NCT02251990). Treatment-naive, HIV-negative, cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic participants with chronic hepatitis C genotype 1, 4, or 6 infection were randomized to elbasvir 50 mg/grazoprevir 100 mg once daily for 12 weeks (immediate-treatment group) or placebo followed by deferred treatment with elbasvir/grazoprevir (deferred-treatment group). The primary efficacy outcome was sustained virologic response at 12 weeks, and the primary safety outcome was a comparison between the immediate-treatment group and placebo phase of the deferred-treatment group. RESULTS: A total of 489 participants were randomized (immediate-treatment group, n = 366; deferred-treatment group, n = 123). Sustained virologic response at 12 weeks in the combined immediate/deferred-treatment groups was 94.4% (459/486; 95% confidence interval = 92.4-96.5%). Sustained virologic response at 12 weeks was 98.2% in participants with genotype 1b, 91.9% with genotype 1a, and 66.7% with genotype 6 infection. Similar rates of adverse events and drug-related adverse events were seen in the immediate-treatment group versus placebo phase of the deferred-treatment group (51.0% vs 50.4% and 21.4% vs 21.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Elbasvir/grazoprevir for 12 weeks represents an effective and well-tolerated treatment option for treatment-naive people with genotype 1 infection from Asia-Pacific countries and Russia.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Benzofuranos/uso terapêutico , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Quinoxalinas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Austrália , Benzofuranos/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Combinação de Medicamentos , Farmacorresistência Viral/genética , Extremo Oriente , Feminino , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/enzimologia , Humanos , Imidazóis/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quinoxalinas/efeitos adversos , Federação Russa , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Tailândia , Vietnã , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
13.
Chin J Integr Med ; 25(1): 51-58, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26542309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential antifibrotic mechanisms of Chinese medicine Ganshuang Granules (, GSG) and to provide clinical therapeutic evidence of its effects. METHODS: A cirrhotic mouse model was established by intraperitoneally injecting a mixture of CCl4 (40%) and oil (60%) at 0.2 mL per 100 g of body weight twice a week for 12 weeks. After 12-week modeling, GSG was intragastric administrated to the mice for 2 weeks, and the mice were divided into low-, medium- and high-dose groups at doses of 1, 2 and 4 g/(kg·day), respectively. Liver morphology changes were observed using Masson's trichrome staining and B-ultrasound. The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and hyaluronic acid (HA) in serum were detected using an automatic biochemistry analyzer. The expressions of desmin, smooth muscle actin (SMA) and Foxp3 in liver were detected by immunoflfluorescence. The regulatory T cell (Treg) frequency was determined through flflow cytometry analysis. Collagen-I, SMA, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1ß and transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1) expression levels were measured using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). RESULTS: Masson's staining result showed fewer pseudolobule structures and fibrous connective tissue in the GSG-treatment groups than in the spontaneous recovery group. Ultrasonography showed that GSG treatment reduced the number of punctate hyperechoic lesions in mice cirrhotic livers. The serum ALT, AST, HA levels were significantly ameliorated by GSG treatment (ALT: F=8.104, P=0.000; AST: F=7.078, P=0.002; and HA: F=7.621, P=0.001). The expression levels of collagen-I and SMA in the cirrhotic livers were also attenuated by GSG treatment (collagen-I: F=3.938, P=0.011; SMA: F=4.115, P=0.009). Tregs, which were elevated in the fibrotic livers, were suppressed by GSG treatment (F=8.268, P=0.001). The expressions of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1ß increased, and TGF-ß levels decreased in the cirrhotic livers after GSG treatment (IL-6: F=5.457, P=0.004; TNF-α: F=6.023, P=0.002; IL-1ß: F=6.658, P=0.001; and TGF-ß1: F=11.239, P=0.000). CONCLUSIONS: GSG promoted the resolution/regression of cirrhosis and restored liver functions in part by suppressing Treg cell differentiation, which may be mediated by hepatic stellate cells.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
14.
Mol Med Rep ; 16(5): 7355-7360, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28944894

RESUMO

Our previous study found that glucosylceramide, a type of sphingolipids, was associated with liver inflammation and fibrosis. Glucosylceramide is generated by glucosylceramide synthase (GCS), which is encoded by the UDP­glucose ceramide glucosyltransferase (UGCG) gene. GCS is a key enzyme to regulate the physiological activity of cells. However, the role of GCS in hepatic cells remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to explore the mechanism of GCS in the proliferation and apoptosis of liver cells. Following the interference of expression of GCS in vitro by UGCG small interfering (si)RNA, the MTT method was performed to detect the proliferation of HL­7702 hepatocytes, and ELISA was used to determine the concentration of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α and cytochrome c in the supernatant of culture system. Fluorescence microscopy was used to observe the apoptosis of liver cells stained by Annexin V­fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide. Reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the gene expression apoptosis regulator Bcl­2 (Bcl­2), apoptosis regulator Bax (Bax) and caspase-3. Western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of caspase-3 protein in the liver cells. Following treatment with UGCG siRNA for 24 h, the proliferation of HL­7702 hepatocytes was significantly inhibited when compared with the transfection reagent group. Furthermore, the early and advanced apoptosis of liver cells showed an increasing trend. Additionally, concentrations of TNF α and cytochrome c showed no significant difference between the UGCG siRNA and transfection reagent groups. Compared with the transfection reagent group, Bcl­2 mRNA expression decreased, and Bax and caspase-3 mRNA expression increased in the UGCG siRNA transfection group. The protein expression level of caspase-3 showed increased in hepatocytes following the treatment with UGCG siRNA. In conclusion, the metabolic changes of sphingolipids caused by the lack of GCS may be involved in the proliferation and apoptosis of liver cells through the Bcl­2/Bax signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Glucosiltransferases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Citocromos c/análise , Glucosiltransferases/antagonistas & inibidores , Glucosiltransferases/genética , Hepatócitos/citologia , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Plasmídeos/genética , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transfecção , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(34): e7885, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28834904

RESUMO

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a serious public health problem worldwide. China, as the country with the largest number of HCV infections in the world, plays a significant role in eliminating hepatitis C. Due to different financial situations and education background, hepatitis C patients take different actions for their disease treatment and management. Therefore, antiviral treatment status should be attached great importance to learn the medical demand of patients. A nationwide, multicenter survey was conducted from July 2015 to June 2016. Of 1798 inpatients and outpatients with chronic HCV from 56 hospitals participated in the survey. Each patient completed the questionnaire with questions about his/her antiviral therapy status, perception of treatment barriers, and expectations for future treatment. In total 1622 patients, including 1241 with chronic hepatitis C, 344 with cirrhosis, and 37 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, fulfilled data collection requirements and finally were included in analysis. Overall, up to 30.7% of the patients had not or currently does not intend to receive antiviral therapy. The main reason was expecting more potent and well-tolerance medication (31.5%), followed by the fear of interferon related side effects (27.5%). Multiple regression analysis showed that the patient's annual income, the severity of HCV, and comorbidity were independent predictors of not receiving antiviral therapy. The whole patients were expecting more potent and well tolerance medication available soon. In summary, Peg-IFN/RBV treatment regimen cannot meet the need of patients well, and safe and efficient direct-acting antivirals are urgently needed in mainland China.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , China , Estudos Transversais , Quimioterapia Combinada , Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Honorários Farmacêuticos , Genótipo , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/administração & dosagem , Interferon-alfa/efeitos adversos , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polietilenoglicóis , Ribavirina/administração & dosagem , Ribavirina/efeitos adversos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Shanghai Arch Psychiatry ; 29(1): 15-20, 2017 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28769541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comorbid depression in Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is common. Developing accurate and time- efficient tools to measure depressive symptoms in HBV is important for research and clinical practice in China. AIMS: This study tested the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-SR) in HBV patients. METHODS: The study recruited 245 depressed patients with HBV and related liver disease. The severity of depressive symptoms was assessed with the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and the QIDS-SR. RESULTS: Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) was 0.796 for QIDS-SR. The QIDS-SR total score was significantly correlated with the MADRS total score (r=0.698, p<0.001). The QIDS-SR showed unidimensional measurement properties in exploratory factor analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The QIDS-SR (Chinese version) has good psychometric properties in HBV patients and appears to be useful in assessing depression in clinical settings.

17.
J Clin Virol ; 94: 8-14, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28709006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) variants are associated with nucleos/tide analogue (NA) response and liver disease but it is unknown whether NA influences extrahepatic HBV persistence. OBJECTIVES: To investigate HBV replication and genetic evolution in hepatic and extrahepatic sites of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) before and after NA therapy. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 13 paired plasma, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), were collected from chronic HBV carriers at baseline and after a median 53 weeks NA therapy as well as liver biopsy (N=7 baseline, N=5 follow-up). HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) and messenger (m) RNA in liver and PBMC were analyzed. HBV polymerase (P)/surface (S), basal core promoter (BCP)/pre-core (PC)/C gene clonal sequencing was done in plasma, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and liver. RESULTS: Compare to baseline, at ∼53 weeks follow-up, there was no significant change in HBV cccDNA levels in liver (0.2-0.08 copies/hepatocyte, p>0.05) or in PBMC 0.003-0.02 copies/PBMC, p>0.05), and HBV mRNA remained detectable in both sites. At baseline, BCP variants were higher in PBMC vs. liver and plasma. After therapy, drug resistant (DR) and immune escape (IE) variants increased in liver but IE and PC variants were more frequent in PBMC. HBV P/S diversity was significantly higher in PBMC compared to plasma. CONCLUSION: Continuous HBV replication occurs in liver and PBMC and shows compartmentalized evolution under selective pressure of potent NA therapy.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Fígado/virologia , Adulto , Antivirais/farmacologia , DNA Viral/análise , DNA Viral/genética , Feminino , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B Crônica/imunologia , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
18.
World J Gastroenterol ; 23(19): 3496-3504, 2017 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28596685

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the prevalence and diagnostic value of autoantibodies in α-fetoprotein (AFP)-negative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Fifty-six serum samples from AFP-negative HCC cases, 86 from AFP-positive HCC cases, 168 from chronic liver disease cases, and 59 from normal human controls were included in this study. Autoantibodies to nucleophosmin (NPM)1, 14-3-3zeta and mouse double minute 2 homolog (MDM2) proteins in AFP-negative HCC serum were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Partially positive sera were further evaluated by western blotting. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of three tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) in AFP-negative HCC and normal control tissues. RESULTS: The frequency of autoantibodies to the three TAAs in AFP-negative HCC sera was 21.4%, 19.6% and 19.6%, which was significantly higher than in the chronic liver disease cases and normal human controls (P < 0.01) as well as AFP-positive HCC cases. The sensitivity of the three autoantibodies for diagnosis of AFP-negative HCC ranged from 19.6% to 21.4%, and the specificity was approximately 95%. When the three autoantibodies were combined, the sensitivity reached 30.4% and the specificity reached 91.6%. CONCLUSION: Autoantibodies to NPM1, 14-3-3zeta and MDM2 may be useful biomarkers for immunodiagnosis of AFP-negative HCC.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas 14-3-3/imunologia , Proteínas 14-3-3/metabolismo , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Testes Imunológicos , Hepatopatias/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Nucleares/imunologia , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/imunologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , alfa-Fetoproteínas/imunologia
19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 23(20): 3655-3663, 2017 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28611518

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the mechanism of hepatoprotection conferred by liver fibrosis through evaluating the activation phenotype of kupffer cells. METHODS: Control and fibrotic mice were challenged with a lethal dose of D-GalN/lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and hepatic damage was assessed by histology, serum alanine transferase (ALT) levels, and hepatic expression of HMGB1, a potent pro-inflammatory mediator. The localization of F4/80 (a surrogate marker of KCs), HMGB1, and type I collagen (Col-1) was determined by immunofluorescence staining. The phenotype of KCs was characterized by real-time PCR. KCs isolated from control or fibrotic mice were challenged with LPS or HMGB1 peptide, and HMGB1 translocation was analyzed. RESULTS: Liver fibrosis protected mice against D-GalN/LPS challenge, as shown by improved hepatic histology and reduced elevation of ALT compared with the normal mice treated in the same way. This hepatoprotection was also accompanied by inhibition of HMGB1 expression in the liver. Co-localization of F4/80, HMGB1, and Col-1 was found in fibrotic livers, indicating the close relationship between KCs, HMGB1 and liver fibrosis. KCs isolated from fibrotic mice predominantly exhibited an M2-like phenotype. In vitro experiments showed that HMGB1 was localized in the nucleus of the majority of M2-like KCs and that the translocation of HMGB1 was inhibited following stimulation with LPS or HMGB1 peptide, while both LPS and HMGB1 peptide elicited translocation of intranuclear HMGB1 in KCs isolated from the control mice. CONCLUSION: M2-like Kupffer cells in fibrotic liver may exert a protective effect against acute insult by inhibiting the translocation of HMGB1.


Assuntos
Macrófagos do Fígado/citologia , Cirrose Hepática/fisiopatologia , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Macrófagos/citologia , Animais , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Galactosamina , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Inflamação , Lipopolissacarídeos , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Fenótipo , Transporte Proteico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
20.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 31(3): 287-290, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28499569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no data about the frequency of major depression in patients with liver disease related to Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in China. This study examined the prevalence of major depression and its clinical correlates and association with quality of life (QOL) in patients with HBV-related liver diseases. METHOD: Altogether 634 patients with HBV-related liver diseases met study entry criteria and completed the survey. The diagnosis of major depression was established with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and QOL were measured. RESULTS: The prevalence of major depression was 6.4%. Multivariable logistic regression analyses revealed that insomnia (P=0.01, OR=5.5, 95%CI=1.4-21.6) and global functioning (P<0.001, OR=0.6, 95% CI=0.5-0.7) were independently associated with major depression. Major depression was associated with both poor physical (F (1, 634)=4.0, P=0.04) and mental QOL (F (1, 634)=26.2, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Given the negative impact of depression on patients' QOL, more attempts should be made to identify and treat it in HBV-related diseases.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/epidemiologia , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatopatias , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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