Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 503
Filtrar
1.
Gene Ther ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846552

RESUMO

Clinical development of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T-cell therapy has been enabled by advances in synthetic biology, genetic engineering, clinical-grade manufacturing, and complex logistics to distribute the drug product to treatment sites. A key ambition of the CARAMBA project is to provide clinical proof-of-concept for virus-free CAR gene transfer using advanced Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon technology. SB transposition in CAR-T engineering is attractive due to the high rate of stable CAR gene transfer enabled by optimized hyperactive SB100X transposase and transposon combinations, encoded by mRNA and minicircle DNA, respectively, as preferred vector embodiments. This approach bears the potential to facilitate and expedite vector procurement, CAR-T manufacturing and distribution, and the promise to provide a safe, effective, and economically sustainable treatment. As an exemplary and novel target for SB-based CAR-T cells, the CARAMBA consortium has selected the SLAMF7 antigen in multiple myeloma. SLAMF7 CAR-T cells confer potent and consistent anti-myeloma activity in preclinical assays in vitro and in vivo. The CARAMBA clinical trial (Phase-I/IIA; EudraCT: 2019-001264-30) investigates the feasibility, safety, and anti-myeloma efficacy of autologous SLAMF7 CAR-T cells. CARAMBA is the first clinical trial with virus-free CAR-T cells in Europe, and the first clinical trial that uses advanced SB technology worldwide.

2.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809431

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preservation of kidney function in newly diagnosed (ND) multiple myeloma (MM) helps to prevent excess toxicity. Patients (pts) from two prospective trials were analyzed, provided postinduction (PInd) restaging was performed. Pts received three cycles with bortezomib (btz), cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone (dex; VCD) or btz, lenalidomide (len), and dex (VRd) or len, adriamycin, and dex (RAD). The minimum required estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was >30 mL/min. We analyzed the percent change of the renal function using the International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria and Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO)-defined categories. RESULTS: Seven hundred and seventy-two patients were eligible. Three hundred and fifty-six received VCD, 214 VRd, and 202 RAD. VCD patients had the best baseline eGFR. The proportion of pts with eGFR <45 mL/min decreased from 7.3% at baseline to 1.9% PInd (p < 0.0001). Thirty-seven point one percent of VCD versus 49% of VRd patients had a decrease of GFR (p = 0.0872). IMWG-defined "renal complete response (CRrenal)" was achieved in 17/25 (68%) pts after VCD, 12/19 (63%) after RAD, and 14/27 (52%) after VRd (p = 0.4747). CONCLUSIONS: Analyzing a large and representative newly diagnosed myeloma (NDMM) group, we found no difference in CRrenal that occurred independently from the myeloma response across the three regimens. A trend towards deterioration of the renal function with VRd versus VCD may be explained by a better pretreatment "renal fitness" in the latter group.

3.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 7(3)2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810069

RESUMO

Data on biomarker-assisted diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in pediatric patients is scarce. Therefore, we conducted a cohort study over two years including 404 serum specimens of 26 pediatric patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). Sera were tested prospectively twice weekly for Aspergillus-specific DNA, galactomannan (GM), and retrospectively for (1→3)-ß-D-glucan (BDG). Three probable IA and two possible invasive fungal disease (IFD) cases were identified using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer and the Mycoses Study Group (EORTC/MSGERC) 2019 consensus definitions. Sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of probable IA and possible IFD was 80% (95% confidential interval (CI): 28-99%) and 55% (95% CI: 32-77%) for BDG, 40% (95% CI: 5-85%) and 100% (95% CI: 83-100%) for GM, and 60% (95% CI: 15-95%) and 95% (95% CI: 75-100%) for Aspergillus-specific real-time PCR. However, sensitivities have to be interpreted with great caution due to the limited number of IA cases. Interestingly, the low specificity of BDG was largely caused by false-positive BDG results that clustered around the date of alloSCT. The following strategies were able to increase BDG specificity: two consecutive positive BDG tests for diagnosis (specificity 80% (95% CI: 56-94%)); using an optimized cutoff value of 306 pg/mL (specificity 90% (95% CI: 68-99%)) and testing BDG only after the acute posttransplant phase. In summary, BDG can help to diagnose IA in pediatric alloSCT recipients. However, due to the poor specificity either an increased cutoff value should be utilized or BDG results should be confirmed by an alternative Aspergillus assay.

4.
Haematologica ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792221

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells (CAR-T) have dramatically changed the treatment landscape of B-cell malignancies, providing a potential cure for relapsed/refractory patients. Long-term responses in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and non Hodgkin lymphomas have encouraged further development in myeloma. In particular, B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-targeted CAR-T have established very promising results in heavily pre-treated patients. Moreover, CAR-T targeting other antigens (i.e., SLAMF7 and CD44v6) are currently under investigation. However, none of these current autologous therapies have been approved, and despite high overall response rates across studies, main issues such as long-term outcome, toxicities, treatment resistance, and management of complications limit as yet their widespread use. Here, we critically review the most important pre-clinical and clinical findings, recent advances in CAR-T against myeloma, as well as discoveries in the biology of a still incurable disease, that, all together, will further improve safety and efficacy in relapsed/refractory patients, urgently in need of novel treatment options.

5.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(3): e105-e118, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662288

RESUMO

This Policy Review presents the International Myeloma Working Group's clinical practice recommendations for the treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. Based on the results of phase 2 and phase 3 trials, these recommendations are proposed for the treatment of patients with relapsed and refractory disease who have received one previous line of therapy, and for patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma who have received two or more previous lines of therapy. These recommendations integrate the issue of drug access in both low-income and middle-income countries and in high-income countries to help guide real-world practice and thus improve patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Terapia de Salvação , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia
6.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724461

RESUMO

In this review, two types of soft-tissue involvement in multiple myeloma are defined: (i) extramedullary (EMD) with haematogenous spread involving only soft tissues and (ii) paraskeletal (PS) with tumour masses arising from skeletal lesions. The incidence of EMD and PS plasmacytomas at diagnosis ranges from 1·7% to 4·5% and 7% to 34·4% respectively. EMD disease is often associated with high-risk cytogenetics, resistance to therapy and worse prognosis than in PS involvement. In patients with PS involvement a proteasome inhibitor-based regimen may be the best option followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in transplant eligible patients. In patients with EMD disease who are not eligible for ASCT, a proteasome inhibitor-based regimen such as lenalidomide-bortezomib-dexamethasone (RVD) may be the best option, while for those eligible for high-dose therapy a myeloma/lymphoma-like regimen such as bortezomib, thalidomide and dexamethasone (VTD)-RVD/cisplatin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide and etoposide (PACE) followed by SCT should be considered. In both EMD and PS disease at relapse many strategies have been tried, but this remains a high-unmet need population.

8.
N Engl J Med ; 384(8): 705-716, 2021 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idecabtagene vicleucel (ide-cel, also called bb2121), a B-cell maturation antigen-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, has shown clinical activity with expected CAR T-cell toxic effects in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. METHODS: In this phase 2 study, we sought to confirm the efficacy and safety of ide-cel in patients with relapsed and refractory myeloma. Patients with disease after at least three previous regimens including a proteasome inhibitor, an immunomodulatory agent, and an anti-CD38 antibody were enrolled. Patients received ide-cel target doses of 150 × 106 to 450 × 106 CAR-positive (CAR+) T cells. The primary end point was an overall response (partial response or better); a key secondary end point was a complete response or better (comprising complete and stringent complete responses). RESULTS: Of 140 patients enrolled, 128 received ide-cel. At a median follow-up of 13.3 months, 94 of 128 patients (73%) had a response, and 42 of 128 (33%) had a complete response or better. Minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative status (<10-5 nucleated cells) was confirmed in 33 patients, representing 26% of all 128 patients who were treated and 79% of the 42 patients who had a complete response or better. The median progression-free survival was 8.8 months (95% confidence interval, 5.6 to 11.6). Common toxic effects among the 128 treated patients included neutropenia in 117 patients (91%), anemia in 89 (70%), and thrombocytopenia in 81 (63%). Cytokine release syndrome was reported in 107 patients (84%), including 7 (5%) who had events of grade 3 or higher. Neurotoxic effects developed in 23 patients (18%) and were of grade 3 in 4 patients (3%); no neurotoxic effects higher than grade 3 occurred. Cellular kinetic analysis confirmed CAR+ T cells in 29 of 49 patients (59%) at 6 months and 4 of 11 patients (36%) at 12 months after infusion. CONCLUSIONS: Ide-cel induced responses in a majority of heavily pretreated patients with refractory and relapsed myeloma; MRD-negative status was achieved in 26% of treated patients. Almost all patients had grade 3 or 4 toxic effects, most commonly hematologic toxic effects and cytokine release syndrome. (Funded by bluebird bio and Celgene, a Bristol-Myers Squibb company; KarMMa ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03361748.).


Assuntos
Imunoterapia Adotiva , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/etiologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/imunologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva
9.
Ann Hematol ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575947

RESUMO

Extramedullary disease (EMD) represents a high-risk state of multiple myeloma (MM) associated with poor prognosis. While most anti-myeloma therapeutics demonstrate limited efficacy in this setting, some studies exploring the utility of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified T cells reported promising results. We have recently designed SLAMF7-directed CAR T cells for the treatment of MM. SLAMF7 is a transmembrane receptor expressed on myeloma cells that plays a role in myeloma cell homing to the bone marrow. Currently, the only approved anti-SLAMF7 therapeutic is the monoclonal antibody elotuzumab, but its efficacy in EMD has not been investigated thoroughly. Thus, we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of elotuzumab-based combination therapy in a cohort of 15 patients with EMD. Moreover, since the presence of the target antigen is an indispensable prerequisite for effective targeted therapy, we investigated the SLAMF7 expression on extramedullary located tumor cells before and after treatment. We observed limited efficacy of elotuzumab-based combination therapies, with an overall response rate of 40% and a progression-free and overall survival of 3.8 and 12.9 months, respectively. Before treatment initiation, all available EMD tissue specimens (n = 3) demonstrated a strong and consistent SLAMF7 surface expression by immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, to investigate a potential antigen reduction under therapeutic selection pressure, we analyzed samples of de novo EMD (n = 3) outgrown during elotuzumab treatment. Again, immunohistochemistry documented strong and consistent SLAMF7 expression in all samples. In aggregate, our data point towards a retained expression of SLAMF7 in EMD and encourage the development of more potent SLAMF7-directed immunotherapies, such as CAR T cells.

10.
Nat Med ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619368

RESUMO

B cell maturation antigen (BCMA) is a target for various immunotherapies and a biomarker for tumor load in multiple myeloma (MM). We report a case of irreversible BCMA loss in a patient with MM who was enrolled in the KarMMa trial ( NCT03361748 ) and progressed after anti-BCMA CAR T cell therapy. We identified selection of a clone with homozygous deletion of TNFRSF17 (BCMA) as the underlying mechanism of immune escape. Furthermore, we found heterozygous TNFRSF17 loss or monosomy 16 in 37 out of 168 patients with MM, including 28 out of 33 patients with hyperhaploid MM who had not been previously treated with BCMA-targeting therapies, suggesting that heterozygous TNFRSF17 deletion at baseline could theoretically be a risk factor for BCMA loss after immunotherapy.

11.
Leukemia ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33603142

RESUMO

Early results of the randomized placebo-controlled SORAML trial showed that, in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), sorafenib led to a significant improvement in event-free (EFS) and relapse-free survival (RFS). In order to describe second-line treatments and their implications on overall survival (OS), we performed a study after a median follow-up time of 78 months. Newly diagnosed fit AML patients aged ≤60 years received sorafenib (n = 134) or placebo (n = 133) in addition to standard chemotherapy and as maintenance treatment. The 5-year EFS was 41 versus 27% (HR 0.68; p = 0.011) and 5-year RFS was 53 versus 36% (HR 0.64; p = 0.035). Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo SCT) was performed in 88% of the relapsed patients. Four years after salvage allo SCT, the cumulative incidence of relapse was 54 versus 35%, and OS was 32 versus 50%. The 5-year OS from randomization in all study patients was 61 versus 53% (HR 0.82; p = 0.282). In conclusion, the addition of sorafenib to chemotherapy led to a significant prolongation of EFS and RFS. Although the OS benefit did not reach statistical significance, these results confirm the antileukaemic activity of sorafenib.

13.
J Nucl Med ; 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579803

RESUMO

Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with 18F-fluorodesoxyglucose (FDG) is an integral component in the primary staging of most lymphomas. However, its utility is limited in marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) due to inconsistent FDG avidity. One diagnostic alternative could be the targeting of CXC-motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), shown to be expressed by MZL cells. This study investigated the value of adding CXCR4-directed 68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT to conventional staging. Methods: 22 newly diagnosed MZL patients were staged conventionally and with 68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT. Lesions exclusively identified by 68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT were biopsied as standard of reference and compared to imaging results. The impact of CXCR4-directed imaging on staging results and treatment protocol was assessed. Results: 68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT correctly identified all patients with viable MZL and was superior to conventional staging (P < 0.001). CXCR4-directed imaging results were validated by confirmation of MZL in 21/24 PET-guided biopsy samples. Inclusion of 68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT in primary staging significantly impacted staging results in almost half, and treatment protocols in one third of patients (upstaging, n = 7; downstaging, n = 3; treatment change, n = 8; P < 0.03). Conclusion: 68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT is a suitable tool in primary staging of MZL and holds the potential to improve existing diagnostic algorithms.

14.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 44, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420283

RESUMO

Bispecific T cell engaging antibodies (BiTEs) address tumor associated antigens that are over-expressed on cancer but that can also be found on healthy tissues, causing substantial on-target/off-tumor toxicities. To overcome this hurdle, we recently introduced hemibodies, a pair of complementary antibody fragments that redirect T cells against cancer-defining antigen combinations. Here we show that hemibodies addressing CD38 and SLAMF7 recruit T cells for the exquisite elimination of dual antigen positive multiple myeloma cells while leaving single antigen positive bystanders unharmed. Moreover, CD38 and SLAMF7 targeting BiTEs, but not hemibodies induce massive cytokine release and T cell fratricide reactions, a major drawback of T cell recruiting strategies. Together, we provide evidence in vitro and in vivo that hemibodies can be developed for the effective and highly specific immunotherapy of multiple myeloma.

15.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-15, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33399480

RESUMO

We performed a registry-based analysis of 311 AML patients treated with decitabine in a standard of care setting to assess response and survival data with a distinct focus on the impact of the TP53 mutation status. Median age was 73 years. 172 patients received decitabine first-line and 139 in r/r disease. The ORR (whole cohort) was 30% with a median overall survival of 4.7 months. First-line patients achieved better responses than r/r-patients (ORR: 38% vs. 21%) resulting in a median OS of 5.8 months vs. 3.9 months. NGS based mutation analysis was performed in 180 patients. 20 patients (11%) harbored a TP53 mutation. Response rates and survival did not differ significantly between TP53 mutated patients and wild-type patients. This analysis of a large cohort of AML patients provides response rates and OS data after decitabine treatment. Interestingly, outcome was not negatively influenced by a TP53 mutation.

16.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-15, 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353431

RESUMO

In order to differentiate prognostic subgroups of patients with aggressive B-cell lymphoma, we analyzed the expression of 800 miRNAs with the NanoString nCounter human miRNA assay on a cohort of 228 FFPE samples of patients enrolled in the RICOVER-60 and MegaCHOEP trials. We identified significant miRNA signatures for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) by LASSO-penalized linear Cox-regression. High expression levels of miR-130a-3p and miR-423-5p indicate a better prognosis, whereas high levels of miR-374b-5p, miR-590-5p, miR-186-5p, and miR-106b-5p increase patients' risk levels for OS. Regarding PFS high expression of miR-365a-5p in addition to the other two miRNAs improves the prognosis and high levels of miR374a-5p, miR-106b-5p, and miR-590-5p, connects with increased risk and poor prognosis. We identified miRNA signatures to subdivide patients into two different risk groups. These prognostic models may be used in risk stratification in future clinical trials and help making personalized therapy decisions.

17.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 34: 2058738420980258, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353443

RESUMO

We report on a currently 76-year-old female patient with relapsed/refractory (RR) multiple myeloma (MM) treated at our institution. This patient had received six lines of therapy including tandem autologous stem cell transplant, proteasome inhibitor, immunomodulatory drugs and CD38 antibody MOR202. At the last relapse, she progressed during treatment with pomalidomide and MOR202. In an individualized therapy concept, we started a multi-agent salvage therapy with pomalidomide, bortezomib, doxorubicin, dexamethasone, and CD38 antibody daratumumab ("Pom-PAD-Dara"), which resulted in a stringent complete remission with minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity after nine cycles. So far, our patient shows a progression free survival of more than 12 months. Our case demonstrates the feasibility of successful CD38 antibody retreatment in a patient with heavily pretreated CD38 antibody resistant MM.

18.
Blood ; 136(26): 3033-3040, 2020 12 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367546

RESUMO

The primary cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) is an infection. Therefore, there is great concern about susceptibility to the outcome of COVID-19-infected patients with MM. This retrospective study describes the baseline characteristics and outcome data of COVID-19 infection in 650 patients with plasma cell disorders, collected by the International Myeloma Society to understand the initial challenges faced by myeloma patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Analyses were performed for hospitalized MM patients. Among hospitalized patients, the median age was 69 years, and nearly all patients (96%) had MM. Approximately 36% were recently diagnosed (2019-2020), and 54% of patients were receiving first-line therapy. Thirty-three percent of patients have died, with significant geographic variability, ranging from 27% to 57% of hospitalized patients. Univariate analysis identified age, International Staging System stage 3 (ISS3), high-risk disease, renal disease, suboptimal myeloma control (active or progressive disease), and 1 or more comorbidities as risk factors for higher rates of death. Neither history of transplant, including within a year of COVID-19 diagnosis, nor other anti-MM treatments were associated with outcomes. Multivariate analysis found that only age, high-risk MM, renal disease, and suboptimal MM control remained independent predictors of adverse outcome with COVID-19 infection. The management of MM in the era of COVID-19 requires careful consideration of patient- and disease-related factors to decrease the risk of acquiring COVID-19 infection, while not compromising disease control through appropriate MM treatment. This study provides initial data to develop recommendations for the management of MM patients with COVID-19 infection.


Assuntos
/complicações , Internacionalidade , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , Mieloma Múltiplo/virologia , Sociedades Médicas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
19.
Cell Rep ; 33(7): 108389, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207195

RESUMO

High-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) is routinely applied to study diverse biological processes; however, when performed separately on interacting organisms, systemic noise intrinsic to RNA extraction, library preparation, and sequencing hampers the identification of cross-species interaction nodes. Here, we develop triple RNA-seq to simultaneously detect transcriptomes of monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) infected with the frequently co-occurring pulmonary pathogens Aspergillus fumigatus and human cytomegalovirus (CMV). Comparing expression patterns after co-infection with those after single infections, our data reveal synergistic effects and mutual interferences between host responses to the two pathogens. For example, CMV attenuates the fungus-mediated activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines through NF-κB (nuclear factor κB) and NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cells) cascades, while A. fumigatus impairs viral clearance by counteracting viral nucleic acid-induced activation of type I interferon signaling. Together, the analytical power of triple RNA-seq proposes molecular hubs in the differential moDC response to fungal/viral single infection or co-infection that contribute to our understanding of the etiology and, potentially, clearance of post-transplant infections.

20.
Blood ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156904

RESUMO

The primary cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with multiple myeloma(MM) is an infection. Therefore there is great concern about the susceptibility to the outcome of COVID-19 infected patients with MM. This retrospective study describes the baseline characteristics and outcome data of COVID-19 infection in 650 patients with plasma cell disorders, collected by the International Myeloma Society to understand the initial challenges faced by myeloma patients during COVID-19 pandemic. Analysis were performed for hospitalized MM patients. Among hospitalized patinets, the median age was 69 years, and nearly all patients(96%) had MM. Approximately 36% were recently diagnosed(2019-2020), and 54% of patients were receiving first-line therapy. Thirty-three percent of patients have died, with significant geographic variability, ranging from 27% to 57% of hospitalized patients. Univariate analysis identified age, ISS3, high-risk disease, renal disease, suboptimal myeloma control(active or progressive disease), and one or more comorbidities as risk factors for higher rates of death. Neither history of transplant, including within a year of COVID-19 diagnosis, nor other anti-MM treatments were associated with outcomes. Multivariate analysis found that only age, high-risk MM, renal disease, and suboptimal MM control remained independent predictors of adverse outcome with COVID-19 infection. The management of MM in the era of COVID-19 requires careful consideration of patient and disease-related factors to decrease the risk of acquiring COVID-19 infection, while not compromising disease control through appropriate MM treatment. This study provides initial data to develop recommendations for the management of MM patients with COVID-19 infection.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...