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1.
Inorg Chem ; 61(31): 12149-12154, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35880851

RESUMO

Enriching the material variation often contributes to the progress of materials science. We have discovered for the first time antiperovskite arsenide SrPd3As and revealed a hidden structural and superconducting phase in Sr(Pd1-xPtx)3As. The Pd-rich samples (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.2) had the same noncentrosymmetric (NCS) tetragonal structure (a space group of I41md) as SrPd3P. For the samples with 0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.7, a centrosymmetric (CS) tetragonal structure (P4/nmm) identical to that of SrPt3P was found to appear, accompanied by superconductivity at a transition temperature (Tc) up to 3.7 K. In the samples synthesized with Pt-rich nominal compositions (0.8 ≤ x ≤ 1.0), Sr2(Pd,Pt)8-yAs1+y with an intergrowth structure (CS-orthorhombic with Cmcm) was crystallized. The phase diagram obtained for Sr(Pd,Pt)3As was analogous to that of (Ca,Sr)Pd3P in which superconductivity (Tc ≥ 2 K) occurred in the CS phases induced by substitutions to the NCS phases. This study indicates the potential for further material variation expansion and the importance of elemental substitutions to reveal hidden phases in related antiperovskites.

2.
Nature ; 601(7894): 562-567, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35082417

RESUMO

In conventional superconductors, the phase transition into a zero-resistance and perfectly diamagnetic state is accompanied by a jump in the specific heat and the opening of a spectral gap1. In the high-transition-temperature (high-Tc) cuprates, although the transport, magnetic and thermodynamic signatures of Tc have been known since the 1980s2, the spectroscopic singularity associated with the transition remains unknown. Here we resolve this long-standing puzzle with a high-precision angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) study on overdoped (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ (Bi2212). We first probe the momentum-resolved electronic specific heat via spectroscopy and reproduce the specific heat peak at Tc, completing the missing link for a holistic description of superconductivity. Then, by studying the full momentum, energy and temperature evolution of the spectra, we reveal that this thermodynamic anomaly arises from the singular growth of in-gap spectral intensity across Tc. Furthermore, we observe that the temperature evolution of in-gap intensity is highly anisotropic in the momentum space, and the gap itself obeys both the d-wave functional form and particle-hole symmetry. These findings support the scenario that the superconducting transition is driven by phase fluctuations. They also serve as an anchor point for understanding the Fermi arc and pseudogap phenomena in underdoped cuprates.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 60(23): 18017-18023, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779197

RESUMO

Antiperovskites are a promising candidate structure for the exploration of new materials. We discovered an antiperovskite phosphide, LaPd3P, following our recent synthesis of APd3P (A = Ca, Sr, Ba). While APd3P and (Ca,Sr)Pd3P were found to be tetragonal or orthorhombic systems, LaPd3P is a new prototype cubic system (a = 9.0317(1) Å) with a noncentrosymmetric space group (I4̅3m). LaPd3P exhibited superconductivity with a transition temperature (Tc) of 0.28 K. The upper critical field, Debye temperature, and Sommerfeld constant (γ) were determined to be 0.305(8) kOe, 267(1) K, and 6.06(4) mJ mol-1 K-2 f.u.-1, respectively. We performed first-principles electronic band structure calculations for LaPd3P and compared the theoretical and experimental results. The calculated Sommerfeld constant (2.24 mJ mol-1 K-2 f.u.-1) was much smaller than the experimental value of γ because the Fermi energy (EF) was located slightly below the density of states (DOS) pseudogap. This difference was explained by the increase in the DOS at EF due to the approximately 5 atom % La deficiency (hole doping) in the sample. The observed Tc value was much lower than that estimated using the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer equation. To explain the discrepancy, we examined the possibility of an unconventional superconductivity in LaPd3P arising from the lack of space inversion symmetry.

4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(37)2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493664

RESUMO

Magnetic superconductors are specific materials exhibiting two antagonistic phenomena, superconductivity and magnetism, whose mutual interaction induces various emergent phenomena, such as the reentrant superconducting transition associated with the suppression of superconductivity around the magnetic transition temperature (T m), highlighting the impact of magnetism on superconductivity. In this study, we report the experimental observation of the ferromagnetic order induced by superconducting vortices in the high-critical-temperature (high-T c) magnetic superconductor EuRbFe4As4 Although the ground state of the Eu2+ moments in EuRbFe4As4 is helimagnetism below T m, neutron diffraction and magnetization experiments show a ferromagnetic hysteresis of the Eu2+ spin alignment. We demonstrate that the direction of the Eu2+ moments is dominated by the distribution of pinned vortices based on the critical state model. Moreover, we demonstrate the manipulation of spin texture by controlling the direction of superconducting vortices, which can help realize spin manipulation devices using magnetic superconductors.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(35): 19827-19833, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525149

RESUMO

We investigated the defect structures of polycrystalline CaKFe4As4 (CaK1144) superconductors by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). The STEM studies revealed the presence of a one-layer CaFe2As2 (∼1 nm size) defect along the ab-plane, as observed in single crystalline CaK1144. Step-like CaFe2As2 defects are also observed. These nanoscale defects generate fine-sized stacking faults, a lattice mismatch, and stress field defects in the matrix of CaK1144 owing to the different sizes. Correlation of the defects in polycrystalline and single crystalline samples suggests that the defects type and their density depend on the synthesis conditions. A self-field critical current density (Jc) of 15.2 kA cm-2 was obtained at 5 K, and the curves were sustained above 30 K with a considerable Jc value of 1.4 kA cm-2. We investigated the relationship between the observed intrinsic defects and the behavior of the field dependence of Jc. The intrinsically intergrown planar defects, even in polycrystalline samples, are expected to be advantageous for various high-field applications of bulk CaK1144 superconductors.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 59(19): 14290-14295, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921044

RESUMO

It is generally difficult to quantify the amount of light elements in materials because of their low X-ray-scattering power, as this means that they cannot be easily estimated via X-ray analyses. Meanwhile, the recently reported layered superconductor, Sc20C8-xBxC20, requires a small amount of boron, which is a light element, for its structural stability. In this context, here, we quantitatively evaluate the optimal x value using both experimental and computational approaches. Using the high-pressure synthesis approach, which can maintain the starting composition even after sintering, we obtain the Sc20(C,B)8C20 phase by the reaction of the previously reported Sc15C19 and B (Sc15ByC19). Our experiments demonstrate that an increase in y values promotes the phase formation of the Sc20(C,B)8C20 structure; however, there appears to be an upper limit to the nominal y value to form this phase. The maximum critical temperature (Tc = 7.6 K) is found to correspond with the actual x value of x ≈ 5 under the assumption that the sample with the same Tc as the reported value (7.7 K) possesses the optimal x amount. Moreover, we construct the energy convex hull diagram by calculating the formation enthalpy based on first principles. Our computational results indicate that the composition of Sc20C4B4C20 (x = 4) is the most thermodynamically stable, which is reasonably consistent with the experimentally obtained value.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 59(17): 12397-12403, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32845611

RESUMO

In this study, we succeeded in synthesizing new antiperovskite phosphides MPd3P (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) and discovered the appearance of a superconducting phase (0.17 ≤ x ≤ 0.55) in a solid solution (Ca1-xSrx)Pd3P. Three perovskite-related crystal structures were identified in (Ca1-xSrx)Pd3P, and a phase diagram was built on the basis of experimental results. The first phase transition from centrosymmetric (Pnma) to noncentrosymmetric orthorhombic (Aba2) occurred in CaPd3P near room temperature. The phase transition temperature decreased as Ca2+ was replaced with a larger-sized isovalent Sr2+. Bulk superconductivity at a critical temperature (Tc) of approximately 3.5 K was observed in a range of x = 0.17-0.55; this was associated with the centrosymmetric orthorhombic phase. Thereafter, a noncentrosymmetric tetragonal phase (I41md) remained stable for 0.6 ≤ x ≤ 1.0, and superconductivity was significantly suppressed as samples with x = 0.75 and 1.0 showed Tc values as low as 0.32 K and 57 mK, respectively. For further substitution with a larger-sized isovalent Ba2+, namely, (Sr1-yBay)Pd3P, the tetragonal phase continued throughout the composition range. BaPd3P no longer showed superconductivity down to 20 mK. Since the inversion symmetry of structure and superconductivity can be precisely controlled in (Ca1-xSrx)Pd3P, this material may offer a unique opportunity to study the relationship between inversion symmetry and superconductivity.

8.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(28): 16219-16225, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32586955

RESUMO

Charge-density waves (CDWs) are ubiquitous in underdoped cuprate superconductors. As a modulation of the valence electron density, CDWs in hole-doped cuprates possess both Cu-3d and O-2p orbital character owing to the strong hybridization of these orbitals near the Fermi level. Here, we investigate underdoped Bi2Sr1.4La0.6CuO6+δ using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) and find that a short-range CDW exists at both Cu and O sublattices in the copper-oxide (CuO2) planes with a comparable periodicity and correlation length. Furthermore, we uncover bond-stretching and bond-buckling phonon anomalies concomitant to the CDWs. Comparing to slightly overdoped Bi2Sr1.8La0.2CuO6+δ, where neither CDWs nor phonon anomalies appear, we highlight that a sharp intensity anomaly is induced in the proximity of the CDW wavevector (QCDW) for the bond-buckling phonon, in concert with the diffused intensity enhancement of the bond-stretching phonon at wavevectors much greater than QCDW Our results provide a comprehensive picture of the quasistatic CDWs, their dispersive excitations, and associated electron-phonon anomalies, which are key for understanding the competing electronic instabilities in cuprates.

9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 7064, 2020 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32341365

RESUMO

One of the most significant issues for superconductivity is clarifying the momentum-dependent superconducting gap Δ([Formula: see text]), which is closely related to the pairing mechanism. To elucidate the gap structure, it is essential to investigate Δ([Formula: see text]) in as many different physical quantities as possible and to crosscheck the results obtained in different methods with each other. In this paper, we report a combinatorial investigation of the superfluid density and the flux-flow resistivity of iron-pnictide superconductors; LiFeAs and BaFe2(As1-xPx)2 (x = 0.3, 0.45). We evaluated Δ([Formula: see text]) by fitting these two-independent quantities with a two-band model simultaneously. The obtained Δ([Formula: see text]) are consistent with the results observed in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and scanning-tunneling spectroscopy (STS) studies. We believe our approach is a powerful method for investigating Δ([Formula: see text]) because it does not require a sample with clean surface unlike ARPES and STS experiments, or a rotational magnetic-field system for direct measurements of the angular dependence of thermodynamic quantities.

10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(12): 6424-6429, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32165540

RESUMO

Electronic nematicity, a correlated state that spontaneously breaks rotational symmetry, is observed in several layered quantum materials. In contrast to their liquid-crystal counterparts, the nematic director cannot usually point in an arbitrary direction (XY nematics), but is locked by the crystal to discrete directions (Ising nematics), resulting in strongly anisotropic fluctuations above the transition. Here, we report on the observation of nearly isotropic XY-nematic fluctuations, via elastoresistance measurements, in hole-doped Ba1-x Rb x Fe2As2 iron-based superconductors. While for [Formula: see text], the nematic director points along the in-plane diagonals of the tetragonal lattice, for [Formula: see text], it points along the horizontal and vertical axes. Remarkably, for intermediate doping, the susceptibilities of these two symmetry-irreducible nematic channels display comparable Curie-Weiss behavior, thus revealing a nearly XY-nematic state. This opens a route to assess this elusive electronic quantum liquid-crystalline state.

11.
Science ; 366(6469): 1099-1102, 2019 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780552

RESUMO

In normal metals, macroscopic properties are understood using the concept of quasiparticles. In the cuprate high-temperature superconductors, the metallic state above the highest transition temperature is anomalous and is known as the "strange metal." We studied this state using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. With increasing doping across a temperature-independent critical value p c ~ 0.19, we observed that near the Brillouin zone boundary, the strange metal, characterized by an incoherent spectral function, abruptly reconstructs into a more conventional metal with quasiparticles. Above the temperature of superconducting fluctuations, we found that the pseudogap also discontinuously collapses at the very same value of p c These observations suggest that the incoherent strange metal is a distinct state and a prerequisite for the pseudogap; such findings are incompatible with existing pseudogap quantum critical point scenarios.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 58(22): 15629-15636, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661255

RESUMO

The discovery of nearly room-temperature superconductivity in superhydrides has motivated further materials research for conventional superconductors. To realize the moderately high critical temperature (Tc) in materials containing light elements, we explored new superconducting phases in a scandium borocarbide system. Here, we report the observation of superconductivity in a new ternary Sc-B-C compound. The crystal structure, which was determined through a Rietveld analysis, belongs to tetragonal space group P4/ncc. By complementarily using the density functional theory calculations, a chemical formula of the compound was found to be expressed as Sc20C8-xBxC20 (x = 1 or 2). Interestingly, a small amount of B is essential to stabilize the present structure. Our experiments revealed the typical type-II superconductivity at Tc = 7.7 K. Additionally, we calculated the density of states within a first-principles approach and found that the contribution of the Sc-3d orbital was mainly responsible for the superconductivity.

13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(27): 13249-13254, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160468

RESUMO

The CuO2 antiferromagnetic insulator is transformed by hole-doping into an exotic quantum fluid usually referred to as the pseudogap (PG) phase. Its defining characteristic is a strong suppression of the electronic density-of-states D(E) for energies |E| < [Formula: see text], where [Formula: see text] is the PG energy. Unanticipated broken-symmetry phases have been detected by a wide variety of techniques in the PG regime, most significantly a finite-Q density-wave (DW) state and a Q = 0 nematic (NE) state. Sublattice-phase-resolved imaging of electronic structure allows the doping and energy dependence of these distinct broken-symmetry states to be visualized simultaneously. Using this approach, we show that even though their reported ordering temperatures T DW and T NE are unrelated to each other, both the DW and NE states always exhibit their maximum spectral intensity at the same energy, and using independent measurements that this is the PG energy [Formula: see text] Moreover, no new energy-gap opening coincides with the appearance of the DW state (which should theoretically open an energy gap on the Fermi surface), while the observed PG opening coincides with the appearance of the NE state (which should theoretically be incapable of opening a Fermi-surface gap). We demonstrate how this perplexing phenomenology of thermal transitions and energy-gap opening at the breaking of two highly distinct symmetries may be understood as the natural consequence of a vestigial nematic state within the pseudogap phase of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8.

14.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(5): 1018-1023, 2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30767536

RESUMO

We report synthesis, crystal structure, and superconductivity in ThCr2Si2-type LaFe2As2 (La122). La122 was synthesized at 960 °C for 1.5 h under a pressure of 3.4 GPa. An as-synthesized La122 (nonsuperconductor) had a collapsed tetragonal structure with a short c-axis length of 11.0144(4) Å as observed in CaFe2As2 under pressure. The collapsed tetragonal structure transformed into an uncollapsed tetragonal structure by annealing the as-synthesized La122 at 500 °C. The c-axis length remarkably extended to 11.7317(4) Å, and superconductivity emerged at 12.1 K in the uncollapsed tetragonal La122. A cylindrical hole-like Fermi surface around the Γ point that plays an important role for an s± wave pairing in iron-based superconductors was missing in the uncollapsed tetragonal La122 because of heavy electron doping. Superconductivity in La122 may be closely related to that induced in CaFe2As2 under pressure.

15.
Science ; 362(6420): 1271-1275, 2018 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30545882

RESUMO

Cuprate superconductors have long been thought of as having strong electronic correlations but negligible spin-orbit coupling. Using spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we discovered that one of the most studied cuprate superconductors, Bi2212, has a nontrivial spin texture with a spin-momentum locking that circles the Brillouin zone center and a spin-layer locking that allows states of opposite spin to be localized in different parts of the unit cell. Our findings pose challenges for the vast majority of models of cuprates, such as the Hubbard model and its variants, where spin-orbit interaction has been mostly neglected, and open the intriguing question of how the high-temperature superconducting state emerges in the presence of this nontrivial spin texture.

16.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 16827, 2018 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30429484

RESUMO

We synthesized a Fe-based superconductor (FeSC), (La,Na,K)Fe2As2, and characterized its superconducting properties. It was found that (La,Na,K)Fe2As2 has a 122-type (ThCr2Si2-type) structure with a space group I4/mmm (No. 139), identical to (Ba,K)Fe2As2 and (La,Na)Fe2As2 but distinct from so-called 1144-type FeSCs such as CaKFe4As4 and (La,Na)CsFe4As4. The results demonstrate that the formation of the 1144-type phase necessitates the large ionic radius mismatch among the so-called A-site constituent elements of the AFe2As2 formula. The lattice constants are a = 3.850(1) Å and c = 13.21(1) Å. The La, Na, and K ions occupy the same atomic site of Wyckoff position 1a. Electrical resistivity and magnetic susceptibility show the superconducting transition at 22.5 K. The transition temperature (Tc) of (La,Na,K)Fe2As2 is comparable with that of 122-type (La,Na)Fe2As2 and 1144-type (La,Na)AFe4As4 (A = Rb, Cs), while being more than 10 K lower than those of typical 122- and 1144-type FeSCs. The results suggest that the random distribution of La3+ and Na+ ions is the main reason for lower Tc in the AE = (La,Na) 122-type and 1144-type FeSCs.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 57(15): 9223-9229, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30048121

RESUMO

Recently, we succeeded in synthesizing (La0.5- xNa0.5+ x)Fe2As2 ((La,Na)122) with a solid solution range of 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.35. Superconductivity was induced for 0.15 ≤ x ≤ 0.35, with the highest transition temperature Tc = 27.0 K for x = 0.3. Here, we report the synthesis and physical properties of analogous compounds ( Ln0.5- xNa0.5+ x)Fe2As2 (( Ln,Na)122) ( Ln = Ce, Pr). Samples were synthesized by precisely tuning the reaction temperature according to Ln and x. The solid solution ranges, 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.3 ( Ln = Ce) and 0.15 ≤ x ≤ 0.25 ( Ln = Pr), become narrower with increasing atomic number of Ln (which decreases the ionic radius of Ln3+). Bulk superconductivity emerged for 0.2 ≤ x ≤ 0.3 and 0.15 ≤ x ≤ 0.25 with the highest Tc of 25.6 K ( x = 0.3) and 24.7 K ( x = 0.25) for Ln = Ce and Pr, respectively. Crystal structures refined via the Rietveld analysis method showed that the ( Ln,Na)122 compounds ( Ln = La, Ce, Pr) with the highest Tc have almost the same As-Fe-As bond angles (∼107°) and As heights from Fe planes (∼1.43 Å). In addition to the solid solution ranges, the phases in the samples changed depending on the ionic radius of Ln3+. The ( Ln,Na)122 phase competes with the non-superconducting CaFe4As3(143)-type phase of ( Ln,Na)Fe4As3 for Ln = Ce and Pr, whereas only the ( Ln,Na)122 phase was stable for Ln = La. The 143-type phase alone was observed for Ln = Nd, and neither 122- nor 143-type phases were observed for Ln = Sm and Gd.

18.
Sci Adv ; 4(2): eaar1998, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29507885

RESUMO

Many puzzling properties of high-critical temperature (Tc) superconducting (HTSC) copper oxides have deep roots in the nature of the antinodal quasiparticles, the elementary excitations with wave vector parallel to the Cu-O bonds. These electronic states are most affected by the onset of antiferromagnetic correlations and charge instabilities, and they host the maximum of the anisotropic superconducting gap and pseudogap. We use time-resolved extreme-ultraviolet photoemission with proper photon energy (18 eV) and time resolution (50 fs) to disclose the ultrafast dynamics of the antinodal states in a prototypical HTSC cuprate. After photoinducing a nonthermal charge redistribution within the Cu and O orbitals, we reveal a dramatic momentum-space differentiation of the transient electron dynamics. Whereas the nodal quasiparticle distribution is heated up as in a conventional metal, new quasiparticle states transiently emerge at the antinodes, similarly to what is expected for a photoexcited Mott insulator, where the frozen charges can be released by an impulsive excitation. This transient antinodal metallicity is mapped into the dynamics of the O-2p bands, thus directly demonstrating the intertwining between the low- and high-energy scales that is typical of correlated materials. Our results suggest that the correlation-driven freezing of the electrons moving along the Cu-O bonds, analogous to the Mott localization mechanism, constitutes the starting point for any model of high-Tc superconductivity and other exotic phases of HTSC cuprates.

19.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(4): 868-873, 2018 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29412667

RESUMO

We discovered novel Fe-based superconductors (FeSCs) (La,Na)AFe4As4, where A = Rb or Cs, and characterized their superconducting properties. (La,Na)AFe4As4 is a so-called 1144-type compound with a tetragonal unit cell classified into space group P4/mmm (no. 123). The lattice constants are a = 3.861(1) Å and c = 13.26(1) Å for (La,Na)RbFe4As4 and a = 3.880(1) Å and c = 13.60(1) Å for (La,Na)CsFe4As4. The Rietveld refinement results on the powder X-ray diffraction suggest that the La/Na ratio is rather fixed as La:Na = 0.44(5):0.56(5). The electrical resistivity and magnetic susceptibility show superconducting transition at 25.5 K for (La,Na)RbFe4As4 and 24.0 K for (La,Na)CsFe4As4. The superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of (La,Na)AFe4As4 is comparable with that of 122-type (La,Na)Fe2As2 and lower than that of typical 122-type or 1144-type FeSCs by more than 10 K. The possible reasons for lower Tc are discussed in terms of the structural modification, carrier concentration, and chemical disorder.

20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(1): 369-374, 2018 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29280633

RESUMO

(La0.5-xNa0.5+x)Fe2As2 ((La,Na)122) is an interesting system in the sense that either electrons (x < 0) or holes (x > 0) can be doped into the Fe2As2 layers, simply by changing the composition value x. However, only nonbulk superconducting samples (single crystals) with x = 0.1 have been synthesized to date. Here, we successfully synthesize polycrystalline samples with a wide hole-doping composition range of 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.35 via a conventional solid-state reaction, by tuning the reaction temperature according to x. The parent compound, (La0.5Na0.5)Fe2As2 (x = 0), is a nonsuperconductor with a resistivity anomaly at 130 K due to structural and antiferromagnetic transitions. We find that the temperature of the resistivity anomaly decreases with increasing x and that bulk superconductivity emerges for 0.15 ≤ x ≤ 0.35. The maximum transition temperature is 27.0 K, for x = 0.3. An electronic phase diagram for the hole-doping side is constructed. However, electron-doped samples (x < 0) cannot be synthesized; thus, the other half of the electronic phase diagram of (La,Na)122 requires resolution to study the electron-hole symmetry in Fe-based superconductors.

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