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Dent Mater ; 37(4): 711-730, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581910


OBJECTIVE: Optimizing monolithic zirconia (ZrO2) aesthetically without affecting the unique mechanical properties remains a major ongoing interest. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the improvement of recent monolithic ZrO2 generations to meet aesthetic optimization qualities. Additionally, for how the extent of the former modifications negatively affected their mechanical properties and the impact on their clinical indications. METHODS: The current literature examines in-vitro studies evaluating both monolithic ZrO2 translucency and mechanical properties. The electronic search was done within these databases: Web of Science, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and PubMed within the period between 2009/10/01 and 2019/10/31. Search results that met eligibility criteria were classified into four groups; one for translucency parameter, two for uniaxial flexural strength and one for biaxial strength. RESULTS: Articles that remained for comprehensive analysis were fifty-three. They reported a significant impact of composition, microstructure and surface treatment on translucency and flexural strength assessment. Aging was found to be of no concern for zirconia structures with high yttria content. Smooth surface polish was found to significantly enhance strength while coarse grinding and mechanical fatigue was found to do the reverse. SIGNIFICANCE: Based on analyzing the previous in-vitro studies the following was found: Although significant improvement has occurred with recent monolithic zirconia types with higher yttria content having higher cubic/tetragonal ratio, they are still inferior to glass-ceramics' unique translucency. With improving zirconia aesthetically, some of mechanical performance was sacrificed. Care must be taken when dealing with thin sections of aesthetic zirconia structures especially when used in high bearing stress areas.

Materiais Dentários , Resistência à Flexão , Cerâmica , Estética , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio