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1.
Neurosurg Clin N Am ; 31(4): 537-547, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921350

RESUMO

Laser interstitial thermal therapy is a minimally invasive surgical alternative to craniotomy that uses laser light through a fiber optic probe placed within a target lesion to create thermal tissue damage, resulting in cellular death. It is used in neuro-oncology to treat inaccessible lesions and obviate morbidity in high-risk patients. Overall complication rates and outcome measures are comparable with those seen in radiation and/or craniotomy. Laser interstitial thermal therapy can be an effective option for recurrent brain metastases. Prospective, randomized trials must be performed to evaluate the efficacy of laser interstitial thermal therapy as a primary treatment for brain metastases.

2.
World Neurosurg ; 144: 125-135, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung carcinoma metastasizing to a skull base meningioma remains an extremely rare phenomenon, with only 3 studies reported. Furthermore, no documented cases have been reported in the petroclival region. Thus, we have presented the first 2 cases of tumor-to-tumor metastasis (TTM) in which a petroclival lesion, initially thought to be purely meningioma, was also found to contain metastatic lung adenocarcinoma. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present the cases of 2 patients with a known history of lung adenocarcinoma and stable petroclival meningioma who had presented with new-onset neurologic deficits. Repeat imaging studies for both patients found an increased lesion size and peritumoral enhancement; thus, both patients underwent emergent craniotomy for complete lesion resection. Intraoperatively, both lesions had zones of markedly different tumoral texture. On histologic analysis, both lesions showed metastatic lung adenocarcinoma contained within the primary petroclival meningioma. CONCLUSION: Skull base TTM is a rare entity for which no specific management guidelines have been created. Therefore, even if the imaging characteristics suggest a more benign process, skull base TTM should remain high on the differential diagnosis for patients with a known primary cancer and new-onset, rapidly progressive, neurologic deficits. Close clinical follow-up with short-interval repeat imaging in this subset of patients might prevent misdiagnosis and facilitate prompt treatment.

3.
Cureus ; 12(6): e8662, 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32699662

RESUMO

Aneurysms of the petrous segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) are exceedingly rare. They are thought to arise from traumatic, mycotic, or congenital etiologies. We present a case of bilateral giant fusiform aneurysms of the petrocavernous ICA treated with bilateral flow-diverting stent placement. An 18-year-old male presented to our institution with headaches, nausea, vomiting and blurry vision that had been present since the day prior. Visual exam revealed decreased visual acuity bilaterally and a temporal field cut superiorly and inferiorly of the left eye. CT and MR imaging revealed bilateral lesions of the petrous segment of the ICA bilaterally. Catheter angiography demonstrated bilateral giant fusiform aneurysm of the petrocavernous ICA. The patient was treated with aspirin 325 mg and clopidogrel 75 mg orally daily for one week prior to the exam. VerifyNow (Accriva; San Diego, CA) confirmed adequate platelet inhibition. The right ICA was treated first, with a multiple flow-diverting stent construct. No complications were noted and the patient was discharged to home two days later. He was brought back three weeks later, and the left ICA was treated with a multiple flow-diverting stent construct. Again, no complications were noted and the patient was discharged uneventfully. The patient returned for his six-month follow-up angiogram with improvement of his visual acuity and resolution of headaches. However, the patient had ceased taking both anti-platelet medications six weeks prior. Angiography revealed no filling of the aneurysm in the right ICA, however, the left ICA was occluded at the origin. The patient was resumed on daily aspirin 325 mg orally and will have follow-up catheter angiography at 12 months. Petrous segment ICA aneurysms are rare. Most are thought to arise from trauma, infection, or congenital etiologies. These aneurysms are typically fusiform in nature, and can extend into the cavernous segment of the ICA. The natural history of these aneurysms is not well understood given their rarity. Current literature advocates for asymptomatic patients to be treated conservatively given that the natural history is not well known. Treatment is recommended in symptomatic patients, who may present with symptoms of local mass effect or ischemic stroke due to emboli. Endovascular options include flow diverting stent or covered stent placement, coil embolization with or without stent-assistance, or ICA occlusion. Open surgical options include trapping and high-flow bypass. When bilateral lesions are present, the management algorithm must be amended. We elected to treat the asymptomatic side first (right ICA), due to the presence of a significant kink within the aneurysm on the left. Once the right side was treated successfully, the symptomatic side was treated with a multiple stent construct. The patient's six-month angiogram demonstrated occlusion of the left ICA, likely due to non-compliance with antiplatelet medications. This further reiterates the need for dual-antiplatelet therapy and patient education and compliance with flow diverting stents. We report a rare case of bilateral giant fusiform petrocavernous aneurysms treated with bilateral Pipeline embolization devices in multiple device construct, demonstrating the feasibility and safety of this treatment option for this pathology.

4.
World Neurosurg ; 143: 134-146, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717353

RESUMO

In neurosurgery, parenchymal injury resulting from focal exertion of pressure on retracted tissue is a common complication associated with the use of plate and self-sustaining retractors to access deep intraparenchymal lesions. Tubular retractors, including Vycor, BrainPath, and METRx, were developed to reduce retraction injuries via radial dispersion of force. Our study seeks to compare these retraction systems and assess their respective indications, benefits, and associated complications. A systematic review of PubMed MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was performed. Twenty-nine articles (n = 289 patients) for BrainPath, 12 articles (n = 106 patients) for Vycor, and 3 articles for METRx (n = 31 patients) met the inclusion criteria. This report is the first formal comparison of the BrainPath, Vycor, and METRx tubular retraction systems. We found that all 3 retractors were effective in accessing intraparenchymal lesions. Although we found that the retractor systems were used more commonly in different locations and for different diseases, there was no significant difference in complications or mortality among the 3 retractors.

5.
World Neurosurg ; 133: 283-290, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional manual retraction to access deep-seated brain lesions has been associated with complications related to vascular compromise of cerebral tissue. Various techniques have been developed over time to minimize injury, such as self-sustaining retractors, neuronavigation, and endoscopic approaches. Recently, tubular retractors, such as the ViewSite Brain Access System (VBAS), have been developed to reduce mechanical damage from retraction by dispersing the force of the retractor radially over the parenchyma. Therefore, we sought to review the current literature to accurately assess the indications, benefits, and complications associated with use of VBAS retractors. METHODS: A literature search for English articles published between 2005 and 2019 was performed using the MEDLINE database archive with the search terminology "Vycor OR ViewSite OR Brain-Access-System NOT glass." The VBAS website was also examined. Only articles detailing neurosurgical procedures using the VBAS tubular retractor system alone, or in combination with other retractors, were included. Postoperative morbidity and mortality were analyzed to estimate complications linked to using the retractor. RESULTS: Twelve publications (106 patients) met the inclusion criteria. The VBAS retractor was used for tumor resections, hematoma evacuations, cyst removal, foreign body extractions, and lesion resection in toxoplasmosis and multiple sclerosis. These cases were subdivided into groups based on lesion location, size, and resection volume for further analysis. Gross total resection was achieved in 63% of tumor excisions, and subtotal resection was achieved in 37%. Hematoma evacuation was successful in all cases. There were 3 short-term postoperative complications linked to the retractor, with an overall complication rate of 2.8%. CONCLUSIONS: This report is the first formal assessment of the VBAS, highlighting technical considerations of the retractor from the surgeon's perspective, patient outcomes, and complications. The retractor is a safe and efficacious tubular retraction system that can be used for tumor biopsy and resection, colloid cyst removal, hematoma evacuation, and removal of foreign bodies. However, further randomized controlled trials are indicated to accurately assess complication rates and outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Microcirurgia/instrumentação , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/instrumentação , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Humanos
6.
World Neurosurg ; 134: 155-163, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional retraction to access deep intraparenchymal brain lesions results in vascular disruption. Tubular retractors such as the BrainPath tubular retractor system were developed to reduce retractor-related force injuries via radial dispersion of force. Our study seeks to assess the indications, benefits, and complications associated with BrainPath retractors. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was performed. The search terminology used was "BrainPath OR Brain-Path." The BrainPath Web site was also examined. Postoperative morbidity and mortality were analyzed to estimate complications linked to using the retractor. RESULTS: Twenty-nine articles (n = 289 patients) met the inclusion criteria. BrainPath was used primarily for tumor resections and hematoma evacuations. These cases were subdivided into groups based on lesion location, size, and resection volume for further analysis. Gross total resection was achieved in 79% of tumor excisions and subtotal resection in 21%. Hematoma evacuation >90% of original hematoma volume was achieved in 65.1% of cases, 75%-90% of original volume in 21.7%, and <75% in the remaining 13.2%. The complication rate attributed to retractor use was 8.3%. CONCLUSIONS: This report is the first formal assessment of the BrainPath tubular retraction system, highlighting technical considerations of the retractor from the surgeon's perspective, patient outcomes, and complications. The retractor is a safe, efficacious system that can be used for tumor resection or biopsy and hematoma evacuation. However, further randomized controlled trials are indicated to accurately assess complication rates and outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Desenho de Equipamento , Hematoma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/instrumentação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Cistos Coloides/cirurgia , Humanos , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/cirurgia , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos
7.
World Neurosurg ; 138: 498-503, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gangliogliomas are rare, well-differentiated, low-grade neoplasms that most often occur unifocally in children and most commonly affect the temporal lobe. Gangliogliomas that occur in patients age >40 years tend to have worse prognoses. These tumors generally stain positively for neural and glial cell markers, as well as CD34. Here we report an unprecedented case of multifocal intracranial ganglioglioma in an adult age >40 who had a favorable course, and review the current literature on multifocal intracranial gangliogliomas. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 60-year-old female presented to her ophthalmologist with blurry vision in the right eye and an unremarkable neurologic exam. She was referred for brain imaging, which showed multiple lesions in both cerebral hemispheres. Biopsy of the right occipital lesion was elected, as it enhanced the most on magnetic resonance imaging. CONCLUSIONS: Multifocal intracranial gangliogliomas are exceedingly rare tumors, especially in adults. These tumors present unique management barriers because as they are multifocal at the time of diagnosis, making resection more technically challenging. In our review, the average age at diagnosis was 19.2 years, and 80% of the cases had at least 1 lesion in the temporal lobe. Two studies opted for resection of intracranial tumors, whereas the remaining studies performed biopsy with conservative management and serial imaging. Biopsy was performed in all cases. We present the first case of an intracranial multifocal ganglioglioma in a patient age >40 years with lesions in the occipital lobe, corpus callosum, and frontal lobe at presentation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Corpo Caloso/diagnóstico por imagem , Lobo Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Ganglioglioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/diagnóstico por imagem , Lobo Occipital/diagnóstico por imagem , Idade de Início , Biópsia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Feminino , Ganglioglioma/patologia , Ganglioglioma/terapia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/terapia , Conduta Expectante
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