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2.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcome of ischemic VT ablation may differ between patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) in relation to infarct localization. METHODS: We analyzed procedural data, acute and long-term outcomes of 152 consecutive patients (139 men, mean age 67 ± 9 years) with previous anterior or inferior MI who underwent ischemic VT ablation at our institution between January 2010 and October 2015. RESULTS: More patients had a history of inferior MI (58%). Mean ejection fraction was significantly lower in anterior MI patients (28 ± 10% vs. 34 ± 10%, p < 0.001). NYHA class and presence of comorbidities were not different between the groups. Indication for the procedure was electrical storm in 43% of patients, and frequent implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapies in 57%, and did not differ significantly between anterior and inferior MI patients. A mean of 3 ± 2 VT morphologies were inducible, with a trend towards more VT in the anterior MI group (3.1 ± 2.2 vs. 2.6 ± 1.9, p = 0.18). Procedural parameters and acute success did not differ between the groups. During a mean follow-up of 3 ± 2 years, more anterior MI patients had undergone a re-ablation (49% vs. 33%, p = 0.09, Chi-square test). There was a trend towards more ICD shocks in patients with previous anterior MI (46% vs. 34%). After adjusting for risk factors and ejection fraction, multivariable Cox regression analyses showed no significant difference in mortality (p = 0.78) and cardiovascular mortality between infarct localizations (p = 0.6). CONCLUSION: Clinical characteristics of patients with anterior and inferior MI are similar except for ejection fraction. Patients with inferior MI appear to have better outcome regarding survival, ICD shocks and re-ablation, but this appears to be related to better ejection fraction when compared with anterior MI.

4.
Europace ; 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219388

RESUMO

AIMS: The GOLD AF Registry has been designed to prospectively assess the population, indications, and outcomes using second-generation phased radiofrequency (RF) ablation (pulmonary vein ablation catheter GOLD) in a global examination of standard-of-care use for the treatment of paroxysmal and persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: GOLD AF (NCT02433613) is a prospective, observational, multi-centre registry designed to characterize efficacy and safety of phased RF ablation in patients with AF. The primary endpoint was freedom from AF recurrence at 12-month follow-up after a 90-day blanking period. Ancillary objectives include safety, procedural efficiency, and quality of life (QoL). The QoL assessment using the Atrial Fibrillation Effect on QualiTy-of-Life (AFEQT) and the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) Score of AF-related symptoms was collected at baseline and 12 months. In total, 1054 patients were included in this analysis (age 60.6, 67.6% male, 26.5% PersAF). Kaplan-Meier estimate of freedom from AF recurrence was 77.7% at 12 months. Peri-procedural device or procedure-related complications were observed in 26 (2.5%) patients, with a low stroke rate of 0.3%. One-year post-ablation, the EHRA AF Symptom score decreased in 68% of patients. The AFEQT score improvement was observed in 88.4% and 90.4% of patients who completed the questionnaire in-person or interviewed by phone at 12 month follow-up, respectively. CONCLUSION: Phased RF ablation for the treatment of paroxysmal and persistent AF demonstrated a 77.7% freedom from AF recurrence at 12 months in addition to a significant reduction in arrhythmia symptoms and clinically meaningful improved QoL. Low peri-procedural complication rate of <3% was reported.

5.
Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol ; 31(1): 39-47, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006164

RESUMO

Brugada syndrome is ion channelopathy defined by coved type ST-elevation in at least one right precordial ECG lead. Patients may suffer from ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation, which may cause syncope or sudden cardiac death. The majority of patients are likely to remain asymptomatic throughout life. A correct ECG diagnosis remains challenging. The implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) is the only established therapy to protect against sudden cardiac death. Thus, individual risk stratification is of major clinical relevance in primary prevention. The present article gives an update on current risk stratification and novel therapeutic options apart from ICD therapy.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Brugada , Síndrome de Brugada/complicações , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Medição de Risco
7.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068978

RESUMO

AIMS: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has a negative impact on prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF). The role impact of DM in HF patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices might differ and remains unclear. The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of DM on periprocedural complications and clinical outcome in HF patients undergoing ICD or CRT implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Within the German Device Registry, data from 50 German centres were collected between January 2007 and February 2014. A retrospective analysis of n = 5329 patients undergoing ICD implantation was conducted. Patients' characteristics, procedural data, periprocedural complications, and post-procedural clinical outcome, including a composite clinical endpoint of all-cause mortality, stroke, and myocardial infarction (MACCE), were analysed. Subgroup analysis were performed for ICD and CRT implantations. Median follow-up was 15.7 (12.9; 20.0) and 16.2 (12.8; 21.2) months in DM and non-DM patients. Of 5329 patients enrolled, n = 1448 (27.2%) had a diagnosis of DM. Within the cohort, 94% of DM and 90% of non-DM patients had a diagnosis of HF. Patients with DM were older, had higher body mass index, and higher rate of cardiovascular comorbidities compared with non-DM patients. Unadjusted and adjusted analyses revealed similar all-over intrahospital periprocedural complication rates in both groups (4.1% vs 3.9%). Unadjusted Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed higher all-cause mortality after 1 year (9.0% vs 6.3%; log-rank P = 0.001) with higher MACCE rates (10.0% vs 7.3%; P < 0.001) in the DM group versus non-DM patients. After multivariable adjustment for relevant covariates, the association of DM to MACCE disappeared [HR 1.11 (0.89-1.38)]. Because chronic kidney disease (CKD) was clearly associated with increased 1 year MACCE after multivariate adjustment [odds ratio (OR) 2.11 (1.68-2.64)], a subgroup analysis was performed showing a strong trend towards more perioperative complications in DM patients with CKD [OR 2.16 (0.9-5.21)], while no effect of DM was observed in patients without CKD [OR 0.73 (0.42-1.28)]. CONCLUSIONS: The overall risk of periprocedural complications and short-term (1 year) clinical outcome in patients with DM and HF undergoing ICD or CRT defibrillator (CRT-D) implantation was not increased. In contrast, CKD was associated with an increased risk of 1 year MACCE in HF patients undergoing ICD/CRT-D implantation.

8.
Circulation ; 141(13): 1057-1067, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia (VT) reduces the recurrence of VT in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). The appropriate timing of VT ablation and its effects on mortality and heart failure progression remain a matter of debate. In patients with life-threatening arrhythmias necessitating ICD implantation, we compared outcomes of preventive VT ablation (undertaken before ICD implantation to prevent ICD shocks for VT) and deferred ablation after 3 ICD shocks for VT. METHODS: The BERLIN VT study (Preventive Ablation of Ventricular Tachycardia in Patients With Myocardial Infarction) was a prospective, open, parallel, randomized trial performed at 26 centers. Patients with stable ischemic cardiomyopathy, a left ventricular ejection fraction between 30% and 50%, and documented VT were randomly assigned 1:1 to a preventive or deferred ablation strategy. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death and unplanned hospitalization for either symptomatic ventricular arrhythmia or worsening heart failure. Secondary outcomes included sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia and appropriate ICD therapy. We hypothesized that preventive ablation strategy would be superior to deferred ablation strategy in the intention-to-treat population. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 396±284 days, the primary end point occurred in 25 (32.9%) of 76 patients in the preventive ablation group and 23 (27.7%) of 83 patients in the deferred ablation group (hazard ratio, 1.09 [95% CI, 0.62-1.92]; P=0.77). On the basis of prespecified criteria for interim analyses, the study was terminated early for futility. In the preventive versus deferred ablation group, 6 versus 2 patients died (7.9% versus 2.4%; P=0.18), 8 versus 2 patients were admitted for worsening heart failure (10.4% versus 2.3%; P=0.062), and 15 versus 21 patients were hospitalized for symptomatic ventricular arrhythmia (19.5% versus 25.3%; P=0.27). Among secondary outcomes, the proportions of patients with sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia (39.7% versus 48.2%; P=0.050) and appropriate ICD therapy (34.2% versus 47.0%; P=0.020) were numerically reduced in the preventive ablation group. CONCLUSIONS: Preventive VT ablation before ICD implantation did not reduce mortality or hospitalization for arrhythmia or worsening heart failure during 1 year of follow-up compared with the deferred ablation strategy. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02501005.

9.
Eur J Intern Med ; 73: 72-75, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806411

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The AliveCor Kardia ECG monitor (ACK) offers a smartphone-based one-lead ECG recording for the detection of atrial fibrillation. We compared ACK lead I recordings with the 12-lead ECG and introduce a novel parasternal lead (NPL). METHODS: Consecutive cardiac inpatients were recruited. In all patients a 12-lead ECG, ACK lead I and NPL were obtained. Two experienced electrophysiologists were blinded and separately evaluated all ECG. We calculated sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of the ACK ECG compared to the 12-lead ECG. RESULTS: 296 ECG from 99 patients (38 female, age 64 ± 15 years, BMI 27.8 ± 5.1 kg/m2) were analyzed. 20% of ACK lead I recordings contained a critical amount of artifact. The electrophysiologists' interpretation of the ACK recordings yielded a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 94% for atrial fibrillation or flutter in lead I (κ = 0.90) and a sensitivity of 96% and specificity of 97% in the NPL (κ = 0.92). The ACK diagnostic algorithm displayed a significantly lower sensitivity (55-70%), specificity (60-69%), and accuracy (κ = 0.4-0.53) but a high negative predictive value (100%). Patients with atrial flutter (n = 5) and with ventricular stimulation (n = 12) had a high likelihood of being misclassified by the algorithm. CONCLUSION: The AliveCor Kardia ECG monitor allows a highly accurate detection of atrial fibrillation by an interpreting electrophysiologist both in the standard lead I and a novel parasternal lead. The diagnostic algorithm offered by the system may be useful in screening recordings for further review. Diagnostic challenges present in atrial flutter and ventricular pacemaker stimulation.

10.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 20(1): 49-57, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175534

RESUMO

Recent experimental studies showed a protective effect of the renin inhibitor aliskiren regarding atrial structural remodeling. Purpose of this study was to assess acute electrophysiologic effects of aliskiren in a whole-heart model of atrial fibrillation (AF) and to investigate its impact on the ventricle. Twelve rabbit hearts were excised, retrogradely perfused, and paced at different cycle lengths. To enhance atrial vulnerability, a combination of acetylcholine (ACh) and isoproterenol (Iso) was infused and significantly reduced atrial action potential duration (aAPD90) and atrial effective refractory period (aERP). Additional infusion of aliskiren prolonged aAPD90 but did not alter aERP. A triangulation of action potential with ACh/Iso and a further triangulation after treatment with aliskiren were noted. Vulnerability to AF was tested by employing trains of burst pacing. Administration of ACh/Iso provoked more episodes of AF (baseline: 26 episodes, Iso/Ach: 48 episodes). Additional treatment with aliskiren induced AF significantly more often (108 episodes). Another nine hearts were perfused with aliskiren to examine its ventricular effects. Infusion with aliskiren abbreviated ventricular APD90 and ERP. Utilizing programmed ventricular stimulation, a trend towards more ventricular arrhythmias in aliskiren-treated hearts was observed. Though aliskiren did not reduce aAPD90 or aERP, acute treatment with aliskiren promoted AF. Triangulation of atrial action potentials, which is an established risk factor for ventricular proarrhythmia, may contribute to the increased atrial vulnerability. This effect may interfere with its recently demonstrated beneficial properties in atrial remodeling. Of note, aliskiren might have a proarrhythmic effect on the ventricular level.

11.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), catheter ablation is considered as first-line therapy. Despite high success rates, some patients present with arrhythmia recurrence or develop other types of arrhythmias over time. OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of symptomatic arrhythmias after initially successful AVNRT ablation and to analyze their clinical implications in a real-world cohort. METHODS: We included 2,795 patients from the German Ablation Registry undergoing first ablation of AVNRT between 01/2007 and 01/2010. In patients alive at long-term follow-up, patient-specific characteristics and long-term follow-up data were compared between patients with (group A) and without (group B) any symptomatic arrhythmia during follow-up. RESULTS: Symptomatic arrhythmias occurred in 17.2% of patients during a mean follow-up of 678 days after AVNRT ablation. The patients with symptomatic arrhythmias were more often female and suffered from structural heart disease. Arrhythmia occurrence was clinically relevant regarding symptoms and patient satisfaction. Serious adverse events including stroke, transient ischemic attack, pacemaker implantation, as well as continued use of antiarrhythmic medication occurred more often in group A. A second ablation procedure was performed in 26% of symptomatic patients to optimize the symptomatic outcome, whereas cardiovascular events or patient satisfaction were not further improved. CONCLUSION: During long-term follow-up, one out of six patients experienced symptomatic arrhythmias after AVNRT ablation, associated with an increase of serious adverse events. A subset of patients required medical or interventional antiarrhythmic therapy, possibly attributable to the co-existence of other arrhythmias. Screening for arrhythmic and cardiac co-morbidity before and after ablation may support comprehensive therapy planning and outcome.

12.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with high risk for sudden cardiac death the implantation of a defibrillator is an established treatment. However the benefits and risks for patients in accordance to the number of the leads are not clear. Even in the current guidelines a recommendation to this question is missing. We analyzed advantage and disadvantages of single-chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillators (VVI-ICD) versus dual-chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillators (DDD-ICD) in the prospective German Device Registry. METHODS: The data of 2240 patients who underwent ICD implantation in 45 German Centers between January 2007 and March 2011 were included in a prospective device registry (VVI: n = 1629, male = 1358, EF = 34% ± 13%; DDD: n = 611, male = 491, EF = 35% ± 14%). RESULTS: The in-hospital complications were significantly higher in the DDD-ICD group with higher revision/device complication rates (3.0% vs. 1.2%; p = 0.003) but also higher mortality rate (1.0% vs. 0.1%; p < 0.001). Regarding the adjusted data at 1-year follow-up DDD-ICD caused more device revisions, but no difference in rehospitalization and mortality. CONCLUSION: It is still unclear whether DDD-ICD may be beneficial for patients with preserved sinus and atrioventricular nodal function. Our data show that the decision of the operator to choose a DDD-ICD in these patients must be taken very carefully. By choosing a DDD-ICD the patient is exposed to a significantly higher periprocedural complication rate and higher in-hospital mortality. In absence of relevant bradycardias implantation of a DDD-ICD is not justified.

13.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The performance of the subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD™) has been described in different kinds of heart disease and has been proven to be an important advance in prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). While positive experiences with the S-ICD™ initially came from collectives of patients without structural heart diseases, positive results have also been collected from cohorts with structural heart disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All S-ICD™ patients with either ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM), dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) as the main indication for ICD implantation (n = 144 patients) or electrical heart disease/idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (n = 83 patients) in our large-scaled single-center S-ICD™ registry were included in this study. Baseline characteristics, appropriate and inappropriate shocks, and complications were documented in a mean follow-up of 18 ± 15 months. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were significantly different between the two groups in most categories. In contrast, there was no difference concerning neither appropriate nor inappropriate shock delivery between the two groups. Also other outcome parameters such as need for surgical revisions and all-cause mortality did not differ. There was a significant difference between the first- and second-generation S-ICDs™ in inadequate shocks mainly driven by patients with HCM. CONCLUSION: In our study, S-ICD™ performance was similar in patients with and without structural heart disease. Decision pro- or contra-S-ICD™ should be made rather on the basis of expected shock rate and probability of the need for future anti-tachycardia or anti-bradycardia pacing than in dependence of the underlying heart disease.

14.
Eur Heart J ; 40(46): 3793-3799c, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755940

RESUMO

Recent innovations have the potential to improve rhythm control therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Controlled trials provide new evidence on the effectiveness and safety of rhythm control therapy, particularly in patients with AF and heart failure. This review summarizes evidence supporting the use of rhythm control therapy in patients with AF for different outcomes, discusses implications for indications, and highlights remaining clinical gaps in evidence. Rhythm control therapy improves symptoms and quality of life in patients with symptomatic AF and can be safely delivered in elderly patients with comorbidities (mean age 70 years, 3-7% complications at 1 year). Atrial fibrillation ablation maintains sinus rhythm more effectively than antiarrhythmic drug therapy, but recurrent AF remains common, highlighting the need for better patient selection (precision medicine). Antiarrhythmic drugs remain effective after AF ablation, underpinning the synergistic mechanisms of action of AF ablation and antiarrhythmic drugs. Atrial fibrillation ablation appears to improve left ventricular function in a subset of patients with AF and heart failure. Data on the prognostic effect of rhythm control therapy are heterogeneous without a clear signal for either benefit or harm. Rhythm control therapy has acceptable safety and improves quality of life in patients with symptomatic AF, including in elderly populations with stroke risk factors. There is a clinical need to better stratify patients for rhythm control therapy. Further studies are needed to determine whether rhythm control therapy, and particularly AF ablation, improves left ventricular function and reduces AF-related complications.

15.
J Cardiol ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The subcutaneous implantable-cardioverter defibrillator (S-ICD™, Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, USA) is an important advance in device therapy for the prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Although current guidelines recommend S-ICD™ use, long-term data are still limited, especially in subgroups. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common reason for the implantation of an ICD. However, there are no sufficient data on the performance of the S-ICD™ in this patient cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All S-ICD™ patients with DCM as the main indication for ICD implantation (n=47 patients) in our large-scaled single-center S-ICD™ registry (n=294 patients) were included in this study. Baseline characteristics, appropriate and inappropriate shocks, and complications were documented in a mean follow-up of 22.9±18.5 months. RESULTS: A total of 47 patients with DCM as the underlying structural heart disease received an S-ICD™ in our institution. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 37±12% and a 28% had a history of ventricular tachyarrhythmia. During follow-up eight ventricular tachyarrhythmias were adequately terminated in three patients. In four patients, oversensing resulting in an inappropriate shock was observed, which could be managed by changing the sensing vector. There was no need for a change to a cardiac resynchronization (CRT) system while one system was changed to a VVI-ICD due to S-ICD™ wound infection. CONCLUSION: The S-ICD™ seems to be a valuable option for the prevention of SCD in patients with DCM and no indication for CRT. As clinically relevant ventricular arrhythmias consisted of ventricular fibrillation or fast ventricular tachycardia in all patients in our cohort, no change to transvenous ICDs for anti-tachycardia pacing delivery was necessary.

16.
Heart Vessels ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705185

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation and other atrial tachyarrhythmias are increasing with age and concomitant morbidity. First options in symptomatic patients are drug treatment and catheter ablation. Nevertheless, a considerable number of patients suffer from refractory atrial tachyarrhythmias despite treatment. Atrioventricular node ablation (AVNA) may be helpful in many of these patients. Therefore, we investigated AVNA patients with a long-term follow-up. We enrolled 82 patients with a follow-up longer than 1 year receiving AVNA for drug- and ablation-resistant atrial tachyarrhythmias (AA) in a retrospective manner. Mean follow-up duration was 48 ± 24 months. 50% of the patients initially received AVNA to optimize biventricular pacing in cardiac resynchronization therapy, the other 50% because of refractory symptomatic tachyarrhythmias. Persistent AV block was achieved in every patient. Symptom relief and patient satisfaction were high during follow-up. Due to system upgrades there were 63% of patients with a biventricular system during follow-up. In these patients, left-ventricular ejection fraction (LV-EF) increased by 7% (42-49%) after ablation. AVNA is effective in increasing biventricular pacing as well as for symptom relief in patients with refractory atrial tachyarrhythmias. AVNA should be considered as a valuable option in patients with refractory atrial tachyarrhythmias lacking other treatment options.

17.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD™) is an important advance in device therapy for prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). In some patients, decision pro- or contra-ICD implantation is particularly challenging due to inconsistent data on risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmias or sudden cardiac death, rare entities, special medical or family history, or patients' wishes. Whether decision-making in these borderline cases has been facilitated with the new option of a S-ICD™ is unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with an implanted S-ICD™ without a class I or IIa recommendation for primary prophylaxis of sudden cardiac death in the current guidelines (n = 30 patients) in our large-scaled single-centre S-ICD™ registry (n = 249 patients) were included in this study. Baseline characteristics, appropriate and inappropriate shocks, and complications were documented in a mean follow-up of 40 months. RESULTS: In all patients S-ICD™ implantation was performed for primary prevention of SCD. Of all 30 patients with an overall mean age of 40.5 ± 15.6 years, 17 were male (57%). The mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 54.5 ± 9.9%. Indication were highly variable and ranged from structural heart disease, nsVT and LV-EF > 35% to patients with polymorphic non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (nsVT) and suspect syncope. During follow-up, six episodes of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias and four episodes of ventricular fibrillation (VF) were adequately terminated in three patients (10%). Two of these patients were implanted for polymorphic nsVT and previous syncope without structural heart disease. In three patients, T-wave-oversensing and in one patient also P-wave-oversensing resulted in an inappropriate shock (five in total), two additional episodes of oversensing ended before shock delivery. There were no S-ICD™ system-related infections. In five patients S-ICD™ replacement was performed due to battery depletion (four regular, one premature). In five patients, ablation procedures were performed after implantation (four because of frequent symptomatic ventricular extra beats, one because of atrial flutter). Change to a transvenous system was necessary in two patients due to need for antibradycardia pacing. CONCLUSION: The use of the S-ICD™ was safe in patients with borderline or unclear indication for ICD implantation in our study. Of note, during a relatively short mean follow-up there were several appropriate therapies, especially for VF in these patients. On the other hand, oversensing also occurred in about 10% of patients, while lead problems were not problematic in this collective. S-ICD™ implantation may be considered as a possible alternative in cases of borderline indications and clinical uncertainty when decision pro-ICD implantation is made. Incidence of arrhythmias was quite high and mostly consisted of VF. Nevertheless, patient education seems even more important as there is a considerable risk for inappropriate therapies as well.

18.
Eur Heart J ; 40(46): 3757-3767, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651946

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the safety and efficacy of double vs. triple antithrombotic therapy (DAT vs. TAT) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and acute coronary syndrome or who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed using PubMed to search for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC)-based randomized clinical trials comparing DAT vs. TAT in AF patients undergoing PCI. Four trials encompassing 10 234 patients (DAT = 5496 vs. TAT = 4738) were included. The primary safety endpoint (ISTH major or clinically relevant non-major bleeding) was significantly lower with DAT compared with TAT [risk ratio (RR) 0.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.56-0.78; P < 0.0001; I2 = 69%], which was consistent across all available bleeding definitions. This benefit was counterbalanced by a significant increase of stent thrombosis (RR 1.59, 95% CI 1.01-2.50; P = 0.04; I2 = 0%) and a trend towards higher risk of myocardial infarction with DAT. There were no significant differences in all-cause and cardiovascular death, stroke and major adverse cardiovascular events. The comparison of NOAC-based DAT vs. vitamin K antagonist (VKA)-TAT yielded consistent results and a significant reduction of intracranial haemorrhage (RR 0.33, 95% CI 0.17-0.65; P = 0.001; I2 = 0%). CONCLUSION: Double antithrombotic therapy, particularly if consisting of a NOAC instead of VKA and a P2Y12 inhibitor, is associated with a reduction of bleeding, including major and intracranial haemorrhages. This benefit is however counterbalanced by a higher risk of cardiac-mainly stent-related-but not cerebrovascular ischaemic occurrences.

19.
Clin Cardiol ; 42(11): 1121-1125, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of not sufficiently understood origin. Some patients develop cardiac involvement in course of the disease which is mostly responsible for adverse outcome. In addition to complications like high degree atrioventricular (AV) block or ventricular tachyarrhythmias, there is a certain percentage of patients developing atrial tachyarrhythmias. Data is limited and the role of catheter ablation uncertain. Therefore, we studied sarcoid patients who presented with supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. HYPOTHESIS: Treatment and ablation of supraventricular tachycardia could be hampered by inflammation in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis. METHODS: We enrolled 37 consecutive patients with cardiac sarcoidosis who presented with atrial tachyarrhythmias and underwent an electrophysiologic study over a period of 6 years (03/2013-04/2019). In total, 16 catheter ablations for atrial tachyarrhythmias were performed. Mean follow-up duration was 2.5 years. RESULTS: Most common ablation performed was cavo-tricuspid isthmus ablation for typical atrial flutter in seven patients (54%). Pulmonary vein isolation for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) was performed in five patients (38%). Two patients received slow-pathway modulation for treatment of recurrent atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT). All but two patients with AF had no clinical recurrence during follow-up. Two patients had recurrence of AF but still reported markedly improved european heart rhythm association (EHRA) class. Periprocedural safety was very high. There were no adverse events related to the ablation procedure. One patient died during follow-up in the presence of electrical storm. CONCLUSION: Catheter ablations of supraventricular tachycardias seem to be safe and effective in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis. Outcome is comparable to patients without inflammatory heart disease, although data from larger patient collectives are mandatory to make recommendations in this special entity.

20.
Lancet ; 394(10206): 1335-1343, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the safety of edoxaban in combination with P2Y12 inhibition in patients with atrial fibrillation who had percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: ENTRUST-AF PCI was a randomised, multicentre, open-label, non-inferiority phase 3b trial with masked outcome evaluation, done at 186 sites in 18 countries. Patients had atrial fibrillation requiring oral anticoagulation, were aged at least 18 years, and had a successful PCI for stable coronary artery disease or acute coronary syndrome. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) from 4 h to 5 days after PCI using concealed, stratified, and blocked web-based central randomisation to either edoxaban (60 mg once daily) plus a P2Y12 inhibitor for 12 months or a vitamin K antagonist (VKA) in combination with a P2Y12 inhibitor and aspirin (100 mg once daily, for 1-12 months). The edoxaban dose was reduced to 30 mg per day if one or more factors (creatinine clearance 15-50 mL/min, bodyweight ≤60 kg, or concomitant use of specified potent P-glycoprotein inhibitors) were present. The primary endpoint was a composite of major or clinically relevant non-major (CRNM) bleeding within 12 months. The primary analysis was done in the intention-to-treat population and safety was assessed in all patients who received at least one dose of their assigned study drug. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02866175, is closed to new participants, and follow-up is completed. FINDINGS: From Feb 24, 2017, through May 7, 2018, 1506 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to the edoxaban regimen (n=751) or VKA regimen (n=755). Median time from PCI to randomisation was 45·1 h (IQR 22·2-76·2). Major or CRNM bleeding events occurred in 128 (17%) of 751 patients (annualised event rate 20·7%) with the edoxaban regimen and 152 (20%) of 755 patients (annualised event rate 25·6%) patients with the VKA regimen; hazard ratio 0·83 (95% CI 0·65-1·05; p=0·0010 for non-inferiority, margin hazard ratio 1·20; p=0·1154 for superiority). INTERPRETATION: In patients with atrial fibrillation who had PCI, the edoxaban-based regimen was non-inferior for bleeding compared with the VKA-based regimen, without significant differences in ischaemic events. FUNDING: Daiichi Sankyo.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/uso terapêutico , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
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