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Arq Bras Cardiol ; 121(4): e20240113, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695411
Int J Biol Macromol ; 269(Pt 1): 131962, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692550


Carbon nanotubes are promising materials for biomedical applications like delivery systems and tissue scaffolds. In this paper, magnetic carbon nanotubes (M-CNTs) covered with bovine serum albumin (M-CNTs-BSA) or functionalized with hydrophilic monomers (M-CNTs-HL) were synthesized, characterized, and evaluated concerning their interaction with Caco-2 cells. There is no comparison between these two types of functionalization, and this study aimed to verify their influence on the material's interaction with the cells. Different concentrations of the nanotubes were applied to investigate cytotoxicity, cell metabolism, oxidative stress, apoptosis, and capability to cross biomimetic barriers. The materials showed cytocompatibility up to 100 µg mL-1 and a hemolysis rate below 2 %. Nanotubes' suspensions were allowed to permeate Caco-2 monolayers for up to 8 h under the effect of the magnetic field. Magnetic nanoparticles associated with the nanotubes allowed estimation of permeation through the monolayers, with values ranging from 0.50 to 7.19 and 0.27 to 9.30 × 10-3 µg (equivalent to 0.43 to 6.22 and 0.23 to 9.54 × 10-2 % of the initially estimated mass of magnetic nanoparticles) for cells exposed and non-exposed to the magnets, respectively. Together, these results support that the developed materials are promising for applications in biomedical and biotechnological fields.

Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Nanotubos de Carbono , Soroalbumina Bovina , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Humanos , Células CACO-2 , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Permeabilidade , Animais , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Materiais , Bovinos
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1227906, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596694


Introduction: Aortic stiffness assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV) is an important predictor to evaluate the risk of hypertensive patients. However, it is underutilized in clinical practice. We aimed to identify the optimal cutoff SAGE score that would indicate a risk PWV ≥ 10 m/s in Brazilian ambulatory hypertensive patients. Materials and methods: A retrospective cohort study. Patients underwent central blood pressure measurement using a validated oscillometric device from August 2020 to December 2021. A ROC curve was constructed using the Youden statistic to define the best score to identify those at high risk for PWV ≥ 10 m/s. Results: A total of 212 hypertensive individuals were selected. The mean age was 64.0 ± 12.4 years and 57.5% were female. The following comorbidities were present: overweight (47.6%), obesity (34.3%), and diabetes (25.0%). Most of the sample (68.9%) had PWV < 10 m/s. According to Youden's statistic, a cutoff point of 6 provided the optimal combination of sensitivity and specificity for identifying patients with a PWV ≥ 10 m/s. This cutoff achieved sensitivity of 97.0%, and specificity of 82.9%. In clinical practice, however, a cutoff point of 7 (where score values of at least 7 were considered to indicate high risk) had a positive likelihood ratio of 8.2 and a negative likelihood ration of 0.346, making this the ideal choice by accurately excluding patients who are less likely to have PWV ≥ 10 m/s. Conclusion: A SAGE score ≥7 identified Brazilian hypertensive patients with a high risk of PWV ≥ 10 m/s.

Feitosa, Audes Diogenes de Magalhães; Barroso, Weimar Kunz Sebba; Mion Junior, Decio; Nobre, Fernando; Mota-Gomes, Marco Antonio; Jardim, Paulo Cesar Brandão Veiga; Amodeo, Celso; Oliveira, Adriana Camargo; Alessi, Alexandre; Sousa, Ana Luiza Lima; Brandão, Andréa Araujo; Pio-Abreu, Andrea; Sposito, Andrei C; Pierin, Angela Maria Geraldo; Paiva, Annelise Machado Gomes de; Spinelli, Antonio Carlos de Souza; Machado, Carlos Alberto; Poli-de-Figueiredo, Carlos Eduardo; Rodrigues, Cibele Isaac Saad; Forjaz, Claudia Lucia de Moraes; Sampaio, Diogo Pereira Santos; Barbosa, Eduardo Costa Duarte; Freitas, Elizabete Viana de; Cestario, Elizabeth do Espirito Santo; Muxfeldt, Elizabeth Silaid; Lima Júnior, Emilton; Feitosa, Fabiana Gomes Aragão Magalhães; Consolim-Colombo, Fernanda Marciano; Almeida, Fernando Antônio de; Silva, Giovanio Vieira da; Moreno Júnior, Heitor; Finimundi, Helius Carlos; Guimarães, Isabel Cristina Britto; Gemelli, João Roberto; Barreto Filho, José Augusto Soares; Vilela-Martin, José Fernando; Ribeiro, José Marcio; Yugar-Toledo, Juan Carlos; Magalhães, Lucélia Batista Neves Cunha; Drager, Luciano F; Bortolotto, Luiz Aparecido; Alves, Marco Antonio de Melo; Malachias, Marcus Vinícius Bolívar; Neves, Mario Fritsch Toros; Santos, Mayara Cedrim; Dinamarco, Nelson; Moreira Filho, Osni; Passarelli Júnior, Oswaldo; Vitorino, Priscila Valverde de Oliveira; Miranda, Roberto Dischinger; Bezerra, Rodrigo; Pedrosa, Rodrigo Pinto; Paula, Rogerio Baumgratz de; Okawa, Rogério Toshiro Passos; Póvoa, Rui Manuel dos Santos; Fuchs, Sandra C; Lima, Sandro Gonçalves de; Inuzuka, Sayuri; Ferreira-Filho, Sebastião Rodrigues; Fillho, Silvio Hock de Paffer; Jardim, Thiago de Souza Veiga; Guimarães Neto, Vanildo da Silva; Koch, Vera Hermina Kalika; Gusmão, Waléria Dantas Pereira; Oigman, Wille; Nadruz Junior, Wilson.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 121(4): e20240113, abr.2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | CONASS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1552858
Anal Chem ; 96(14): 5519-5526, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551631


In this work, the concept of magnetic particle spray mass spectrometry (MPS-MS) is reported for the first time. Magnetic sorbent particles are used to extract the analytes from a liquid sample. The particles are magnetically attracted to the tip of a magnetic probe that is positioned at the entrance of the mass spectrometer. A solvent is dispensed on the particles, and a high voltage promotes the formation of the Taylor cone around the particles agglomerate. Analytes are desorbed by the solvent, ionized, and analyzed by mass spectrometry. MPS-MS is totally in consonance with the green chemistry principle. A minimal consumption of sample (100 µL), solvent (34 µL), and magnetic sorbent (500 µg) is needed per analysis for an excellent performance of MPS-MS in terms of sensitivity and selectivity. The determination of amitriptyline, citalopram, clomipramine, chlorpromazine, doxepin, haloperidol, nortriptyline, and venlafaxine in human plasma samples using magnetic restricted-access carbon nanotubes was carried out as a proof of principle. Limits of quantification of 10 µg L-1 and correlation coefficients higher than 0.98 were obtained for all of the analytes. Limits of detection ranged from 0.43 to 2.82 µg L-1. Precision (as relative standard deviation) and accuracies (as relative error) ranged from 3.6 to 23.6%, as well as -12.8 to 18.7%, respectively. MPS-MS opens a new line of developments in the association of sample preparation with ambient ionization. New sorbents, device configurations, and physical and chemical conditions can also be analyzed for the analysis of many other analytes in different samples.

Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 37: e20220138, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534622


Abstract Background In view of the high prevalence of hypertension and the importance of adequate drug therapy in the prevention of complications, it is necessary to know the adherence to drug treatment in this population. Objective To verify adherence to antihypertensive drug treatment in Brazilian patients with hypertension using the Morisky-Green Test (MGT), relating it with demographic data. Methods Prospective, observational, multicenter, national registry study, with 2,578 hypertensive patients participating in study I, the Brazilian Cardiovascular Registry of Arterial Hypertension (I-RBH), recruited in the five regions of Brazil. The analyses carried out on the data were descriptive statistics, qui-square tests, ANOVA, and logistic regression, adopting 5% as the significance level for the tests. Results The research shows that 56.13% of patients in the sample were female; 56.71% were elderly (≥ 65 years); 55.86% were White; 52.37% were from the Southeast Region; and 59.74% were non-adherent. Logistic regression showed an independent relationship between patients' age, ethnicity, and region with medication adherence. Conclusion Adherence to treatment is the key to reducing high rates of cardiovascular complications. The study brings a successful outcome in the relationship between the factors ethnicity, age, and region of patients with hypertension and medication adherence. To this end, it is necessary to understand these factors, considering systematic evaluation in the care of patients with hypertension and other chronic non-communicable diseases. This study is a significant contribution to multidisciplinary teams, as it highlights which risk factors interfere with medication adherence, incorporating better strategies in health education.

Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 60: e23366, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533980


Abstract Prostate cancer (PCa) is a highly prevalent condition among men worldwide, resulting in reduced quality of life and increased costs to health systems due to hospitalization and death. This study aimed to explore and understand the evolution of PCa in Brazil from 2008 to 2018. Data were obtained from the National Health System Department of Informatics (DATASUS) using code C61 for malignant prostatic neoplasms. We presented the hospitalization and mortality rates in a temporal-, regional- and age-dependent manner. From 2008 to 2018, a year-dependent increase in hospital admissions due to PCa was reported in Brazil, in which the Southeast region showed the highest prevalence. Men aged ≥80 and those 70-79 years old had similar hospitalization rates, followed by men aged 60-69, 50-59, 40-49 and 30-39 years old. Similarly, an increase in deaths due to PCa was reported during this period, with the highest rates seen in the Southeast. Men aged ≥80 years had higher mortality rates, followed by those aged 70-79, 60-69, 50-59, 40-49 and 30-39 years old. The results obtained indicate an age- and region-dependent increase in PCa morbidity and mortality in Brazil overtime and may contribute to the ongoing discussion on the role and future perspective of the health care system in Brazil

Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Mortalidade , Hospitalização/economia , Saúde Pública/classificação , Custos e Análise de Custo/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção à Saúde/classificação , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38134415


Small-molecule analyte detection is key for improving quality of life, particularly in health monitoring through the early detection of diseases. However, detecting specific markers in complex multicomponent media using devices compatible with point-of-care (PoC) technologies is still a major challenge. Here, we introduce a novel approach that combines molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs), electrolyte-gated transistors (EGTs) based on 2D materials, and machine learning (ML) to detect hippuric acid (HA) in artificial urine, being a critical marker for toluene intoxication, parasitic infections, and kidney and bowel inflammation. Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was used as the sensory material and molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) as supramolecular receptors. Employing supervised ML techniques based on symbolic regression and compressive sensing enabled us to comprehensively analyze the EGT transfer curves, eliminating the need for arbitrary signal selection and allowing a multivariate analysis during HA detection. The resulting device displayed simultaneously low operating voltages (<0.5 V), rapid response times (≤10 s), operation across a wide range of HA concentrations (from 0.05 to 200 nmol L-1), and a low limit of detection (LoD) of 39 pmol L-1. Thanks to the ML multivariate analysis, we achieved a 2.5-fold increase in the device sensitivity (1.007 µA/nmol L-1) with respect to the human data analysis (0.388 µA/nmol L-1). Our method represents a major advance in PoC technologies, by enabling the accurate determination of small-molecule markers in complex media via the combination of ML analysis, supramolecular analyte recognition, and electrolytic transistors.

Braz J Vet Med ; 45: e005123, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38149032


The objective of this work was to evaluate the in vitro activity of cinnamaldehyde as an inhibitor of the biological cycle of Ctenocephalides felis felis. Tests were carried out with six repetitions containing 10 eggs of C. felis felis together with 0.5g of diet and filter paper discs with area of 23.76 cm2 impregnated with different concentrations of cinnamaldehyde (6; 8; 10; 12; 14; 16; 18; 20; 24 and 28 µ in Petri dishes and incubated in a climate-controlled chamber at 27 ± 1 °C and RH 75 ± 10%, for 30 days. The tests included a placebo group containing the diluent (acetone) and a negative control group, without treatment. At the end of 30 days, the percentage of inhibition of adult emergence/mortality was calculated, as well as the LC50 and LC90. Inhibition of adult emergence greater than 50% was observed from a concentration of 10 µ and 100% inhibition from a concentration of 14 µ, obtaining LC50 and LC90 results of 8.75 and 13.57 µ, respectively. We concluded that the volatile compound cinnamaldehyde is effective in vitro as an inhibitor of the biological cycle of C. felis felis.

O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a atividade in vitro do cinamaldeído como inibidor do ciclo biológico de Ctenocephalides felis felis. Para realização do teste, seis repetições contendo 10 ovos de C. felis felis juntamente 0,5g de dieta e papel filtro de área 23,76 cm2 impregnado com diferentes concentrações de cinamaldeído (6; 8; 10; 12; 14; 16; 18; 20; 24 e 28 µg/cm2) foram armazenados em placas de petri e incubados em câmara climatizada à 27 ± 1°C e UR 75 ± 10%, por 30 dias. Além disso, o teste contou com um grupo placebo contendo o diluente (acetona) e um grupo controle negativo, sem tratamento. Ao final dos 30 dias, com os dados coletados foram calculados o percentual de inibição de emergência de adultos/mortalidade, como também a CL50 e CL90. Com os resultados, foi observado uma inibição de emergência de adultos superior a 50% a partir da concentração de 10 µ e uma inibição de 100% a partir da concentração 14 µ obtendo como resultados de CL50 e CL90 de 8,75 e 13,57 µ, respectivamente. Conclui-se que o composto volátil cinamaldeído tem eficácia in vitro como inibidor do ciclo biológico de C. felis felis.

Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 25(40): 27053-27064, 2023 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37791620


Exotic 1D and 2D carbon nanostructures have been grown in the laboratory in the last few years by means of surface-assisted chemical routes. In these processes, the strategical choice of a molecular precursor plays a dominant role in the determination of the synthesized nanocarbon. Further variations of these techniques are able to produce non-benzoidal carbon quantum-dots (QDs). Considering this experimental scenario as motivation, we propose a series of nanoribbon systems based on concatenating recently synthesized carbon QDs containing pentagonal, hexagonal, and heptagonal rings. We use density functional theory (DFT) simulations to reveal their properties can range from metallic to semiconducting depending on the concatenation hierarchy used to form the nanoribbons. This DFT implementation is based on a LCAO approach to describe valence wavefunctions and most of the simulations employ the PBE-GGA functional. Since this functional is known to underestimate band gaps, we also use the B3LYP functional in a plane-wave DFT approach for a selected case for comparison purposes. These systems show a different gap versus width relationship compared to conventional graphene nanoribbons setups and a particular set of carrier mobility values. We further discuss the interplay between the QD's frontier states and the electronic properties of the nanoribbons in light of their structural details.

Int Ophthalmol ; 43(12): 4959-4965, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37865617


PURPOSE: Eyelid spasms might be associated with elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in hemifacial spasm (HFS) patients. IOP assessment using a Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) is often compromised by eyelid spasms. This study aimed to assess the effect of HFS on IOP measurements using the transpalpebral tonometer Diaton® before and after treatment with botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) and compared Diaton® and GAT measurements after treatment with BTX-A. METHODS: IOP measurements were obtained with Diaton® in 27 patients with moderate-to-severe HFS before and after treatment with BTX-A. After treatment, the IOP was also measured using GAT and the results were compared with the ones measured with a Diaton®. The patients underwent automated perimetry, OCT, and pachymetry for screening to glaucoma. RESULTS: Mean IOP with Diaton® was 11 ± 3.42 mmHg before treatment in the affected eye and 9 ± 2.98 mmHg in the contralateral eye. This difference was statistically significant (P = 0.012). However, after treatment with BTX-A, no interocular difference was found in IOP obtained with Diaton® (P = 0.204) or GAT (P = 0.971). Comparison between GAT and Diaton® measurements showed no significant differences after BTX-A treatment between the affected (P = 0.212) and contralateral eye (P = 0.971). CONCLUSIONS: A significant reduction in IOP measurements on the affected side of HFS patients was observed after treatment with BTX-A, demonstrating that eyelid spasms may increase the IOP. No significant difference was observed between Diaton® and GAT measurements after the application of BTX-A. No differences were found in automated perimetry, OCT, and CCT when comparing affected eyes with contralateral eyes.

Blefarospasmo , Toxinas Botulínicas , Glaucoma , Espasmo Hemifacial , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tonometria Ocular/métodos , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Córnea , Blefarospasmo/diagnóstico , Blefarospasmo/tratamento farmacológico , Pálpebras
Adv Clin Chem ; 116: 183-208, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37852719


Psychiatric disorders represent a significant socioeconomic and healthcare burden worldwide. Of these, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder and anxiety are among the most prevalent. Unfortunately, diagnosis remains problematic and largely complicated by the lack of disease specific biomarkers. Accordingly, much research has focused on elucidating these conditions to more fully understand underlying pathophysiology and potentially identify biomarkers, especially those of early stage disease. In this chapter, we review current status of this endeavor as well as the potential development of novel biomarkers for clinical applications and future research study.

Transtorno Bipolar , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Transtornos Mentais , Esquizofrenia , Humanos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 10: 1233325, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37663410


Seasonal variation of blood pressure (BP) is a topic in cardiology that has gained more attention throughout the years. Although it is extensively documented that BP increases in seasons coupled with lower temperatures, there are still many gaps in this knowledge field that need to be explored. Notably, seasonal variation of BP phenotypes, such as masked and white coat hypertension, and the impact of air pollution, latitude, and altitude on seasonal variation of BP are still poorly described in the literature, and the levels of the existing evidence are low. Therefore, further investigations on these topics are needed to provide robust evidence that can be used in clinical practice.

Feitosa, Audes Diógenes de Magalhães; Barroso, Weimar Kunz Sebba; Mion Júnior, Décio; Nobre, Fernando; Mota-Gomes, Marco Antonio; Jardim, Paulo Cesar Brandão Veiga; Amodeo, Celso; Camargo, Adriana; Alessi, Alexandre; Sousa, Ana Luiza Lima; Brandão, Andréa Araujo; Pio-Abreu, Andrea; Sposito, Andrei Carvalho; Pierin, Angela Maria Geraldo; Paiva, Annelise Machado Gomes de; Spinelli, Antonio Carlos de Souza; Machado, Carlos Alberto; Poli-de-Figueiredo, Carlos Eduardo; Rodrigues, Cibele Isaac Saad; Forjaz, Cláudia Lúcia de Moraes; Sampaio, Diogo Pereira Santos; Barbosa, Eduardo Costa Duarte; Freitas, Elizabete Viana de; Cestário , Elizabeth do Espírito Santo; Muxfeldt, Elizabeth Silaid; Lima Júnior, Emilton; Campana, Erika Maria Gonçalves; Feitosa, Fabiana Gomes Aragão Magalhães; Consolim-Colombo, Fernanda Marciano; Almeida, Fernando Antônio de; Silva, Giovanio Vieira da; Moreno Júnior, Heitor; Finimundi, Helius Carlos; Guimarães, Isabel Cristina Britto; Gemelli, João Roberto; Barreto Filho, José Augusto Soares; Vilela-Martin, José Fernando; Ribeiro, José Marcio; Yugar-Toledo, Juan Carlos; Magalhães, Lucélia Batista Neves Cunha; Drager, Luciano Ferreira; Bortolotto, Luiz Aparecido; Alves, Marco Antonio de Melo; Malachias, Marcus Vinícius Bolívar; Neves, Mario Fritsch Toros; Santos, Mayara Cedrim; Dinamarco, Nelson; Moreira Filho, Osni; Passarelli Júnior, Oswaldo; Valverde de Oliveira Vitorino, Priscila Valverde de Oliveira; Miranda, Roberto Dischinger; Bezerra, Rodrigo; Pedrosa, Rodrigo Pinto; Paula, Rogério Baumgratz de; Okawa, Rogério Toshiro Passos; Póvoa, Rui Manuel dos Santos; Fuchs, Sandra C.; Inuzuka, Sayuri; Ferreira-Filho, Sebastião R.; Paffer Fillho, Silvio Hock de; Jardim, Thiago de Souza Veiga; Guimarães Neto, Vanildo da Silva; Koch, Vera Hermina; Gusmão, Waléria Dantas Pereira; Oigman, Wille; Nadruz, Wilson.
Preprint em Português | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-7057


Hypertension is one of the primary modifiable risk factors for morbidity and mortality worldwide, being a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, and kidney failure. Furthermore, it is highly prevalent, affecting more than one-third of the global population. Blood pressure measurement is a MANDATORY procedure in any medical care setting and is carried out by various healthcare professionals. However, it is still commonly performed without the necessary technical care. Since the diagnosis relies on blood pressure measurement, it is clear how important it is to handle the techniques, methods, and equipment used in its execution with care. It should be emphasized that once the diagnosis is made, all short-term, medium-term, and long-term investigations and treatments are based on the results of blood pressure measurement. Therefore, improper techniques and/or equipment can lead to incorrect diagnoses, either underestimating or overestimating values, resulting in inappropriate actions and significant health and economic losses for individuals and nations. Once the correct diagnosis is made, as knowledge of the importance of proper treatment advances, with the adoption of more detailed normal values and careful treatment objectives towards achieving stricter blood pressure goals, the importance of precision in blood pressure measurement is also reinforced. Blood pressure measurement (described below) is usually performed using the traditional method, the so-called casual or office measurement. Over time, alternatives have been added to it, through the use of semi-automatic or automatic devices by the patients themselves, in waiting rooms or outside the office, in their own homes, or in public spaces. A step further was taken with the use of semi-automatic devices equipped with memory that allow sequential measurements outside the office (ABPM; or HBPM) and other automatic devices that allow programmed measurements over longer periods (HBPM). Some aspects of blood pressure measurement can interfere with obtaining reliable results and, consequently, cause harm in decision-making. These include the importance of using average values, the variation in blood pressure during the day, and short-term variability. These aspects have encouraged the performance of a greater number of measurements in various situations, and different guidelines have advocated the use of equipment that promotes these actions. Devices that perform HBPM or ABPM, which, in addition to allowing greater precision, when used together, detect white coat hypertension (WCH), masked hypertension (MH), sleep blood pressure alterations, and resistant hypertension (RHT) (defined in Chapter 2 of this guideline), are gaining more and more importance. Taking these details into account, we must emphasize that information related to diagnosis, classification, and goal setting is still based on office blood pressure measurement, and for this reason, all attention must be given to the proper execution of this procedure.

La hipertensión arterial (HTA) es uno de los principales factores de riesgo modificables para la morbilidad y mortalidad en todo el mundo, siendo uno de los mayores factores de riesgo para la enfermedad de las arterias coronarias, el accidente cerebrovascular (ACV) y la insuficiencia renal. Además, es altamente prevalente y afecta a más de un tercio de la población mundial. La medición de la presión arterial (PA) es un procedimiento OBLIGATORIO en cualquier atención médica o realizado por diferentes profesionales de la salud. Sin embargo, todavía se realiza comúnmente sin los cuidados técnicos necesarios. Dado que el diagnóstico se basa en la medición de la PA, es claro el cuidado que debe haber con las técnicas, los métodos y los equipos utilizados en su realización. Debemos enfatizar que una vez realizado el diagnóstico, todas las investigaciones y tratamientos a corto, mediano y largo plazo se basan en los resultados de la medición de la PA. Por lo tanto, las técnicas y/o equipos inadecuados pueden llevar a diagnósticos incorrectos, subestimando o sobreestimando valores y resultando en conductas inadecuadas y pérdidas significativas para la salud y la economía de las personas y las naciones. Una vez realizado el diagnóstico correcto, a medida que avanza el conocimiento sobre la importancia del tratamiento adecuado, con la adopción de valores de normalidad más detallados y objetivos de tratamiento más cuidadosos hacia metas de PA más estrictas, también se refuerza la importancia de la precisión en la medición de la PA. La medición de la PA (descrita a continuación) generalmente se realiza mediante el método tradicional, la llamada medición casual o de consultorio. Con el tiempo, se han agregado alternativas a través del uso de dispositivos semiautomáticos o automáticos por parte del propio paciente, en salas de espera o fuera del consultorio, en su propia residencia o en espacios públicos. Se dio un paso más con el uso de dispositivos semiautomáticos equipados con memoria que permiten mediciones secuenciales fuera del consultorio (AMPA; o MRPA) y otros automáticos que permiten mediciones programadas durante períodos más largos (MAPA). Algunos aspectos en la medición de la PA pueden interferir en la obtención de resultados confiables y, en consecuencia, causar daños en las decisiones a tomar. Estos incluyen la importancia de usar valores promedio, la variación de la PA durante el día y la variabilidad a corto plazo. Estos aspectos han alentado la realización de un mayor número de mediciones en diversas situaciones, y diferentes pautas han abogado por el uso de equipos que promuevan estas acciones. Los dispositivos que realizan MRPA o MAPA, que además de permitir una mayor precisión, cuando se usan juntos, detectan la hipertensión de bata blanca (HBB), la hipertensión enmascarada (HM), las alteraciones de la PA durante el sueño y la hipertensión resistente (HR) (definida en el Capítulo 2 de esta guía), están ganando cada vez más importancia. Teniendo en cuenta estos detalles, debemos enfatizar que la información relacionada con el diagnóstico, la clasificación y el establecimiento de objetivos todavía se basa en la medición de la presión arterial en el consultorio, y por esta razón, se debe prestar toda la atención a la ejecución adecuada de este procedimiento.

A hipertensão arterial (HA) é um dos principais fatores de risco modificáveis para morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo, sendo um dos maiores fatores de risco para doença arterial coronária, acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) e insuficiência renal. Além disso, é altamente prevalente e atinge mais de um terço da população mundial. A medida da PA é procedimento OBRIGATÓRIO em qualquer atendimento médico ou realizado por diferentes profissionais de saúde. Contudo, ainda é comumente realizada sem os cuidados técnicos necessários. Como o diagnóstico se baseia na medida da PA, fica claro o cuidado que deve haver com as técnicas, os métodos e os equipamentos utilizados na sua realização. Deve-se reforçar que, feito o diagnóstico, toda a investigação e os tratamentos de curto, médio e longo prazos são feitos com base nos resultados da medida da PA. Assim, técnicas e/ou equipamentos inadequados podem levar a diagnósticos incorretos, tanto subestimando quanto superestimando valores e levando a condutas inadequadas e grandes prejuízos à saúde e à economia das pessoas e das nações. Uma vez feito o diagnóstico correto, na medida em que avança o conhecimento da importância do tratamento adequado, com a adoção de valores de normalidade mais detalhados e com objetivos de tratamento mais cuidadosos no sentido do alcance de metas de PA mais rigorosas, fica também reforçada a importância da precisão na medida da PA. A medida da PA (descrita a seguir) é habitualmente feita pelo método tradicional, a assim chamada medida casual ou de consultório. Ao longo do tempo, foram agregadas alternativas a ela, mediante o uso de equipamentos semiautomáticos ou automáticos pelo próprio paciente, nas salas de espera ou fora do consultório, em sua própria residência ou em espaços públicos. Um passo adiante foi dado com o uso de equipamentos semiautomáticos providos de memória que permitem medidas sequenciais fora do consultório (AMPA; ou MRPA) e outros automáticos que permitem medidas programadas por períodos mais prolongados (MAPA). Alguns aspectos na medida da PA podem interferir na obtenção de resultados fidedignos e, consequentemente, causar prejuízo nas condutas a serem tomadas. Entre eles, estão: a importância de serem utilizados valores médios, a variação da PA durante o dia e a variabilidade a curto prazo. Esses aspectos têm estimulado a realização de maior número de medidas em diversas situações, e as diferentes diretrizes têm preconizado o uso de equipamentos que favoreçam essas ações. Ganham cada vez mais espaço os equipamentos que realizam MRPA ou MAPA, que, além de permitirem maior precisão, se empregados em conjunto, detectam a HA do avental branco (HAB), HA mascarada (HM), alterações da PA no sono e HA resistente (HAR) (definidos no Capítulo 2 desta diretriz). Resguardados esses detalhes, devemos ressaltar que as informações relacionadas a diagnóstico, classificação e estabelecimento de metas ainda são baseadas na medida da PA de consultório e, por esse motivo, toda a atenção deve ser dada à realização desse procedimento.

Arq Bras Cardiol ; 120(8): e20220863, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37586005


BACKGROUND: It is known that around 30% of patients have higher blood pressure (BP) values when examined at the office than at home. Worldwide, only 35% of patients with hypertension undergoing treatment have reached their BP targets. OBJECTIVE: To provide epidemiological data on BP control in the offices of a sample of Brazilian cardiologists, considering office and home BP measurement. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of patients with a hypertension diagnosis and undergoing antihypertensive treatment, with controlled BP or not. BP was assayed in the office by a medical professional and at home using home BP monitoring (HBPM). The association between categorical variables was verified using the chi-square test (p<0.05). RESULTS: The study included 2540 patients, with a mean age of 59.7 ± 15.2 years. Most patients were women (62%; n=1575). Prevalence rates of 15% (n=382) for uncontrolled white coat hypertension and 10% (n=253) for uncontrolled masked hypertension were observed. The rate of BP control in the office was 56.3% and at home, 61%. Meanwhile, 46.4% of the patients had controlled BP in and outside of the office. Greater control was observed in women and in the 49-61 years age group. Considering the new DBHA 2020 threshold for home BP control, the control rate was 42.4%. CONCLUSION: BP control in the offices of a sample of Brazilian cardiologists was 56.3%; this rate was 61% when BP was measured at home and 46.4% when considering both the office and home.

FUNDAMENTO: Sabe-se que em torno de 30% dos pacientes apresentam valores de pressão arterial (PA) mais elevados quando examinados no consultório do que em suas residências. No mundo, admite-se que apenas 35% dos hipertensos já tratados tenham alcançado meta pressórica. OBJETIVO: Fornecer dados epidemiológicos sobre o controle da PA nos consultórios, em uma amostra de cardiologistas brasileiros, avaliado pela medida de consultório e monitorização residencial da pressão arterial (MRPA). MÉTODOS: Análise transversal. Observou-se pacientes com diagnóstico de hipertensão arterial, em tratamento anti-hipertensivo, podendo ou não estar com a PA controlada. A PA foi verificada no consultório por profissional médico, e no domicílio através da MRPA. A associação entre variáveis categóricas se deu por meio do teste do qui-quadrado (p < 0,05). RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 2.540 pacientes, com idade média 59,7 ± 15,2 anos. A maioria dos pacientes eram mulheres (62%; n = 1.575). O estudo mostrou uma prevalência de 15% (n = 382) de hipertensão do avental branco não controlada, e 10% (n = 253) de hipertensão mascarada não controlada. A taxa de controle da PA no consultório foi 56,3%, e no domicílio, de 61%; 46,4% dos pacientes tiveram PA controlada no consultório e fora dele. Observou-se maior controle no sexo feminino e na faixa etária 49-61 anos. Observando o controle domiciliar com o novo ponto de corte das Diretrizes Brasileiras de Hipertensão Arterial de 2020, a taxa de controle foi de 42,4%. CONCLUSÃO: O controle pressórico nos consultórios em uma amostra de cardiologistas brasileiros foi de 56,3%; 61% quando a PA foi obtida no domicílio, e 46,4% quando o controle foi observado tanto no consultório como no domicílio.

Hipertensão , Hipertensão Mascarada , Hipertensão do Jaleco Branco , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão do Jaleco Branco/diagnóstico , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Hipertensão Mascarada/diagnóstico , Pressão Sanguínea
BMC Neurol ; 23(1): 276, 2023 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37479964


BACKGROUND: Parkinsonism is strongly associated with ageing, and many studies have suggested that parkinsonian signs may affect up to half of older adults and is associated with a wide range of adverse health outcomes. We compared clinical and functional characteristics of oldest-old community-dwelling individuals with parkinsonism (parkinsonian group [PG]) to individuals without parkinsonism (non-parkinsonian group [NPG]. METHODS: The Pietà study is a population-based study conducted in Caeté, southeast Brazil, involving 607 individuals aged 75 + years submitted to an extensive clinical evaluation. A subset of 65 PG individuals (61.5% women, median age of 82 years) was compared to 542 NPG individuals (64.8% women, median age of 80 years). RESULTS: PG individuals had significantly more functional impairment, clinical comorbidities (including number of falls, loss of bladder control and dysphagia) and major depression. Multivariate analysis revealed that older age, higher UPDRSm scores, lower category fluency test (animals/minute) and delayed recall memory scores were associated with PG. This group was also more cognitively impaired, with lower performance than NPG individuals in the Mini-Mental State Examination, category fluency test (animals/minute), clock drawing and in delayed recall (p < 0.001 for all tests). UPDRSm scores were the most contributing factor to cognition that independently explained variability in functionality of the entire sample. CONCLUSION: Individuals aged 75 + years with parkinsonism were significantly more clinically and functionally impaired in this population-based sample. Cognitive dysfunction explained most of the loss of functionality in these patients. UPDRS-m scores contributed independently to explain variability in functionality in the whole sample.

Disfunção Cognitiva , Transtornos Parkinsonianos , Feminino , Animais , Masculino , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/epidemiologia , Envelhecimento , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cognição
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 25(22): 15314-15324, 2023 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37222396


The 2D naphthylene-ß structure is a theoretically proposed sp2 nanocarbon allotrope based on the assembly of naphthalene-based molecular building blocks, which features metallic properties. We report that 2D naphthylene-ß structures host a spin-polarized configuration which turns the system into a semiconductor. We analyze this electronic state in terms of the bipartition of the lattice. In addition, we study the electronic properties of nanotubes obtained from the rolling up of 2D naphthylene-ß. We show that they inherit the properties of the parent 2D nanostructure, such as the emergence of spin-polarized configurations. We further rationalize the results in terms of a zone-folding scheme. We also show that the electronic properties can be modulated using an external transverse electric field, including a semiconducting-to-metallic transition for sufficiently large field strength.

Rev Bras Med Trab ; 21(1): e2023818, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37197342


Introduction: Safety in health care should be a priority of all health professionals. The occurrence of occupational accidents is many times attributed to a failure in following established standards, and identifying and correcting the risks to which professionals are exposed is important. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the level of understanding on the biological hazards to which workers of a clinical analysis laboratory are exposed. Methods: We applied a questionnaire for assessing knowledge on biological hazards, comprising an assessment of the understanding of biosafety and biological hazards, an investigation of the occurrence, types, and causes of accidents with biological material, and the employment of preventive measures. Data were tabulated in spreadsheets. All qualitative variables were tested with the chi-square test. Results: We verified that 100% of the workers reported having some knowledge on biosafety; 25% of them reported they had suffered an occupational accident; and 81% of the workers reported having received training on biosafety measures. As to the level of exposure of workers and the community to biological agents, we noticed a very low level of exposure in one of the laboratory sectors. Conclusions: Considering our results, we concluded that professionals at a clinical analysis laboratory are prone to occupational hazards, facing a low risk of exposure despite carrying out hazardous activities with potential exposure, which requires caution and exposure prevention measures.

Introdução: A segurança na assistência médica deve ser uma prioridade de todos os profissionais da área da saúde. Muitas vezes, a ocorrência de acidentes de trabalho é atribuída ao não seguimento dos padrões definidos, sendo importante identificar e corrigir os riscos a que os profissionais estão expostos. Objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o nível de compreensão sobre os riscos biológicos a que os trabalhadores de um laboratório de análises clínicas estão expostos. Métodos: Foi aplicado um questionário para avaliação sobre o conhecimento dos riscos biológicos, composto por avaliação sobre o conhecimento dos conceitos de biossegurança e riscos biológicos; investigação da ocorrência, dos tipos e das causas de acidentes com materiais biológicos; e uso de medidas preventivas. Os dados foram tabulados em planilhas. Todas as variáveis qualitativas foram testadas usando o teste do qui-quadrado. Resultados: Verificou-se que 100% dos trabalhadores relataram que possuem conhecimento sobre biossegurança; 25% relataram já ter sofrido algum acidente em serviço; e 81% dos trabalhadores relataram que receberam treinamento sobre as medidas de biossegurança. Quanto ao nível de exposição dos trabalhadores e da comunidade aos agentes biológicos, constatou-se um nível de exposição muito baixo em um dos setores do laboratório. Conclusões: Diante do exposto, conclui-se que os profissionais de laboratório de análises clínicas têm predisposição aos riscos ocupacionais, enfrentando um risco baixo de exposição apesar de desempenharem atividades insalubres e com potencial de exposição, o que requer cuidados e medidas de prevenção à exposição.

Arq Bras Cardiol ; 120(2): e20200291, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36856235


BACKGROUND: The SAGE score was developed to detect individuals at risk for increased pulse wave velocity (PWV). So far, studies have been focused on hypertensive patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of the score to detect non-hypertensive and pre-hypertensive patients at risk for increased PWV. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study of analysis of central blood pressure data and calculation of the SAGE score of non-hypertensive and pre-hypertensive patients. Each score point was analyzed for sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, using the cut-off point for positive diagnosis a PVW ≥ 10m/s, ≥9.08 m/s (75thpercentile) and ≥7.30 m/s (50thpercentile). A p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The sample was composed of 100 normotensive and pre-hypertensive individuals, with mean age of 52.64 ± 14.94 years and median PWV of 7.30 m/s (6.03 - 9.08). The SAGE score was correlated with age (r=0.938, p<0.001), glycemia (r=0.366, p<0.001) and glomerular filtration rate (r=-0.658, p<0.001). The area under the ROC curve was 0.968 (p<0.001) for PWV ≥ 10 m/s, 0.977 (p<0.001) for PWV ≥ 9.08 m/s and 0.967 (p<0.001) for PWV ≥ 7.30 m/s. The score 7 showed a specificity of 95.40% and sensitivity of 100% for PWV≥10 m/s. The cut-off point would be of five for a PWV≥9.08 m/s (sensitivity =96.00%, specificity = 94.70%), and two for a PWV ≥ 7.30 m/s. CONCLUSION: The SAGE score could identify individuals at higher risk of arterial stiffness, using different PWV cutoff points. However, the development of a specific score for normotensive and pre-hypertensive subjects is needed.

FUNDAMENTO: O SAGE foi desenvolvido para identificar hipertensos com chance de velocidade de onda de pulso (VOP) aumentada. Até o momento, as publicações do escore foram em hipertensos. OBJETIVO: Verificar a capacidade do SAGE de identificar os normotensos ou pré-hipertensos com chance de aumento da VOP. MÉTODOS: Transversal retrospectivo, incluiu exames de normotensos e pré-hipertensos que realizaram a medida central da pressão arterial e apresentavam os parâmetros para o cálculo do escore. Para cada pontuação do escore, foi analisada a sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo e negativo utilizando como ponto de corte para o diagnóstico positivo VOP ≥ 10m/s, ≥9,08 m/s (percentil 75) e ≥7,30 m/s (percentil 50). Um valor de p<0,05 foi adotado como estatisticamente significante. RESULTADOS: A amostra foi de 100 participantes normotensos ou pré-hipertensos, com média (DP) de 52,64 (14,94) anos e VOP mediana de 7,30 m/s (6,03 ­ 9,08). O SAGE apresentou correlação com idade (r=0,938, p<0,001), glicemia (r=0,366, p<0,001) e taxa de filtração de glomerular (r=-0,658, p<0,001). A área sob a curva ROC foi de 0,968 (p<0,001) para VOP≥10 m/s, 0,977 (p<0,001) para VOP≥9,08 m/s e 0,967 (p<0,001) para VOP≥7,30 m/s. O escore 7 apresentou especificidade de 95,40% e sensibilidade de 100% para VOP≥10 m/s. O ponto de corte seria cinco para VOP≥9,08 m/s (s=96,00%, e= 94,70%), e dois para VOP≥7,30 m/s. CONCLUSÃO: O SAGE foi capaz de identificar indivíduos com maior chance de apresentar rigidez arterial, utilizando diferentes pontos de corte de VOP. Entretanto, o desenvolvimento de um escore específico para normontensos e pré-hipertensos faz-se necessário.

Análise de Onda de Pulso , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular
Anal Chim Acta ; 1251: 340709, 2023 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36925273


A procedure of direct magnetic sorbent sampling in flame atomic absorption spectrometry (DMSS-FAAS) was developed in this work. Metal-loaded magnetic sorbents were directly inserted in the flame of the FAAS for direct metal desorption/atomization. Magnetic graphene oxide aerogel (M-GOA) particles were synthesized, characterized, and used as a proof-of-concept in the magnetic dispersive solid phase extraction of Pb2+ ions from water samples. M-GOA was selected because is a light and porous sorbent, with high adsorption capacity, that is quickly burned by the flame. Magnetic particles were directly inserted in the flame by using a metallic magnetic probe, thereby avoiding the need for a chemical elution step. As all the extracted Pb2+ ions arrive to the flame without passing through the nebulization system, a drastic increase in the analytical signal was achieved. The improvement in the sensitivity of the proposed method (DMSS-FAAS) for Pb2+ determination was at least 40 times higher than the conventional procedure in which the Pb2+ is extracted, eluted, and analyzed by conventional flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) via the nebulization system. The analytical curve was linear from 5.0 to 180.0 µg L-1 and the limit of detection was found to be 1.30 µg L-1. Background measurements were insignificant, and the atomic absorption peaks were narrow and reproducible. Precision assessed as a percentage of the relative standard deviation %RSD was found to be 17.4, 7.1, and 7.8% for 10, 70, and 180 µg L-1 levels, respectively. The method showed satisfactory results even in the presence of other ions (Al3+, Cr3+, Co2+, Cu2+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, and Li+). The performance of the new system was also evaluated for Cd2+ ions, as well as by using other magnetic particles available in our lab: magnetic carbon nanotubes (M-CNTs), magnetic restricted access carbon nanotubes (M-RACNT), magnetic poly (methacrylic acid-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) (M-PMA), magnetic nanoparticles coated with orange powder peel (M-OPP), and magnetic nanoparticles covered with SiO2 (M - SiO2). Analytical signals increased for both analytes in all sorbents (increases of about 4-37 times), attesting the high potential and applicability of the proposed method. Simplicity, high analytical frequency, high detectability and reproducibility, low cost, and possibility of being totally mechanized are the most relevant advantages.