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1.
Molecules ; 25(9)2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354044

RESUMO

Complexes [(dpp-BIAN)0CoIII2]·MeCN (I) and [(Py)2CoI2] (II) were synthesized by the reaction between cobalt(II) iodide and 1,2-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenylimino)acenaphthene (dpp-BIAN) or pyridine (Py), respectively. The molecular structures of the complexes were determined by X-ray diffraction. The Co(II) ions in both compounds are in a distorted tetrahedral environment (CoN2I2). The electrochemical behavior of complex I was studied by cyclic voltammetry. Magnetochemical measurements revealed that when an external magnetic field is applied, both compounds exhibit the properties of field-induced single ion magnets.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984742

RESUMO

Boron-cross-linked cobalt(II) pseudoclathrochelate was obtained by the template reaction of 2-acetylpyrazoloxime, phenylboronic acid, and a new DMF cobalt(II) solvato complex with a decachloro-closo-decaborate dianion. As confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, this complex crystallizes with two symmetry-independent cobalt(II) pseudoclathrochelate cations, one decachloro-closo-decaborate dianion, one benzene, one dichloromethane solvent molecule, and two molecules of DMF. The latter act as pseudocapping fragments to the monocapped tris-pyrazoloximate ligands by forming N-H···O hydrogen bonds with their pyrazole groups. The CoIIN6-coordination polyhedra adopt a nearly ideal TP geometry with distortion angles φ equal to 1.22(16) and 2.58(17)° for two symmetry-independent pseudoclathrochelate cations, both containing the encapsulated cobalt(II) ion in its high-spin state (Co-N 2.115(4)-2.198(3) Å). Magnetic properties of this complex were studied both by dc-magnetometry and by solution-state NMR spectroscopy to reveal a high magnetic anisotropy, thus suggesting a large magnetic susceptibility tensor anisotropy (25.8 × 10-32 m3 at 298 K) and a large negative zero-field splitting energy (-85 cm-1). The results of magnetometry studies in the ac magnetic field suggest a single molecule magnet behavior of this TP complex with an effective magnetization reversal barrier of approximately 130 cm-1. Its pseudocapping DMF molecules that form H-bonds with tris-pyrazoloximate fragments are easy to substitute by strong H-bond acceptors, such as chloride ions and di- and tetramethylureas, thus affecting the magnetic properties of a whole pseudomacrobicyclic paramagnetic system.

3.
Molecules ; 24(24)2019 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847326

RESUMO

Vanadium(IV) complexes are actively studied as potential candidates for molecular spin qubits operating at room temperatures. They have longer electron spin decoherence times than many other transition ions, being the key property for applications in quantum information processing. In most cases reported to date, the molecular complexes were optimized through the design for this purpose. In this work, we investigate the relaxation properties of vanadium(IV) ions incorporated in complexes with lanthanides using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). In all cases, the VO6 moieties with no nuclear spins in the first coordination sphere are addressed. We develop and implement the approaches for facile diagnostics of relaxation characteristics in individual VO6 moieties of such compounds. Remarkably, the estimated relaxation times are found to be close to those of other vanadium-based qubits obtained previously. In the future, a synergistic combination of qubit-friendly properties of vanadium ions with single-molecule magnetism and luminescence of lanthanides can be pursued to realize new functionalities of such materials.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/química , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Vanádio/química , Algoritmos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Hidrogênio , Modelos Teóricos , Conformação Molecular , Transição de Fase
4.
Dalton Trans ; 48(33): 12644-12655, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384881

RESUMO

We prepared and studied two similar series of Er and Yb thiocyanates, involving [Ln(H2O)5(NCS)3]·H2O (1Er, 1Yb) as well as the molecular and ionic complexes with 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) and 1,10-phenantroline (phen), [Ln(H2O)(bpy)2(NCS)3]·0.5(bpy)·H2O (2Er, 2Yb), [Ln(H2O)(phen)2(NCS)3]·phen·0.5H2O (3Er, 3Yb), [Hbpy][Ln(bpy)2(NCS)4]·H2O (4Er, 4Yb) and [Hphen][Ln(phen)2(NCS)4] (5Er, 5Yb). All the complexes were found to exhibit the properties of field-induced single-molecule magnets. For 1Yb, the effective value of the energy barrier for magnetization reversal, Δeff/kB, equals to 50 K, which is among the highest ones currently known for molecular SMMs based on Yb3+. The obtained data are discussed involving essential structural features of the complexes, namely the configuration of the Ln environment, i.e. its composition and geometry as well as mutual distribution of different donating centers. To the best of our knowledge, this work also involves experimental investigation of the largest and thus sufficiently representative series of similar mononuclear SMMs based on Er and Yb within one study.

5.
ACS Omega ; 4(1): 203-213, 2019 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31459324

RESUMO

Interaction of a tripyridine ligand bearing a 2,6-di-tert-butylphenolic fragment (L, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-(3,5-bis(4-pyridyl)pyridyl)phenol) with CoII pivalate or chloride led to the formation of one-dimensional coordination polymers [Co(L)Cl2] n ·nEtOH (1) and [Co3(L)2(OH)(Piv)5] n (2) or a trinuclear complex Co3(H2O)4(L)2Cl6 (3) (Piv- = pivalate). Chemical oxidation of L and 1-3 by PbO2 or K3[Fe(CN)6], as well as exposure of L (in solution or solid state) and 2 (in solid state) to UV irradiation, led to the formation of free radicals with g = 2.0024, which probably originated because of oxidation of 2,6-di-tert-butylphenolic groups. These radicals were stable for several days in solutions and more than 1 month in solid samples. Irradiation and oxidation of the solid samples probably caused formation of the phenoxyl radical only on their surface. It was shown by density functional theory calculations that exchange coupling between the unpaired electron of the phenoxyl radical and CoII ions was negligibly weak and could not affect the electron paramagnetic resonance signal of the radical, as well as exchange coupling of CoII ions could not be transmitted by L. The latter conclusion was confirmed by the analysis of magnetic properties of 1: temperature dependency of magnetic susceptibility (χM) of 1 could be simulated by a simple model for isolated CoII ions.

6.
Chemphyschem ; 20(8): 1001-1005, 2019 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897255

RESUMO

Herein, we report a new trigonal prismatic cobalt(II) complex that behaves as a single molecule magnet. The obtained zero-field splitting, which is also directly accessed by THz-EPR spectroscopy (-102.5 cm-1 ), results in a large magnetization reversal barrier U of 205 cm-1 . Its effective value, however, is much lower (101 cm-1 ), even though there is practically no contribution from quantum tunneling to magnetization relaxation.

7.
Chem Asian J ; 2018 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29799672

RESUMO

The reaction of lanthanide(III) nitrates with 4-(pyridin-2-yl)methyleneamino-1,2,4-triazole (L) was studied. The compounds [Ln(NO3 )3 (H2 O)3 ]⋅2 L, in which Ln=Eu (1), Gd (2), Tb (3), or Dy (4), obtained in a mixture of MeCN/EtOH have the same structure, as shown by XRD. In the crystals of these compounds, the mononuclear complex units [Ln(NO3 )3 (H2 O)3 ] are linked to L molecules through intermolecular hydrogen-bonding interactions to form a 2D polymeric supramolecular architecture. An investigation into the optical characteristics of the Eu3+ -, Tb3+ -, and Dy3+ -containing compounds (1, 3, and 4) showed that these complexes displayed metal-centered luminescence. According to magnetic measurements, compound 4 exhibits single-ion magnet behavior, with ΔEeff /kB =86 K in a field of 1500 Oe.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 47(17): 6199-6209, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29676422

RESUMO

The first representatives of the binuclear lanthanide 3,5-dinitrobenzoate-acetylacetonate complexes, namely isostructural compounds [Ln(dnbz)(acac)2(H2O)(EtOH)]2 (Ln = Eu (1), Gd (2), Tb (3), Dy (4), Ho (5), Er (6), Tm (7), and Yb (8); dnbz - 3,5-dinitrobenzoate anion; acac - acetylacetonate (pentane-2,4-dionate) anion) were prepared and characterized. The SMM behavior of the Yb compound 8 was shown to be surprisingly less sensitive to the composition of the Yb3+ coordination environment in comparison with that of the Dy derivative. For Yb compound 8, the anisotropy barrier is Δeff/kB = 26 K under the dc field of 2000 Oe. This value is the highest one currently known for binuclear Yb complexes.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 46(35): 11806-11816, 2017 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28837197

RESUMO

A series of novel isomorphic mononuclear complexes [Ln(PyrCOO)(acac)2(H2O)2] (Ln = Eu (1), Gd (2), Tb (3), Dy (4), Ho (5), Er (6), Tm (7), Yb (8), Y(9); acac- - acetylacetonate (pentane-2,4-dionate) anion, PyrCOOH is pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid) were prepared. Slow magnetic relaxation indicating SMM behavior was found in complexes 3, 4, 6 and 8. For 4 (Dy), the anisotropy barrier is Δeff/kB = 77 K under a dc field of 1500 Oe. For 8 (Yb), the anisotropy barrier is Δeff/kB = 54 K under a dc field of 2000 Oe which is the highest presently known value for molecular Yb carboxylate complexes and for Yb molecular complexes in general.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 56(12): 6943-6951, 2017 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28541691

RESUMO

High magnetic anisotropy is a key property of paramagnetic shift tags, which are mostly studied by NMR spectroscopy, and of single molecule magnets, for which magnetometry is usually used. We successfully employed both these methods in analyzing magnetic properties of a series of transition metal complexes, the so-called clathrochelates. A cobalt complex was found to be both a promising paramagnetic shift tag and a single molecule magnet because of it having large axial magnetic susceptibility tensor anisotropy at room temperature (22.5 × 10-32 m3 mol-1) and a high effective barrier to magnetization reversal (up to 70.5 cm-1). The origin of this large magnetic anisotropy is a negative value of zero-field splitting energy that reaches -86 cm-1 according to magnetometry and NMR measurements.

11.
Dalton Trans ; 46(10): 3369-3380, 2017 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28234398

RESUMO

Two series of novel heteroleptic derivatives of lanthanides and (η6-benzoic acid)tricarbonylchromium (benchrotrenecarboxylic acid) were synthesized and characterized: mononuclear complexes [Ln(BcrCOO)(acac)2(H2O)2] (Ln = Eu (1), Gd (2), Tb (3a), Dy (4a), Ho (5a)) and 1D-polymeric ones [Ln(BcrCOO)(acac)2(H2O)]n (Ln = Tb (3b), Dy (4b), Ho (5b), Er (6), Tm (7), Yb (8) and Y (9)), Bcr = (η6-C6H5)Cr(CO)3. The molecular and crystal structures of the obtained compounds were determined. Complexes 3a, 4a, 4b, 6 and 8 were found to exhibit SMM properties. Two maxima were observed on χ''(ν) dependencies (LF and HF) for 4a, 4b and 6. For 4a, the anisotropy barriers are Δeff/kB = 100 K and 118 K in zero dc-field (128 K and 143 K in 2000 Oe field) for the LF (low frequency) and HF (high frequency) signals, respectively. These values are the highest ones for Ln carboxylate complexes. The nature of the appearance of two maxima in the system is discussed.

12.
ACS Omega ; 2(10): 6852-6862, 2017 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31457271

RESUMO

The study tackles one of the challenges in developing platinum-free molecular electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution, which is to seek for new possibilities to ensure large turnover numbers by stabilizing electrocatalytic intermediates. These species are often much more reactive than the initial electrocatalysts, and if not properly stabilized by a suitable choice of functionalizing substituents, they have a limited long-time activity. Here, we describe new iron and cobalt(II) cage complexes (clathrochelates) that in contrast to many previously reported complexes of this type do not act as electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution. We argue that the most probable reason for this behavior is an excessive stabilization of the metal(I) species by perfluoroaryl ribbed groups, resulting in an unprecedented long-term stability of the metal(I) complexes even in acidic solutions.

13.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 7(20): 4111-4116, 2016 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27689621

RESUMO

A large barrier to magnetization reversal, a signature of a good single-molecule magnet (SMM), strongly depends on the structural environment of a paramagnetic metal ion. In a crystalline state, where SMM properties are usually measured, this environment is influenced by crystal packing, which may be different for the same chemical compound, as in polymorphs. Here we show that polymorphism can dramatically change the magnetic behavior of an SMM even with a very rigid coordination geometry. For a cobalt(II) clathrochelate, it results in an increase of the effective barrier from 109 to 180 cm-1, the latter value being the largest one reported to date for cobalt-based SMMs. Our finding thus highlights the importance of identifying possible polymorphic phases in search of new, even more efficient SMMs.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 45(15): 6405-17, 2016 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26948276

RESUMO

New ferrocenoylacetonate complexes of several rare earth elements, [Ln(fca)3(bpy)]·MeC6H5 (Ln = Pr (), Eu (), Gd (), Tb (), Dy (), Ho (), Y (); bpy - 2,2'-bipyridine; Hfca - FcCOCH2COMe) as well as scandium ferrocenoylacetonate [Sc(fca)3]·0.5MeC6H5 (), were synthesized and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In the crystal lattice of the isostructural complexes , two [Ln(fca)3(bpy)] molecules form a pair due to stacking interactions between the bpy ligands. The Ln(3+) ions are coordinated in a square antiprism geometry with a coordination number of 8. The Sc(3+) ions in complex are coordinated in an octahedral geometry. Thermolysis of complexes was studied under air and argon atmospheres; in the first case, it affords perovskites LnFeO3 as one of the products. Complexes display single-molecule magnet properties, and the effective relaxation barrier for the Dy complex , was found to be Δeff/kB = 241 K, which is one of the highest values obtained for a mononuclear ß-diketonate lanthanide complex.

15.
Chemistry ; 21(51): 18563-5, 2015 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26467233

RESUMO

A heterometallic phenylsilsesquioxane [(PhSiO1,5)22(CoO)3(NaO0.5)6]⋅(EtOH)6⋅(H2O) 1 cage architecture of Co(II) ions in a triangular topology exhibits a slow dynamic behavior in its magnetization, induced by the freezing of the spins of individual molecules.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26428404

RESUMO

Interaction of 1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)ethanone oxime (H2PzOx) with copper(II) chloride in the presence of pyridine afforded a binuclear discrete [Cu2(HPzOx)2Cl2py2] complex, which was characterized by Fourier transform-IR and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra, magnetochemistry and high-resolution X-ray diffraction experiments. Multipole refinement of X-ray diffraction data and density-functional theory (DFT) calculations of an isolated molecule allowed charge and spin distributions to be obtained for this compound. Magnetochemistry data, EPR spectra and DFT calculations of an isolated molecule show antiferromagnetic coupling between copper(II) ions. The spin distribution suggests an exchange pathway via the bridging pyrazole ring in the equatorial plane of the CuN4Cl coordination polyhedron, thus providing support for the classical superexchange mechanism; the calculated value of the magnetic coupling constant -2J is equal to 220 cm(-1), which compares well with the experimental value of 203 ±â€…2 cm(-1). Chemical connectivity was derived by Bader's 'quantum theory of atoms in molecules' and compared with Voronoi tessellation and Hirshfeld surface representations of crystal space. All methodologies gave a similar qualitative and semi-quantitative description of intra- and intermolecular connectivity.

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