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Diagnostics (Basel) ; 9(1)2019 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30650516


Tonsillectomy is a commonly performed surgery in the daily practice of an otorhinolaryngologist. For patients as well as health professionals, the best known complication is post-operative bleeding. Among the less noted, but potentially life-threatening, complications are the development of subcutaneous emphysema and the presence of bacteremia due to group A hemolytic streptococci. In this report, we describe a severely complicated clinical course after an uncomplicated adenotonsillectomy in a young boy. Increased awareness of relatively unknown complications after adenotonsillectomy amongst surgeons, pediatricians and anesthesiologists is desirable to facilitate rapid diagnosis and adequate treatment in order to prevent life-threatening situations.

J Surg Res ; 205(1): 147-54, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27621012


BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related coagulopathy appears to be most prevalent in patients with tissue hypoperfusion, but evidence for this association is scarce. This study investigated the relationship between tissue perfusion and hemostatic derangements in TBI patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Coagulation parameters were measured on emergency department admission in patients with TBI (head abbreviated injury scale ≥ 3). The level of hypoperfusion was simultaneously assessed by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) at the forehead and arm, and by base excess and lactate. Coagulopathy was defined as an international normalized ratio > 1.2 and/or activated partial thromboplastin time > 40 s and/or thrombocytopenia (<120 × 10(9)/L). RESULTS: TBI patients with coagulopathy (42%) had more signs of tissue hypoperfusion as indicated by increased lactate levels (2.1 [1.1-3.2] mmol/L versus 1.2 [1.0-1.7] mmol/L; P = 0.017) and a larger base deficit (-3.0 [-4.6 to -2.0] mmol/L versus -0.1 [-2.5 to 1.8] mmol/L; P < 0.001). There was no difference in the cerebral or somatic tissue oxygenation index. However, there was a distinct trend toward a moderate inverse association between the cerebral tissue oxygenation index and D-dimer levels (r=-0.40; P = 0.051) as marker of fibrinolysis. The presence of coagulopathy was associated with an increased inhospital mortality rate (45.5% versus 6.7%; P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to investigate the relationship between hemostatic derangements and tissue oxygenation using NIRS in TBI patients. This study showed that TBI-related coagulopathy is more profound in patients with metabolic acidosis and increased lactate levels. Although there was no direct relationship between tissue oxygenation and coagulopathy, we observed an inverse relationship between NIRS tissue oxygenation levels and fibrinolysis.

Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/etiologia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Oxigênio/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/sangue , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/sangue , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
Anesthesiology ; 123(4): 820-9, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26263429


BACKGROUND: The authors investigated whether patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with an initial low cerebral oxygen level during cardiopulmonary resuscitation are more prone to develop hyperfibrinolysis than patients with normal cerebral oxygenation levels and which part of the fibrinolytic system is involved in this response. METHODS: In 46 patients, hyperfibrinolysis was diagnosed immediately upon emergency department admission using rotational thromboelastometry and defined as a lysis more than 15%. Simultaneously, initial cerebral tissue oxygenation was measured using near-infrared spectroscopy, and oxygen desaturation was defined as a tissue oxygenation index (TOI) of 50% or less. Blood sample analysis included markers for hypoperfusion and fibrinolysis. RESULTS: There was no difference in prehospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration between patients with or without hyperfibrinolysis. An initial TOI of 50% or less was associated with more clot lysis (91% [17 to 100%; n = 16]) compared with patients with a normal TOI (6% [4 to 11%]; n = 30; P < 0.001), with lower levels of plasminogen (151.6 ± 61.0 vs. 225.3 ± 47.0 µg/ml; P < 0.001) and higher levels of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA; 18.3 ± 7.4 vs. 7.9 ± 4.7 ng/ml; P < 0.001) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (19.3 ± 8.9 vs. 12.1 ± 6.1 ng/ml; P = 0.013). There were no differences in (activated) protein C levels among groups. The initial TOI was negatively correlated with t-PA (r = -0.69; P < 0001). Mortality rates were highest in patients with hyperfibrinolysis. CONCLUSION: Activation of the fibrinolytic system is more common in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients with an initial cerebral tissue oxygenation value of 50% or less during resuscitation and is linked to increased levels of t-PA rather than involvement of protein C.

Encéfalo/metabolismo , Fibrinólise/fisiologia , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/metabolismo , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Ressuscitação/tendências , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos
Anesthesiology ; 121(1): 89-97, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24646494


BACKGROUND: Rotational thromboelastometry is increasingly used to detect hyperfibrinolysis, which is a predictor of unfavorable outcome in patients with coagulation disturbances. In an in vitro study, the authors investigated which thromboelastometric hemostatic parameters could be valuable for fast diagnosis of the severity of hyperfibrinolysis and confirmed their findings in a patient population with hyperfibrinolysis. METHODS: Thromboelastometry was performed after adding increasing concentrations of tissue plasminogen activator (0 to 400 ng/ml) to citrated blood samples of 15 healthy volunteers. Lysis parameters included the clotting time, maximum clot firmness, maximum lysis, and lysis onset time (LOT). The relation of tissue plasminogen activator with the LOT was further investigated in a patient population with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and hyperfibrinolysis. RESULTS: The LOT showed a dose-dependent association with increasing tissue plasminogen activator concentrations. Late, intermediate, or fulminant hyperfibrinolysis was associated with an average LOT (mean ± SD) of 42.7 ± 13.8, 23.2 ± 8.2, and 17.5 ± 4.6 min in the in vitro study and estimated 42.2 ± 8.3, 29.1 ± 1.2, and 14.6 ± 7.7 min in patients, respectively. The authors found a moderately negative correlation between patient plasma tissue plasminogen activator levels and the LOT (r = -0.67; P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: This study shows that the LOT may be used for fast detection of severe hyperfibrinolysis, with a better resolution than the maximum lysis, and should be further evaluated for optimization of therapeutic strategies in patients with severe clot breakdown.

Fibrinólise/fisiologia , Tromboelastografia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Tempo de Circulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Fibrinólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Parada Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Agregação Plaquetária , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem