Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 3 de 3
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
Chemistry ; 25(13): 3190-3208, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346054


Although alkyne metathesis has been known for 50 years, rapid progress in this field has mostly occurred during the last two decades. In this article, the development of several highly efficient and thoroughly studied alkyne metathesis catalysts is reviewed, which includes novel well-defined, in situ formed and heterogeneous systems. Various alkyne metathesis methodologies, including alkyne cross-metathesis (ACM), ring-closing alkyne metathesis (RCAM), cyclooligomerization, acyclic diyne metathesis polymerization (ADIMET), and ring-opening alkyne metathesis polymerization (ROAMP), are presented, and their application in natural product synthesis, materials science as well as supramolecular and polymer chemistry is discussed. Recent progress in the metathesis of diynes is also summarized, which gave rise to new methods such as ring-closing diyne metathesis (RCDM) and diyne cross-metathesis (DYCM).

Beilstein J Org Chem ; 14: 2425-2434, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30344767


The molybdenum and tungsten complexes M2(OR)6 (Mo2F6, M = Mo, R = C(CF3)2Me; W2F3, M = W, R = OC(CF3)Me2) were synthesized as bimetallic congeners of the highly active alkyne metathesis catalysts [MesC≡M{OC(CF3) n Me3- n }] (MoF6, M = Mo, n = 2; WF3, M = W, n = 1; Mes = 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl). The corresponding benzylidyne complex [PhC≡W{OC(CF3)Me2}] (W Ph F3) was prepared by cleaving the W≡W bond in W2F3 with 1-phenyl-1-propyne. The catalytic alkyne metathesis activity of these metal complexes was determined in the self-metathesis, ring-closing alkyne metathesis and cross-metathesis of internal and terminal alkynes, revealing an almost equally high metathesis activity for the bimetallic tungsten complex W2F3 and the alkylidyne complex W Ph F3. In contrast, Mo2F6 displayed no significant activity in alkyne metathesis.

J Am Chem Soc ; 139(48): 17597-17607, 2017 12 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29083916


Molybdenum-based molecular alkylidyne complexes of the type [MesC≡Mo{OC(CH3)3-x(CF3)x}3] (MoF0, x = 0; MoF3, x = 1; MoF6, x = 2; MoF9, x = 3; Mes = 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl) and their silica-supported analogues are prepared and characterized at the molecular level, in particular by solid-state NMR, and their alkyne metathesis catalytic activity is evaluated. The 13C NMR chemical shift of the alkylidyne carbon increases with increasing number of fluorine atoms on the alkoxide ligands for both molecular and supported catalysts but with more shielded values for the supported complexes. The activity of these catalysts increases in the order MoF0 < MoF3 < MoF6 before sharply decreasing for MoF9, with a similar effect for the supported systems (MoF0 ≈ MoF9 < MoF6 < MoF3). This is consistent with the different kinetic behavior (zeroth order in alkyne for MoF9 derivatives instead of first order for the others) and the isolation of stable metallacyclobutadiene intermediates of MoF9 for both molecular and supported species. Detailed solid-state NMR analysis of molecular and silica-supported metal alkylidyne catalysts coupled with DFT/ZORA calculations rationalize the NMR spectroscopic signatures and discernible activity trends at the frontier orbital level: (1) increasing the number of fluorine atoms lowers the energy of the π*(M≡C) orbital, explaining the more deshielded chemical shift values; it also leads to an increased electrophilicity and higher reactivity for catalysts up to MoF6, prior to a sharp decrease in reactivity for MoF9 due to the formation of stable metallacyclobutadiene intermediates; (2) the silica-supported catalysts are less active than their molecular analogues because they are less electrophilic and dynamic, as revealed by their 13C NMR chemical shift tensors.