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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 113(1): 62-68, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data from the international literature have shown changes in the profile of cardiologists and in their medical practices. However, there is no data on this in Brazilian cardiologists. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate professional and personal characteristics of a sample of Brazilian cardiologists. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study; a questionnaire was sent by e-mail to cardiologists, active members of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology in 2017. The results were analyzed, and the level of significance set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: The questionnaire was sent to 13,462 cardiologists, with 2,101 (15.6%) respondents, mostly men (71.8% versus 28.2%). Age distribution and marital status were significantly different between the sexes (p < 0.001). The number of cardiologists without children was higher among women (40.5% versus 16.1%; p < 0.001). The most common place of work was the public hospital (46.5%), followed by private hospital (28.5%) and private office (21.1%). The office was the main place of work for 23.9% of men and 14% of women (p < 0.001), with predominance of individuals older than 50 years (31.7% versus 10.1%, respectively; p < 0.001). Most cardiologists (64.2%) worked more than 40 hours a week (69% of them men and 51.9% of the women; p < 0.001). Eighty-eight percent of the sample earned more than BRL 11,000 (US$ 3,473.43), and 66.5% of the men earned more than BRL 20,000 (US$ 6,315.32) per month, versus 31.2% of the women (p < 0.001). A high level of work-related stress was reported by 11.3% of respondents. CONCLUSION: Most cardiologists were men, who showed higher workload and higher income; 11.3% of the cardiologists perceived stress as a great deal.

2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(1): 62-68, July 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011226

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Data from the international literature have shown changes in the profile of cardiologists and in their medical practices. However, there is no data on this in Brazilian cardiologists. Objective: To evaluate professional and personal characteristics of a sample of Brazilian cardiologists. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study; a questionnaire was sent by e-mail to cardiologists, active members of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology in 2017. The results were analyzed, and the level of significance set at p < 0.05. Results: The questionnaire was sent to 13,462 cardiologists, with 2,101 (15.6%) respondents, mostly men (71.8% versus 28.2%). Age distribution and marital status were significantly different between the sexes (p < 0.001). The number of cardiologists without children was higher among women (40.5% versus 16.1%; p < 0.001). The most common place of work was the public hospital (46.5%), followed by private hospital (28.5%) and private office (21.1%). The office was the main place of work for 23.9% of men and 14% of women (p < 0.001), with predominance of individuals older than 50 years (31.7% versus 10.1%, respectively; p < 0.001). Most cardiologists (64.2%) worked more than 40 hours a week (69% of them men and 51.9% of the women; p < 0.001). Eighty-eight percent of the sample earned more than BRL 11,000 (US$ 3,473.43), and 66.5% of the men earned more than BRL 20,000 (US$ 6,315.32) per month, versus 31.2% of the women (p < 0.001). A high level of work-related stress was reported by 11.3% of respondents. Conclusion: Most cardiologists were men, who showed higher workload and higher income; 11.3% of the cardiologists perceived stress as a great deal.


Resumo Fundamento: Dados internacionais mostram mudanças no perfil e nas características da atuação dos cardiologistas. No entanto, não há na literatura dados acerca da realidade brasileira. Objetivo: Avaliar as características profissionais e pessoais de amostra de cardiologistas brasileiros. Método: Estudo transversal realizado por meio de questionário enviado via e-mail para os cardiologistas adimplentes da Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia em 2017. Os resultados foram analisados considerando nível de significância de p < 0,05. Resultados: Foram enviados 13.462 questionários, havendo 2.101 (15,6%) respostas, com predominância de homens (71,8% versus 28,2%). A distribuição etária e o estado civil foram significativamente diferentes entre os gêneros (p < 0,001). O número de cardiologistas sem filhos foi maior entre as mulheres (40,5% versus 16,1%; p < 0,001). O local de trabalho mais frequente foi hospital público (46,5%), seguido por hospital privado (28,5%) e consultório privado (21,1%). O consultório é a principal atividade de 23,9% dos homens e 14% das mulheres (p < 0,001), predominantemente entre aqueles com mais de 50 anos (31,7% versus 10,1%, respectivamente; p < 0,001). A maioria (64,2%) trabalha mais de 40 horas semanais (69% dos homens e 51,9% das mulheres; p < 0,001). A renda mensal de 88% é superior a R$ 11.000 (US$ 3,473.43), e 66,5% dos homens recebem mais que R$ 20.000,00 (US$ 6,315.32) mensais, contra 31,2% das mulheres (p < 0,001). Nível elevado de estresse foi relatado por 11,3%. Conclusões: Os homens são maioria entre os cardiologistas, têm maior carga de trabalho e renda superior à das mulheres. A taxa de estresse em grande proporção foi de 11,3%.

3.
Rev Port Cardiol ; 38(4): 233-244, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122864

RESUMO

After several decades of initiatives at international and national level inspired by the World Health Organization, tobacco consumption is still the second leading cause of death in the world and the leading cause of premature death and disability, as a result of various types of cancer and pulmonary, cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease. Tobacco consumption is also an important public health issue in Portuguese-speaking countries, which fully justifies the launch and implementation of these 2019 recommendations for reducing tobacco consumption in Portuguese-speaking countries by the Federation of Portuguese Language Cardiology Societies. This position statement reviews recent changes in and the present epidemiology of tobacco consumption in the Portuguese-speaking countries, discusses the negative health impact of new forms of tobacco consumption, and addresses available prevention and drug treatment strategies. Eliminating smoking requires a coordinated effort between various national and international bodies, with a policy approach in each country focusing on laws, education campaigns for primary prevention aimed at to the general public, particularly to encourage young people not to start smoking, and a health system approach to help smokers quit smoking permanently by a combination of drug treatment and cognitive behavioral therapy. The aim is to control the only cardiovascular risk factor that can be completely eliminated. This position statement aims to alert health professionals to the need to approach the subject of smoking cessation with patients and their families during hospitalizations and outpatient consultations, and to provide them with up-to-date knowledge on how to quit smoking and maintain control of this risk factor in the long term.

6.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 105(2 Suppl 1): 1-105, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26375058
7.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 18(3): 273-280, set. 2010. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-566801

RESUMO

Introdução: Estudos demonstram que as angioplastias primárias realizadas fora do horário de rotina estão relacionadas a pior prognóstico. É objetivo deste estudo avaliar os desfechos das angioplastias primárias realizadas dentro e fora do horário de rotina de serviço de hemodinâmiva. Método: Estudo de coorte prospectivo, incluindo 112 pacientes consecutivamente atendidos por infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAM) entre dezembro de 2009 e janeiro de 2010. Características clínicas e angiográficas e evolução hospitalar foram registradas em banco de dados específicos. Houve dois grupos para comparação: grupo A, IAM tratado entre as 20 horas e as 8 horas e B, IAM tratado entre as 8 horas e as 20 horas. Resultados: A amostra inclui 44 pacientes no grupo A e 68 no grupo B. As características basais foram semelhantes em ambos os grupos. O tempo porta-balão foi significativamente maior no grupo A (133 minutos vs. 90 minutos; P < 0,001). No entanto, não houve diferença significante entre os grupos A e B...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Angioplastia/métodos , Angioplastia , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Reperfusão Miocárdica/métodos , Reperfusão Miocárdica
8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 94(4): e116-9, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20498925

RESUMO

The assessment of chest pain is a routine in emergency health services. Although this is a common complaint with a broad differential diagnosis. the major concern is the possibility of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Electrocardiography and cardiac enzyme levels are important tools in the investigation of these patients; however. negative results may actually be overlooking the identification of some conditions. We report the case of a female patient with angina. whose baseline tests in the emergency room were negative for changes suggestive of ischemic heart disease. The Wellens syndrome. a recently described disease. is a variant of unstable angina which. if not identified. may result in significant morbidity and mortality.


Assuntos
Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/patologia , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 94(4): e116-e119, abr. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-546708

RESUMO

A avaliação de dor torácica é prática de rotina em serviços de emergência. Embora seja queixa comum e com amplo diagnóstico diferencial. é na suspeita de síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA) que a preocupação é maior. Eletrocardiograma e dosagem de enzimas cardíacas são ferramentas importantes na investigação dos pacientes. mas. quando negativos. podem não identificar algumas doenças. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente com angina. cujos exames iniciais na emergência não apresentavam alterações sugestivas de cardiopatia isquêmica. Doença de conhecimento recente. a síndrome de Wellens consiste em uma variante da angina instável. que. quando não reconhecida. pode acarretar em significativa morbidade e mortalidade.


The assessment of chest pain is a routine in emergency health services. Although this is a common complaint with a broad differential diagnosis. the major concern is the possibility of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Electrocardiography and cardiac enzyme levels are important tools in the investigation of these patients; however. negative results may actually be overlooking the identification of some conditions. We report the case of a female patient with angina. whose baseline tests in the emergency room were negative for changes suggestive of ischemic heart disease. The Wellens syndrome. a recently described disease. is a variant of unstable angina which. if not identified. may result in significant morbidity and mortality.


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial
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