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1.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(2): 319-330, 2019 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639322

RESUMO

ZMIZ1 is a coactivator of several transcription factors, including p53, the androgen receptor, and NOTCH1. Here, we report 19 subjects with intellectual disability and developmental delay carrying variants in ZMIZ1. The associated features include growth failure, feeding difficulties, microcephaly, facial dysmorphism, and various other congenital malformations. Of these 19, 14 unrelated subjects carried de novo heterozygous single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) or single-base insertions/deletions, 3 siblings harbored a heterozygous single-base insertion, and 2 subjects had a balanced translocation disrupting ZMIZ1 or involving a regulatory region of ZMIZ1. In total, we identified 13 point mutations that affect key protein regions, including a SUMO acceptor site, a central disordered alanine-rich motif, a proline-rich domain, and a transactivation domain. All identified variants were absent from all available exome and genome databases. In vitro, ZMIZ1 showed impaired coactivation of the androgen receptor. In vivo, overexpression of ZMIZ1 mutant alleles in developing mouse brains using in utero electroporation resulted in abnormal pyramidal neuron morphology, polarization, and positioning, underscoring the importance of ZMIZ1 in neural development and supporting mutations in ZMIZ1 as the cause of a rare neurodevelopmental syndrome.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Mutação Puntual , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Alelos , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Deficiência Intelectual/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Síndrome , Fatores de Transcrição/química , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
2.
Sci Data ; 5: 180235, 2018 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30398473

RESUMO

Leptosphaeria maculans and Leptosphaeria biglobosa are ascomycete phytopathogens of Brassica napus (oilseed rape, canola). Here we report the complete sequence of three Leptosphaeria genomes (L. maculans JN3, L. maculans Nz-T4 and L. biglobosa G12-14). Nz-T4 and G12-14 genome assemblies were generated de novo and the reference JN3 genome assembly was improved using Oxford Nanopore MinION reads. The new assembly of L. biglobosa showed the existence of AT rich regions and pointed to a genome compartmentalization previously unsuspected following Illumina sequencing. Moreover nanopore sequencing allowed us to generate a chromosome-level assembly for the L. maculans reference isolate, JN3. The genome annotation was supported by integrating conserved proteins and RNA sequencing from Leptosphaeria-infected samples. The newly produced high-quality assemblies and annotations of those three Leptosphaeria genomes will allow further studies, notably focused on the tripartite interaction between L. maculans, L. biglobosa and oilseed rape. The discovery of as yet unknown effectors will notably allow progress in B. napus breeding towards L. maculans resistance.

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