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J Oral Rehabil ; 48(4): 392-402, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368502


BACKGROUND: Closing movements are among the jaw's basic physiological motor actions. During functional movements, the jaw changes position continually, which requires appropriate proprioception. However, the significance of the various proprioceptive receptors involved and how they interact is not yet fully clear. OBJECTIVES: This study's main objective was to test whether preventing intercuspation (IC) for 1 week would affect the precision of jaw-closing movements into IC and the functional space of habitual chewing movements (HCM). A secondary objective was to compare precision of jaw-closing movements into IC with the precision of movements into a target position (TP) far from IC. METHODS: Fourteen participants' HCM and jaw-closing movements into IC were recorded on two sessions (T1 and T2) 1 week apart. Between sessions, participants wore posterior bite plates to prevent IC. They also received a 10-minute training session at T1 to guide their jaw-closing movements into TP. The precision of the closing movements into IC and TP was analysed. For HCM, the vertical amplitude, lateral width and area of chewing cycles were evaluated. RESULTS: The precision of jaw movements into IC increased as the jaw gap decreased, but precision did not differ significantly between T1 and T2. For HCM, the vertical amplitude and area of chewing cycles increased significantly between T1 and T2. The precision of the closing trajectory into TP increased significantly during the training session. CONCLUSION: Our results confirm the excellent adaptability of the craniomandibular system, controlled by stringent motor programmes that are supported by continuous peripheral sensory input.

Mastigação , Movimento , Humanos , Arcada Osseodentária , Periodicidade
Clin Neurophysiol ; 130(3): 388-395, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30708279


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize amplitude topographies for masseter motor units (MUs) three-dimensionally, and to assess whether high-density surface electromyography (HDsEMG) is able to detect MU samples that represent the masseter's entire MU pool. METHODS: Ten healthy adult volunteers participated in the study, which combined three EMG techniques. A HDsEMG grid covering the entire masseter, and intramuscular fine-wire electrodes were used to obtain two independent MU samples for comparison. The MUs' amplitude profiles in the dimension of muscle depth were determined using scanning EMG. All data were recorded simultaneously during a low, constant contraction level controlled by 3D force feedback. RESULTS: The median medio-lateral diameter of 4.4 mm (range: 1.2-7.9 mm) for MUs detected by HDsEMG did not differ significantly (Mann-Whitney-U test, p = 0.805) from that of 3.9 mm (0.6-8.6 mm) for MUs detected by fine-wire EMG. For individual subjects, the medio-lateral diameters of all HDsEMG-detected MUs spanned 70.5% (19.2-75.1%) of the masseter's thickness. CONCLUSIONS: HDsEMG is able to examine small and large MUs from a great masseter proportion in one single measurement. SIGNIFICANCE: Clinical application of HDsEMG might contribute to a better understanding of neuromuscular adaptations in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and could allow for monitoring treatment effects.

Músculo Masseter/fisiologia , Neurônios Motores/fisiologia , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Recrutamento Neurofisiológico/fisiologia , Adulto , Força de Mordida , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem