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1.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(22): 10184-10197, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368907

RESUMO

In addition to the already described ligand L4a, two pyclen-based lanthanide chelators, L4b and L4c, bearing two specific picolinate two-photon antennas (tailor-made for each targeted metal) and one acetate arm arranged in a dissymmetrical manner, have been synthesized, to form a complete family of lanthanide luminescent bioprobes: [EuL4a], [SmL4a], [YbL4b], [TbL4c], and [DyL4c]. Additionally, the symmetrically arranged regioisomer L4a' was also synthesized as well as its [EuL4a'] complex to highlight the astonishing positive impact of the dissymmetrical N-distribution of the functional chelating arms. The investigation clearly shows the high performance of each bioprobe, which, depending on the complexed lanthanide, could be used in various applications. Each presents high brightness, quantum yields, and lifetimes. Staining of the complexes into living human breast cancer cells was observed. In addition, in vivo two-photon microscopy was performed for the first time on a living zebrafish model with [EuL4a]. No apparent toxicity was detected on the growth of the zebrafish, and images of high quality were obtained.

2.
Chemphyschem ; 21(10): 1036-1043, 2020 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176399

RESUMO

Cationic lanthanide complexes are generally able to spontaneously internalize into living cells. Following our previous works based on a diMe-cyclen framework, a second generation of cationic water-soluble lanthanide complexes based on a constrained cross-bridged cyclam macrocycle functionalized with donor-π-conjugated picolinate antennas was prepared with europium(III) and ytterbium(III). Their spectroscopic properties were thoroughly investigated in various solvents and rationalized with the help of DFT calculations. A significant improvement was observed in the case of the Eu3+ complex, while the Yb3+ analogue conserved photophysical properties in aqueous solvent. Two-photon (2P) microscopy imaging experiments on living T24 human cancer cells confirmed the spontaneous internalization of the probes and images with good signal-to-noise ratio were obtained in the classic NIR-to-visible configuration with the Eu3+ luminescent bioprobe and in the NIR-to-NIR with the Yb3+ one.

3.
J Microsc ; 275(3): 172-182, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301069

RESUMO

Living cells embedded in a complex extra-cellular matrix migrate in a sophisticated way thanks to adhesions to matrix fibres and contractility. It is important to know what kind of forces are exerted by the cells. Here, we use reflectance confocal microscopy to locate fibres accurately and determine displacement fields. Correlation techniques are used to this aim, coupled with proper digital image processing. Benchmark tests validate the method in the case of shear and stretching motions. Finally, the method is tested successfully for studying cancer cells migrating in collagen gels of different concentration.

4.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 6: 89, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31069229

RESUMO

Background: Paroxysmal Permeability Disorders (PPDs) are pathological conditions caused by periodic short lasting increase of endothelial permeability, in the absence of inflammatory, degenerative, ischemic vascular injury. PPDs include primary angioedema, idiopathic systemic capillary leak syndrome and some rare forms of localized retroperitoneal-mediastinal edema. Aim: to validate a microfluidic device to study endothelial permeability in flow conditions. Materials and Methods: we designed a microchannel network (the smallest channel is 30µm square section). Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) were cultured under constant shear stress in the networks. Endothelial permeability assessment was based on interaction of biotinylated fibronectin used as a matrix for HUVECs and FITC-conjugated avidin. The increase in endothelial permeability was identified as changes in fluorescence intensity detected by confocal fluorescent microscopy. Results: The microchannels were constantly perfused with a steady flow of culture medium, ensuring a physiologically relevant level of shear stress at the wall of ~0.2 Pa. Our preliminary results demonstrated that circulation of culture medium or plasma from healthy volunteers was associated with low fluorescence of fibronectin matrix. When bradykinin diluted in culture medium was perfused, an increase in average fluorescence was detected. Conclusion: Our microvasculature model is suitable to study endothelial functions in physiological flow conditions and in the presence of factors like bradykinin known as mediator of several PPDs. Therefore, it can be a promising tool to better understand the mechanisms underlying disorders of endothelial permeability.

5.
Chemistry ; 25(38): 9026-9034, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30972809

RESUMO

Two trispicolinate 1,4,7-triazacyclonane (TACN)-based ligands bearing three picolinate biphotonic antennae were synthetized and their Yb3+ and Gd3+ complexes isolated. One series differs from the other by the absence (L1 )/presence (L2 ) of bromine atoms on the antenna backbone, offering respectively improved optical and singlet-oxygen generation properties. Photophysical properties of the ligands, complexes and micellar Pluronic suspensions were investigated. Complexes exhibit high two-photon absorption cross-section combined either with NIR emission (Yb) or excellent 1 O2 generation (Gd). The very large intersystem crossing efficiency induced by the combination of bromine atom and heavy rare-earth element was corroborated with theoretical calculations. The 1 O2 generation properties of L2 Gd micellar suspension under two-photon activation leads to tumour cell death, suggesting the potential of such structures for theranostic applications.

6.
Chemphyschem ; 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30198105

RESUMO

A family of europium (III) complexes based on a polydentate ligand functionalized by charge-transfer antennae presents remarkable one- and two-photon photophysical proper-ties in water or buffer. A detailed analysis of their emission properties suggests that the wrapping of the ligand around the central rare-earth ion results in an overall Cs symmetry in agreement with the theoretical simulation and that about 65-70 % of the emission intensity is concentrated in the hypersensitive 5 D0 →7 F2 transition at 615 nm. Their brightness is excellent, in the range of the best lanthanide bioprobes making them very attractive for bio-imaging experiments.

9.
Biophys J ; 114(5): 1165-1175, 2018 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29539402

RESUMO

Cancer cells are usually found to be softer than normal cells, but their stiffness changes when they are in contact with different environments because of mechanosensitivity. For example, they adhere to a given substrate by tuning their cytoskeleton, thus affecting their rheological properties. This mechanism could become efficient when cancer cells invade the surrounding tissues, and they have to remodel their cytoskeleton in order to achieve particular deformations. Here we use an atomic force microscope in force modulation mode to study how local rheological properties of cancer cells are affected by a change of the environment. Cancer cells were plated on functionalized polyacrylamide substrates of different stiffnesses as well as on an endothelium substrate. A new correction of the Hertz model was developed because measurements require one to account for the precise properties of the thin, layered viscoelastic substrates. The main results show the influence of local cell rheology (the nucleus, perinuclear region, and edge locations) and the role of invasiveness. A general mechanosensitive trend is found by which the cell elastic modulus and transition frequency increase with substrate elasticity, but this tendency breaks down with a real endothelium substrate. These effects are investigated further during cell transmigration, when the actin cytoskeleton undergoes a rapid reorganization process necessary to push through the endothelial gap, in agreement with the local viscoelastic changes measured by atomic force microscopy. Taken together, these results introduce a paradigm for a new-to our knowledge-possible extravasation mechanism.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Mecânicos , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Elasticidade , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Reologia
10.
Chemistry ; 24(14): 3408-3412, 2018 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29341302

RESUMO

The design of original twisted charge transfer antennae in which a non-planar geometry is enforced thanks to one or two bulky ortho-Me substituents allows us to prepare the corresponding ultra-bright TbIII and DyIII bioprobes. The brightness of the TbIII derivative compares well with that of the benchmark Tb-Lumi4 complex. The first bio-imaging experiments with a DyIII luminescent bioprobe are also reported.

11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(44): 6005-6008, 2017 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28516180

RESUMO

An Yb(iii) complex based on a dimethyl cyclen macrocyclic ligand functionalized by charge transfer antennae was prepared. This cationic [YbL3]+ complex is stable and soluble in water and presents interesting photophysical nonlinear properties. It is spontaneously internalized and accumulates in live cells. High quality images have been obtained both in a classical NIR-to-vis configuration and in the more challenging NIR-to-NIR one.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Imagem Óptica , Fótons , Itérbio/química , Cátions/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Conformação Molecular
12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(23): 7693-7696, 2017 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28551987

RESUMO

Fluorescent probes that are able to directly measure viscosity are attractive candidates for the study of intracellular environments. We report a new class of luminescent rotors, based on the sensitized emission of a terbium(III) complex. A 4-fold increase in both quantum yield and luminescence lifetime was observed in viscous media for the studied complexes, with a lifetime ranging from 0.23 to 0.89 ms over a broad range of viscosities (0.6-1200 cP). The presented approach, relying on the millisecond-scale luminescence lifetime of the lanthanide ions, was applied to fixed T24 cancer cells using temporal sampling lifetime imaging microscopy.

13.
Chem Sci ; 8(1): 381-394, 2017 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28451183

RESUMO

The synthesis of keto-heptamethine derivatives has been expanded to various new symmetrical and asymmetrical structures, including an unprecedented di-anionic keto-polymethine. The spectroscopic behavior of these new dyes has been systematically and thoroughly investigated, revealing that the formation of hydrogen bond interactions with protic solvents is responsible for a dramatic enhancement of the fluorescence quantum yield in the far-red spectral region. The existence of these strong hydrogen-bond interactions was further confirmed by molecular dynamics simulations. These bis-dipolar polymethines exhibit large two-photon absorption (TPA) cross-sections (σ2 in GM) in the near-infrared, making them ideal candidates for NIR-to-NIR two-photon microscopy imaging applications. We demonstrate that the molecular engineering of the hydrophilic/hydrophobic balance enables targeting of different cellular components, such as cytoplasm or cell membranes. Addition of appropriate substituents provides the molecule with high-water-solubility, affording efficient two-photon probes for angiography.

14.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 1253, 2017 04 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28455503

RESUMO

LINC complexes are crucial for the response of muscle cell precursors to the rigidity of their environment, but the mechanisms explaining this behaviour are not known. Here we show that pathogenic mutations in LMNA or SYNE-1 responsible for severe muscle dystrophies reduced the ability of human muscle cell precursors to adapt to substrates of different stiffness. Plated on muscle-like stiffness matrix, mutant cells exhibited contractile stress fibre accumulation, increased focal adhesions, and higher traction force than controls. Inhibition of Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) prevented cytoskeletal defects, while inhibiting myosin light chain kinase or phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase was ineffective. Depletion or inactivation of a ROCK-dependent regulator of actin remodelling, the formin FHOD1, largely rescued morphology in mutant cells. The functional integrity of lamin and nesprin-1 is thus required to modulate the FHOD1 activity and the inside-out mechanical coupling that tunes the cell internal stiffness to match that of its soft, physiological-like environment.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Proteínas Fetais/metabolismo , Lamina Tipo A/metabolismo , Mioblastos/fisiologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto , Forminas , Humanos , Lamina Tipo A/genética , Mutação , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética
15.
Sci Rep ; 7: 45036, 2017 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28338083

RESUMO

Microvasculatures-on-a-chip, i.e. in vitro models that mimic important features of microvessel networks, have gained increasing interest in recent years. Such devices have allowed investigating pathophysiological situations involving abnormal biophysical interactions between blood cells and vessel walls. Still, a central question remains regarding the presence, in such biomimetic systems, of the endothelial glycocalyx. The latter is a glycosaminoglycans-rich surface layer exposed to blood flow, which plays a crucial role in regulating the interactions between circulating cells and the endothelium. Here, we use confocal microscopy to characterize the layer expressed by endothelial cells cultured in microfluidic channels. We show that, under our culture conditions, endothelial cells form a confluent layer on all the walls of the circuit and display a glycocalyx that fully lines the lumen of the microchannels. Moreover, the thickness of this surface layer is found to be on the order of 600 nm, which compares well with measurements performed ex or in vivo on microcapillaries. Furthermore, we investigate how the presence of endothelial cells in the microchannels affects their hydrodynamic resistance and the near-wall motion of red blood cells. Our study thus provides an important insight into the physiological relevance of in vitro microvasculatures.


Assuntos
Eritrócitos/citologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/citologia , Microcirculação , Microfluídica/métodos , Eritrócitos/fisiologia , Glicocálix/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Microvasos/citologia , Microvasos/fisiologia
16.
Biophys J ; 112(6): 1246-1257, 2017 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28355551

RESUMO

Adhesion of cancer cells to endothelial cells is a key step in cancer metastasis; therefore, identifying the key molecules involved during this process promises to aid in efforts to block the metastatic cascade. We have previously shown that intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expressed by endothelial cells is involved in the interactions of bladder cancer cells (BCs) with the endothelium. However, the ICAM-1 ligands have never been investigated. In this study, we combined adhesion assays and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to identify the ligands involved and to quantify the forces relevant in such interactions. We report the expression of MUC1 and CD43 on BCs, and demonstrate that these ligands interact with ICAM-1 to mediate cancer cell-endothelial cell adhesion in the case of the more invasive BCs. This was achieved with the use of adhesion assays, which showed a strong decrease in the attachment of BCs to endothelial cells when MUC1 and CD43 were blocked by antibodies. In addition, AFM measurements showed a similar decrease, by up to 70%, in the number of rupture events that occurred when MUC1 and CD43 were blocked. When we applied a Gaussian mixture model to the AFM data, we observed a distinct force range for receptor-ligand bonds, which allowed us to precisely identify the interactions of ICAM-1 with MUC1 or CD43. Furthermore, a detailed analysis of the rupture events suggested that CD43 is strongly connected to the cytoskeleton and that its interaction with ICAM-1 mainly corresponds to force ramps followed by sudden jumps. In contrast, MUC1 seems to be weakly connected to the cytoskeleton, as its interactions with ICAM-1 are mainly associated with the formation of tethers. This analysis is quite promising and may also be applied to other types of cancer cells.


Assuntos
Microscopia de Força Atômica , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citoesqueleto/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Endotélio/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio/metabolismo , Endotélio/patologia , Humanos , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Leucossialina/metabolismo , Ligantes , Mucina-1/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica , Ligação Proteica , Tiazolidinas/farmacologia
17.
Interface Focus ; 6(5): 20160042, 2016 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27708765

RESUMO

When crawling on a flat substrate, living cells exert forces on it via adhesive contacts, enabling them to build up tension within their cytoskeleton and to change shape. The measurement of these forces has been made possible by traction force microscopy (TFM), a technique which has allowed us to obtain time-resolved traction force maps during cell migration. This cell 'footprint' is, however, not sufficient to understand the details of the mechanics of migration, that is how cytoskeletal elements (respectively, adhesion complexes) are put under tension and reinforce or deform (respectively, mature and/or unbind) as a result. In a recent paper, we have validated a rheological model of actomyosin linking tension, deformation and myosin activity. Here, we complement this model with tentative models of the mechanics of adhesion and explore how closely these models can predict the traction forces that we recover from experimental measurements during cell migration. The resulting mathematical problem is a PDE set on the experimentally observed domain, which we solve using a finite-element approach. The four parameters of the model can then be adjusted by comparison with experimental results on a single frame of an experiment, and then used to test the predictive power of the model for following frames and other experiments. It is found that the basic pattern of traction forces is robustly predicted by the model and fixed parameters as a function of current geometry only.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 55(14): 7020-5, 2016 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27367598

RESUMO

An original cationic water-soluble cyclen-based Eu(III) complex [EuL(1)](+) featuring a chromophore-functionalized antenna to increase the two-photon (2P) absorption properties was synthesized. The photophysical properties were thoroughly studied in various solvents and rationalized with the help of theoretical calculations. The complex exhibits an optimized 2P absorption cross section. Finally, 2P microscopy imaging experiments on living T24 human cancer cells highlighted the spontaneous internalization and the biological stability of this 2P bioprobe in vitro. Macrocyclic-based antennas open new perspectives for future optimization of the photophysical properties and allows envisaging the design of Eu, Tb, Yb, and Sm bioprobes. This result also opens the way for the design of functional two-photon Ln complexes able to monitor intracellular physicochemical parameters.


Assuntos
Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/metabolismo , Sondas Moleculares/metabolismo , Cátions , Microscopia/métodos
19.
Chemistry ; 21(49): 17757-61, 2015 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26489885

RESUMO

An original samarium(III) complex based on a triazacyclononane platform functionalized with a charge-transfer antenna chromophore exhibited optimized brightness and was successfully used as an emissive species for two-photon microscopy experiments in both the visible and near-infrared spectral ranges.

20.
Int Immunol ; 27(11): 545-53, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25957268

RESUMO

The MSRV (multiple sclerosis-associated retrovirus) belongs to the human endogenous retrovirus HERV-W family. The envelope protein originating from the MSRV has been found in most patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). This protein (Env-ms) has pro-inflammatory properties for several types of immune cells and could therefore play a role in MS pathogenesis by promoting the leukocyte diapedesis observed in the central nervous system of patients. Our study aims to analyze the effects of Env-ms on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) at a molecular and functional level. We demonstrate that the recombinant MSRV envelope is able to stimulate several inflammatory parameters in a human BBB in vitro model, the HCMEC/D3 brain endothelial cell line. Indeed, Env-ms induces over-expression of ICAM-1, a major mediator of leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells, in a dose-dependent manner as well as a strong dose-dependent production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-8. Furthermore, using a silencing approach with siRNAs, we show that Env-ms is recognized via the Toll-like receptor 4 receptor, a pattern recognition receptor of innate immunity present on endothelial cells. We also show, using functional assays, that treatment of brain endothelial cells with Env-ms significantly stimulated the adhesion and the transmigration of activated immune cells through a monolayer of endothelial cells. These findings support the hypothesis that MSRV could be involved in the pathogenesis of MS disease or at least in maintenance of inflammatory conditions, thus fueling the auto-immune disorder. MSRV could also play a role in other chronic inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Retrovirus Endógenos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/virologia , Esclerose Múltipla/etiologia , Esclerose Múltipla/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Encéfalo/imunologia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Adesão Celular , Linhagem Celular , Citocinas/biossíntese , Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Produtos do Gene env/metabolismo , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Leucócitos/imunologia , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética
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