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1.
Breast ; 60: 98-110, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555676

RESUMO

AIM: We developed tailored axillary surgery (TAS) to reduce the axillary tumor volume in patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer to the point where radiotherapy can control it. The aim of this study was to quantify the extent of tumor load reduction achieved by TAS. METHODS: International multicenter prospective study embedded in a randomized trial. TAS is a novel pragmatic concept for axillary surgery de-escalation that combines palpation-guided removal of suspicious nodes with the sentinel procedure and, optionally, imaging-guided localization. Pre-specified study endpoints quantified surgical extent and reduction of tumor load. RESULTS: A total of 296 patients were included at 28 sites in four European countries, 125 (42.2%) of whom underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and 71 (24.0%) achieved nodal pathologic complete response. Axillary metastases were detectable only by imaging in 145 (49.0%) patients. They were palpable in 151 (51.0%) patients, of whom 63 underwent NACT and 21 had residual palpable disease after NACT. TAS removed the biopsied and clipped node in 279 (94.3%) patients. In 225 patients with nodal disease at the time of surgery, TAS removed a median of five (IQR 3-7) nodes, two (IQR 1-4) of which were positive. Of these 225 patients, 100 underwent ALND after TAS, which removed a median of 14 (IQR 10-17) additional nodes and revealed additional positive nodes in 70/100 (70%) of patients. False-negative rate of TAS in patients who underwent subsequent ALND was 2.6%. CONCLUSIONS: TAS selectively reduced the tumor load in the axilla and remained much less radical than ALND.

2.
Clin Cancer Res ; 27(21): 5931-5938, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380638

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To validate the clinical performance of the OncoMasTR Risk Score in the biomarker cohort of Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group (ABCSG) Trial 8. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We evaluated the OncoMasTR test in 1,200 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) surgical specimens from postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative primary breast cancer with 0 to 3 involved lymph nodes in the prospective, randomized ABCSG Trial 8. Time to distant recurrence (DR) was analyzed by Cox models. RESULTS: The OncoMasTR Risk Score categorized 850 of 1,087 (78.2%) evaluable patients as "low risk". At 10 years, the DR rate for patients in the low-risk group was 5.8% versus 21.1% for patients in the high-risk group (P < 0.0001, absolute risk reduction 15.3%). The OncoMasTR Risk Score was highly prognostic for prediction of DR in years 0 to 10 in all patients [HR 1.91, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.62-2.26, P < 0.0001; C-index 0.73], in patients that were node negative (HR 1.79, 95% CI, 1.43-2.24, P < 0.0001; C-index 0.72), and in patients with 1 to 3 involved lymph nodes (HR 1.93, 95% CI, 1.44-2.58, P < 0.0001; C-index 0.71). The OncoMasTR Risk Score provided significant additional prognostic information beyond clinical parameters, Ki67, Nottingham Prognostic Index, and Clinical Treatment Score. CONCLUSIONS: OncoMasTR Risk Score is highly prognostic for DR in postmenopausal women with ER-positive, HER2-negative primary breast cancer with 0 to 3 involved lymph nodes. In combination with prior validation studies, this fully independent validation in ABCSG Trial 8 provides level 1B evidence for the prognostic capability of the OncoMasTR Risk Score.

3.
JCO Clin Cancer Inform ; 5: 734-745, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236897

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite their promises, digital innovations have scarcely translated to technologies used in routine clinical practice, making the identification of barriers to successful implementation a research priority. Low levels of transdisciplinary skills represent such a barrier but so far, this has not been evaluated and compared between information technology (IT) and health care specialists. In this study, we evaluated the level of digital health literacy among IT and health care specialists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was distributed to staff at a breast cancer unit and an IT department of two German universities in December 2020. The survey questionnaire consisted of the previously validated eHealth Literacy Assessment Toolkit and additional questions with respect to age, profession, and career stage. Mann-Whitney or Wilcoxon rank-sum tests and two-sample chi-square tests were used for the analysis. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 113 individuals: 70 (61.9%) IT specialists and 43 (38.1%) health care specialists. Health care specialists scored significantly higher on the health-related scales and IT specialists scored significantly higher on the digitally related scales. No single participant identified themselves to have the highest level of literacy on all survey questions (n = 0 of 113; 0%). Only one person (n = 1 of 113; 0.9%) consistently reported a high or the highest level of literacy. CONCLUSION: Although IT and health care specialists showed great literacy in their respective disciplines, only few individuals combined both digital and health care literacy. Multidisciplinary teams and transdisciplinary curricula are crucial to bridge skill gaps between disciplines and to drive the implementation of digital health initiatives.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Telemedicina , Humanos , Tecnologia da Informação , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Projetos Piloto
4.
Br J Cancer ; 124(11): 1795-1802, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preoperative chemotherapy containing anthracyclines and taxanes is well established in early-stage breast cancer. Previous studies have suggested that the chemotherapy sequence may matter but definitive evidence is missing. ABCSG trial 34 evaluated the activity of the MUC1 vaccine tecemotide when added to neoadjuvant treatment; the study provided the opportunity for the second randomisation to compare two different anthracycline/taxane sequences. METHODS: HER2-negative early-stage breast cancer patients were recruited to this randomised multicentre Phase 2 study. Patients in the chemotherapy cohort (n = 311) were additionally randomised to a conventional or reversed sequence of epirubicin/cyclophosphamide and docetaxel. Residual cancer burden (RCB) with/without tecemotide was defined as primary study endpoint; RCB in the two chemotherapy groups was a key secondary endpoint. RESULTS: No significant differences in terms of RCB 0/I (40.1% vs. 37.2%; P = 0.61) or pathologic complete response (pCR) rates (24.3% vs. 25%, P = 0.89) were observed between conventional or reverse chemotherapy sequence. No new safety signals were reported, and upfront docetaxel did not result in decreased rates of treatment delay or discontinuation. CONCLUSION: Upfront docetaxel did not improve chemotherapy activity or tolerability; these results suggest that upfront neoadjuvant treatment with anthracyclines remains a valid option.

6.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(1): e18-e28, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387500

RESUMO

Primary systemic therapy is increasingly used in the treatment of patients with early-stage breast cancer, but few guidelines specifically address optimal locoregional therapies. Therefore, we established an international consortium to discuss clinical evidence and to provide expert advice on technical management of patients with early-stage breast cancer. The steering committee prepared six working packages to address all major clinical questions from diagnosis to surgery. During a consensus meeting that included members from European scientific oncology societies, clinical trial groups, and patient advocates, statements were discussed and voted on. A consensus was reached in 42% of statements, a majority in 38%, and no decision in 21%. Based on these findings, the panel developed clinical guidance recommendations and a toolbox to overcome many clinical and technical requirements associated with the diagnosis, response assessment, surgical planning, and surgery of patients with early-stage breast cancer. This guidance could convince clinicians and patients of the major clinical advancements purported by primary systemic therapy, the use of less extensive and more targeted surgery to improve the lives of patients with breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Mastectomia Segmentar/normas , Oncologia/normas , Terapia Neoadjuvante/normas , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
EClinicalMedicine ; 31: 100708, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33490932

RESUMO

In 2020, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting was held as a virtual conference. Overall, 461 abstracts focused on breast cancer management. As European Breast Cancer Association of Surgical Trialists (EUBREAST) we summarize and comment the results of these abstracts dealing with axillary management in breast cancer patients and offer an interpretation on how these findings may be incorporated into clinical practice and further research.

8.
Eur J Cancer ; 134: 99-106, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NaCT) and neoadjuvant endocrine therapy (NET) can reduce pre-operative tumour burden in patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative early-stage breast cancer. This prospective translational study assessed the ability of a 12-gene molecular score (MS; EndoPredict®) to predict response to NaCT or NET within the ABCSG-34 trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative samples from patients in the ABCSG-34 randomized phase II trial were selected and EndoPredict testing was performed to generate a 12-gene MS. ABCSG-34 patients were assigned to receive either NaCT or NET based on menopausal status, HR expression, grade and Ki67. Response was measured by residual cancer burden (RCB). RESULTS: Patients selected for NaCT generally had high-risk disease by 12-gene MS (125/134), while slightly more patients treated with NET had low-risk disease (44/83). Low-risk NaCT-treated and high-risk NET-treated tumours responded poorly (NPV 100% [95% CI 66.4%-100%] and NPV 92.3% [95% CI 79.1%-98.4%], respectively]. The 12-gene MS significantly predicted treatment response for NaCT (AUC 0.736 [95% CI 0.63-0.84]) and NET (AUC 0.726 [95% CI 0.60-0.85]). CONCLUSIONS: The 12-gene MS predicted RCB after treatment with neoadjuvant therapies for patients with HR-positive, HER2-negative early-stage breast cancer. Tumours with low MS were unlikely to benefit from NaCT, whereas a high MS predicted resistance to NET. This additional biologic information can aid personalized treatment selection in daily practice and builds a strong rationale to use EndoPredict in biomarker-driven studies in the neoadjuvant setting.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Clin Cancer Res ; 26(17): 4682-4687, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561662

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) accounts for approximately 5%-15% of all invasive breast cancer cases. Most of the correlations between multigene assays and patient outcome were derived from studies based on patients with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) or without distinction between the subtypes. Here, we investigate the prognostic value of EndoPredict (EPclin) in a large cohort of ILCs pooled from three phase III randomized trials (ABCSG-6, ABCSG-8, TransATAC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The primary objective of this analysis was to determine the prognostic value of EPclin for distant recurrence (DR) in years 0-10 in postmenopausal women with ILC. The primary outcome was DR. RESULTS: 470 women (17.9%) presented with ILC, 1,944 (73.9%) with IDC, and 216 (8.2%) with other histologic types. EPclin was highly prognostic in women with ILC [HR = 3.32 (2.54-4.34)] and provided more prognostic value than the Clinical Treatment Score [CTS; HR = 2.17 (1.73-2.72)]. 63.4% of women were categorized into the low EPclin risk group and they had a 10-year DR of 4.8% (2.7-8.4) compared with 36.6% of women in the high-risk group with a 10-year DR risk of 26.6% (20.0-35.0). EPclin also provided highly prognostic information in women with node-negative disease [HR = 2.56 (1.63-4.02)] and node-positive disease [HR = 3.70 (2.49-5.50)]. CONCLUSIONS: EPclin provided highly significant prognostic value and significant risk stratification for women with ILC. Ten-year DR risk in the EPclin low-risk groups were similar between ILC and IDC. Our results show that EPclin is informative in women with ILC and suggest that it is equally valid in both histologic subtypes.

10.
Virchows Arch ; 477(4): 545-555, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383007

RESUMO

Reliable determination of Ki67 labeling index (Ki67-LI) on core needle biopsy (CNB) is essential for determining breast cancer molecular subtype for therapy planning. However, studies on agreement between molecular subtype and Ki67-LI between CNB and surgical resection (SR) specimens are conflicting. The present study analyzed the influence of clinicopathological and sampling-associated factors on agreement. Molecular subtype was determined visually by Ki67-LI in 484 pairs of CNB and SR specimens of invasive estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, human epidermal growth factor (HER2)-negative breast cancer. Luminal B disease was defined by Ki67-LI > 20% in SR. Correlation of molecular subtype agreement with age, menopausal status, CNB method, Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System imaging category, time between biopsies, type of surgery, and pathological tumor parameters was analyzed. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. CNB had a sensitivity of 77.95% and a specificity of 80.97% for identifying luminal B tumors in CNB, compared with the final molecular subtype determination after surgery. The correlation of Ki67-LI between CNB and SR was moderate (ROC-AUC 0.8333). Specificity and sensitivity for CNB to correctly define molecular subtype of tumors according to SR were significantly associated with tumor grade, immunohistochemical progesterone receptor (PR) and p53 expression (p < 0.05). Agreement of molecular subtype did not significantly impact RFS and OS (p = 0.22 for both). The identified factors likely mirror intratumoral heterogeneity that might compromise obtaining a representative CNB. Our results challenge the robustness of a single CNB-driven measurement of Ki67-LI to identify luminal B breast cancer of low (G1) or intermediate (G2) grade.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/química , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptor ErbB-2/análise , Receptores de Estrogênio/análise , Receptores de Progesterona/análise , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/análise
11.
Eur J Cancer ; 132: 43-52, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32325419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune-based strategies represent a promising approach in breast cancer (BC) treatment. The glycoprotein mucin-1 (MUC-1) is overexpressed in more than 90% of BC patients, and is targeted by the cancer vaccine tecemotide. We have investigated the efficacy and safety of tecemotide when added to neoadjuvant standard-of-care (SoC) treatment in early BC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 400 patients with HER2-early BC were recruited into this prospective, multicentre, randomised 2-arm academic phase II trial. Patients received preoperative SoC treatment (chemotherapy or endocrine therapy) with or without tecemotide. Postmenopausal women with oestrogen receptor (ER)+++, or ER++ and Ki67 < 14%, and G1,2 tumours ('luminal A' tumours) received 6 months of letrozole. Postmenopausal patients with triple-negative, ER-/+/++ and Ki67 ≥ 14%, and with G3 tumours, as well as premenopausal patients, received four cycles of epirubicin/cyclophosphamide plus four cycles of docetaxel. Primary end-point was residual cancer burden (RCB; 0/I versus II/III) at surgery. Secondary end-points included pathological complete response (pCR), safety, and quality of life. FINDINGS: We observed no significant difference in RCB 0/I rates between patients with (36.4%) and without (31.9%) tecemotide in the overall study population (p = 0.40) nor in endocrine and chemotherapy-treated subgroups (25.0% versus 13.3%, p = 0.17; 39.6% versus 37.8%, p = 0.75, respectively). The addition of tecemotide did not affect overall pCR rates (22.5% versus 17.4%, p = 0.23), MUC-1 expression, or tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes content. Tecemotide did not increase toxicity when compared to SoC therapy alone. INTERPRETATION: Neoadjuvant tecemotide is safe, but does not improve RCB or pCR rates in patients receiving standard neoadjuvant therapy.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Vacinas Anticâncer/uso terapêutico , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
12.
Cancer Imaging ; 20(1): 18, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to investigate how well patients remember the radiologist's name after a radiological examination, and whether giving the patient a business card improves the patient's perception of the radiologist's professionalism and esteem. METHODS: In this prospective and randomized two-centre study, a total of 141 patients with BI-RADS 1 and 2 scores were included. After screening examination comprising mammography and ultrasound by a radiologist, 71 patients received a business card (group 1), while 70 received no business card (group 2). Following the examination, patients were questioned about their experiences. RESULTS: The patients in group 1 could remember the name of the radiologist in 85% of cases. The patients in group 2, in contrast, could only remember the name in 7% of cases (p < 0.001). 90% of the patients in group 1 believed it was very important that they are able to contact the radiologist at a later time, whereas only 76% of patients in group 2 felt that this was a very important service (p < 0.025). A total of 87% of the patients in group 1 indicated that they would contact the radiologist if they had any questions whereas 73% of the patients in group 2 would like to contact the radiologist but were not able to do so, because they could not remember the name (p < 0.001). All questions were analysed with a Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel (CMH) test that took study centre as stratification into account. In some cases, two categories were collapsed to avoid zero cell counts. CONCLUSIONS: Using business cards significantly increased the recall of the radiologist's name and could be an important tool in improving the relationships between patients and radiologists and enhancing service professionalism. TRIAL REGISTRATION: We have a general approval from our ethics committee. The patients have given their consent to this study.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mamografia , Profissionalismo , Radiologistas , Ultrassonografia Mamária , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(9): 1226-1238, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endocrine therapy-based neoadjuvant treatment for luminal breast cancer allows efficient testing of new combinations before surgery. The activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is a known mechanism of resistance to endocrine therapy. Taselisib is an oral, selective PI3K inhibitor with enhanced activity against PIK3CA-mutant cancer cells. The LORELEI trial tested whether taselisib in combination with letrozole would result in an increased proportion of objective responses and pathological complete responses. METHODS: In this multicentre, randomised, double-blind, parallel-cohort, placebo-controlled phase 2, study, we enrolled postmenopausal women (aged ≥18 years) with histologically confirmed, oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative, stage I-III, operable breast cancer, from 85 hospitals in 22 countries worldwide. To be eligible, patients had have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1, adequate organ function, and had to have evaluable tumour tissue for PIK3CA genotyping. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) by means of a permuted block algorithm (block size of four) via an interactive voice or web-based response system, to receive letrozole (2·5 mg/day orally, continuously) with either 4 mg of oral taselisib or placebo (on a 5 days-on, 2 days-off schedule) for 16 weeks, followed by surgery. Randomisation was stratified by tumour size and nodal status. Site staff, patients, and the sponsor were masked to treatment assignment. Coprimary endpoints were the proportion of patients who achieved an objective response by centrally assessed breast MRI and a locally assessed pathological complete response in the breast and axilla (ypT0/Tis, ypN0) at surgery in all randomly assigned patients and in patients with PIK3CA-mutant tumours. Analyses were done in the intention-to-treat population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02273973, and is closed to accrual. FINDINGS: Between Nov 12, 2014, and Aug 12, 2016, 334 participants were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive letrozole and placebo (n=168) or letrozole and taselisib (n=166). Median follow-up was 4·9 months (IQR 4·7-5·1). The study met one of its primary endpoints: the addition of taselisib to letrozole was associated with a higher proportion of patients achieving an objective response in all randomly assigned patients (66 [39%] of 168 patients in the placebo group vs 83 [50%] of 166 in the taselisib group; odds ratio [OR] 1·55, 95% CI 1·00-2·38; p=0·049) and in the PIK3CA-mutant subset (30 [38%] of 79 vs 41 [56%] of 73; OR 2·03, 95% CI 1·06-3·88; p=0·033). No significant differences were observed in pathological complete response between the two groups, either in the overall population (three [2%] of 166 in the taselisib group vs one [1%] of 168 in the placebo group; OR 3·07 [95% CI 0·32-29·85], p=0·37) or in the PIK3CA-mutant cohort (one patient [1%) vs none [0%]; OR not estimable, p=0·48). The most common grade 3-4 adverse events in the taselisib group were gastrointestinal (13 [8%] of 167 patients), infections (eight [5%]), and skin-subcutaneous tissue disorders (eight [5%]). In the placebo group, four (2%) of 167 patients had grade 3 or worse vascular disorders, two (1%) had gastrointestinal disorders, and two (1%) patients had grade 3 or worse infections and infestations. There was no grade 4 hyperglycaemia and grade 3 cases were asymptomatic. Serious adverse events were more common in the taselisib group (eight [5%] patients with infections and seven [4%] with gastrointestinal effects) than in the placebo group (one [1%] patient each with grade 3 postoperative wound and haematoma infection, grade 4 hypertensive encephalopathy, grade 3 acute cardiac failure, and grade 3 breast pain). One death occurred in the taselisib group, which was not considered to be treatment-related. INTERPRETATION: The increase in the proportion of patients who achieved an objective response from the addition of taselisib to endocrine therapy in a neoadjuvant setting is consistent with the clinical benefit observed in hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative, metastatic breast cancer. FUNDING: Genentech and F Hoffmann-La Roche.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Letrozol/administração & dosagem , Oxazepinas/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Método Duplo-Cego , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imidazóis/efeitos adversos , Letrozol/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Oxazepinas/efeitos adversos , Pós-Menopausa , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(13): 3865-3872, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064782

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prognostic molecular assays may aid in treatment decisions for women with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. The prognostic value of a 12-gene expression assay (EndoPredict) was reevaluated in the combined ABCSG-6/8 cohorts with longer clinical follow-up. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EndoPredict (EP; molecular score, EPclin score) was evaluated in women with ER-positive, HER2-negative node-positive and node-negative breast cancer who received 5 years of endocrine therapy only (median follow-up, 9.6 years; N = 1,702). Distant recurrence-free rate (DRFR; 95% confidence interval) was assessed 10 and 15 years after diagnosis. RESULTS: Overall, 62.6% of patients had low-risk EPclin scores with significantly improved DRFR relative to high-risk patients (HR, 4.77; 95% CI, 3.37-6.67; P < 0.0001). Ten-year DRFR (0-10 years) was improved among patients with low-risk versus high-risk EPclin scores in the full cohort [95.5% (94.1%-97.0%) vs. 80.3% (76.9%-83.9%)] as well as for patients with node-negative disease [95.5% (94.0%-97.1%) vs. 87.0% (82.6%-91.7%)] or with 1 to 3 positive nodes [95.6% (92.2%-99.1%) vs. 80.9% (75.9%-86.1%)]. The molecular and EPclin scores were significant predictors of DRFR after adjusting for clinical variables, regardless of nodal status. Similar results were observed for late recurrence (5-15 years; HR, 4.52; 95% CI, 2.65-7.72; P < 0.0001). The EPclin score significantly added prognostic information to a late metastasis nomogram (CTS5 score; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that EPclin can identify patients at low risk for early or late recurrence who may safely forgo adjuvant chemotherapy or extended endocrine therapy, respectively, regardless of nodal status.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores de Estrogênio/genética , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 176(2): 377-386, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041683

RESUMO

PURPOSE: EndoPredict (EPclin) is a prognostic test validated to inform decisions on adjuvant chemotherapy to endocrine therapy alone for patients with oestrogen receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. Here, we determine the performance of EPclin for estimating 10-year distant recurrence-free interval (DRFI) rates for those who received adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET) alone compared to those with chemotherapy plus endocrine therapy (ET + C). METHODS: A total of 3746 women were included in this joint analysis. 2630 patients received 5 years of ET alone (ABCSG-6/8, TransATAC) and 1116 patients received ET + C (GEICAM 2003-02/9906). The primary objective was to evaluate the ability of EPclin to provide an estimate of the 10-year DR rate as a continuous function of EPclin separately for ET alone and ET + C. Cox proportional hazard models were used for these analyses. RESULTS: EPclin was highly prognostic for DR in women who received ET alone (HR 2.79 (2.49-3.13), P < 0.0001) as well as in those who received ET + C (HR 2.27 (1.99-2.59), P < 0.0001). Women who received ET + C had significantly smaller increases in 10-year DR rates with the increasing EPclin score than those receiving ET alone (EPclin = 5; 12% ET + C vs. 20% ET alone). We observed a significant positive interaction between EPclin and treatment groups (P-interaction = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: In this comparative non-randomised analysis, the rate of increase in DR with EPclin score was significantly reduced in women who received ET + C versus ET alone. Our indirect comparisons suggest that a high EPclin score can predict chemotherapy benefit in women with ER-positive, HER2-negative disease.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Terapia Combinada , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Eur Radiol Exp ; 3(1): 18, 2019 04 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiparametric positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (mpPET/MRI) shows clinical potential for detection and classification of breast lesions. Yet, the contribution of features for computer-aided segmentation and diagnosis (CAD) need to be better understood. We proposed a data-driven machine learning approach for a CAD system combining dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG)-PET. METHODS: The CAD incorporated a random forest (RF) classifier combined with mpPET/MRI intensity-based features for lesion segmentation and shape features, kinetic and spatio-temporal texture features, for lesion classification. The CAD pipeline detected and segmented suspicious regions and classified lesions as benign or malignant. The inherent feature selection method of RF and alternatively the minimum-redundancy-maximum-relevance feature ranking method were used. RESULTS: In 34 patients, we report a detection rate of 10/12 (83.3%) and 22/22 (100%) for benign and malignant lesions, respectively, a Dice similarity coefficient of 0.665 for segmentation, and a classification performance with an area under the curve at receiver operating characteristics analysis of 0.978, a sensitivity of 0.946, and a specificity of 0.936. Segmentation but not classification performance of DCE-MRI improved with information from DWI and FDG-PET. Feature ranking revealed that kinetic and spatio-temporal texture features had the highest contribution for lesion classification. 18F-FDG-PET and morphologic features were less predictive. CONCLUSION: Our CAD enables the assessment of the relevance of mpPET/MRI features on segmentation and classification accuracy. It may aid as a novel computational tool for exploring different modalities/features and their contributions for the detection and classification of breast lesions.


Assuntos
Doenças Mamárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Mamárias/classificação , Doenças Mamárias/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/classificação , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Aprendizado de Máquina , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(5): 1254-1262, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30830538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the presence of residual breast tissue (RBT) after skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) and nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) and to analyse patient- and therapy-related factors associated with RBT. Skin-sparing mastectomy and NSM are increasingly used surgical procedures. Prospective data on the completeness of breast tissue resection is lacking. However, such data are crucial for assessing oncologic safety of risk-reducing and curative mastectomies. METHODS: Between April 2016 and August 2017, 99 SSM and 61 NSM were performed according to the SKINI-trial protocol, under either curative (n = 109) or risk-reducing (n = 51) indication. After breast removal, biopsies from the skin envelope (10 biopsies per SSM, 14 biopsies per NSM) were taken in predefined radial localizations and assessed histologically for the presence of RBT and of residual disease. RESULTS: Residual breast tissue was detected in 82 (51.3%) mastectomies. The median RBT percentage per breast was 7.1%. Of all factors considered, only type of surgery (40.4% for SSM vs. 68.9% for NSM; P < 0.001) and surgeon (P < 0.001) were significantly associated with RBT. None of the remaining factors, e.g., skin flap necrosis, was associated significantly with RBT. Residual disease was detected in three biopsies. CONCLUSIONS: Residual breast tissue is commonly observed after SSM and NSM. In contrast, invasive or in situ carcinomas are rarely found in the skin envelope. Radicality of mastectomy in this trial is not associated with increased incidence of skin flap necrosis. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT03470909.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia/métodos , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Mamilos/cirurgia , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Pele , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/patologia , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 21(5): 991-1002, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30652258

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In PIK3CA mutant breast cancer, downstream hyperactivation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway may be associated with increased glycolysis of cancer cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the functional association of PIK3CA mutational status and tumor glycolysis in invasive ER+/HER2- early breast cancer. PROCEDURES: This institutional review board-approved retrospective study included a dataset of 67 ER+/HER2- early breast cancer patients. All patients underwent 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography/X-ray computed tomography ([18F]FDG PET/CT) and clinico-pathologic assessments as part of a prospective study. For this retrospective analysis, pyrosequencing was used to detect PIK3CA mutations of exons 4, 7, 9, and 20. Tumor glucose metabolism was assessed semi-quantitatively with [18F]FDG PET/CT using maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax). SUVmax values were corrected for the partial volume effect, and metabolic tumor volume was calculated using the volume of interest automated lesion growing function 2D tumor size, i.e., maximum tumor diameter was assessed on concurrent pre-treatment contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: PIK3CA mutations were present in 45 % of all tumors. Mutations were associated with a small tumor diameter (p < 0.01) and with low nuclear grade (p = 0.04). Glycolytic activity was positively associated with nuclear grade (p = 0.01), proliferation (p = 0.002), regional lymph node metastasis (p = 0.015), and metabolic tumor volume (p = 0.001) but not with tumor size/T-stage. In invasive ductal carcinomas, median SUVmax was increased in PIK3CA-mutated compared to wild-type tumors; however, this increase did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.05). Multivariate analysis of invasive ductal carcinomas revealed [18F]FDG uptake to be independently associated with PIK3CA status (p = 0.002) and nuclear tumor grade (p = 0.046). Size, volume, and regional nodal status had no influence on glycolytic activity. PIK3CA mutational status did not influence glycolytic metabolism in lobular carcinomas. Glycolytic activity and PIK3CA mutational status had no significant influence on recurrence-free survival or disease-specific survival. CONCLUSIONS: In ER+/HER2- invasive ductal carcinomas of the breast, glucose uptake is independently associated with PIK3CA mutations. Initial data suggest that [18F]FDG uptake reflects complex genomic alterations and may have the potential to be used as candidate biomarker for monitoring therapeutic response and resistance mechanisms in emerging therapies that target the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Glicólise , Mutação/genética , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/genética , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Molecular , Imagem Multimodal , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
20.
Invest Radiol ; 54(2): 110-117, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30358693

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the potential of machine learning with multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) for the early prediction of pathological complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and of survival outcomes in breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This institutional review board-approved prospective study included 38 women (median age, 46.5 years; range, 25-70 years) with breast cancer who were scheduled for NAC and underwent mpMRI of the breast at 3 T with dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and T2-weighted imaging before and after 2 cycles of NAC. For each lesion, 23 features were extracted: qualitative T2-weighted and DCE-MRI features according to BI-RADS (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System), quantitative pharmacokinetic DCE features (mean plasma flow, volume distribution, mean transit time), and DWI apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values. To apply machine learning to mpMRI, 8 classifiers including linear support vector machine, linear discriminant analysis, logistic regression, random forests, stochastic gradient descent, decision tree, adaptive boosting, and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) were used to rank the features. Histopathologic residual cancer burden (RCB) class (with RCB 0 being a pCR), recurrence-free survival (RFS), and disease-specific survival (DSS) were used as the standards of reference. Classification accuracy with area under the receiving operating characteristic curve (AUC) was assessed using all the extracted qualitative and quantitative features for pCR as defined by RCB class, RFS, and DSS using recursive feature elimination. To overcome overfitting, 4-fold cross-validation was used. RESULTS: Machine learning with mpMRI achieved stable performance as shown by mean classification accuracies for the prediction of RCB class (AUC, 0.86) and DSS (AUC, 0.92) based on XGBoost and the prediction of RFS (AUC, 0.83) with logistic regression. The XGBoost classifier achieved the most stable performance with high accuracies compared with other classifiers. The most relevant features for the prediction of RCB class were as follows: changes in lesion size, complete pattern of shrinkage, and mean transit time on DCE-MRI; minimum ADC on DWI; and peritumoral edema on T2-weighted imaging. The most relevant features for prediction of RFS were as follows: volume distribution, mean plasma flow, and mean transit time; DCE-MRI lesion size; minimum, maximum, and mean ADC with DWI. The most relevant features for prediction of DSS were as follows: lesion size, volume distribution, and mean plasma flow on DCE-MRI, and maximum ADC with DWI. CONCLUSIONS: Machine learning with mpMRI of the breast enables early prediction of pCR to NAC as well as survival outcomes in breast cancer patients with high accuracy and thus may provide valuable predictive information to guide treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Aprendizado de Máquina , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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