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1.
Molecules ; 26(4)2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33562825

RESUMO

The aim is to evaluate the effects of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) on the guided bone regeneration process (GBR) in defects in the calvaria of rats filled with biphasic calcium phosphate associated with fibrin biopolymer. Thirty male Wistar rats were randomly separated: BMG (n = 10), defects filled with biomaterial and covered by membrane; BFMG (n = 10), biomaterial and fibrin biopolymer covered by membrane; and BFMLG (n = 10), biomaterial and fibrin biopolymer covered by membrane and biostimulated with PBMT. The animals were euthanized at 14 and 42 days postoperatively. Microtomographically, in 42 days, there was more evident bone growth in the BFMLG, limited to the margins of the defect with permanence of the particles. Histomorphologically, an inflammatory infiltrate was observed, which regressed with the formation of mineralized bone tissue. In the quantification of bone tissue, all groups had a progressive increase in new bone tissue with a significant difference in which the BFMLG showed greater bone formation in both periods (10.12 ± 0.67 and 13.85 ± 0.54), followed by BFMG (7.35 ± 0.66 and 9.41 ± 0.84) and BMG (4.51 ± 0.44 and 7.11 ± 0.44). Picrosirius-red staining showed greater birefringence of collagen fibers in yellow-green color in the BFMLG, showing more advanced bone maturation. PBMT showed positive effects capable of improving and accelerating the guided bone regeneration process when associated with biphasic calcium phosphate and fibrin biopolymer.

2.
Eur J Dent ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622011

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of additional apical preparation using the ProDesign Logic (PDL) 50/.01 rotary heat-treated nickel-titanium (NiTi) file with a larger diameter and minimal taper for retreatment of curved root canals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mesial curved root canals of 12 mandibular molars were prepared using PDL 25/.06 and filled using the continuous wave of condensation technique and AH Plus sealer. After retreatment using ProDesign S (PDS) 25/.08, PDL 25/.06 and PDL 35/05, a complementary procedure was performed with PDL 50/.01. Microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) scanning was performed before and after retreatment procedures. The cyclic fatigue resistance of unused PDS 25/.08, PDL 25/.06, PDL 35/.05 and PDL 50/.01 instruments (n = 12) was evaluated in a stainless-steel device. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data on the volumes of the root canals and the remaining filling materials were submitted to the paired t-test. Cyclic fatigue resistance data was submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Use of PDL 50/.01 decreased the remaining filling materials in the apical third (p < 0.05). The root canal volume was similar in the cervical and middle thirds before and after preparation using PDL 50/.01 (p > 0.05). PDL 50/.01 presented the highest cyclic fatigue resistance (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Use of the PDL 50/.01 instrument as an additional apical preparation for retreatment of curved root canals improved filling material removal in the apical third, while maintaining the dentin in the cervical and middle thirds. In addition, PDL 50/.01 presented high-flexural resistance.

3.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; : 20200503, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400563

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of artefacts in cone beam CT (CBCT) images of filled root canals in isthmus-containing molars. METHODS: 10 teeth presenting canals with an isthmus were instrumented and filled with a thermoplasticised obturation technique. The teeth were scanned using a micro-CT device and two CBCT devices: 3D Accuitomo 170 (ACC) and NewTom VGi evo (NT), with different acquisition protocols: larger and smaller voxel size. Three examiners assessed the CBCT images for: (1) detection of filling voids; (2) assessment of under- or overestimation of the filling material and (3) resemblance of CBCT images to the reference standard. Analyses of Task 1 yielded accuracy, sensitivity and specificity for detection of filling voids. For tasks 2 and 3, statistical analysis was performed using Wilcoxon test. The level of significance was set at p < .05. RESULTS: For Task 1, ACC showed higher sensitivity, whereas NT presented higher specificity. No significant difference was found between the protocols in ACC, however, for NT, differences between protocols were significant for all diagnostic values. In Task 2, visualisation of the filling was overestimated for NT, while for ACC, underestimation was observed. For Task 3, images with smaller voxel size were more similar to the reference image, for both CBCT devices. CONCLUSIONS: Different artefacts compromise the detection of filling voids on CBCT images of canals in mandibular molars with isthmus. ACC and NT present rather similar diagnostic accuracy, even though artefact expression remains device-specific.

4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e003, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132743

RESUMO

Abstract: The present study investigated the intracanal decontamination and apical extrusion of bacteria and debris from root canals instrumented with rotary and reciprocating systems (ProDesign Logic or ProDesign R), with different file diameters and using conventional syringe irrigation (CSI) or passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI). Eighty extracted mandibular premolars were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis and randomly assigned to eight experimental groups according to the root canal instrumentation and irrigation technique employed (n = 10): G1: Prodesign Logic 25.06; G2: Prodesign R 25.06; G3 and G4 were instrumented with the same single-file systems, respectively, using 35.05 diameters and CSI. G5, G6, G7, and G8 were instrumented like the previous groups, but with PUI. Apically extruded debris during instrumentation was collected into pre-weighed microtubes. The weight of the empty microtube was subtracted from the final weight to establish the amount of extruded debris. Bacteria from root canals and extruded debris were collected for a microbiological evaluation of colony forming units (CFU/mL). For statistical analyses, the Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis followed by the Dunn's tests were used (α = 0.05). All instruments caused extrusion of debris. For irrigation techniques, PUI promoted greater debris and bacterial extrusion (p < 0.05). The CFU/mL count indicated that the instrumentation of the experimental groups were equally effective in the decontamination of the root canal (p > 0.05). The systems tested (regarding file diameter and kinematics) were associated with similar amounts of apically extruded debris and root canal decontamination. PUI was associated with greater debris and bacterial extrusion.

5.
Aust Endod J ; 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296137

RESUMO

This study investigated the cyclic fatigue, bending, torsional resistance and angular deflection of Pro-R 25.08, Logic RT 25.08, MK Retreatment 25.08 (MK RT) and ProTaper Retreatment D2 instruments. Cyclic fatigue test was performed until fracture in a custom stainless-steel device with water bath equipment to simulate body temperature. Fracture time was recorded. A number of cycles were calculated. Resistance to bending at 45°, torsional resistance and angular deflection were evaluated. The fracture surfaces were examined by scanning electron microscopy. Statistical analysis was performed with one-way ANOVA and Tukey and Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests. Pro-R and Logic RT presented the highest cyclic fatigue (P < 0.05). D2 had higher strength to bend than Pro-R and Logic RT (P < 0.05). Logic RT showed the highest torque and angular deflection (P < 0.05), without differences when compared to D2 (P > 0.05). Instrument performances were dependent on their geometrical features and heat treatments.

6.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(11): e1058-e1065, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262872

RESUMO

Background: To evaluate the physicochemical properties and cytotoxicity of AH Plus, MTA Fillapex and TotalFill BC Sealer. Volumetric changes were also evaluating using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Material and Methods: Radiopacity and flow were evaluated in accordance with the ISO 6876, while setting time was evaluated in accordance with the ASTM- C266-08 specifications. The release of Ca2+ ions and pH were measured with spectrophotometer and pH meter, respectively, after different time intervals (1h, 3h, 24h, 72h, 168h, and 360h). Cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT reduction assay to check 3T3 cells viability at 24, 48 and 72 hours. Volumetric change was evaluated by micro-CT, by using 30 acrylic teeth, filled with gutta-percha cones and the tested root canal sealer. The samples were evaluated after 168h, 360h and 720h of immersion in distilled water. Data were statistically analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey test or by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (P<0.05). Results: MTA Fillapex and TotalFill BC Sealer showed lower radiopacity than AH Plus (P<0.05). The MTA Fillapex showed the highest flow, while AH Plus showed the lowest flow (P<0.05). The initial and final setting time of AH Plus were lower than MTA Fillapex and TotalFill BC Sealer (P<0.05). In general, TotalFill BC Sealer presented higher Ca2+ ion release and pH than the other tested sealers. TotalFill BC Sealer also showed overall lower cytotoxicity when compared to the other sealers. Volumetric change of AH Plus and TotalFill BC Sealer was lower than MTA Fillapex (P<0.05). Conclusions: AH Plus, MTA Fillapex and TotalFill BC Sealer showed slight differences in the physicochemical properties and cytotoxicity, but all suitable for an endodontic sealer. However, AH Plus and TotalFill BC Sealer showed low volumetric changes when compared to MTA Fillapex. Key words:Calcium silicate, cytotoxicity, physicochemical properties, micro computed tomography.

7.
Aust Endod J ; 2020 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368843

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the influence of large apical preparations with Reciproc (REC), Hyflex CM (HCM) and Twisted File Adaptive (TFA) systems using micro-computed tomography (MCT). Ninety mesiobuccal (MB) and distobuccal (DB) root canals of maxillary molars (n = 45) were scanned using MCT before and after the shaping procedures. The root canals (n = 15) were prepared until REC 40.06, HCM 40.04 and TFA 35.04. The root canal transportation (RCT), centring ability (CA), change in volume of the root canal and at different levels (VC), remaining dentine thickness (RDT), removal of dentine wall (RDW) and working time (WT) were evaluated. Data were analysed using the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests, and the one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests with a level of significance set at 5%. No significant difference among the instruments was found regarding the RCT, CA, RDT, RDW and WT (P > 0.05), in larger apical preparations in curved MB and straight DB canals of maxillary molars.

8.
Eur Endod J ; 5(3): 205-211, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cyclic fatigue, torsional behavior and bending resistance of EdgeTaper Platinum [ETP (tip 25, taper 0.06)], Flex Gold [FG (tip 25, taper 0.08)], Pro-T [PT (tip 25, taper 0.08)] and ProTaper Gold [PTG (tip 25, taper 0.08)] systems. METHODS: Rotary instruments of ETP, PT, FG, and PTG were used (n=30). Cyclic fatigue tests were performed using an artificial stainless-steel canal with a 60o angle and a 5-mm radius of curvature at body temperature (35°±1°C). The time and number of cycles to fracture (NCF) was recorded. The torsional test evaluated the torque and angle of rotation to failure at 3 mm from the tip according to ISO 3630-1. The fractured surface of each fragment was observed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The bending test evaluated the torque required to bend the instruments at an angular deflection of 60°. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests, and the level of significance was set at 5%. RESULTS: The ETP had highest time until fracture and NCF than all the groups (P<0.05). The PTG had the highest torsional strength, followed by FG (P<0.05). The ETP had the highest angular rotation, followed by PT and PTG (P<0.05). The FG showed the highest bending resistance, followed by the PTG (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the ETP and PT exhibited higher cyclic fatigue resistance, higher angular deflection values and lower bending force than FG and PTG. The PTG instruments showed the highest torsional strength and the lowest cyclic fatigue resistance.

9.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 632-638, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134550

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the influence of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) associated with the benzalkonium chloride (BAK) on the adhesion and formation of Enterococcus faecalis biofilms attached to coated dentin. Discs standard bovine dentin blocks were treated with the coating materials evaluated: Saline solution (control), 17 % EDTA, 17 % EDTA associated with 1 % BAK for 5 minutes and subsequently washed with saline solution. Afterwards, biofilms of E. faecalis (ATCC 29212) were grown on the surface of coated dentin blocks for time intervals of 1 hour and 7 days (n = 20) and were subsequently washed with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Bacterial viability and total biovolume were analyzed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) using the Live/Dead technique. Nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis followed by Dunn tests were used to determine statistical differences (a = 5 %). The 17 % EDTA + 1 % BAK group showed significantly lower biovolume and bacterial viability values at the end of 1 hour (p < 0.05). After 7 days of contamination, the 17 % EDTA and 17 % EDTA + 1 % BAK groups showed similar results that differed statistically from those of the control group (p < 0.05). The saline solution group showed higher values. The use of BAK associated with EDTA on dentin blocks surfaces before exposure to contamination was able to interfere in the adhesion of E. faecalis to dentin. Also, dentin treatment by BAK associated with a chelating agent influences the secondary biofilm formation, which could have important effects on the long-term success of root canal treatment.


RESUMEN: El objetivo del estudio consistió en investigar in vitro, la influencia del ácido etilendiamino-tetraacético (EDTA) con cloruro de benzalconio (BAK) en la adhesión y formación de biopelículas de Enterococcus faecalis a la dentina. Discos de dentina bovina fueron tratadas con solución salina (control), 17 % de EDTA, 17% de EDTA asociado con 1 % de BAK durante 5 minutos y lavadas con solución salina. Las biopelículas de E. faecalis (ATCC 29212) se cultivaron sobre los discos de dentina durante intervalos de tiempo de 1 hora y 7 días (n = 20), lavados con solución salina tamponada con fosfato (PBS). La viabilidad bacteriana y el biovolumen total se analizaron mediante microscopía de barrido por láser (CLSM) utilizando la técnica Live / Dead. Se realizó prueba no paramétrica de Kruskal-Wallis, seguida por Dunn con una diferencia estadística (a = 5 %). El grupo de 17 % EDTA + 1 % BAK mostró valores significativamente menores de biovolumen y viabilidad bacteriana al final de 1 hora (p < 0,05). Después de 7 días de contaminación, los grupos de 17 % EDTA y 17 % EDTA + 1 % BAK mostraron resultados similares que diferían estadísticamente del grupo control (p < 0,05). La solución salina mostró valores más altos. La asociación de BAK con EDTA antes de la contaminación interfirió en la adhesión de E. faecalis. Además, el tratamiento de la dentina por BAK asociado con EDTA influye en la formación de biopelículas secundarias, lo que podría tener efectos importantes sobre el éxito a largo plazo del tratamiento del conducto radicular.

10.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e003, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206776

RESUMO

The present study investigated the intracanal decontamination and apical extrusion of bacteria and debris from root canals instrumented with rotary and reciprocating systems (ProDesign Logic or ProDesign R), with different file diameters and using conventional syringe irrigation (CSI) or passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI). Eighty extracted mandibular premolars were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis and randomly assigned to eight experimental groups according to the root canal instrumentation and irrigation technique employed (n = 10): G1: Prodesign Logic 25.06; G2: Prodesign R 25.06; G3 and G4 were instrumented with the same single-file systems, respectively, using 35.05 diameters and CSI. G5, G6, G7, and G8 were instrumented like the previous groups, but with PUI. Apically extruded debris during instrumentation was collected into pre-weighed microtubes. The weight of the empty microtube was subtracted from the final weight to establish the amount of extruded debris. Bacteria from root canals and extruded debris were collected for a microbiological evaluation of colony forming units (CFU/mL). For statistical analyses, the Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis followed by the Dunn's tests were used (α = 0.05). All instruments caused extrusion of debris. For irrigation techniques, PUI promoted greater debris and bacterial extrusion (p < 0.05). The CFU/mL count indicated that the instrumentation of the experimental groups were equally effective in the decontamination of the root canal (p > 0.05). The systems tested (regarding file diameter and kinematics) were associated with similar amounts of apically extruded debris and root canal decontamination. PUI was associated with greater debris and bacterial extrusion.

11.
Braz Dent J ; 31(5): 477-484, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146330

RESUMO

This study evaluated the biocompatibility, biomineralization, and collagen fiber maturation induced by Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; ß-tricalcium phosphate [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; bioactive glass), and DM Bone® (DMB; hydroxyapatite and ß-TCP) in vivo. Sixty-four polyethylene tubes with or without (control group; CG) materials (n=8/group/period) were randomly implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of 16 male Wistar rats (four per rat), weighting 250 to 280 g. The rats were killed after 7 and 30 days (n=8), and the specimens were removed for analysis of inflammation using hematoxylin-eosin; biomineralization assay using von Kossa (VK) staining and polarized light (PL); and collagen fiber maturation using picrosirius red (PSR). Nonparametric data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests, and parametric data by one-way ANOVA test (p<0.05). At 7 days, all groups induced moderate inflammation (p>0.05). At 30 days, there was mild inflammation in the BIOG and CG, and moderate inflammation in the RTR and DMB groups, with a significant difference between the CG and RTR (p<0.05). The fibrous capsule was thick at 7 days and predominantly thin at 30 days in all groups. All materials exhibited structures that stained positively for VK and PL. Immature collagen fibers were predominant at 7 and 30 days in all groups (p>0.05), although DMB exhibited more mature fibers than BIOG at 30 days (p<0.05). RTR, BIOG, and DMB were biocompatible, inducing inflammation that reduced over time and biomineralization in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. DMB exhibited more mature collagen fibers than BIOG over a longer period.


Assuntos
Biomineralização , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Compostos de Alumínio , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Compostos de Cálcio , Cerâmica , Colágeno , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Óxidos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Silicatos , Tela Subcutânea
12.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; : 102031, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is used as an adjunct to endodontic treatment to enhance microbial reduction in the root canal system. However, studies evaluating the impact of PDT on the bond strength of the canal sealer to intraradicular dentin are scarce. Thus, this in vitro study aimed to evaluate the influence of photodynamic therapy with methylene blue (MB) photosensitizer (PS) on the bond strength and morphology of the interface between mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) based endodontic sealer and different thirds of intraradicular dentin. METHODS: Fifty-five bovine incisors were used to simulate experimental endodontic treatments. Biomechanical instrumentation was performed in all root canals and teeth were divided into 5 groups (n = 11): deionized water (control), methylene blue 50 mg/L (MB50WL), methylene blue 100 mg/L (MB100WL), methylene blue 50 mg/L + red laser (MB50L), and methylene blue 100 mg/L + red laser (MB100L). The push-out bond strength of canal sealer to intraradicular dentin was measured using a universal testing machine (n = 8). Representative scanning electron microscopy images were obtained to qualify the fracture patterns. Images of the adhesive interface morphology were obtained using confocal laser scanning microscopy (n = 3). The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare data on bond strength between groups, and the Friedman test between thirds (α = 0.05). RESULTS: When comparing root thirds for the MB group with the higher concentration activated by red laser, higher bond strength values was found for the apical third than for the middle third (P = 0.0302). MB in different concentrations, activated by red laser or not, had no influence on the bond strength of distinct thirds of the intraradicular dentin (P > 0.05). As for the adhesive interface morphology, the MB100L group showed a lower qualitatively sealer penetration into the intraradicular dentin. CONCLUSIONS: PDT with MB PS at 50 mg/L had no negative impact on the bond strength of MTA Fillapex canal sealer to intraradicular dentin, being a suitable antisepsis protocol for endodontic treatments.

13.
Eur J Dent ; 14(4): 639-643, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869224

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the volume variation and maintenance of the root canal position when using the ProGlider 16.02 (PG) and the WaveOne Gold Glider 15.02 (WOGG) file systems for glide path preparation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four moderately curved mesiobuccal canals of maxil-lary first molars were selected and randomly divided into two groups: PG and WOGG. The selected teeth were scanned using microtomography before and after root canal preparation to assess centralization and linear transport at 1, 3, 5, and 7 mm from the apical foramen. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The data were analyzed with the Mann-Whitney U test. The level of significance was 5%. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in volume variation or root canal transport (p > 0.05). There was a significant difference in the centralization of the root canal at 3 mm from the foramen (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: WOGG and PG instruments presented similar results regarding the root canal volume increase and transport. WOGG caused higher decentralization at 3 mm from the apical foramen.

14.
Braz Dent J ; 31(4): 404-408, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901717

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different coronal preflaring protocols (absent, conservative and conventional) on the accuracy of Root ZX II, Raypex 6, and RomiApex A-15 electronic foramen locators (EFLs). Twenty mandibular molars with Vertucci's type IV mesial roots were subjected to endodontic exploration and foraminal patency confirmation. Under 16x magnification, its real lengths (RL) were measured and registered (RL1). The canals were then irrigated with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and electronically measured (EM1) employing the alginate model; all measurements were performed in triplicate by a blind operator using adjusted endodontic hand-files introduced until the apex foramen. Coronal preflaring procedures were sequentially performed with #25/.06 (conservative) and #25/.12 (conventional) instruments; new RLs extents were performed after each coronal preparation protocol (RL2/RL3), as same as electronic measurements (EM2/EM3). The devices error (mm) was evaluated considering the difference between RLs and EMs at each preparation stage; their precision was stablished adopting ±0.5 mm as tolerance margin. The EFLs error significantly reduced after conventional coronal preflaring protocol (p<0.05), which not occur after the conservative one. The best precisions values were noted after conventional preparation as 90% (Root ZX II), 97.5% (Raypex 6), and 92.5% (RomiApex A-15). No significant differences were found in EFLs comparisons, regardless of the coronal protocol tested (p>0.05). Under the conditions tested it can be concluded that the EFLs evaluated were precise. Moreover, the preflaring protocols influences its accuracy's, where the less conservative one produced the best results.


Assuntos
Preparo de Canal Radicular , Ápice Dentário , Cavidade Pulpar , Eletrônica , Odontometria
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e117, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901732

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess Brazilian endodontists' level of knowledge about the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and examine its professional repercussions. The link to the online survey that was created for this study was shared with Brazilian endodontists through social networking applications. The questionnaire contained questions that pertained to COVID-19 and its impact on dental practice. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, chi-square analysis, and analysis of variance, and the level of significance was set at 0.05. A total of 2,135 participants responded to the questionnaire, and all five Brazilian regions were represented in the sample. A total of 98.50% of endodontists reported that dental procedures can transmit COVID-19. Complete social distancing was practiced by 96.68% of the participants, and approximately 25% knew someone who had COVID-19. Moreover, in their daily practice, 72.13% of them implemented biosecurity measures that are ineffective in preventing COVID-19. Furthermore, 91.7% of them reportedly suspended elective dental procedures. Only 55.69% of them reported that they performed only emergency procedures in their workplaces. Those who believed that COVID-19 cannot be transmitted during dental procedures were less knowledgeable about the symptoms of COVID-19 (p = 0.0095). Endodontists who believed that personal protective equipment cannot prevent contamination were more knowledgeable about the symptoms of COVID-19 than their counterparts (p = 0.0003). The participating Brazilian endodontists demonstrated adequate knowledge about the risk of contamination during dental procedures and the main symptoms of COVID-19. Only some professionals reported providing emergency dental care during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Endodontistas , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Brasil , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Endodontia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
J Dent Educ ; 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32984960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the use of magnification (2.5x dental loupes) for third-year dental students in simulated endodontics and fixed prosthodontics assessments compared to those using no magnification. METHODS: Upon institutional review board exemption, third-year dental students were assessed during endodontics and fixed prosthodontics exams in the simulation laboratory. The endodontic group (n = 93) consisted of students who made an endodontic access preparation on a plastic lower left first molar (Nissan). The prosthodontic group (n = 86) consisted of students who made porcelain fused to metal preparation (PFM) on a plastic lower right first molar mounted on an acrylic lower jaw model (Columbia Dentoform). The impact of the use of dental loupes was evaluated. Assessment of the tasks was undertaken by experts-calibrated, blinded examiners-using a standardized marking rubric for each task. The statistical analysis included Chi-square test, one-way ANOVA, and Logistic regression. The level of significance adopted was 5%. RESULTS: Students' preparations using magnification were better compared with those without magnification. Students using magnification had a significantly higher pass rate than those not using magnification in both endodontic and prosthodontic groups (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, third-year dental students who used loupes in the endodontics and prosthodontics simulation laboratory had significantly higher scores at the assessments.

17.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 477-484, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132331

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the biocompatibility, biomineralization, and collagen fiber maturation induced by Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; β-tricalcium phosphate [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; bioactive glass), and DM Bone® (DMB; hydroxyapatite and β-TCP) in vivo. Sixty-four polyethylene tubes with or without (control group; CG) materials (n=8/group/period) were randomly implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of 16 male Wistar rats (four per rat), weighting 250 to 280 g. The rats were killed after 7 and 30 days (n=8), and the specimens were removed for analysis of inflammation using hematoxylin-eosin; biomineralization assay using von Kossa (VK) staining and polarized light (PL); and collagen fiber maturation using picrosirius red (PSR). Nonparametric data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests, and parametric data by one-way ANOVA test (p<0.05). At 7 days, all groups induced moderate inflammation (p>0.05). At 30 days, there was mild inflammation in the BIOG and CG, and moderate inflammation in the RTR and DMB groups, with a significant difference between the CG and RTR (p<0.05). The fibrous capsule was thick at 7 days and predominantly thin at 30 days in all groups. All materials exhibited structures that stained positively for VK and PL. Immature collagen fibers were predominant at 7 and 30 days in all groups (p>0.05), although DMB exhibited more mature fibers than BIOG at 30 days (p<0.05). RTR, BIOG, and DMB were biocompatible, inducing inflammation that reduced over time and biomineralization in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. DMB exhibited more mature collagen fibers than BIOG over a longer period.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a biocompatibilidade, biomineralização e maturação das fibras de colágeno induzidas por Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; fosfato β-tricálcico [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; vidro bioativo) e DM Bone® (DMB; hidroxiapatita e β-TCP) in vivo. Sessenta e quatro tubos de polietileno com ou sem (grupo controle; GC) os materiais (n=8/grupo/período) foram implantados aleatoriamente em tecido subcutâneo de 16 ratos machos Wistar (quatro por rato), pesando entre 250 a 280g. Os ratos foram mortos após 7 e 30 dias (n=8), e as amostras foram removidas para análise da inflamação utilizando hematoxilina-eosina; avaliação da biomineralização utilizando coloração de von Kossa (VK) e luz polarizada (LP); e maturação das fibras colágenas, utilizando picrosirius red (PSR). Os dados não-paramétricos foram analisados pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn, e os paramétricos pelo teste de one-way ANOVA (p<0.05). Aos 7 dias, todos os grupos induziram inflamação moderada (p>0,05). Aos 30 dias, houve inflamação leve nos grupos BIOG e GC, e inflamação moderada nos grupos RTR e DMB, com diferença significativa entre os GC e RTR (p<0,05). A cápsula fibrosa foi espessa aos 7 dias, e predominantemente fina aos 30 dias em todos os grupos. Todos os materiais exibiram estruturas positivas para VK e LP. Fibras colágenas imaturas foram predominantes aos 7 e 30 dias em todos os grupos (p>0,05), embora o DMB exibiu fibras mais maduras do que o BIOG aos 30 dias (p<0,05). RTR, BIOG e DMB foram biocompatíveis, induzindo inflamação que reduziu com o tempo, e biomineralização no tecido subcutâneo de ratos. O DMB exibiu mais fibras colágenas maduras do que o BIOG em período mais longo.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32849277

RESUMO

Signaling lipid mediators released from 5 lipoxygenase (5LO) pathways influence both bone and muscle cells, interfering in their proliferation and differentiation capacities. A major limitation to studying inflammatory signaling pathways in bone and muscle healing is the inadequacy of available animal models. We developed a surgical injury model in the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle and femur in 129/SvEv littermates mice to study simultaneous musculoskeletal (MSK) healing in male and female, young (3 months) and aged (18 months) WT mice compared to mice lacking 5LO (5LOKO). MSK defects were surgically created using a 1-mm punch device in the VA muscle followed by a 0.5-mm round defect in the femur. After days 7 and 14 post-surgery, the specimens were removed for microtomography (microCT), histopathology, and immunohistochemistry analyses. In addition, non-injured control skeletal muscles along with femur and L5 vertebrae were analyzed. Bones were microCT phenotyped, revealing that aged female WT mice presented reduced BV/TV and trabecular parameters compared to aged males and aged female 5LOKO mice. Skeletal muscles underwent a customized targeted lipidomics investigation for profiling and quantification of lipid signaling mediators (LMs), evidencing age, and gender related-differences in aged female 5LOKO mice compared to matched WT. Histological analysis revealed a suitable bone-healing process with osteoid deposition at day 7 post-surgery, followed by woven bone at day 14 post-surgery, observed in all young mice. Aged WT females displayed increased inflammatory response at day 7 post-surgery, delayed bone matrix maturation, and increased TRAP immunolabeling at day 14 post-surgery compared to 5LOKO females. Skeletal muscles of aged animals showed higher levels of inflammation in comparison to young controls at day 14 post-surgery; however, inflammatory process was attenuated in aged 5LOKO mice compared to aged WT. In conclusion, this new model shows that MSK healing is influenced by age, gender, and the 5LO pathway, which might serve as a potential target to investigate therapeutic interventions and age-related MSK diseases. Our new model is suitable for bone-muscle crosstalk studies.

19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783095

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the marginal adaptation and internal space of crowns produced by 4 CAD/CAM systems using microcomputed tomography (µCT) and replica technique (RT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monolithic lithium disilicate crowns were milled (Ceramill, Cerec, EDG, and Zirkonzahn) (n = 10). The cement film obtained with low viscosity silicone was scanned by the µCT system and captured by a stereomicroscope, according to RT. Two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test were used for statistical analysis (α = 0.05). A uniformity index (UI) was idealized to describe the distribution of crowns' internal space and submitted to the Kruskal-Wallis and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The correlation between µCT and RT was performed by Pearson's Correlation Coeficient (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Marginal adaptation and internal space were statistically significant different between the experimental groups for the µCT and RT (p < 0.05). The medians of the 4 systems tested were within clinically acceptable range and the mean (± SD) highest marginal discrepancy was recorded in the Ceramill group at 133.0 ± 71.5 µm (µCT) and 90.6 ± 38.5 µm (RT). For internal fit, the UI disclosed a better distribution of the internal space for the Zirkonzahn group (p < 0.001). There was a strong correlation between the methods (p = 0.01 and r = 0.69). CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Because of the variability of the CAD/CAM systems available, evaluating their accuracy is of clinical interest. The 4 systems are capable to produce restorations adaptated within clinically appropriate levels. The µCT and RT are efficient adaptation methodologies.

20.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20200269, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785521

RESUMO

Tricalcium silicate-based cement are materials used in reparative and regenerative procedures in endodontics. A recently proposed formulation aimed to enhance handling during clinical use with a versatile material applicable by syringe. Although, the use of bismuth oxide as radiopacifier and grey raw powder are drawbacks considering aesthetics. Objectives Evaluate physicochemical, biological, and antimicrobial properties of Grey-MTAFlow (Ultradent) and assess whether the addition of zinc oxide (ZnO) prevents dentinal discoloration caused by bismuth oxide. Methodology Grey-MTAFlow was manipulated in 'thin' consistency for all tests. Luminosity, color change, ion migration to dentine, radiopacity, setting time, ISO 6876:2012 linear flow, volumetric lateral flow and central filling of simulated grooves scanned using micro-computed tomography (µCT), pH, calcium release, volumetric change using µCT, chemical characterisation, cytotoxicity, and antimicrobial activity were assessed. Addition of 5% ZnO to Grey-MTAFlow and a bismuth-containing experimental composition were comparatively tested. Statistical analyses used Shapiro-Wilk, T-test, ANOVA, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov (p<0.05). Results The addition of ZnO to Grey-MTAFlow prevented dentine darkening after 90 days due to bismuth migration reduction, although no statistical difference was found (p=0.863). ZnO addition significantly enhanced Grey-MTAFlow radiopacity without differences in initial setting time. Grey-MTAFlow presented an ISO linear flow of 10.9 mm and a balanced volumetric lateral flow with central filling in µCT evaluation. All compositions presented an alkaline pH after immersion. Grey-MTAFlow had a significantly higher calcium ion release after 28 days in comparison to 24 hours (p=0.011) and volumetric expansion of 0.4±1.8% after immersion. ZnO addition altered the hydrated cement matrix once calcium hydroxide (portlandite) could not be detected in characterisation. Neither of the materials produced inhibition halos nor reduced bacterial turbidity, but all presented cytocompatibility above 100%. Conclusion Grey-MTAFlow expanded after immersion and exhibited higher luminosity values after the evaluation period when ZnO was added, but chemical modifications after this addition occurred.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Cimentos Dentários , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Bismuto , Compostos de Cálcio , Combinação de Medicamentos , Teste de Materiais , Óxidos , Silicatos , Microtomografia por Raio-X
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