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Front Oncol ; 11: 710585, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568037


Background: Treatment of malignant melanoma has undergone a paradigm shift with the advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) and targeted therapies. However, access to ICI is limited in low-middle income countries (LMICs). Patients and Methods: Histologically confirmed malignant melanoma cases registered from 2013 to 2019 were analysed for pattern of care, safety, and efficacy of systemic therapies (ST). Results: There were 659 patients with a median age of 53 (range 44-63) years; 58.9% were males; 55.2% were mucosal melanomas. Most common primary sites were extremities (36.6%) and anorectum (31.4%). Nearly 10.8% of the metastatic cohort were BRAF mutated. Among 368 non-metastatic patients (172 prior treated, 185 de novo, and 11 unresectable), with a median follow-up of 26 months (0-83 months), median EFS and OS were 29.5 (95% CI: 22-40) and 33.3 (95% CI: 29.5-41.2) months, respectively. In the metastatic cohort, with a median follow up of 24 (0-85) months, the median EFS for BSC was 3.1 (95% CI 1.9-4.8) months versus 3.98 (95% CI 3.2-4.7) months with any ST (HR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.52-0.92; P = 0.011). The median OS was 3.9 (95% CI 3.3-6.4) months for BSC alone versus 12.0 (95% CI 10.5-15.1) months in any ST (HR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.28-0.50; P < 0.001). The disease control rate was 51.55%. Commonest grade 3-4 toxicity was anemia with chemotherapy (9.5%) and ICI (8.8%). In multivariate analysis, any ST received had a better prognostic impact in the metastatic cohort. Conclusions: Large real-world data reflects the treatment patterns adopted in LMIC for melanomas and poor access to expensive, standard of care therapies. Other systemic therapies provide meaningful clinical benefit and are worth exploring especially when the standard therapies are challenging to administer.

Cancer Treat Res Commun ; 26: 100288, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352469


OBJECTIVE: Neurocognitive functioning (NCF) is an important component of quality of life (QoL) in glioma patients. The neurocognitive toxicity from irradiation of brain tumours may be related to damage to neural progenitor cells (NPC). The aim of our study was to assess the NCF in illiterate glioma patients. METHODS: This was a prospective study done in glioma patients admitted for adjuvant treatment. Illiterate and semiliterate post op glioma patients with ECOG PS ≤ 3 were included. Neurocognitive assessment was done using Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE-III) questionnaire prior to the start of RT and at 6month and 12 month follow up. The scores were correlated to the doses to sub ventricular zone (SVZ) and sub granular zone (SGZ) regions. RESULTS: 20 patients were recruited.16 patients were illiterate and four patients were semiliterate. Median of the mean dose to the SVZ I/L (ipsilateral) was 48.5 Gy and SGZ I/L was 39.5 Gy. In patients who received ≤49 Gy mean dose to SVZ I/L, there was statistically significant improvement in memory, fluency, language and total ACE scores at six months. In patients with SGZ I/L mean dose ≤40 Gy, there was improvement in memory, language, and total ACE score at six months. Similar trend continued at 12 months follow up. CONCLUSIONS: NCF assessment by ACE III questionnaire is a useful tool even in illiterate patients. Lower RT doses to the ipsilateral SVZ and SGZ showed significant improvement in total ACE scores at 6 months and improvement in specific domains at 6 and 12 months.