Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 64
Filtrar
1.
J Neurosurg Pediatr ; : 1-6, 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35453113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the best combination of clinical variables associated with concussion subtypes using a multidomain assessment comprising medical history; symptoms; and cognitive, ocular, and vestibular impairment in a cohort of patients presenting to a concussion specialty clinic. METHODS: Adolescent patients (n = 293) completed demographics and medical history, Concussion Clinical Profiles Screening, Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing, and vestibular ocular motor screening at their first visit (mean 7.6 ± 7.8 days postinjury) to a concussion specialty clinic. Each participant was adjudicated to have one or more subtype (anxiety/mood, cognitive, migraine, ocular, and vestibular) by a healthcare professional based on previously published criteria. A series of backward, stepwise logistic regressions were used to identify significant predictors of concussion subtypes, and predictive probabilities from the logistic regression models were entered into area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) models. RESULTS: Each of 5 logistic regression models predicting primary subtypes accounted for 28%-50% of the variance (R2 = 0.28-0.50, p < 0.001) and included 2-8 significant predictors per model. Each of the models significantly differentiated the primary subtype from all other subtypes (AUC = 0.76-0.94, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that each concussion subtype can be identified using specific outcomes from a multidomain assessment. Clinicians can employ such an approach to better identify and monitor recovery from subtypes as well as guide interventions.

2.
J Athl Train ; 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences on the Concussion Clinical Profile Screen (CP Screen) in adolescents following sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A concussion specialty clinic. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 276 adolescent (Age=15.02 ± 1.43 yrs; Female= 152 [55%]) athletes with a recent (≤30 days) diagnosed concussion. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The five CP Screen profiles (e.g., anxiety/mood, cognitive/fatigue, migraine, vestibular, ocular), and two modifiers (e.g., neck, sleep), symptom total, and symptom severity scores were compared using a series of Mann-Whitney U tests between males and females. RESULTS: Females (n=152) scored significantly higher than males (n=124) on the <.001) factor scores, but not the migraine (U =7768, z =-2.52, p =.01) factor scores. Females also cognitive/fatigue (U = 7160.50, z = -3.46, p =.001) and anxiety/mood (U =7059, z =-3.62, p endorsed a significantly higher number of symptoms (n=124) (U = 27233, z =-3.33, p =.001) and scored higher in symptom severity (U =7049, z =-3.60, p <.001) than males. CONCLUSIONS: Among adolescents, symptom endorsement on the CP Screen varies on the basis of gender, and clinicians need to be aware of differences especially when evaluating post-concussion presentation in the absence of baseline data.

4.
Sports Med ; 2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35286616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Continued participation after sport-related concussion (SRC) worsens outcomes, but it is unknown if duration of continued participation after SRC impacts recovery outcomes, and which athletes who continue to participate are at greatest risk for poor SRC outcomes. The purpose of this National Collegiate Athletic Association/Department of Defense (NCAA/DoD) Concussion Assessment, Research, and Education (CARE) Consortium study was to evaluate the association of estimated duration of continued participation after SRC with symptom severity and recovery time in collegiate athletes. METHODS: Clinicians estimated if/how long athletes continued participation after SRC. Collegiate athletes who continued participation after suspected SRC (n = 195/373, 52.3%) completed the Graded Symptom Checklist to evaluate the severity of total symptoms and migraine/fatigue, cognitive/ocular, and affective symptom clusters. Linear regression analyzed the associations between estimated duration of continued participation, symptom severity, and recovery time. Binary logistic regression examined the association of estimated duration of continued participation with the odds of recovery ≥ 14 and ≥ 21 days. Statistical significance was p < 0.05. RESULTS: Athletes who continued to participate did so for 27.9 ± 25.3 min (mean ± standard deviation; range 1-90 min). Longer estimated continued participation (1-90 min) was associated with greater symptom severity (ß = 0.122, p = 0.02), affective (ß = 0.171, p = 0.001) and migraine/fatigue symptoms (ß = 0.104, p = 0.049), longer symptom duration (ß = 0.193, p < 0.001), and longer time missed (ß = 0.156, p = 0.003). Longer estimated continued participation positively interacted with female sex (cognitive/ocular: female R2 = 0.03, male R2 = 0.01, p = 0.02; affective: female R2 = 0.06, male R2 = 0.02, p = 0.006), migraine history (affective symptoms: no migraine R2 = 0.02; migraine R2 = 0.18; p = 0.04), and concussion history (affective: 2 + prior concussions [R2 = 0.14] compared with those with 1 [R2 = 0.07] or 0 [R2 < 0.01] prior concussions [p = 0.003]). CONCLUSIONS: Longer estimated duration of continued participation after SRC was associated with higher symptom severity, particularly affective and migraine/fatigue; longer symptom duration; and more time missed from sport. SRC outcomes in those who continue to play may be especially severe for female athletes, athletes with migraine history, and athletes with prior concussion(s). The findings can help clinicians and administrators to educate athletes on the importance of immediate removal following a suspected SRC.

5.
Clin J Sport Med ; 2022 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35350035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dynamic exertion test (EXiT) was developed to help inform return to play after sport-related concussion, but some factors may threaten the internal validity of EXiT and affect clinical interpretation. OBJECTIVE: To compare age, sex, BMI, and sport types across EXiT physiological [pre-EXiT and post-EXiT percentage of maximum heart rate (HR %max) and blood pressure (BP)], performance (change-of-direction task completion time and committed errors), and clinical [symptoms and rating of perceived exertion (RPE)] outcomes among healthy adolescents and adults. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Eighty-seven participants (F = 55, 37.4%) reported symptoms and RPE during the EXiT, which consists of a 12-minute treadmill running protocol, and the dynamic circuit, ball toss, box shuffle (SHUF) and carioca (CAR), zig zag (ZZ), proagility (PA), and arrow agility (AA) tasks. Independent samples t tests were conducted for pre-EXiT and post-EXiT HR %max and BP and change-of-direction task completion time and Mann-Whitney U tests for errors, symptoms, and RPE. A series of 1-way analysis of variance (ANOVAs) and Kruskal-Wallis H tests were conducted to compare collision, contact, and noncontact sport types. RESULTS: Adolescents had lower completion time across AA (P = 0.01) and male athletes lower than female athletes on CAR, ZZ, PA, and AA (P < 0.04). Male athletes reported greater RPE after the SHUF, CAR, and AA (P < 0.03). HR %max, errors, and symptoms were equivocal across all subgroups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Age and sex should be considered in the interpretation of performance and clinical, but not physiological, EXiT outcomes. The EXiT is a standardized exercise assessment and generalizable to healthy athletes.

6.
Int J Sports Physiol Perform ; : 1-10, 2022 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35213824

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe the Dynamic Exertion Test (EXiT) by comparing physiological, performance, and clinical outcomes between athletes medically cleared following sport-related concussion (SRC) and healthy controls. METHODS: One hundred four (female = 41, 39.4%) participants (14-21 y of age) including 52 medically cleared for return to play at 21.48 (15.40) days following SRC and 52 healthy athletes completed the EXiT involving (1) 12-minute aerobic component and (2) 18-minute dynamic component including 2 functional movement and 5 change-of-direction (COD) tasks. Physiological (heart rate and blood pressure), clinical (endorsed symptoms and rating of perceived exertion), and performance (COD-task completion time and errors) outcomes were collected throughout EXiT. Participants also completed the Postconcussion Symptom Scale and vestibular/ocular motor screening before EXiT. Independent-samples t tests were used to compare groups on resting heart rate and blood pressure, COD-task completion time, and Mann-Whitney U tests on Postconcussion Symptom Scale, vestibular/ocular motor screening, and EXiT symptoms, rating of perceived exertion, and errors. RESULTS: COD-task completion time and resting systolic blood pressure and heart rate were similar between groups (P > .05). SRC reported greater rating of perceived exertion during the aerobic component (P < .05) and lower total dizziness (P = .003) and total symptoms (P = .021) during EXiT and had lower near point of convergence distance (P < .001) and total symptoms (P = .007) for vestibular/ocular motor screening than healthy athletes. CONCLUSION: Physiological, performance, and clinical EXiT outcomes were equivocal between athletes at medical clearance following SRC and healthy controls. The multidomain EXiT may help to inform safe return-to-play decision making post-SRC.

7.
Am J Sports Med ; 50(4): 1106-1119, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35179972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Vestibular/Ocular-Motor Screening (VOMS) is a valuable component of acute (<72 hours) sports-related concussion (SRC) assessments and is increasingly used with the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) instrument and the third edition of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT3). Research has suggested that VOMS acute postinjury scores are useful in identifying acute concussion. However, the utility of preseason baseline measurements to improve diagnostic accuracy remains ambiguous. To this end, there is a need to determine how reliable VOMS baseline assessments are across years and whether incorporating individuals' baseline performance improves diagnostic yield for acute concussions. PURPOSE: To analyze VOMS, SCAT3, and ImPACT to evaluate the test-retest reliability of consecutive-year preseason baseline assessments to directly compare the diagnostic utility of these tools when incorporating baseline assessments versus using postinjury data alone to identify acute SRC. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Preseason and postinjury VOMS, SCAT3, ImPACT Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS), and ImPACT composite scores were analyzed for 3958 preseason (47.7% female) and 496 acute (≤48 hours) SRC (37.5% female) collegiate athlete evaluations in the National Collegiate Athletic Association-Department of Defense Concussion Assessment Research and Education Consortium. Descriptive statistics, Kolmogorov-Smirnov significance, and Cohen d effect size were calculated. Consecutive-year baseline reliability was evaluated for a subset of 447 athlete encounters using Pearson r, Cohen κ, Cohen d, and 2-way mixed intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to determine the statistical significance between population performances, and the 90% reliable change index (RCI) was calculated from the test-retest results. Preseason to postinjury change scores were then calculated from each tool's RCI. Finally, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were conducted, and DeLong method was used to compare the area under the curve (AUC) of raw postinjury scores versus change scores from preseason baseline assessments. Potential effects of sex, medical history (learning disorders or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder), and outlier data were also explored. RESULTS: Effect sizes were large, and overall predictive utilities were clinically useful for postinjury VOMS Total (d = 2.44; AUC = 0.85), the SCAT3 Symptom Evaluation total severity score (d = 1.74; AUC = 0.82), and the ImPACT PCSS total severity score (d = 1.67; AUC = 0.80). Comparatively, effect sizes were small and predictive utilities were poor for Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC), modified Balance Error Scoring System (mBESS), and all ImPACT composites (d = 0.11-0.46; AUC = 0.48-0.59). Preseason baseline test-retest reliability was poor to moderate (r = 0.23-0.52; κ = 0.32-0.36; ICC = 0.36-0.68) for all assessments except ImPACT Visual Motion Sensitivity (r = 0.73; ICC = 0.85). Incorporating baseline scores for VOMS Total, SCAT3 (Symptom Evaluation, SAC, mBESS), ImPACT PCSS, or ImPACT composites did not significantly improve AUCs. CONCLUSION: VOMS Total and symptom severity (SCAT3, PCSS) total scores had large effect sizes and clinically useful AUCs for identifying acute concussion. However, all tools demonstrated high within-patient test-retest variability, resulting in poor reliability. The findings in this sample of collegiate athletes suggest that incorporating baseline assessments does not significantly increase diagnostic yield for acute concussion.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Concussão Encefálica , Esportes , Atletas , Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
J Pediatr ; 2022 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35157844

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate temporal differences in concussion symptoms up to 30 days following a sports-related concussion. STUDY DESIGN: Adolescent and young adult athletes (n = 782) were separated based on time since injury at presentation as Early (0-7 days; n = 321, age: 15.4 ± 1.9 years, 51.7% female), Middle (8-14 days; n = 281, age: 15.8 ± 2.2 years, 54.8% female), and Late (15-30 days; n = 180, age: 15.6 ± 1.8 years, 52.8% female). All participants completed the 22-item Post-Concussion Symptom Scale at first visit. A confirmatory factor analysis was completed separately for each time since injury cohort using a 4-component model reported previously. RESULTS: The confirmatory factor analysis model fit was acceptable for Early, Middle, and Late (using cognitive-migraine-fatigue, affective, sleep, and somatic factors). Both affective (change = 0.30; P = .01; Cohen d = 0.30) and sleep (change = 0.51; P ≤ .001; Cohen d = 0.47) factors were significantly greater in the Late group compared with the Early, but not Middle, groups. The previously reported 4-factor symptom model, including cognitive-migraine-fatigue, affective, somatic, and sleep factors, was appropriate for adolescents up to 30 days' postinjury. However, adolescents who presented between 15 and 30 days' postinjury reported greater affective and sleep symptoms than those who presented within 1 week. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should consider these temporal differences when evaluating concussion symptoms in adolescents, as greater affective and sleep symptoms can be predictive of prolonged recovery/persistent complications.

9.
Phys Ther Sport ; 53: 34-39, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785482

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) tool demonstrates concurrent validity with the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) in a sample of concussed athletes referred for vestibular therapy and whether DHI items were predictive of VOMS outcomes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: Concussion specialty/vestibular therapy clinic. METHODS: Adolescents (n = 55; 15.4 ± 1.6 years) with diagnosed sport-related concussion (SRC) with vestibular symptoms and/or impairment between October 2018-February 2020. Patients completed VOMS and DHI at initial visit. Seven individual VOMS and twenty-five DHI items, VOMS and DHI total score and three DHI sub-scales, were compared with Spearman correlations. Three backwards linear regression (LR) models were built to predict 1. VOMS vestibular symptoms, 2. VOMS ocular symptoms, and 3. near-point of convergence-distance (NPC-distance) using individual DHI items as predictors. RESULTS: Spearman correlations (p) identified DHI items with moderate to strong associations for VOMS items. DHI sub-scales demonstrated moderate-to-strong correlations with VOMS items (p = 0.30-0.59). Total DHI score demonstrated a moderate-to-strong association with HSAC (p = 0.30), VSAC (p = 0.32), and SP (p = 0.61). Results from the LRs predicting VOMS ocular symptoms (R (Alsalaheen et al., 2010) = 0.56; p < 0.001), and VOMS vestibular symptoms (R (Alsalaheen et al., 2010) = 0.23; p = 0.01), and NPC-distance (R (Alsalaheen et al., 2010) = 0.56; p < 0.001) included significant DHI predictors. CONCLUSIONS: There was moderate-to-strong associations between VOMS and 56% of DHI items (i.e., p > 0.30).


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Concussão Encefálica , Adolescente , Atletas , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Tontura/diagnóstico , Humanos
10.
Appl Neuropsychol Child ; 11(2): 145-149, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515244

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to compare the predictive utility of total number of individual symptoms endorsed, total symptom severity, and average symptom severity on prolonged recovery among children/adolescents with a concussion. Patients (n = 115) completed the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) at their initial clinical visit (7.9 ± 6.6 days) days post-injury. PCSS outcomes were total symptom severity (i.e., total PCSS score), number of symptoms endorsed (i.e., number out of 22-items on the PCSS with a symptom score >0) and average symptom severity (i.e., mean of scores for each of the 22-items on the PCSS, not just endorsed symptoms). Logistic regression was performed with all symptom measures and recovery time >30 days as the binary outcome. Logistic regression indicated that average symptom severity (OR = 1.9; p = 0.01) and later time to first clinical visit (OR = 5.0; p < 0.001) were the only significant predictors of recovery time. Average symptom severity at initial clinic visit and earlier clinical visit may be a better predictor of recovery time than total number of symptoms endorsed or total symptom severity among children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Concussão Encefálica , Síndrome Pós-Concussão , Adolescente , Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , Criança , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Síndrome Pós-Concussão/diagnóstico
11.
Sleep ; 45(2)2022 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432067

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Within-subject stability of certain sleep features across multiple nights is thought to reflect the trait-like behavior of sleep. However, to be considered a trait, a parameter must be both stable and robust. Here, we examined the stability (i.e. across the same sleep opportunity periods) and robustness (i.e. across sleep opportunity periods that varied in duration and timing) of different sleep parameters. METHODS: Sixty-eight military personnel (14 W) spent 5 nights in the sleep laboratory during a simulated military operational stress protocol. After an adaptation night, participants had an 8-hour sleep opportunity (23:00-07:00) followed by 2 consecutive nights of sleep restriction and disruption which included two 2-hour sleep opportunities (01:00-03:00; 05:00-07:00) and, lastly, another 8-hour sleep opportunity (23:00-07:00). Intra-class correlation coefficients were calculated to examine differences in stability and robustness across different sleep parameters. RESULTS: Sleep architecture parameters were less stable and robust than absolute and relative spectral activity parameters. Further, relative spectral activity parameters were less robust than absolute spectral activity. Absolute alpha and sigma activity demonstrated the highest levels of stability that were also robust across sleep opportunities of varying duration and timing. CONCLUSIONS: Stability and robustness varied across different sleep parameters, but absolute NREM alpha and sigma activity demonstrated robust trait-like behavior across variable sleep opportunities. Reduced stability of other sleep architecture and spectral parameters during shorter sleep episodes as well as across different sleep opportunities has important implications for study design and interpretation.


Assuntos
Militares , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Humanos , Fenótipo , Polissonografia/métodos , Sono , Fases do Sono
12.
J Vis ; 21(13): 11, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34940825

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate fixational eye movements (FEMs) with high spatial and temporal resolution following concussion, where oculomotor symptoms and impairments are common. Concussion diagnosis was determined using current consensus guidelines. A retinal eye-tracking device, the tracking scanning laser ophthalmoscope (TSLO), was used to measure FEMs in adolescents and young adults following a concussion and in an unaffected control population. FEMs were quantified in two fixational paradigms: (1) when fixating on the center, or (2) when fixating on the corner of the TSLO imaging raster. Fixational saccade amplitude in recent concussion patients (≤ 21 days) was significantly greater, on average, in the concussion group (mean = 1.03°; SD = 0.36°) compared with the controls (mean = 0.82°; SD = 0.31°), when fixating on the center of the imaging raster (t = 2.87, df = 82, p = 0.005). These fixational saccades followed the main sequence and therefore also had greater peak velocity (t = 2.86, df = 82, p = 0.006) and peak acceleration (t = 2.80, df = 82, p = 0.006). These metrics significantly differentiated concussed from controls (AUC = 0.67-0.68, minimum p = 0.005). No group differences were seen for the drift metrics in either task or for any of the FEMs metrics in the corner-of-raster fixation task. Fixational saccade amplitudes were significantly different in the concussion group, but only when fixating on the center of the raster. This task specificity suggests that task optimization may improve differentiation and warrants further study. FEMs measured in the acute-to-subacute period of concussion recovery may provide a quick (<3 minutes), objective, sensitive, and accurate ocular dysfunction assessment. Future work should assess the impact of age, mechanism of injury, and post-concussion recovery on FEM alterations following concussion.


Assuntos
Movimentos Oculares , Fixação Ocular , Adolescente , Olho , Humanos , Movimentos Sacádicos , Visão Ocular , Adulto Jovem
13.
Eur J Sport Sci ; : 1-9, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781850

RESUMO

HIGHLIGHTS: After SRC, adolescents had deficits in action boundary perception accuracy, while reporting higher depression symptoms and impulsivity, including attention and cognitive instability components.Certain domains of impulsivity were predictive of action boundary perception accuracy and each perception actualization measure in the concussed group.ADD/ADHD history, anxiety scores, and physical development ratings were also significant predictors of perceptual-motor accuracy and actualization time.

14.
J Sport Rehabil ; 30(8): 1187-1190, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34552034

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: (1) To compare patient- and clinician-administered measurements of near point of convergence (NPC) distance including the percentage of patients exceeding clinical cutoffs among concussed adolescents and (2) to assess the reliability of patient- and clinician-measured NPC distances. METHODS: A total of 762 patients (mean = 15.51, SD = 3.09 y) within 30 days of concussion participated. The NPC distance was measured consecutively with the patient and clinician controlling the fixation target. The differences between patient (PT) and clinician (CLIN) measurements and cases exceeding cutoffs (ie, ≥5 cm) were examined with a series of t tests and chi-square tests, respectively. Intraclass correlation coefficients and unbiased estimate of reliability were performed. RESULTS: The NPC measurements were similar, t(761) = -.26, P = .79, between the PT (mean = 3.52, SD = 3.77 cm) and CLIN (mean = 3.54, SD = 3.97 cm) conditions. The number of measurements that exceeded cutoffs was similar among the PT (2.5%; 19/762) and CLIN conditions (3%; 23/762) (P = .10), and the number of measurements classified as abnormal/invalid was also similar among the PT (2.5%; 19/762) and CLIN conditions (3%; 23/762) (P = .10). There was excellent reliability between the methods (intraclass correlation coefficients = .85, unbiased estimate of reliability = .92). CONCLUSION: The findings support the application of this assessment in clinical settings where the clinician may not have direct contact with their patient and rely on the patient (eg, telehealth).


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Concussão Encefálica , Adolescente , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Brain Inj ; 35(12-13): 1563-1568, 2021 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To derive minimum detectable change (MDC) across individual Vestibular-Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) items and VOMS overall score in 17-25 years old collegiate athletes and to examine false positive rates. METHOD: Participants (n = 378) completed VOMS pre-season for two consecutive years. MDC was identified for individual VOMS symptom items and NPC distance (cm). Both total and change methods of VOMS scoring were included in analysis. RESULTS: Regarding total scoring, MDC for ocular VOMS symptom items was 1 and MDC for vestibular VOMS symptoms items was 2. MDC for NPC was 4 cm and for VOMS overall score was 10. Regarding change scoring, MDC for each VOMS symptom item was 1, and for VOMS overall score was 8. False positives ranged from 5.3% to 15.9%. CONCLUSIONS: This study presents MDCs for each VOMS item and overall VOMS score, using total and change scoring. These values can be considered true change outside measurement error with 95% confidence in a 17-25 year old collegiate athlete population.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Concussão Encefálica , Vestíbulo do Labirinto , Adolescente , Adulto , Atletas , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Athl Train ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478513

RESUMO

CONTEXT: In 2018, the U.S. military developed the Military Acute Concussion Evaluation-2 (MACE-2) to inform acute evaluation of mTBI. However, researchers have yet to investigate false positive rates for components of the MACE-2 including the Vestibular-Ocular Motor Screen (VOMS) and modified Balance Error Scoring System (mBESS) in military personnel. OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with false positives in VOMS and mBESS in U.S. Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) personnel. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Military medical clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 416 healthy USASOC personnel completed medical history, VOMS, and mBESS evaluations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: False positive rates for the VOMS (2+ on VOMS symptom item, ≥ 5 cm for near point of convergence [NPC] distance) and mBESS (total score >4) were determined using chi-square analyses and independent samples t-tests. Multivariable logistic regressions (LR) with adjusted odds ratios (aOR) were performed to identify risk factors for false positives on VOMS and mBESS. VOMS items false positive rates ranged from 10.6% (smooth pursuits) to 17.5% (NPC). mBESS total score false positive rate was 36.5%. RESULTS: The multivariable LR model supported three significant predictors of VOMS false positives including age (OR= 1.07, 95% CI= 1.02-1.12, p=0.007), migraine (OR=2.49, 95% CI= 1.29-4.81, p=0.007), and motion sickness history (OR=2.46, 95% CI= 1.34-4.50, p=0.004). Results of the multivariable LR model supported only motion sickness history as a significant predictor (OR=2.34, 95% CI= 1.34-4.05, p=0.002) of mBESS false positives. CONCLUSIONS: There were low false positive rates across VOMS items, which were associated with age, history of mTBI, migraine, and motion sickness. False positives for the mBESS total score were higher (36.5%) and were only associated with a history of motion sickness. These risk factors for false positives should be considered when administering and interpreting VOMS and mBESS components of the MACE-2 in this population.

17.
J Sport Rehabil ; 30(8): 1191-1196, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525453

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Research in the area of dual-task paradigms to assess sport-related concussion (SRC) status is growing, but additional assessment of this paradigm in adolescents is warranted. DESIGN: This case-control study compared 49 adolescent athletes aged 12-20 years with diagnosed SRC to 49 age- and sex-matched controls on visual-spatial discrimination and perceptual inhibition (PIT) reaction time tasks performed while balancing on floor/foam pad conditions. METHODS: The SRC group completed measures at a single time point between 1 and 10 days postinjury. Primary outcomes were dual-task reaction time, accuracy, and sway. General linear models evaluated differences between groups (P < .05). Logistic regression identified predictors of concussion from outcomes. Area under the curve evaluated discriminative ability of identifying SRC. RESULTS: Results supported significantly higher anterior-posterior (AP) sway values in concussed participants for visual-spatial discrimination and PIT when balancing on the floor (P = .03) and foam pad (P = .03), as well as mediolateral sway values on the floor during visual-spatial discrimination (P = .01). Logistic regression analysis (R2 = .15; P = .001) of all dual-task outcomes identified AP postural sway during the PIT foam dual task as the only significant predictor of concussed status (ß = -2.4; P = .004). Total symptoms (area under the curve = 0.87; P < .001) and AP postural sway on foam (area under the curve = 0.70; P = .001) differentiated concussed from controls. CONCLUSION: The AP postural sway on foam during a postural stability/PIT dual task can identify concussion in adolescents between 1 and 10 days from injury.


Assuntos
Concussão Encefálica , Equilíbrio Postural , Adolescente , Atletas , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cognição , Humanos
18.
J Pediatr ; 239: 193-199, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of a 4-week precision vestibular rehabilitation intervention compared with a behavioral management control intervention for adolescents with vestibular symptoms/impairment within 21 days of a concussion. STUDY DESIGN: This study used double-blind, randomized controlled trial design involving adolescent (12-18 years) patients with a diagnosed sport/recreation-related concussion with vestibular symptoms/impairment from a concussion-specialty clinic between October 2018 and February 2020. Eligible participants were randomized in a 1:1 to either a 4-week vestibular intervention group (VESTIB) or a behavioral management control group (CONTROL). CONTROLS (n = 25) were prescribed behavioral management strategies (eg, physical activity, sleep, hydration, nutrition, stress management) and instructed to perform stretching/physical activity (eg, walking, stationary cycle) 30 minutes/day. VESTIB (n = 25) were prescribed precision vestibular rehabilitation exercises and instructed to perform at-home exercises for 30 minutes/day. Primary outcomes were improvement in Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening vestibular items (ie, horizontal/vertical vestibular-ocular reflex, visual motion sensitivity) at 4 weeks postenrollment. RESULTS: We screened 310 and enrolled a total of 55 (18%) adolescent patients who were randomized to one of the interventions. Fifty of fifty-five (91%) participants completed all aspects of the study protocol. Participants in VESTIB improved significantly across the intervention period in horizontal (mean difference-1.628; 95% CI [-3.20, -0.06]; P = .04) and vertical (mean difference-2.24; 95% CI [-4.01, -0.48]; P = .01) vestibular-ocular reflex, but not visual motion sensitivity (mean difference-2.03; 95% CI [-4.26, 0.19]) of the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening score compared with CONTROLS. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the vestibular intervention group experienced greater clinical improvements in vestibular symptoms/impairment than controls across the 4-week intervention. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03555370.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/complicações , Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Concussão Encefálica/complicações , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Doenças Vestibulares/reabilitação , Adolescente , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vestibulares/diagnóstico , Doenças Vestibulares/etiologia
19.
J Neurotrauma ; 38(20): 2918-2922, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405700

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on patients presenting with concussion at a specialty clinic. This study used a retrospective cohort design to compare participants (n = 3021) with a suspected concussion, including a Pandemic cohort (n = 1139; March 2020-February 2021) and a Pre-Pandemic cohort (n = 1882; March 2019-February 2020). Concussions and patient characteristics including age, sex, days since injury, and injury mechanism were extracted from an electronic health record. There were 39.5% (n = 743) fewer concussions in Pandemic. Pandemic presented to the clinic 25.8 days later (p < 0.001) and were 1.9 years older (p < 0.001) than Pre-Pandemic. Sport-related concussions decreased 59.6% overall for Pandemic. Pandemic was associated with proportional increases of concussions involving recreational activities (odds ratio [OR] = 6.11; p < 0.001), motor vehicle collisions (OR = 1.39; p < 0.001), and falls/assaults (OR = 1.33; p < 0.001). A total of 9.4% (107/1139) of all Pandemic concussion initial clinical visits were performed using telehealth (0% in Pre-Pandemic). Concussion visit volume to a sub-specialty clinic decreased by approximately 40% during the COVID-19 pandemic and patients presented to the clinic nearly 1 month later. The increase in telehealth highlights the potential to expand clinical care outreach during the current and future pandemics or similar restrictive time periods.


Assuntos
Concussão Encefálica/epidemiologia , Concussão Encefálica/terapia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Ambulatório Hospitalar/tendências , Adolescente , Adulto , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Telemedicina/tendências , Adulto Jovem
20.
Front Neurol ; 12: 681467, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34248824

RESUMO

Background: Concussion symptoms in adolescents typically resolve within 4 weeks. However, 20 - 30% of adolescents experience a prolonged recovery. Abnormalities in tracts implicated in visuospatial attention and emotional regulation (i.e., inferior longitudinal fasciculus, ILF; inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, IFOF; uncinate fasciculus; UF) have been consistently reported in concussion; yet, to date, there are no objective markers of prolonged recovery in adolescents. Here, we evaluated the utility of diffusion MRI in outcome prediction. Forty-two adolescents (12.1 - 17.9 years; female: 44.0%) underwent a diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging (dMRI) protocol within the first 10 days of concussion. Based on days of injury until medical clearance, adolescents were then categorized into SHORT (<28 days; N = 21) or LONG (>28 days; N = 21) recovery time. Fractional anisotropy (FA) in the ILF, IFOF, UF, and/or concussion symptoms were used as predictors of recovery time (SHORT, LONG). Forty-two age- and sex-matched healthy controls served as reference. Higher FA in the ILF (left: adjusted odds ratio; AOR = 0.36, 95% CI = 0.15 - 0.91, P = 0.030; right: AOR = 0.28, 95% CI = 0.10 - 0.83, P = 0.021), IFOF (left: AOR = 0.21, 95% CI = 0.07 - 0.66, P = 0.008; right: AOR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.11 - 0.83, P = 0.020), and UF (left: AOR = 0.26, 95% CI = 0.09 - 0.74, P = 0.011; right: AOR = 0.28, 95% CI = 0.10 - 0.73, P = 0.010) was associated with SHORT recovery. In additional analyses, while adolescents with SHORT recovery did not differ from HC, those with LONG recovery showed lower FA in the ILF and IFOF (P < 0.014). Notably, inclusion of dMRI findings increased the sensitivity and specificity (AUC = 0.93) of a prediction model including clinical variables only (AUC = 0.75). Our findings indicate that higher FA in long associative tracts (especially ILF) might inform a more objective and accurate prognosis for recovery time in adolescents following concussion.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...