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3.
Diagn Progn Res ; 5(1): 19, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a well-established complication in people with diabetes mellitus. Roughly one quarter of prevalent patients with diabetes exhibit a CKD stage of 3 or higher and the individual course of progression is highly variable. Therefore, there is a clear need to identify patients at high risk for fast progression and the implementation of preventative strategies. Existing prediction models of renal function decline, however, aim to assess the risk by artificially grouped patients prior to model building into risk strata defined by the categorization of the least-squares slope through the longitudinally fluctuating eGFR values, resulting in a loss of predictive precision and accuracy. METHODS: This study protocol describes the development and validation of a prediction model for the longitudinal progression of renal function decline in Caucasian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). For development and internal-external validation, two prospective multicenter observational studies will be used (PROVALID and GCKD). The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) obtained at baseline and at all planned follow-up visits will be the longitudinal outcome. Demographics, clinical information and laboratory measurements available at a baseline visit will be used as predictors in addition to random country-specific intercepts to account for the clustered data. A multivariable mixed-effects model including the main effects of the clinical variables and their interactions with time will be fitted. In application, this model can be used to obtain personalized predictions of an eGFR trajectory conditional on baseline eGFR values. The final model will then undergo external validation using a third prospective cohort (DIACORE). The final prediction model will be made publicly available through the implementation of an R shiny web application. DISCUSSION: Our proposed state-of-the-art methodology will be developed using multiple multicentre study cohorts of people with DM2 in various CKD stages at baseline, who have received modern therapeutic treatment strategies of diabetic kidney disease in contrast to previous models. Hence, we anticipate that the multivariable prediction model will aid as an additional informative tool to determine the patient-specific progression of renal function and provide a useful guide to early on identify individuals with DM2 at high risk for rapid progression.

4.
J Crit Care ; 67: 126-131, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768173

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We compared filter survival and citrate-induced complications during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) with regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) in COVID-19 and Non-COVID-19 patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study we included all consecutive adult patients (n = 97) treated with RCA-CRRT. Efficacy and complications of RCA-CRRT were compared between COVID-19 and Non-COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: Mean filter run-time was significantly higher in COVID-19 patients compared to Non-COVID-19 patients (68.4 (95%CI 67.0-69.9) vs. 65.2 (95%CI 63.2-67.2) hours, respectively; log-rank 0.014). COVID-19 patients showed significantly higher activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) throughout the CRRT due to intensified systemic anticoagulation compared to Non-COVID-19 patients (54 (IQR 45-61) vs. 47 (IQR 41-58) seconds, respectively; p < 0.001). A significantly higher incidence of metabolic alkalosis, hypercalcemia and hypernatremia, consistent with reduced filter patency and citrate overload, was observed in COVID-19 patients compared to Non-COVID-19 patients (19.1% vs. 12.7%, respectively; p = 0.04). These metabolic disarrangements were resistant to per-protocol adjustments and disappeared after replacement of the CRRT-filter. CONCLUSIONS: RCA-CRRT in COVID-19 patients with intensified systemic anticoagulation provides an adequate filter lifespan. However, close monitoring of the acid-base balance appears warranted, as these patients tend to develop reduced filter patency leading to a higher incidence of citrate overload and metabolic disturbances. TRIAL REGISTRATION (LOCAL AUTHORITY): EA1/285/20 (Ethikkommission der Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin); date of registration 08.10.2020.

5.
Cells ; 10(11)2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34831306

RESUMO

In diabetic patients, medial vascular calcification is common and associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Excessive glucose concentrations can activate the nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B-cells (NF-kB) and trigger pro-calcific effects in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), which may actively augment vascular calcification. Zinc is able to mitigate phosphate-induced VSMC calcification. Reduced serum zinc levels have been reported in diabetes mellitus. Therefore, in this study the effects of zinc supplementation were investigated in primary human aortic VSMCs exposed to excessive glucose concentrations. Zinc treatment was found to abrogate the stimulating effects of high glucose on VSMC calcification. Furthermore, zinc was found to blunt the increased expression of osteogenic and chondrogenic markers in high glucose-treated VSMCs. High glucose exposure was shown to activate NF-kB in VSMCs, an effect that was blunted by additional zinc treatment. Zinc was further found to increase the expression of TNFα-induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3) in high glucose-treated VSMCs. The silencing of TNFAIP3 was shown to abolish the protective effects of zinc on high glucose-induced NF-kB-dependent transcriptional activation, osteogenic marker expression, and the calcification of VSMCs. Silencing of the zinc-sensing receptor G protein-coupled receptor 39 (GPR39) was shown to abolish zinc-induced TNFAIP3 expression and the effects of zinc on high glucose-induced osteogenic marker expression. These observations indicate that zinc may be a protective factor during vascular calcification in hyperglycemic conditions.

6.
Eur J Immunol ; 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676541

RESUMO

The interferon pathway, a key antiviral defense mechanism, is being considered as a therapeutic target in COVID-19. Both, substitution of interferon and JAK/STAT inhibition to limit cytokine storms have been proposed. However, little is known about possible abnormalities in STAT signaling in immune cells during SARS-CoV-2 infection. We investigated downstream targets of interferon signaling, including STAT1, STAT2, pSTAT1 and 2, and IRF1, 7 and 9 by flow cytometry in 30 patients with COVID-19, 17 with mild, and 13 with severe infection. We report upregulation of STAT1 and IRF9 in mild and severe COVID-19 cases, which correlated with the IFN-signature assessed by Siglec-1 (CD169) expression on peripheral monocytes. Interestingly, Siglec-1 and STAT1 in CD14+ monocytes and plasmablasts showed lower expression among severe cases compared to mild cases. Contrary to the baseline STAT1 expression, the phosphorylation of STAT1 was enhanced in severe COVID-19 cases, indicating a dysbalanced JAK/STAT signaling that fails to induce transcription of interferon stimulated response elements (ISRE). This abnormality persisted after IFN-α and IFN-γ stimulation of PBMCs from patients with severe COVID-19. Data suggest impaired STAT1 transcriptional upregulation among severely infected patients may represent a potential predictive biomarker and would allow stratification of patients for certain interferon-pathway targeted treatments.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The most common definition of delayed graft function (DGF) relies on dialysis during the first week post-transplant and does not consider DGF severity. The impact of DGF severity on long-term graft outcome remains controversial. METHODS: We analyzed 627 deceased-donor kidney transplant recipients (KTR) transplanted 2005-2015 at our center for DGF-severity, associated risk factors and long-term consequences of DGF. RESULTS: We found 349 (55.7%) KTR with DGF, which were classified into 4 groups according to DGF duration (0-1, 2-7, 8-14, >14 days) and were compared to KTR with no DGF. Increasing duration of DGF was associated with progressive worsening of 10-year death-censored graft survival (no DGF: 88.3% (95%CI: 82.4-94.2), 0-1 day: 81.3% (95%CI: 68.2-94.4), 2-7 days: 61.5% (95%CI: 43.1.1-79.9), 8-14 days: 66.6% (95%CI: 47.4-85.8), >14 days: 51.2% (95%CI: 33-69.4); p < 0.001). In kidneys with a Kidney Donor Profile Index (KDPI) ≥85% all DGF severity groups demonstrated reduced graft survival. However, in < 85%KDPI kidneys, only > 14 days DGF duration showed worse outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: DGF had a duration-dependent effect on graft survival, which varied depending on KDPI. Of note, 0-1-day DGF showed comparable results to no DGF in the whole cohort.

10.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34667083

RESUMO

Background: Accumulating evidence suggests that solid organ transplant recipients, as opposed to the general population, show strongly impaired responsiveness towards standard SARS-CoV-2 mRNA-based vaccination, demanding alternative strategies for protection of this vulnerable group. Methods: In line with recent recommendations, a third dose of either heterologous ChAdOx1 (AstraZeneca) or homologous BNT162b2 (BioNTech) was administered to 25 kidney transplant recipients (KTR) without humoral response after 2 doses of BNT162b2, followed by analysis of serological responses and vaccine-specific B- and T-cell immunity. Results: 9/25 (36%) KTR under standard immunosuppressive treatment seroconverted until day 27 after the third vaccination, while one patient developed severe COVID-19 infection immediately after vaccination. Cellular analysis seven days after the third dose showed significantly elevated frequencies of viral spike protein receptor binding domain specific B cells in humoral responders as compared to non-responders. Likewise, portions of spike-reactive CD4+ T helper cells were significantly elevated in seroconverting patients. Furthermore, overall frequencies of IL-2+, IL-4+ and polyfunctional CD4+ T cells significantly increased after the third dose, whereas memory/effector differentiation remained unaffected. Conclusions: Our data suggest that a fraction of transplant recipients benefits from triple vaccination, where seroconversion is associated with quantitative and qualitative changes of cellular immunity. At the same time, the study highlights that modified vaccination approaches for immunosuppressed patients still remain an urgent medical need.

11.
J Clin Med ; 10(15)2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362019

RESUMO

(1) Background: Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT) is a standard therapeutic option for patients with diabetes mellitus type I and kidney failure. Early pancreas allograft failure is a complication potentially associated with worse outcomes. (2) Methods: We performed a landmark analysis to assess the impact of early pancreas graft loss within 3 months on mortality and kidney graft survival over 10 years. This retrospective single-center study included 114 adult patients who underwent an SPKT between 2005 and 2018. (3) Results: Pancreas graft survival rate was 85.1% at 3 months. The main causes of early pancreas graft loss were thrombosis (6.1%), necrosis (2.6%), and pancreatitis (2.6%). Early pancreas graft loss was not associated with reduced patient survival (p = 0.168) or major adverse cerebral or cardiovascular events over 10 years (p = 0.741) compared to patients with functioning pancreas, after 3 months. Moreover, kidney graft function (p = 0.494) and survival (p = 0.461) were not significantly influenced by early pancreas graft loss. (4) Conclusion: In this study, using the landmark analysis technique, early pancreas graft loss within 3 months did not significantly impact patient or kidney graft survival over 10 years.

12.
J Intern Med ; 290(6): 1219-1232, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome with its key components insulin resistance, central obesity, dyslipidaemia, and hypertension is associated with a high risk for cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality in the general population. However, evidence that these findings apply to patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) with moderately reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate and/or albuminuria is limited. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association between metabolic syndrome and its components with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in CKD patients. METHODS: Prospective observation of a cohort of 5110 CKD patients from the German Chronic Kidney Disease study with 3284 (64.3%) of them having a metabolic syndrome at baseline. RESULTS: During the follow-up of 6.5 years, 605 patients died and 650 patients experienced major cardiovascular events. After extended data adjustment, patients with a metabolic syndrome had a higher risk for all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.26, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-1.54) and cardiovascular events (HR = 1.48, 95% CI: 1.22-1.79). The risk increased steadily with a growing number of metabolic syndrome components (increased waist circumference, glucose, triglycerides, hypertension and decreased HDL cholesterol): HR per component = 1.09 (95% CI: 1.02-1.17) for all-cause mortality and 1.23 (95% CI: 1.15-1.32) for cardiovascular events. This resulted in hazard ratios between 1.50 and 2.50 in the case when four or five components are present. An analysis of individual components of metabolic syndrome showed that the glucose component led to the highest increase in risk for all-cause mortality (HR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.38-2.03) and cardiovascular events (HR = 1.81, 95% CI: 1.51-2.18), followed by the HDL cholesterol and triglyceride components. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among patients with moderate CKD. Metabolic syndrome increases the risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. The glucose and lipid components seem to be the main drivers for the association with outcomes.

13.
Clin Kidney J ; 14(3): 959-968, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349984

RESUMO

Background: Hypothyroidism and low free triiodothyronine (FT3) syndrome [low FT3 levels with normal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)] have been associated with reduced kidney function cross-sectionally in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with severely reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Results on the prospective effects of impaired thyroid function on renal events and mortality for patients with severely reduced eGFR or from population-based cohorts are conflicting. Here we evaluated the association between thyroid and kidney function with eGFR (cross-sectionally) as well as renal events and mortality (prospectively) in a large, prospective cohort of CKD patients with mild to moderately reduced kidney function. Methods: Thyroid markers were measured among CKD patients from the German Chronic Kidney Disease study. Incident renal endpoints (combined ESKD, acute kidney injury and renal death) and all-cause mortality were abstracted from hospital records and death certificates. Time to first event analysis of complete data from baseline to the 4-year follow-up (median follow-up time 4.04 years) of 4600 patients was conducted. Multivariable linear regression and Cox proportional hazards models were fitted for single and combined continuous thyroid markers [TSH, free thyroxine (FT4), FT3] and thyroid status. Results: Cross-sectionally, the presence of low-FT3 syndrome showed a significant inverse association with eGFR and continuous FT3 levels alone showed a significant positive association with eGFR; in combination with FT4 and TSH, FT3 levels also showed a positive association and FT4 levels showed a negative association with eGFR. Prospectively, higher FT4 and lower FT3 levels were significantly associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (N events = 297). Per picomole per litre higher FT3 levels the risk of reaching the composite renal endpoint was 0.73-fold lower (95% confidence interval 0.65-0.82; N events = 615). Compared with euthyroid patients, patients with low-FT3 syndrome had a 2.2-fold higher risk and patients with hypothyroidism had a 1.6-fold higher risk of experiencing the composite renal endpoint. Conclusions: Patients with mild to moderate CKD suffering from thyroid function abnormalities are at an increased risk of adverse renal events and all-cause mortality over time.

14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16039, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362979

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) induces lung injury of varying severity, potentially causing severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Pulmonary injury patterns in COVID-19 patients differ from those in patients with other causes of ARDS. We aimed to explore the frequency and pathogenesis of cavitary lung lesions in critically ill patients with COVID-19. Retrospective study in 39 critically ill adult patients hospitalized with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 including lung injury of varying severity in a tertiary care referral center during March and May 2020, Berlin/Germany. We observed lung cavitations in an unusually large proportion of 22/39 (56%) COVID-19 patients treated on intensive care units (ICU), including 3/5 patients without mechanical ventilation. Median interquartile range (IQR) time between onset of symptoms and ICU admission was 11.5 (6.25-17.75) days. In 15 patients, lung cavitations were already present on the first CT scan, performed after ICU admission; in seven patients they developed during a subsequent median (IQR) observation period of 48 (35-58) days. In seven patients we found at least one cavitation with a diameter > 2 cm (maximum 10 cm). Patients who developed cavitations were older and had a higher body mass index. Autopsy findings in three patients revealed that the cavitations reflected lung infarcts undergoing liquefaction, secondary to thrombotic pulmonary artery branch occlusions. Lung cavitations appear to be a frequent complication of severely ill COVID-19 patients, probably related to the prothrombotic state associated with COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Idoso , COVID-19/complicações , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
15.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(5): 437-449, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) concentrations are a major independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and are mainly determined by variation in LPA. Up to 70% of the LPA coding sequence is located in the hypervariable kringle IV type 2 (KIV-2) region. It is hardly accessible by conventional technologies, but may contain functional variants. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the new, very frequent splicing variant KIV-2 4733G>A on Lp(a) and CAD. METHODS: We genotyped 4733G>A in the GCKD (German Chronic Kidney Disease) study (n = 4,673) by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction, performed minigene assays, identified proxy single nucleotide polymorphisms and used them to characterize its effect on CAD by survival analysis in UK Biobank (n = 440,234). Frequencies in ethnic groups were assessed in the 1000 Genomes Project. RESULTS: The 4733G>A variant (38.2% carrier frequency) was found in most isoform sizes. It reduces allelic expression without abolishing protein production, lowers Lp(a) by 13.6 mg/dL (95% CI: 12.5-14.7; P < 0.0001) and is the strongest variance-explaining factor after the smaller isoform. Splicing of minigenes was modified. Compound heterozygosity (4.6% of the population) for 4733G>A and 4925G>A, another KIV-2 splicing mutation, reduces Lp(a) by 31.8 mg/dL and most importantly narrows the interquartile range by 9-fold (from 42.1 to 4.6 mg/dL) when compared to the wild type. In UK Biobank 4733G>A alone and compound heterozygosity with 4925G>A reduced HR for CAD by 9% (95% CI: 7%-11%) and 12% (95% CI: 7%-16%) (both P < 0.001). Frequencies in ethnicities differ notably. CONCLUSIONS: Functional variants in the previously inaccessible LPA KIV-2 region cooperate in determining Lp(a) variance and CAD risk. Even a moderate but lifelong genetic Lp(a) reduction translates to a noticeable CAD risk reduction.

16.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298143

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Stratification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients at risk for progressing to kidney failure requiring kidney replacement therapy (KFRT) is important for clinical decision-making and trial enrollment. STUDY DESIGN: Four independent prospective observational cohort studies. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: The development cohort comprised 4,915 CKD patients, and 3 independent validation cohorts comprised a total of 3,063. Patients were observed for approximately 5 years. EXPOSURE: 22 demographic, anthropometric, and laboratory variables commonly assessed in CKD patients. OUTCOME: Progression to KFRT. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: A least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox proportional hazards model was fit to select laboratory variables that best identified patients at high risk for KFRT. Model discrimination and calibration were assessed and compared against the 4-variable Tangri (T4) risk equation both in a resampling approach within the development cohort and in the validation cohorts using cause-specific concordance (C) statistics, net reclassification improvement, and calibration graphs. RESULTS: The newly derived 6-variable risk score (Z6) included serum creatinine, albumin, cystatin C, and urea, as well as hemoglobin and the urinary albumin-creatinine ratio. In the the resampling approach, Z6 achieved a median C statistic of 0.909 (95% CI, 0.868-0.937) at 2 years after the baseline visit, whereas the T4 achieved a median C statistic of 0.855 (95% CI, 0.799-0.915). In the 3 independent validation cohorts, the Z6C statistics were 0.894, 0.921, and 0.891, whereas the T4C statistics were 0.882, 0.913, and 0.862. LIMITATIONS: The Z6 was both derived and tested only in White European cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: A new risk equation based on 6 routinely available laboratory tests facilitates identification of patients with CKD who are at high risk of progressing to KFRT.

17.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 32(9): 2375-2385, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of accumulating toxic terminal metabolites such as oxalate in patients with kidney failure is not well understood. METHODS: To evaluate serum oxalate concentrations and risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in a cohort of patients with kidney failure requiring chronic dialysis, we performed a post-hoc analysis of the randomized German Diabetes Dialysis (4D) Study; this study included 1255 European patients on hemodialysis with diabetes followed-up for a median of 4 years. The results obtained via Cox proportional hazards models were confirmed by competing risk regression and restricted cubic spline modeling in the 4D Study cohort and validated in a separate cohort of 104 US patients on dialysis after a median follow-up of 2.5 years. RESULTS: A total of 1108 patients had baseline oxalate measurements, with a median oxalate concentration of 42.4 µM. During follow-up, 548 patients died, including 139 (25.4%) from sudden cardiac death. A total of 413 patients reached the primary composite cardiovascular end point (cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and fatal or nonfatal stroke). Patients in the highest oxalate quartile (≥59.7 µM) had a 40% increased risk for cardiovascular events (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.40; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.08 to 1.81) and a 62% increased risk of sudden cardiac death (aHR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.03 to 2.56), compared with those in the lowest quartile (≤29.6 µM). The associations remained when accounting for competing risks and with oxalate as a continuous variable. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated serum oxalate is a novel risk factor for cardiovascular events and sudden cardiac death in patients on dialysis. Further studies are warranted to test whether oxalate-lowering strategies improve cardiovascular mortality in patients on dialysis.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Oxalatos/sangue , Diálise Renal , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 78(5): 709-718, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332007

RESUMO

The National Kidney Foundation convened an interdisciplinary international workshop in March 2019 to discuss the potential role of a new class of agents for the treatment of anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD): the hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors (HIF-PHIs). International experts with expertise in physiology, biochemistry, structural chemistry, translational medicine, and clinical management of anemia participated. Participants reviewed the unmet needs of current anemia treatment, the biology of hypoxia-inducible factor, the pharmacology of prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors, and the results of phase 2 clinical trials of HIF-PHIs among patients with CKD, both those treated by dialysis and those not receiving kidney replacement therapy. The results of key phase 3 clinical trials of HIF-PHIs available as of the time of writing are also included in this report, although they appeared after the workshop was completed. Participants in the workshop developed a number of recommendations for further examination of HIF-PHIs, which are summarized in this report and include long-term safety issues, potential benefits, and practical considerations for implementation including patient and provider education.

19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13325, 2021 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172793

RESUMO

COVID 19 is associated with a hypercoagulable state and frequent thromboembolic complications. For how long this acquired abnormality lasts potentially requiring preventive measures, such as anticoagulation remains to be delineated. We used viscoelastic rotational thrombelastometry (ROTEM) in a single center cohort of 13 critical ill patients and performed follow up examinations three months after discharge from ICU. We found clear signs of a hypercoagulable state due to severe hypofibrinolysis and a high rate of thromboembolic complications during the phase of acute illness. Three month follow up revealed normalization of the initial coagulation abnormality and no evidence of venous thrombosis in all thirteen patients. In our cohort the coagulation profile was completely normalized three months after COVID-19. Based on these findings, discontinuation of anticoagulation can be discussed in patients with complete venous reperfusion.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea , COVID-19 , Tromboelastografia , Tromboembolia , Trombose Venosa , Idoso , Coagulação Sanguínea , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/patologia , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tromboembolia/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia/patologia , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose Venosa/patologia
20.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 10(7): 787-796, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125186

RESUMO

AIMS: The 2019 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines provide a revised definition of high-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) encompassing three clinical presentations: Cardiac arrest, obstructive shock, and persistent hypotension. This study investigated the prognostic implications of this new definition. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 784 consecutive PE patients prospectively enrolled in a single-centre registry were analysed. Study outcomes include an in-hospital adverse outcome (PE-related death or cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and in-hospital all-cause mortality. Overall, 86 patients (11.0%) presented with high-risk PE and more often had an adverse outcome (43.0%) compared to intermediate-high-risk patients (6.1%; P < 0.001). Patients with cardiac arrest had the highest rate of an in-hospital adverse outcome (78.4%) and mortality (59.5%; both P < 0.001 compared to intermediate-high-risk patients). Obstructive shock and persistent hypotension had similar rates of adverse outcomes (15.8% and 18.2%, respectively; P = 0.46), but the only obstructive shock was associated with an increased all-cause mortality risk. Use of an optimised venous lactate cut-off value (3.8 mmol/L) to diagnose obstructive shock allowed differentiation of adverse outcome risk between patients with shock (21.4%) and persistent hypotension (9.5%), resulting in a net reclassification improvement (0.24 ± 0.08; P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: The revised ESC 2019 guidelines definition of high-risk PE stratifies subgroups at different risk of in-hospital adverse outcomes and all-cause mortality. Risk prediction can be improved by using an optimised venous lactate cut-off value to diagnose obstructive shock, which might help to better assess the risk-to-benefit ratio of systemic thrombolysis in different subgroups of high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar , Choque , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Medição de Risco
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