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Radiat Oncol ; 16(1): 145, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348765


BACKGROUND: Hypofractionation is increasingly being applied in radiotherapy for prostate cancer, requiring higher accuracy of daily treatment deliveries than in conventional image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT). Different adaptive radiotherapy (ART) strategies were evaluated with regard to dosimetric benefits. METHODS: Treatments plans for 32 patients were retrospectively generated and analyzed according to the PACE-C trial treatment scheme (40 Gy in 5 fractions). Using a previously trained cycle-generative adversarial network algorithm, synthetic CT (sCT) were generated out of five daily cone-beam CT. Dose calculation on sCT was performed for four different adaptation approaches: IGRT without adaptation, adaptation via segment aperture morphing (SAM) and segment weight optimization (ART1) or additional shape optimization (ART2) as well as a full re-optimization (ART3). Dose distributions were evaluated regarding dose-volume parameters and a penalty score. RESULTS: Compared to the IGRT approach, the ART1, ART2 and ART3 approaches substantially reduced the V37Gy(bladder) and V36Gy(rectum) from a mean of 7.4cm3 and 2.0cm3 to (5.9cm3, 6.1cm3, 5.2cm3) as well as to (1.4cm3, 1.4cm3, 1.0cm3), respectively. Plan adaptation required on average 2.6 min for the ART1 approach and yielded doses to the rectum being insignificantly different from the ART2 approach. Based on an accumulation over the total patient collective, a penalty score revealed dosimetric violations reduced by 79.2%, 75.7% and 93.2% through adaptation. CONCLUSION: Treatment plan adaptation was demonstrated to adequately restore relevant dose criteria on a daily basis. While for SAM adaptation approaches dosimetric benefits were realized through ensuring sufficient target coverage, a full re-optimization mainly improved OAR sparing which helps to guide the decision of when to apply which adaptation strategy.

Phys Med ; 80: 308-316, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246190


PURPOSE: Image-guided radiation therapy could benefit from implementing adaptive radiation therapy (ART) techniques. A cycle-generative adversarial network (cycle-GAN)-based cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-to-synthetic CT (sCT) conversion algorithm was evaluated regarding image quality, image segmentation and dosimetric accuracy for head and neck (H&N), thoracic and pelvic body regions. METHODS: Using a cycle-GAN, three body site-specific models were priorly trained with independent paired CT and CBCT datasets of a kV imaging system (XVI, Elekta). sCT were generated based on first-fraction CBCT for 15 patients of each body region. Mean errors (ME) and mean absolute errors (MAE) were analyzed for the sCT. On the sCT, manually delineated structures were compared to deformed structures from the planning CT (pCT) and evaluated with standard segmentation metrics. Treatment plans were recalculated on sCT. A comparison of clinically relevant dose-volume parameters (D98, D50 and D2 of the target volume) and 3D-gamma (3%/3mm) analysis were performed. RESULTS: The mean ME and MAE were 1.4, 29.6, 5.4 Hounsfield units (HU) and 77.2, 94.2, 41.8 HU for H&N, thoracic and pelvic region, respectively. Dice similarity coefficients varied between 66.7 ± 8.3% (seminal vesicles) and 94.9 ± 2.0% (lungs). Maximum mean surface distances were 6.3 mm (heart), followed by 3.5 mm (brainstem). The mean dosimetric differences of the target volumes did not exceed 1.7%. Mean 3D gamma pass rates greater than 97.8% were achieved in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: The presented method generates sCT images with a quality close to pCT and yielded clinically acceptable dosimetric deviations. Thus, an important prerequisite towards clinical implementation of CBCT-based ART is fulfilled.

Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Algoritmos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Masculino , Radiometria , Dosagem Radioterapêutica
Z Med Phys ; 28(2): 134-141, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29030203


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The novel MatriXXFFF (IBA Dosimetry, Germany) detector is a new 2D ionization chamber detector array designed for patient specific IMRT-plan verification including flattening-filter-free (FFF) beams. This study provides a detailed analysis of the characterization and clinical evaluation of the new detector array. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The verification of the MatriXXFFF was subdivided into (i) physical dosimetric tests including dose linearity, dose rate dependency and output factor measurements and (ii) patient specific IMRT pre-treatment plan verifications. The MatriXXFFF measurements were compared to the calculated dose distribution of a commissioned treatment planning system by gamma index and dose difference evaluations for 18 IMRT-sequences. All IMRT-sequences were measured with original gantry angles and with collapsing all beams to 0° gantry angle to exclude the influence of the detector's angle dependency. RESULTS: The MatriXXFFF was found to be linear and dose rate independent for all investigated modalities (deviations ≤0.6%). Furthermore, the output measurements of the MatriXXFFF were in very good agreement to reference measurements (deviations ≤1.8%). For the clinical evaluation an average pixel passing rate for γ(3%,3mm) of (98.5±1.5)% was achieved when applying a gantry angle correction. Also, with collapsing all beams to 0° gantry angle an excellent agreement to the calculated dose distribution was observed (γ(3%,3mm)=(99.1±1.1)%). CONCLUSIONS: The MatriXXFFF fulfills all physical requirements in terms of dosimetric accuracy. Furthermore, the evaluation of the IMRT-plan measurements showed that the detector particularly together with the gantry angle correction is a reliable device for IMRT-plan verification including FFF.

Radiometria/instrumentação , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/instrumentação , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Calibragem , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/normas