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1.
Genet Med ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578471

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lamb-Shaffer syndrome (LAMSHF) is a neurodevelopmental disorder described in just over two dozen patients with heterozygous genetic alterations involving SOX5, a gene encoding a transcription factor regulating cell fate and differentiation in neurogenesis and other discrete developmental processes. The genetic alterations described so far are mainly microdeletions. The present study was aimed at increasing our understanding of LAMSHF, its clinical and genetic spectrum, and the pathophysiological mechanisms involved. METHODS: Clinical and genetic data were collected through GeneMatcher and clinical or genetic networks for 41 novel patients harboring various types of SOX5 alterations. Functional consequences of selected substitutions were investigated. RESULTS: Microdeletions and truncating variants occurred throughout SOX5. In contrast, most missense variants clustered in the pivotal SOX-specific high-mobility-group domain. The latter variants prevented SOX5 from binding DNA and promoting transactivation in vitro, whereas missense variants located outside the high-mobility-group domain did not. Clinical manifestations and severity varied among patients. No clear genotype-phenotype correlations were found, except that missense variants outside the high-mobility-group domain were generally better tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: This study extends the clinical and genetic spectrum associated with LAMSHF and consolidates evidence that SOX5 haploinsufficiency leads to variable degrees of intellectual disability, language delay, and other clinical features.

2.
Clin Genet ; 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531849

RESUMO

Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of connective tissue disorders. Overlapping features including arterial aneurysms/dissections in both classical and vascular EDS are a major challenge in the clinical diagnosis of these subtypes. The COL1A1 p.(Arg312Cys) variant leads to a phenotype of classical EDS with a propensity to arterial complications. Our report describes a two-generation family with one individual presenting with a dissection of the right external iliac artery. The primary suspicion of vascular EDS with the unsatisfactory identification of a COL3A1 benign variant was secondarily readjusted with the identification of COL1A1 p.(Arg312Cys) variant. This raises the question of the association of COL1A1 p.(Arg312Cys) with arterial complications and the need for a gene panel including not only the usual genes tested in search of classical or vascular EDS but also COL1A1.

3.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 11986, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427745

RESUMO

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is a rare vascular genetic disease. Epistaxis is the most frequent and disabling manifestation, and timolol appears to be a new therapeutic option as non-selective beta-blockers have in vitro and in vivo anti-angiogenic properties. Our main objective was to evaluate the efficacy of TIMOLOL nasal spray as a treatment for epistaxis in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. This study is a single-center, randomized, phase 2, double-blind placebo-controlled study with an allocation ratio of 1:1. It was proposed to patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia monitored at the French Reference Center, and we included patients aged over 18 years, diagnosed with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and epistaxis. The treatment was self-administered by the patient with a posology of one spray (50 µL) of timolol 0.5% or placebo in each nostril twice a day for 28 consecutive days. The primary efficacy endpoint was mean monthly epistaxis duration, assessed by monitoring epistaxis grids. A total of 58 patients were randomized and treated. The baseline characteristics were similar in the 2 groups. Mean monthly epistaxis duration measured at 3 months was not significantly different in the 26 patients receiving the drug in comparison with the placebo group (p = 0.54). Toxicity was low and no severe adverse events were reported. One limitation is that we included all HHT patients with nosebleeds and did not take into account history of nasal surgery or nasal crusts. Timolol, administered by nasal spray at a dose of 0.25 mg in each nostril twice a day for 28 consecutive days, did not improve epistaxis in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia at 4 months after the beginning of the treatment.

4.
J Med Genet ; 56(8): 526-535, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30923172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Balanced chromosomal rearrangements associated with abnormal phenotype are rare events, but may be challenging for genetic counselling, since molecular characterisation of breakpoints is not performed routinely. We used next-generation sequencing to characterise breakpoints of balanced chromosomal rearrangements at the molecular level in patients with intellectual disability and/or congenital anomalies. METHODS: Breakpoints were characterised by a paired-end low depth whole genome sequencing (WGS) strategy and validated by Sanger sequencing. Expression study of disrupted and neighbouring genes was performed by RT-qPCR from blood or lymphoblastoid cell line RNA. RESULTS: Among the 55 patients included (41 reciprocal translocations, 4 inversions, 2 insertions and 8 complex chromosomal rearrangements), we were able to detect 89% of chromosomal rearrangements (49/55). Molecular signatures at the breakpoints suggested that DNA breaks arose randomly and that there was no major influence of repeated elements. Non-homologous end-joining appeared as the main mechanism of repair (55% of rearrangements). A diagnosis could be established in 22/49 patients (44.8%), 15 by gene disruption (KANSL1, FOXP1, SPRED1, TLK2, MBD5, DMD, AUTS2, MEIS2, MEF2C, NRXN1, NFIX, SYNGAP1, GHR, ZMIZ1) and 7 by position effect (DLX5, MEF2C, BCL11B, SATB2, ZMIZ1). In addition, 16 new candidate genes were identified. Systematic gene expression studies further supported these results. We also showed the contribution of topologically associated domain maps to WGS data interpretation. CONCLUSION: Paired-end WGS is a valid strategy and may be used for structural variation characterisation in a clinical setting.

5.
Genet Med ; 21(9): 2015-2024, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739908

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Heritable thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections (hTAAD) are life-threatening complications of well-known syndromic diseases or underdiagnosed nonsyndromic heritable forms (nshTAAD). Both have an autosomal dominant transmission and are genetically heterogeneous. Our objective was to describe the relevance of molecular diagnosis in these patients and the contribution of each gene in nshTAAD. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-six consecutive nshTAAD probands, either young (<45 years) sporadic or familial cases were included. A next-generation sequencing capture panel comprising 23 known disease-causing genes was performed. RESULTS: Class 4 or 5 variants were identified in 18% of the nshTAAD probands, while class 3 variants were found in 10% of them. The yield in familial cases was greater than in sporadic cases. SMAD3 and FBN1 genes were the major disease-causing genes. Unexpectedly, no premature termination codon variant was identified in the FBN1 gene. Furthermore, we report for the first time that aortic dissection or surgery occurred significantly more often and earlier in probands with a class 4 or 5 pathogenic variant. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that genetic screening using NGS is efficient in young and familial nshTAAD. The presence of a pathogenic variant has a possible predictive value, which needs to be further investigated because it may influence care.

6.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 27(5): 701-710, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30710147

RESUMO

Exome sequencing (ES) has revolutionized diagnostic procedures in medical genetics, particularly for developmental diseases. The variety and complexity of the information produced has raised issues regarding its use in a clinical setting. Of particular interest are patients' expectations regarding the information disclosed, the accompaniment provided, and the value patients place on these. To explore these issues in parents of children with developmental disorders and no diagnosis with known etiology, a multidisciplinary group of researchers from social and behavioral sciences and patient organizations conducted a mixed-methodology study (quantitative and qualitative) in two centers of expertise for rare diseases in France. The quantitative study aimed to determine the preferences of 513 parents regarding the disclosure of ES results. It showed that parents wished to have exhaustive information, including variants of unknown significance possibly linked to their child's disorder and secondary findings. This desire for information could be a strategy to maximize the chances of obtaining a diagnosis. The qualitative study aimed to understand the expectations and reactions of 57 parents interviewed just after the return of ES results. In-depth analysis showed that parents had ambivalent feelings about the findings whatever the results returned. The contrasting results from these studies raise questions about the value of the information provided and parents' high expectations regarding the results. The nature of parental expectations has emerged as an important topic in efforts to optimize accompaniment and support for families during the informed decision-making process and after disclosure of the results in an overall context of uncertainty.

7.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 28, 2019 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30717761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a multisystemic inherited vascular dysplasia that leads to nosebleeds and visceral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Anti-angiogenic drugs thalidomide and bevacizumab have been increasingly used off-label with variable results. The HHT working group within the ERN for Rare Multisystemic Vascular Diseases (VASCERN), developed a questionnaire-based retrospective capture of adverse events (AEs) classified using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events. RESULTS: Sixty-nine HHT patients received bevacizumab, 37 (50.6%) for high output cardiac failure/hepatic AVMs, and 32 (49.4%) for bleeding; the 69 patients received bevacizumab for a mean of 11 months for a total of 63.8 person/years treatment. 67 received thalidomide, all for epistaxis and/or gastrointestinal bleeding; they received thalidomide for a mean of 13.4 months/patient for a total of 75 person/years treatment. AEs were reported in 58 patients, 33 with bevacizumab, 37 with thalidomide. 32 grade 1-3 AEs related to bevacizumab were reported with an average incidence rate of 50 per 100 person-years. 34 grade 1-3 AEs related to thalidomide were reported with an average incidence rate of 45.3 per 100 person-years. Bevacizumab AEs were more common in females (27 AEs in 46 women) than males (6 in 23, p < 0.001). Thalidomide AEs occurred at more similar rates in males (25 AEs in 41 men, 60.9%) and females (12 in 26 (46.2%), but were more common in ENG patients (17 in 17) than in ACVRL1 (14 in 34, p < 0.0001). For bevacizumab, the most common reports were of joint pains (7/69, 10%), headache (3/69, 4.4%) and proteinuria (2/69, 3%), and for thalidomide, peripheral neuropathy (12/67, 18%); drowsiness (8/67, 12%); and dizziness (6/67, 9%). Fatal adverse events were more common in males (p = 0.009), and in patients with ENG pathogenic variants (p = 0.012). One fatal AE was possibly related to bevacizumab (average incidence rate: 1.5 per 100 person-years); 3 fatal AEs were possibly related to thalidomide (average incidence rate: 4 per 100 person-years). CONCLUSIONS: With potential increase in use of Bevacizumab and Thalidomide in HHT patients, data presented support appropriate weighing of the toxicities which can arise in HHT settings and the practice recommendations for their prevention and management.


Assuntos
Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/fisiopatologia , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Epistaxe/tratamento farmacológico , Epistaxe/metabolismo , Epistaxe/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/metabolismo , Hemorragia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/tratamento farmacológico , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/metabolismo , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
9.
Hepatology ; 69(5): 2232-2240, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30549294

RESUMO

Liver transplantation (LT) has been proposed as a curative treatment in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) with severe hepatic involvement. We provide a long-term evaluation of graft status after LT for HHT, with a focus on the risk of recurrence. The present study included all patients prospectively followed up after LT for HHT in the Lyon Liver Transplant Unit from 1993 to 2010, with a survival of more than 1 year. Protocol clinical, radiological, and histological examinations were performed at regular intervals. Fourteen patients were included (13 women and one man). Median age at LT was 52.5 years (range: 33.1-66.7). In eight patients (seven female), disease recurrence was diagnosed by abnormal radiological features, suggestive of microcirculatory disturbances. Typical vascular lesions, including telangiectasia, were demonstrated by liver biopsy in five of these patients. The median interval between LT and diagnosis of recurrence was 127 months (range: 74-184). The risk of recurrence increased over time; estimated cumulative risk was 47.9% at 15 years. Liver tissue analysis found the coexistence of an angiogenic process combined with endothelial microchimerism, as shown by the presence of vascular lining cells of recipient origin. Conclusion: The present data show that disease recurrence occurs, usually after a long delay, in a significant number of patients treated by LT for liver complications of HHT. This strongly supports the necessity of a lifelong follow-up and suggests that therapeutic strategy needs discussion and evaluation, especially of the role of potential adjuvant treatments to LT, such as antiangiogenic medications, when recurrent disease appears.

10.
Eur J Med Genet ; 2018 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30389587

RESUMO

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is usually linked to the presence of a pathogenic mutation ACVRL1 or ENG. Thus, apparently there is no benefit to perform an array CGH in case of HHT. However, ENG has been involved in a contiguous gene syndrome due to a de novo 9q33.3q34.11 microdeletion. We describe here a new contiguous gene syndrome involving ACVRL1 gene. A 50-year-old female patient had a typical clinical presentation of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) with epistaxis, cutaneous-mucous telangiectases, arteriovenous malformation. She also presented a cognitive disability. Cognitive assessment showed a heterogeneous cognitive disorder predominating in the executive sphere without intellectual deficiency. She had no peculiar morphological feature. Neurological examination disclosed the presence of contralateral mirror movements during voluntary movement of each hand. A heterozygous deletion of the whole ACVRL1 gene (exons 1 to 10) was found to be responsible for the HHT features. To investigate further the dysexecutive syndrome and the mirror movements, we performed oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) study (180K, Agilent, Santa-Clara, CA, USA). This study revealed a de novo 1.58 Mb deletion on chromosome 12q13.12q13.13 encompassing the ACVRL1 and SCN8A genes. To our knowledge, this deletion has not been previously reported and defines a new contiguous gene syndrome. The loss of one ACVRL1 allele is likely to be responsible for the HHT phenotype, while the deletion of the SCN8A gene is likely to be the cause of the mild cognitive disorder. SCN8A haploinsufficiency might also be involved in the occurrence of mirror movements. This report highlights the benefit of searching for large rearrangements in cases including unusual symptoms in association with HHT. On the other hand, an early diagnosis of 12q13.12q13.13 microdeletion based on the presence of a dysexecutive syndrome and/or mirror movement may allow to prevent HHT complications.

11.
Genet Med ; 2018 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30474650

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is a rare inherited autosomal dominant disorder caused by COL3A1 pathogenic variants. A high percentage of de novo cases has been suggested. Part of it could be due to parental mosaicism, but its frequency is unknown. METHODS: This retrospective study included a large series of COL3A1-confirmed vEDS probands with family information. The frequency of de novo cases was evaluated and the distribution of the type of variants was compared according to the mode of inheritance. The COL3A1 mosaicism was studied by deep targeted next- generation sequencing (NGS) from parental blood DNA. RESULTS: Out of 177 vEDS probands, 90 had a negative family history, suggesting a high rate (50.8%) of de novo pathogenic variants, enriched in the more severe COL3A1 variants (no null variant). Among those, both parental DNA were available in 36 cases and one parental DNA in 18 cases. NGS detected only one mosaicism from maternal blood DNA (allelic ratio 18%), which was confirmed in saliva (allelic ratio 22%). CONCLUSION: vEDS is characterized by a high frequency of de novo pathogenic variants. Parental mosaicism is rare (2-3%), but should be systematically searched with targeted NGS, taking into account its importance in genetic counseling.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30371622

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to reevaluate dural ectasia criteria in Marfan syndrome patients fulfilling the revised Ghent criteria. METHODS: Lumbar computed tomography scans of 19 Marfan patients and 30 matched control subjects were retrospectively assessed. Dural sac ratio (DSR), nerve root sleeve diameter, pedicle width, and a scalloping or meningocele presence were each assessed by 2 readers blinded from the diagnosis. Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon tests compared the patient and control groups. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis and multivariate models determined the optimal cutoff value. RESULTS: A DSR value greater than 0.69 at L5 (DSR-L5) such as L4 scalloping of more than 2.65 mm (scall-L4) and 6 or more vertebrae showing a scalloping of more than 3 mm (6-scall) were found very specific but with limited sensitivity. Multivariate model combining DSR-L5 + scall-L4 showed good positive predictive value, whereas model combining DSR-L5 + 6-scall showed good negative predictive value. CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of DSR and vertebral scalloping allows valuable depiction of dural ectasia in Marfan syndrome patients.

15.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 13(1): 136, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30111344

RESUMO

Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a multisystemic vascular dysplasia that leads to nosebleeds, anaemia due to blood loss, and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in organs such as the lungs, liver and brain. HHT is estimated to affect 85,000 European citizens, but most health care providers have limited prior HHT exposure or training.Outcome Measures were developed and implemented by the HHT Working Group of the European Reference Network for Rare Vascular Diseases (VASCERN), in order to maximise the number of patients receiving good care. The measures specifically target areas where optimal management reduces morbidity and mortality in HHT patients, and were designed to be robust to emerging new evidence. Thresholds are the percentage of patients in particular settings who have been recommended screening, or provided with written advice. The 5 Outcome Measures cover (1) pulmonary AVM screening; (2) written nosebleed advice, (3) assessment of iron deficiency; (4) antibiotic prophylaxis prior to dental and surgical procedures for patients with pulmonary AVMs, and (5) written advice on pregnancy. They are not a blueprint for detailed HHT management, but are suitable for all clinicians to be aware of and implement.In summary, these 5 Outcome Measures provide metrics to identify healthcare providers of good care, and encourage care improvement by all healthcare providers.

16.
Genet Med ; 20(10): 1236-1245, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29323665

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We delineate the clinical spectrum and describe the histology in arterial tortuosity syndrome (ATS), a rare connective tissue disorder characterized by tortuosity of the large and medium-sized arteries, caused by mutations in SLC2A10. METHODS: We retrospectively characterized 40 novel ATS families (50 patients) and reviewed the 52 previously reported patients. We performed histology and electron microscopy (EM) on skin and vascular biopsies and evaluated TGF-ß signaling with immunohistochemistry for pSMAD2 and CTGF. RESULTS: Stenoses, tortuosity, and aneurysm formation are widespread occurrences. Severe but rare vascular complications include early and aggressive aortic root aneurysms, neonatal intracranial bleeding, ischemic stroke, and gastric perforation. Thus far, no reports unequivocally document vascular dissections or ruptures. Of note, diaphragmatic hernia and infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) are frequently observed. Skin and vascular biopsies show fragmented elastic fibers (EF) and increased collagen deposition. EM of skin EF shows a fragmented elastin core and a peripheral mantle of microfibrils of random directionality. Skin and end-stage diseased vascular tissue do not indicate increased TGF-ß signaling. CONCLUSION: Our findings warrant attention for IRDS and diaphragmatic hernia, close monitoring of the aortic root early in life, and extensive vascular imaging afterwards. EM on skin biopsies shows disease-specific abnormalities.

17.
Eur Radiol ; 28(3): 1338-1344, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29018941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Computed tomography (CT) is the modality of choice to characterise pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) in patients with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Our objective was to determine if CT findings were associated with frequency of brain abscess and ischaemic stroke. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with HHT-related PAVMs. CT results, i.e. PAVM presentation (unique, multiple, disseminated or diffuse), the number of PAVMs and the largest feeding artery size, were correlated to prevalence of ischaemic stroke and brain abscess. All CTs were reviewed in consensus by two radiologists. RESULTS: Of 170 patients, 73 patients had unique (42.9 %), 49 multiple (28.8 %), 36 disseminated (21.2 %) and 12 diffuse (7.1 %) PAVMs. Fifteen patients presented with brain abscess; 26 patients presented with ischaemic stroke. The number of PAVMs was significantly correlated with brain abscess (11.5 vs. 6.2, respectively; p=0.025). The mean diameter of the largest feeding artery was significantly correlated with ischaemic stroke frequency (4.9 vs. 3.2 mm, respectively; p=0.0098). CONCLUSIONS: The number of PAVMs correlated significantly with risk of brain abscess, and a larger feeding artery significantly with more ischaemic strokes. These findings can lead to a better recognition and management of the PAVMs at risk of cerebral complications. KEY POINTS: • Chest CT helps clinicians to facilitate appropriate PAVM management strategies. • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation CT findings are correlated with risk of cerebral complications. • Risk of brain abscess is significantly correlated with number of PAVMs. • Risk of ischaemic stroke is significantly correlated with large feeding artery PAVMs. • Prevalence of observed of brain abscess and ischaemic stroke is 26 %.


Assuntos
Malformações Arteriovenosas/diagnóstico , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
18.
Angiogenesis ; 21(1): 169-181, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29147802

RESUMO

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is an autosomal dominant trait affecting approximately 1 in 5000 people. A pathogenic DNA sequence variant in the ENG, ACVRL1 or SMAD4 genes, can be found in the majority of patients. The 12th International Scientific HHT Conference was held on June 8-11, 2017 in Dubrovnik, Croatia to present and discuss the latest scientific achievements, and was attended by over 200 scientific and clinical researchers. In total 174 abstracts were accepted of which 58 were selected for oral presentations. This article covers the basic science and clinical talks, and discussions from three theme-based workshops. We focus on significant emergent themes and unanswered questions. Understanding these topics and answering these questions will help to define the future of HHT research and therapeutics, and ultimately bring us closer to a cure.

19.
PLoS One ; 12(11): e0188943, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29190827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bevacizumab, an anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody, has recently emerged as a new option for severe forms of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Its utilization in this orphan disease has rapidly spread despite the lack of randomized trials and international guidelines. The objective of this study is to report the main clinical data (baseline characteristics, dose schedule, efficacy, adverse events and deaths) of HHT patients treated by intravenous bevacizumab in France. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of HHT patients treated with bevacizumab for a severe form of the disease in the 14 centers of the French HHT network. RESULTS: Forty-six patients (median age: 68 years) were treated between March 2009 and May 2015. Ten patients were treated for high output cardiac failure, 20 patients for severe hemorrhages and 16 for both indications. The standard protocol (6 infusions of 5mg/kg every 2 weeks) was initially used in 89% of the cases but diverse strategies were subsequently applied. A clinical improvement was noted by the referent physician for 74% of the patients with a median effect's duration of 6 months. Wound healing complications led to 2 amputations. Arthralgia/arthritis and arterial hypertension occurred in 5 patients each. One third of the patients were dead at the time of the final update, coherently with age and the poor prognosis of these highly symptomatic patients. CONCLUSION: Intravenous bevacizumab seems to provide a clinical benefice in severe HHT patients. Precautions concerning wound healing and vascular pathologies must be respected. Prospective double blinded versus placebo trials are needed.


Assuntos
Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
PLoS One ; 12(10): e0184227, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28981519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different pulmonary hypertension (PH) mechanisms are associated with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a retrospective study of all suspected cases of PH (echocardiographically estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure [sPAP] ≥ 40 mmHg) in patients with definite HHT recorded in the French National Reference Centre for HHT database. When right heart catheterization (RHC) was performed, PH cases were confirmed and classified among the PH groups according to the European guidelines. Among 2,598 patients in the database, 110 (4.2%) had suspected PH. Forty-seven of these 110 patients had RHC: 38/47 (81%) had a confirmed diagnosis of PH. The majority of these had isolated post-capillary PH (n = 20). We identified for the first time other haemodynamic profiles: pre-capillary pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) cases (n = 3) with slightly raised pulmonary vascular resistances (PVR), and combined post- and pre-capillary PH cases (n = 4). Compared to controls, survival probability was lower in patients with PAH. CONCLUSION: This study revealed the diversity of PH mechanisms in HHT. The description of combined post- and pre-capillary PH with/or without high cardiac output (CO) suggests either a continuum between the pre- and post-capillary haemodynamic profiles or a different course in response to high CO.


Assuntos
Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/fisiopatologia , Resistência Vascular/fisiologia , Débito Cardíaco/fisiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/diagnóstico por imagem , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/mortalidade
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