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1.
Am Heart J ; 203: 67-73, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30041065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to directly compare preoperative high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) I and T concentration for the prediction of major cardiac complications after non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: We measured hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT preoperatively in a blinded fashion in 1022 patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. The primary endpoint was a composite of major cardiac complications including cardiac death, cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, clinically relevant arrhythmias, and acute heart failure within 30 days. We hypothesized that the type of surgery may impact on the predictive accuracy of hs-cTnI/T and stratified all analyses according to the type of surgery. RESULTS: Major cardiac complications occurred in 108 (11%) patients, 58/243 (24%) patients undergoing vascular surgery and 50/779 (6%, P < .001) patients undergoing non-vascular surgery. Using regulatory-approved 99th percentile cut-off concentrations, preoperative hs-cTnI elevations were less than one-fifth as common as preoperative hs-cTnT elevations (P < .001). Among patients undergoing vascular surgery, preoperative hs-cTnI concentrations, but not hs-cTnT, was an independent predictor of cardiac complications (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.5, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.0-2.1). The area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve (AUC) was 0.67 (95% CI, 0.59-0.75) for hs-cTnI versus 0.59 (95% CI 0.51-0.67, P = .012) for hs-cTnT. In contrast, among patients undergoing non-vascular surgery both preoperative hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT were independent predictors of the primary endpoint (aOR 1.6, 95% CI 1.3-2.0, and aOR 3.0, 95% CI 2.0-4.6, respectively) and showed higher predictive accuracy (AUC 0.77, 95% CI, 0.71-0.83, and 0.79, 95% CI 0.73-0.85, P = ns). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT concentrations predict major cardiac complications after non-vascular surgery, while, in patients undergoing vascular surgery, hs-cTnI may have better accuracy.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Brasil/epidemiologia , Angiografia Coronária , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunoensaio , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Suíça/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Papillomavirus Res ; 2: 17-20, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29074177

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Infection with Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been reported as one of the most prevalent agent sexually transmitted diseases, but its true prevalence in men is not precisely known, mainly due to the near absence of symptoms. Moreover, few studies evaluating the post-vaccination immune response have been performed to date in men, hence the hypotheses tested in this study can be important to enable a better understanding of both the immunopathogenesis and the response to vaccination in HIV-infected patients, and to help in the elaboration of strategies of vaccination against HPV in the HIV-infected population. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the specific response to antigens of HPV vaccine in HIV-infected men. METHODS: A total of 25 HIV-infected male patients who met the inclusion criteria during the data collection period were vaccinated; however, six (30%) had anti-HPV at baseline, and were not considered further in the analysis. Therefore, 19 HIV-infected individuals were included in the study, along with five healthy, HPV-seronegative controls. RESULTS: Patients infected with HIV-1 were subdivided into two groups, A and B, according to their T CD4 cells count at the time of vaccination, namely: Group A: CD4>500; Group B: CD4<500. The proportion of seroconversion after immunization with three doses of a bivalent anti-HPV vaccine was 92%. CONCLUSION: HIV-infected patients as well as HIV negative controls responded to anti-HPV vaccination, regardless of their T CD4 cells count and HIV plasma viral load. These results demonstrate that anti-HPV immunization in HIV-infected males is effective and should be encouraged, thus helping to decrease the risk of infection, mortality and morbidity of diseases associated with HPV in men.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Imunidade Humoral , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , HIV-1/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Soroconversão , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 57(2): 105-110, Mar-Apr/2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-744734

RESUMO

Introduction: Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) has improved and extended the lives of thousands of people living with HIV/AIDS around the world. However, this treatment can lead to the development of adverse reactions such as lipoatrophy/lipohypertrophy syndrome (LLS) and its associated risks. Objective: This study was designed to assess the prevalence of self-reported lipodystrophy and nutritional status by anthropometric measurements in patients with HIV/AIDS. Methods: An observational study of 227 adult patients in the Secondary Immunodeficiencies Outpatient Department of Dermatology, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo (3002 ADEE-HCFMUSP). The sample was divided into three groups; Group 1 = 92 patients on HAART and with self-reported lipodystrophy, Group 2 = 70 patients on HAART without self-reported lipodystrophy and Group 3 = 65 patients not taking HAART. The nutritional status of individuals in the study sample was determined by body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat (% BF). The cardiovascular risk and diseases associated with abdominal obesity were determined by waist/hip ratio (WHR) and waist circumference (WC). Results: The prevalence of self-reported lipoatrophy/lipohypertrophy syndrome was 33% among women and 59% among men. Anthropometry showed depletion of fat mass in the evaluation of the triceps (TSF) in the treatment groups with HAART and was statistically independent of gender; for men p = 0.001, and for women p = 0.007. Similar results were found in the measurement of skin folds of the upper and lower body (p = 0.001 and p = 0.003 respectively). In assessing the nutritional status of groups by BMI and % BF, excess weight and body fat were more prevalent among women compared to men (p = 0.726). The WHR and WC revealed risks for cardiovascular and other diseases associated with abdominal obesity for women on HAART and with self-reported LLS (p = 0.005) and (p = 0.011). ...


Objetivos: A terapia antirretroviral altamente ativa (HAART) tem melhorado e aumentado a vida de milhares de pessoas que vivem com a infecção pelo HIV/AIDS em todo o mundo. No entanto, este tratamento pode levar ao desenvolvimento da síndrome da lipodistrofia (LDS). Este estudo foi desenvolvido para avaliar a prevalência de auto-relato de LDS, perfil nutricional e medidas antropométricas de pacientes com HIV/AIDS. Métodos: Estudo observacional de 227 pacientes adultos, divididos em: Grupo 1: 92 pacientes em HAART e com LDS; Grupo 2: 70 pacientes em tratamento com HAART e sem LDS e Grupo 3: 65 pacientes que não tomam HAART. O estado nutricional foi avaliado pelo índice de massa corporal (IMC) e o percentual de gordura corporal (%GC) por meio de medidas antropométricas. Resultados: A prevalência de auto-relato de LDS foi de 44% entre as mulheres e 39% entre os homens. DC do tríceps (PCT) apresentou-se mais elevada no grupo HAART e LDS (homens p < 0,001; mulheres p < 0,007) em comparação com aqueles sem HAART, respectivamente. IMC revelou excesso de peso para a maioria dos indivíduos. Conclusões: As medidas antropométricas foram úteis para confirmar a prevalência de auto-relato da síndrome da lipodistrofia. A avaliação das dobras dos braços e pernas revelou-se um bom método para avaliação antropométrica de lipoatrofia de membro, independentemente do sexo. Estes resultados permitiram o estabelecimento de estratégias para o diagnóstico precoce da LDS na prática clínica, em pessoas vivendo com HIV / AIDS. .


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Índice de Massa Corporal , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , HIV-1 , Síndrome de Lipodistrofia Associada ao HIV/diagnóstico , Fármacos Anti-HIV/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Relação Cintura-Quadril
4.
AIDS Res Ther ; 10(1): 35, 2013 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24373498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: NLRP3-inflammasome activation was evaluated in monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC) obtained through IL-4 (IL4-DC) or IFN-α (IFN-DC) protocols and pulsed with chemically inactivated HIV-1. Inflammasome' genes expression and IL-1ß secretion were compared in DC isolated from 15 healthy subjects (HC) and 10 HIV-1 infected individuals (HIV+). FINDINGS: Whether HIV was able to increased NLRP3-inflammasome genes expression and IL-1ß secretion in IL4-DC from HC, the induction of inflammasome appeared significantly reduced in IFN-DC from HC, suggesting a different responsive state of IFN-DC compared to IL4-DC. No inflammasome activation was observed in IL4-DC as well as in IFN-DC derived from HIV + subjects, confirming previous findings on "unresponsive" state of DC derived from HIV + possibly due to chronic inflammatory state of these individuals. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that IFN-α differently modulates inflammasome expression during monocytes-DC in vitro differentiation. These findings could be of interest considering the on-going research about DC manipulation and therapeutic strategies for HIV + involving DC-based immune-vaccines.

5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 59(5): 495-506, set.-out. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-695290

RESUMO

O número de dosagens do nível sérico de vitamina D tem apresentado crescimento muito expressivo nos últimos anos em todo o mundo. No Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo houve aumento de cerca de 700% em quatro anos nas solicitações desse hormônio. No entanto, há controvérsias na literatura sobre a real utilidade de sua dosagem e/ou suplementação, exceto em situações diretamente relacionadas ao metabolismo ósseo. No presente trabalho são revistos o metabolismo, as fontes e as ações da vitamina D no organismo. Estudos observacionais, ensaios clínicos, revisões sistemáticas e metanálises, cujo foco é a relação entre vitamina D e doenças ou condições clínicas, como câncer, doenças cardiovasculares, diabetes e quedas, foram pesquisados na literatura, analisados e discutidos. Os resultados estão apresentados em forma de perguntas e respostas, tabelas e figura. Discute-se o papel da vitamina D em todas essas situações, e salientam-se os pontos controvertidos.


Recent years have witnessed a substantial increase in the number of seric determinations of vitamin D, in aworldwide basis. At Hospital das Clínicas of Faculdade de Medicina of Universidade de São Paulo that increase reached 700% over the last four years. Nevertheless there are many controversies on the literature about the role of vitamin D in conditions unrelated to themusculoskeletal system. In this study the metabolism, sources and actions of vitamin D on the body are reviewed. Observational studies, clinical trials, systematic reviews and metanalysis which focused on the relationship between the vitamin and conditions such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and falls were searched on the literature, analyzed and discussed. Results are presented as quiz and answer, tables and a figure. The role of vitamin D on the above-mentioned conditions is discussed, and the controversial issues stressed.


Assuntos
Humanos , Hormônio Paratireóideo/fisiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Vitamina D/fisiologia , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Colecalciferol/metabolismo , /etiologia , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Epiderme/metabolismo , Epiderme/efeitos da radiação , Metanálise como Assunto , Neoplasias/etiologia , Luz Solar , Vitamina D/sangue
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 59(1): 85-92, jan.-fev. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-666243

RESUMO

A proteína C reativa (PCR) é uma das proteínas de fase aguda cuja solicitação tem crescido de forma exponencial em vários países, incluindo o Brasil. Neste estudo, a utilidade da PCR em diversas situações clínicas foi revisada por um grupo de médicos composto por especialistas em Medicina Interna, Emergências Médicas, Terapia Intensiva, Rastreamento e Medicina Laboratorial com o objetivo de analisar a literatura pertinente e propor diretrizes para o uso mais racional desse exame laboratorial. O resultado foi a criação de fluxogramas orientadores da solicitação de PCR adaptados a quatro ambientes assistenciais diferentes, sendo eles unidades de terapia intensiva, pronto-socorro, enfermarias e ambulatórios. Esses fluxogramas e uma discussão mais detalhada sobre as diversas indicações clínicas do exame são apresentados neste estudo.


C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute-phase protein whose requests have been growing exponentially in several countries, including Brazil. In this study, the use of CRP in several clinical situations was reviewed by a group of physicians comprised by specialists in internal medicine, medical emergencies, intensive care, screening, and laboratory medicine, aiming to analyze the applicable literature and to propose guidelines for a more rational use of this laboratory test. The result was the creation of flowcharts guiding CRP request, adjusted to four different healthcare environments, namely, intensive care units, emergency room, wards, and outpatient clinics. These flowcharts, as well as a more detailed discussion on several clinical recommendations for the test, are presented in this study.


Assuntos
Humanos , Algoritmos , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Tomada de Decisões/fisiologia , Assistência à Saúde/classificação , Biomarcadores/análise
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