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1.
Can J Cardiol ; 35(10): 1419.e17-1419.e20, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601415

RESUMO

We report a patient with severe aortic stenosis with an extremely high calcium score who underwent a transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement with an Evolut R (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) and needed a valve-in-valve approach with a SAPIEN 3 (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) to treat significant paravalvular leak. Interestingly, the closure time with adenosine diphosphate, assessed using the Platelet Function Analyzer 100 (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, Los Angeles, CA), measured after each important step of this complex procedure, correlated very well with the severity of the paravalvular leak.

2.
Circulation ; 139(23): 2685-2702, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157994

RESUMO

The presence of a small aortic annulus poses a considerable challenge in the management of patients with severe aortic stenosis, especially in elderly women, where it is a very frequent finding. The optimal approach for treating these patients remains controversial, and several surgical strategies such as aortic root enlargement, supra-annular stented prosthetic valves, stentless bioprosthesis, and sutureless bioprostheses have been proposed to improve valve hemodynamics and clinical outcomes. More recently, transcatheter aortic valve replacement has emerged as a valid alternative for the treatment of aortic stenosis and excellent valve hemodynamic results have been observed among patients with a small aortic annulus. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the current definition, prevalence, and clinical impact of small aortic annulus in patients with aortic stenosis, and evaluate the different therapeutic strategies currently available to improve valve hemodynamics and outcomes in this population.

3.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 106: 102-110, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30965200

RESUMO

17ß-Estradiol (E2) is a potent neuromodulator capable of producing changes in inhibitory synaptic transmission by either changing pre-synaptic GABA release or post-synaptic GABAA receptor function. Physiologically, E2 is important for energy homeostasis, influencing food consumption, body weight, adipose tissue metabolism and energy expenditure. E2 may influence energy homeostasis through estrogen receptor-rich regions such as the oval bed nucleus of the stria-terminalis (ovBNST). However, the neurophysiological effects of estradiol within the ovBNST remain largely unknown. Understanding how E2 affects inhibitory transmission may elucidate the ovBNST's contribution to energy homeostasis. Here, using brain slice electrophysiology, we saw that E2 produced a long-term potentiation (LTP) of GABAA synaptic transmission (LTPGABA) in the ovBNST in male rats. E2 acted on estrogen receptors α and G-protein coupled estrogen receptors (GPER), involved protein kinase activation and required an intact endocannabinoid system. The effects of E2 in males were sensitive to 24 h of food deprivation. In females, E2 was 100-fold more potent at producing LTPGABA ovBNST compared to male rats and involved all three known subtypes of estrogen receptors (ERα, ERß, and GPER). These results demonstrate that E2 is a potent neuromodulator of inhibitory synaptic transmission within the ovBNST of both sexes to potentially regulate energy homeostasis.

4.
Echocardiography ; 36(4): 722-731, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30834579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Significant mitral regurgitation (MR) is associated with poorer outcomes in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Factors associated with MR improvement have not been studied thoroughly. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients treated with TAVR with more than mild MR at baseline. MR evolution was assessed at 1-3 and 6-12 months after intervention. MR severity and mechanisms were assessed by echocardiography. Mitral annulus calcification (MAC) was quantified using preoperative cardiac CT. RESULTS: From 674 consecutive TAVR recipients, 78 with more than mild MR had a 6-12 months follow-up. Following TAVR, MR improved in 34 patients (43%), remained stable in 38 (49%) and worsened in 6 (8%). Patients with MR improvement had greater tenting area (141 ± 56 vs. 99 ± 40 mm2 , P < 0.01), tenting height (7.2 ± 1.9 vs. 5.6 ± 1.9 mm, P < 0.01) and lower ejection fraction (43 ± 16 vs. 52 ± 14%, P = 0.01). MAC was frequent (87.7% of patients) and a trend in greater MAC was observed in patients without MR improvement (3560 ± 5587 vs. 2053 ± 2800, P = 0.16). In multivariable analysis, tenting area (OR per 10 mm2 increase: 1.012, 95% CI, 1.001-1.024 P = 0.039) and annulus calcifications associated with leaflet restriction (OR = 0.108, 95% CI, 0.012-0.956, P = 0.045) were independently associated with MR outcome after TAVR. CONCLUSION: Larger mitral valve tenting area was associated with more improvement of MR after TAVR whereas extensive MAC associated with leaflet restriction was associated with less improvement. This may help in the clinical decision-making process of TAVR candidates with concomitant MR.

5.
Int J Eat Disord ; 52(4): 447-458, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30805969

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a new diagnosis in the DSM-5 Feeding and Eating Disorders section, for which very limited treatment research has been carried out, yet. A new, 4-week exposure based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) day treatment, which integrated the inhibitory learning principles, was developed for adolescents with ARFID, and tested in the current study. METHOD: A nonconcurrent multiple baseline design was used in a clinical case series of eleven 10- to 18-year-old patients. After baseline, the 4-week CBT followed. Measurements of DSM-5 ARFID diagnosis, food neophobia and related measures such as body weight and length, were taken at baseline (t1), at the end of the 4-week intensive day treatment (t2) and 3 months after treatment (follow-up, t3). A food selectivity test, a 1-week food diary, and behavioral measures on food intake were also taken at baseline and at 3-month follow-up. Furthermore, continuous measurements of believability of dysfunctional cognitions, anxiety, and food acceptance were taken throughout the 4-weeks day treatment. RESULTS: At follow-up, 10 out of 11 patients were in remission and had a healthy body weight and an average, age-adequate nutritional intake. For most patients, food neophobia scores decreased to a nonclinical range. The belief in dysfunctional cognitions and anxiety levels decreased during treatment. DISCUSSION: This new exposure-based CBT for adolescents with ARFID seems promising. These results may be very useful for clinical practice and stimulate further development of effective CBT interventions in the area of ARFID.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Hospital Dia , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(24): 2523-2533, 2018 12 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30573061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to assess the incidence, predictors, management, and prognosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) following TAVR. BACKGROUND: About one-half of the patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) have concurrent coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the occurrence and clinical impact of coronary events following TAVR remain largely unknown. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing TAVR in our institution between May 2007 and November 2017 were included. Patients were followed at 1, 6, and 12 months, and yearly thereafter. ACS was diagnosed and classified according to the Third Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction. RESULTS: A total of 779 patients (mean age 79 ± 9 years, 52% male, mean STS: 6.8 ± 5.1%) were included, 68% of which had a history of CAD. At a median follow-up of 25 (interquartile range: 10 to 44) months, 78 patients (10%) presented at least 1 episode of ACS, with one-half of the events occurring within the year following TAVR. Clinical presentation was type 2 non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (35.9%), unstable angina (34.6%), type 1 non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (28.2%), and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (1.3%). Male sex (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.19; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.36 to 3.54; p = 0.001), prior CAD (HR: 2.78; 95% CI: 1.50 to 5.18; p = 0.001), and nontransfemoral approach (HR: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.04 to 2.75; p = 0.035) were independently associated with ACS. Coronary angiography was performed in 53 (67.9%) patients with ACS, and 30 of them (56.6%) underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. In-hospital death rate at the time of the ACS episode was 3.8%. At a median follow-up of 21 (interquartile range: 8 to 34) months post-ACS, all-cause and cardiovascular death rates were 37.3% and 25.3%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one-tenth of patients undergoing TAVR were readmitted for an ACS after a median follow-up of 25 months. Male sex, prior CAD, and nontransfemoral approach were independent predictors of ACS. ACS was associated with high midterm mortality.

8.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(11): e006388, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571205

RESUMO

Background The optimal access for patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) who are not candidates for a transfemoral approach has not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to compare the safety, feasibility, and early clinical outcomes of transcarotid TAVR compared with thoracic approaches. Methods and Results From a multicenter consecutive cohort of 329 alternative-access TAVR patients (2012-2017), we identified 101 patients who underwent transcarotid TAVR and 228 patients who underwent a transapical or transaortic TAVR. Preprocedural success and 30-day clinical outcomes were compared using multivariable propensity score analysis to account for between-group differences in baseline characteristics. All transcarotid cases were performed under general anesthesia, mainly using the left common carotid artery (97%). Propensity-matched groups had similar rates of 30-day all-cause mortality (2.1% versus 4.6%; P=0.37), stroke (2.1% versus 3.5%; P=0.67; transcarotid versus transapical/transaortic, respectively), new pacemaker implantation, and major vascular complications. Transcarotid TAVR was associated with significantly less new-onset atrial fibrillation (3.2% versus 19.0%; P=0.002), major or life-threatening bleeding (4.3% versus 19.9%; P=0.002), acute kidney injury (none versus 12.1%; P=0.002), and shorter median length of hospital stay (6 versus 8 days; P<0.001). Conclusions Transcarotid vascular access for TAVR is safe and feasible and is associated with encouraging short-term clinical outcomes. Our data suggest a clinical benefit of transcarotid TAVR with respect to atrial fibrillation, major bleeding, acute kidney injury, and length of stay compared with the more invasive transapical or transaortic strategies. Randomized studies are required to ascertain whether transcarotid TAVR yields equivalent results to other alternative vascular access routes.


Assuntos
Aorta , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Calcinose/cirurgia , Artéria Carótida Primitiva , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcinose/mortalidade , Canadá/epidemiologia , Artéria Carótida Primitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(11): e006927, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of preexisting left bundle branch block (LBBB) in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) recipients is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of preexisting LBBB on clinical outcomes after TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicenter study evaluated 3404 TAVR candidates according to the presence or absence of LBBB on baseline ECG. TAVR complications and causes of death were defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions. Follow-up outpatient visits or telephone interviews were conducted at 30 days, 12 months, and yearly thereafter. Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline, at hospital discharge, and at 1-year follow-up. Preexisting LBBB was present in 398 patients (11.7%) and was associated with an increased risk of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI; 21.1% versus 14.8%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.12-2.04) but not death (7.3% versus 5.5%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.33; 95% CI, 0.84-2.12) at 30 days. At a mean follow-up of 22±21 months, there were no differences between patients with and without preexisting LBBB in overall mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.75-1.18) and cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.68-1.21). In a subanalysis of 2421 patients without PPI at 30 days and with complete follow-up about the PPI, preexisting LBBB was not associated with an increased risk of PPI or sudden cardiac death. Patients with preexisting LBBB had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at baseline and at 1-year follow-up ( P <0.001 for both), but those with low LVEF exhibited a similar increase in LVEF over time after TAVR compared with patients with no preexisting LBBB ( P=0.327). CONCLUSIONS: Preexisting LBBB significantly increased the risk of early (but not late) PPI after TAVR, without any significant effect on overall mortality or cardiovascular mortality. Preexisting LBBB was associated with lower LVEF pre-TAVR but did not prevent an increase in LVEF post-TAVR similar to patients without LBBB.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bloqueio de Ramo/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/mortalidade , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/mortalidade , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(9): e007038, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on long-term outcomes after valve-in-valve (ViV) transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are scarce. The objective of this study was to determine the long-term clinical outcomes and structural valve degeneration (SVD) over time in patients undergoing ViV-TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients undergoing ViV-TAVR in 9 centers between 2009 and 2015 were included. Patients were followed yearly, and clinical and echocardiography data were collected prospectively. SVD was defined as subclinical (increase >10 mm Hg in mean transvalvular gradient+decrease >0.3 cm2 in valve area or new-onset mild or moderate aortic regurgitation) and clinically relevant (increase >20 mm Hg in mean transvalvular gradient+decrease >0.6 cm2 in valve area or new-onset moderate-to-severe aortic regurgitation). A total of 116 patients (mean age, 76±11 years; 64.7% male; mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score, 8.0±5.1%) were included. Balloon- and self-expandable valves were used in 47.9% and 52.1% of patients, respectively, and 30-day mortality was 6.9%. At a median follow-up of 3 years (range, 2-7 years), 30 patients (25.9%) had died, 20 of them (17.2%) from cardiovascular causes. Average mean transvalvular gradients remained stable up to 5-year follow-up ( P=0.92), but clinically relevant SVD occurred in 3/99 patients (3.0%), and 15/99 patients (15.1%) had subclinical SVD. One patient with SVD had redo ViV-TAVR. CONCLUSIONS: About one-fourth of ViV-TAVR recipients had died after a median follow-up of 3 years. Overall valve hemodynamics remained stable over time and clinically relevant SVD was infrequent, but 1 out of 10 patients exhibited some degree of SVD.

11.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(4): 625-632, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30064863

RESUMO

Controversial data exist on clinical outcomes of patients with paradoxical low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis (PLF-LG-AS) undergoing valve replacement. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical outcomes and treatment futility in patients with paradoxical low-flow (PLF), low-gradient (LG) severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). A total of 493 patients with severe symptomatic AS and preserved ejection fraction (>50%) undergoing TAVI were included. Patients were divided in two groups: high gradient AS group (HG-AS; mean gradient ≥40 mm Hg and stroke volume index >35 ml/m2, n = 396); and PLF, LG AS group (PLF-LG-AS; mean AV gradient <40 mm Hg and indexed stroke volume ≤35 ml/m2, n = 97). The primary endpoint was treatment futility defined as death or poor functional status (New York Heart Association class III and/or IV) at 6-month follow-up. There were no differences in mortality between groups (PLF-LG-AS: 5%, HG: 8%; adjusted odds ratio (OR): 0.85, 95% confidence interval (CI):0.29 to 2.46), but PLF-LG-AS patients remained more frequently in New York Heart Association class III to IV (20% vs 8% in the HG group, adjusted OR: 2.46, 95% CI:1.19 to 5.07). TAVI treatment futility was more frequent in the PLF-LG-AS group (24% vs 14%, adjusted OR: 1.90 [1.01 to 3.57]), and patients with PLF-LG-AS exhibited a higher rate of rehospitalization for cardiovascular causes (9% vs 5%, adjusted OR: 2.95, 95% CI:1.08 to 8.09). Previous myocardial infarction and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were associated with treatment futility (p< 0.03 for both). In conclusion, TAVI was a futile treatment in one fourth of patients with PLF-LG-AS. These results underscore the complexity and need for improving the clinical decision-making process and management of patients with PLF-LG-AS.

12.
Open Heart ; 5(2): e000854, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30018783

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve implantation (ViV) has emerged as a valuable technique to treat failed surgical bioprostheses (BPs) in patients with high risk for redo surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Small BP size (≤21 mm), stenotic pattern of degeneration and pre-existing prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) have been associated with worse clinical outcomes after ViV. However, no study has evaluated the actual haemodynamic benefit associated with ViV. This study aims to compare haemodynamic status observed at post-ViV, pre-ViV and early after initial SAVR and to determine the factors associated with worse haemodynamic outcomes following ViV, including the rates of high residual gradient and 'haemodynamic futility'. Methods: Early post-SAVR, pre-ViV and post-ViV echocardiographic data of 79 consecutive patients who underwent aortic ViV at our institution were retrospectively analysed. The primary study endpoint was suboptimal valve haemodynamics (SVH) following ViV defined by the Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 as the presence of high residual aortic mean gradient (≥20 mm Hg) and/or at least moderate aortic regurgitation (AR). Haemodynamic futility of ViV was defined as <10 mm Hg decrease in mean aortic gradient and no improvement in AR compared with pre-ViV. Results: SVH was found in 61% of patients (57% high residual gradient, 4% moderate AR) after ViV versus 24% early after SAVR. Pre-existing PPM and BP mode of failure by stenosis were independently associated with the primary endpoint (OR: 2.87; 95% CI 1.08 to 7.65; p=0.035 and OR: 3.02; 95% CI 1.08 to 8.42; p=0.035, respectively) and with the presence of high residual gradient (OR: 4.38; 95% CI 1.55 to 12.37; p=0.005 and OR: 5.37; 95% CI 1.77 to 16.30; p=0.003, respectively) following ViV. Criteria of ViV haemodynamic futility were met in 7.6% overall and more frequently in patients with pre-existing PPM and stenotic BP (18.5%) compared with other patients (2.0%). ViV restored haemodynamic function to early post-SAVR level in only 34% of patients. Conclusion: Although ViV was associated with significant haemodynamic improvement compared with pre-ViV in >90% of patients, more than half harboured SVH outcome. Furthermore, only one-third of patients had a restoration of valve haemodynamic function to the early post-SAVR level. Pre-existing PPM and stenosis pattern of BP degeneration were the main factors associated with SVH and haemodynamic futility following ViV. These findings provide strong support for the prevention of PPM at the time of initial SAVR and careful preprocedural patient screening.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30030542

RESUMO

Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by periods of excessive food intake combined with subjective feelings of loss of control. We examined whether sucrose bingeing itself leads to uncontrolled or compulsive responding and whether this effect is magnified following a period of abstinence. We then assessed dopamine (DA) modulation of inhibitory synaptic transmission in the oval bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (ovBNST) as a neural correlate of compulsive responding and whether this behavioral effect could be disrupted by DA blockade in the ovBNST. Over 28 days, male Long-Evans rats (n = 8-16 per group) had access to 10% sucrose and food (12 or 24 h), 0.1% saccharin and food (12 h), or food alone (12 h). Compulsive responding was assessed following 1 or 28 days of sucrose abstinence using a conditioned suppression paradigm. Only rats given 12 h access to sucrose developed binge-like intake, manifested as copious intake within the first hour; compulsive responding was significantly elevated in this group following 28 days of abstinence. In parallel, the effect of DA on ovBNST inhibitory transmission switched from a reduction to a potentiation; the effect, although observable after 1 day, was more pronounced and sustained following 28 days of abstinence. Intra-ovBNST infusions of a DA D1 receptor antagonist (0.8 µg/µl SCH-23390) reversed the blockade of conditioned suppression, thereby confirming the causal relationship between ovBNST DA modulation of γ-aminobutyric acid transmission and alterations in conditioned suppression following binge-like intake of sucrose.

14.
N Biotechnol ; 46: 31-37, 2018 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29909071

RESUMO

In order to limit ammonia (NH3) emissions from pig farms, various air cleaning solutions are widely applied. However, the literature data report that these systems (chemical scrubbers, bioscrubbers and biofilters) can be both inefficient and promote nitrous oxide (N2O) production. As air cleaning technologies should not contribute to secondary trace gases that may have a stronger environmental impact than the raw gas compounds themselves, the objective of this study was to quantify the effect of NH3 treatment in pig farms on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. GHGs (carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide) emitted at the outlet of three different cleaning systems ("chemical scrubber", "bioscrubber" and "bioscrubber + denitrification step") were assessed and compared with the emissions generated by the exhaust air with "no treatment". The calculations show that the chemical scrubber has no effect whereas biological treatments can increase GHG emissions. The use of bioscrubbers alone for NH3 removal can remain acceptable provided that less than 3% of the NH3 entering the apparatus is converted into N2O. In such cases, a maximum increase of 1.9% in GHG emissions could be obtained. Conversely, the addition of a denitrification step to a bioscrubber must be avoided. Increases in overall GHG emissions of up to 25.8% were calculated but more significant increases could occur. With regard to GHG emissions, it is concluded that the use of a chemical scrubber is more suitable than a bioscrubber to treat exhaust air from pig farms.


Assuntos
Amônia/isolamento & purificação , Dióxido de Carbono/isolamento & purificação , Monitoramento Ambiental , Fazendas , Gases de Efeito Estufa/isolamento & purificação , Metano/isolamento & purificação , Óxido Nitroso/isolamento & purificação , Sus scrofa/metabolismo , Animais , Gases de Efeito Estufa/química
16.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 92(3): 583-591, 2018 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29745455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of patients diagnosed with infective endocarditis (IE) after edge-to-edge mitral valve repair with the MitraClip device. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair has emerged as an alternative to surgery in high-risk patients. However, few data exist on IE following transcatheter mitral procedures. METHODS: Four electronic databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, and Cochrane Library) were searched for original published studies on IE after edge-to-edge transcatheter mitral valve repair from 2003 to 2017. RESULTS: A total of 10 publications describing 12 patients with definitive IE (median age 76 years, 55% men) were found. The mean logistic EuroSCORE/EuroSCORE II were 41% and 45%, respectively. The IE episode occurred early (within 12 months post-procedure) in nine patients (75%; within the first month in five patients). Staphylococcus aureus was the most frequent (60%) causal microorganism, and severe mitral regurgitation was present in all cases but one. Surgical mitral valve replacement (SMVR) was performed in most (67%) patients, and the mortality associated with the IE episode was high (42%). CONCLUSIONS: IE following transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair is a rare but life-threatening complication, usually necessitating SMVR despite the high-risk profile of the patients. These results highlight the importance of adequate preventive measures and a prompt diagnosis and treatment of this serious complication.

17.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 71(13): 1401-1412, 2018 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29598859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data exist on long-term outcomes and structural valve degeneration (SVD) in consecutive unselected patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the long-term outcomes of a contemporary cohort of consecutive unselected SAVR recipients with a focus on evaluating clinical outcomes and SVD based on echocardiographic criteria. METHODS: A total of 672 consecutive patients (mean age: 72 ± 8 years; 61.5% male) undergoing SAVR with a bioprosthesis between 2002 and 2004 were included. Baseline and follow-up data were prospectively collected in a dedicated database. Baseline post-operative echocardiographic data were obtained in the 624 patients alive at hospital discharge and in 209 patients at 10 years (87% of the patients at risk). SVD was defined as subclinical (increase >10 mm Hg in mean transvalvular gradient + decrease >0.3 cm2 in valve area and/or new-onset mild or moderate aortic regurgitation) and clinically relevant (increase >20 mm Hg in mean transvalvular gradient + decrease >0.6 cm2 in valve area and/or new-onset moderate-to-severe aortic regurgitation). RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 10 years (interquartile range: 5 to 13 years), 432 patients (64.3%) had died. Older age, left ventricular dysfunction, atrial fibrillation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, greater body mass index, and diabetes mellitus were associated with an increased mortality risk (p < 0.05 for all). Clinically relevant SVD occurred in 6.6% of patients; 30.1% of patients had subclinical SVD. A greater body mass index and the use of a specific aortic bioprosthesis were independently associated with clinically relevant SVD (p < 0.05 for both), and 83% of these patients underwent aortic valve reintervention (valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve replacement in 44% of them). CONCLUSIONS: The 10-year mortality rate in elderly SAVR recipients of a bioprosthetic valve was considerable, chiefly determined by their older age and the presence of comorbidities. Clinically relevant SVD was infrequent, but close to one third of the population exhibited subclinical SVD. These results provide contemporary data on long-term clinical outcomes and SVD post-SAVR, and they should be taken into consideration when evaluating late clinical outcomes and valve durability after transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

18.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(3): 162-169, mar. 2018. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-172198

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La cronología y la evolución de los trastornos de conducción (TdC) asociados con el implante percutáneo de válvula aórtica (TAVI) expandible con balón son poco conocidas. Este estudio examina la cronología de los TdC y el impacto de la valvuloplastia aórtica con balón (VAB) en su persistencia. Métodos: Se incluyó a 347 pacientes, y a 75 de ellos se les realizó una monitorización continua durante la TAVI y un electrocardiograma de 6 derivaciones en cada paso del procedimiento. Resultados: En los pacientes monitorizados, se registraron 48 (64%) bloqueos de rama izquierda (BRI) y 16 (21,3%) bloqueos auriculoventriculares completos, de los que el 51,5% apareció antes de implantar la válvula. Los BRI que aparecieron antes del implante valvular persistieron con mayor frecuencia al alta (el 53,8 frente al 22,7%; p = 0,028) y en el seguimiento a 30 días (el 38,5 frente al 13,6%; p = 0,054). Se realizó una VAB en 264 de los 347 pacientes (76,1%). En total, 78 pacientes (22,5%) presentaron un BRI o bloqueo auriculoventricular completo que requirió marcapasos permanente. Un BRI persistente o el bloqueo auriculoventricular no resuelto se observó más frecuentemente entre los pacientes con VAB (el 76,1 frente al 47,6%; p = 0,021), y la VAB se asoció con la persistencia del TdC (OR = 3,5; IC95%, 1,17-10,43; p = 0,021). Conclusiones: Más de la mitad de los TdC observados después de una TAVI ocurren antes del implante de la válvula. La aparición precoz de los TdC se asocia con una mayor persistencia del mismo a los 30 días. El uso de VAB se asocia con un aumento del riesgo de persistencia de los TdC (AU)


Introduction and objectives: Little is known about the timing of onset and outcome of conduction abnormalities (CA) following balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve implantation. The aim of this study was to examine the timing of CA and determine the impact of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) on the persistence of these abnormalities. Methods: A total of 347 patients were included. Of these, 75 had a continuous electrocardiogram recording and a 6-lead electrocardiogram at each step of the procedure. Results: In the transcatheter aortic valve implantation population undergoing continuous electrocardiogram monitoring, new-onset left bundle branch block (LBBB) or third-degree atrioventricular block occurred in 48 (64%) and 16 (21.3%) patients, with 51.5% of CA occurring before valve implantation. Left bundle branch block persisted more frequently at hospital discharge (53.8 vs 22.7%; P = .028) and at 1-month follow-up (38.5 vs 13.6%; P = .054) when occurring before valve implantation. Balloon aortic valvuloplasty prior to valve implantation was used in 264 (76.1%) patients, and 78 (22.5%) had persistent LBBB or complete atrioventricular block requiring pacemaker implantation. Persistent LBBB or unresolved atrioventricular block at 1 month occurred more frequently in the BAV group (76.1 vs 47.6%; P = .021), and the use of BAV was associated with a lack of CA resolution (OR, 3.5; 95%CI, 1.17-10.43; P = .021). Conclusions: In patients undergoing a balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve implantation, more than half of CA occurred before valve implantation. Early occurrence of CA was associated with a higher rate of persistence at 1-month follow-up. The use of BAV was associated with an increased risk of CA persistence (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valvuloplastia com Balão/métodos , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Marca-Passo Artificial/tendências , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/cirurgia , Valvuloplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Valvuloplastia com Balão/estatística & dados numéricos , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Análise Estatística
20.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 71(3): 162-169, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28566243

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the timing of onset and outcome of conduction abnormalities (CA) following balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve implantation. The aim of this study was to examine the timing of CA and determine the impact of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) on the persistence of these abnormalities. METHODS: A total of 347 patients were included. Of these, 75 had a continuous electrocardiogram recording and a 6-lead electrocardiogram at each step of the procedure. RESULTS: In the transcatheter aortic valve implantation population undergoing continuous electrocardiogram monitoring, new-onset left bundle branch block (LBBB) or third-degree atrioventricular block occurred in 48 (64%) and 16 (21.3%) patients, with 51.5% of CA occurring before valve implantation. Left bundle branch block persisted more frequently at hospital discharge (53.8 vs 22.7%; P=.028) and at 1-month follow-up (38.5 vs 13.6%; P=.054) when occurring before valve implantation. Balloon aortic valvuloplasty prior to valve implantation was used in 264 (76.1%) patients, and 78 (22.5%) had persistent LBBB or complete atrioventricular block requiring pacemaker implantation. Persistent LBBB or unresolved atrioventricular block at 1 month occurred more frequently in the BAV group (76.1 vs 47.6%; P=.021), and the use of BAV was associated with a lack of CA resolution (OR, 3.5; 95%CI, 1.17-10.43; P=.021). CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing a balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve implantation, more than half of CA occurred before valve implantation. Early occurrence of CA was associated with a higher rate of persistence at 1-month follow-up. The use of BAV was associated with an increased risk of CA persistence.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Valvuloplastia com Balão/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Eletrocardiografia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Quebeque/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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