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1.
Circulation ; 144(15): e238-e250, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503343

RESUMO

Among the estimated 6.2 million Americans living with heart failure (HF), ≈5%/y may progress to advanced, or stage D, disease. Advanced HF has a high morbidity and mortality, such that early recognition of this condition is important to optimize care. Delayed referral or lack of referral in patients who are likely to derive benefit from an advanced HF evaluation can have important adverse consequences for patients and their families. A 2-step process can be used by practitioners when considering referral of a patient with advanced HF for consideration of advanced therapies, focused on recognizing the clinical clues associated with stage D HF and assessing potential benefits of referral to an advanced HF center. Although patients are often referred to an advanced HF center to undergo evaluation for advanced therapies such as heart transplantation or implantation of a left ventricular assist device, there are other reasons to refer, including access to the infrastructure and multidisciplinary team of the advanced HF center that offers a broad range of expertise. The intent of this statement is to provide a framework for practitioners and health systems to help identify and refer patients with HF who are most likely to derive benefit from referral to an advanced HF center.

2.
Nutr Neurosci ; : 1-12, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite some reports of cardiometabolic disorders associated with the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), limited studies have been conducted to examine the association between excessive sugar intake (a risk factor for cardiometabolic disorders) and AD risk. AIM: The purpose of our study was to evaluate if excessive sugar intake has a significant long-term effect on the risk of AD. METHODS: A population sample of 37,689 participants, who enrolled in the United States (US) Women's Health Initiative - Dietary Modification Trial (WHI-DM) in 1993-2005 and its extended observational follow-up study through 1 March 2019, were analyzed. Dietary sugar intake was measured using food frequency questionnaires. AD was classified by reports using a standard questionnaire. A dietary pattern that explained the maxima variations in sugar intake was constructed using reduced rank regression (RRR) technique. Associations of RRR dietary pattern scores and sugar intake (g/day) by quartiles (Q1 through Q4) with AD risk were examined using Cox proportional hazards regression analysis with adjusting for key covariates. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 18.7 years, 4586 participants reported having incident AD. The total incidence rate (95% confidence interval [CI]) of AD was 6.5 (6.3-6.7) per 1000 person-years (PYs). The incidence rates (95% CI) of AD by total sugar intake were 6.2 (5.8-6.6), 6.4 (6.0-6.8), 6.6 (6.3-7.0), and 6.9 (6.5-7.3) per 1000 PYs among those in quartiles (Q) 1 to Q4 (toward higher sugar consumption) of total sugar intake, respectively (test for trend of AD incident rates, p < 0.001). Individuals in Q4 of total sugar intake had a 1.19 higher risk of incident AD than those in Q1 (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.19, 95% CI: 1.05-1.34, p = 0.01). An estimated increase of 10 g/day in total sugar intake (about 2.4 teaspoons) was associated with an increased AD risk by 1.3-1.4%. Of six subtypes of sugar intake, lactose was significantly associated with AD risk. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that excessive total sugar intake was significantly associated with AD risk in women. Of six subtypes of sugar intake, lactose had a stronger impact on AD risk.

3.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254635, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Statins have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects that may reduce the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), in which organ dysfunction is mediated by severe inflammation. Large studies with diverse populations evaluating statin use and outcomes in COVID-19 are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used data from 10,541 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 through September 2020 at 104 US hospitals enrolled in the American Heart Association's COVID-19 Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Registry to evaluate the associations between statin use and outcomes. Prior to admission, 42% of subjects (n = 4,449) used statins (7% on statins alone, 35% on statins plus anti-hypertensives). Death (or discharge to hospice) occurred in 2,212 subjects (21%). Outpatient use of statins, either alone or with anti-hypertensives, was associated with a reduced risk of death (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.59, 95% CI 0.50-0.69), adjusting for demographic characteristics, insurance status, hospital site, and concurrent medications by logistic regression. In propensity-matched analyses, use of statins and/or anti-hypertensives was associated with a reduced risk of death among those with a history of CVD and/or hypertension (aOR 0.68, 95% CI 0.58-0.81). An observed 16% reduction in odds of death among those without CVD and/or hypertension was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Patients taking statins prior to hospitalization for COVID-19 had substantially lower odds of death, primarily among individuals with a history of CVD and/or hypertension. These observations support the continuation and aggressive initiation of statin and anti-hypertensive therapies among patients at risk for COVID-19, if these treatments are indicated based upon underlying medical conditions.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , American Heart Association , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade/tendências , Grupos Populacionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
5.
Am J Transplant ; 21(2): 636-644, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659872

RESUMO

A consensus conference on frailty in solid organ transplantation took place on February 11, 2018, to discuss the latest developments in frailty, adopt a standardized approach to assessment, and generate ideas for future research. The findings and consensus of the Frailty Heart Workgroup (American Society of Transplantation's Thoracic and Critical Care Community of Practice) are presented here. Frailty is defined as a clinically recognizable state of increased vulnerability resulting from aging-associated decline in reserve and function across multiple physiologic systems such that the ability to cope with every day or acute stressors is compromised. Frailty is increasingly recognized as a distinct biologic entity that can adversely affect outcomes before and after heart transplantation. A greater proportion of patients referred for heart transplantation are older and have more complex comorbidities. However, outcomes data in the pretransplant setting, particularly for younger patients, are limited. Therefore, there is a need to develop objective frailty assessment tools for risk stratification in patients with advanced heart disease. These tools will help to determine appropriate recipient selection for advanced heart disease therapies including heart transplantation and mechanical circulatory support, improve overall outcomes, and help distinguish frailty phenotypes amenable to intervention.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Transplante de Coração , Transplante de Órgãos , Consenso , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos
7.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(39): e349, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045772

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: The severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread worldwide. Cardiac injury after SARS-CoV-2 infection is a major concern. The present study investigated impact of the biomarkers indicating cardiac injury in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on patients' outcomes. METHODS: This study enrolled patients who were confirmed to have COVID-19 and admitted at a tertiary university referral hospital between February 19, 2020 and March 15, 2020. Cardiac injury was defined as an abnormality in one of the following result markers: 1) myocardial damage marker (creatine kinase-MB or troponin-I), 2) heart failure marker (N-terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide), and 3) electrical abnormality marker (electrocardiography). The relationship between each cardiac injury marker and mortality was evaluated. Survival analysis of mortality according to the scoring by numbers of cardiac injury markers was also performed. RESULTS: A total of 38 patients with COVID-19 were enrolled. Twenty-two patients (57.9%) had at least one of cardiac injury markers. The patients with cardiac injuries were older (69.6 ± 14.9 vs. 58.6 ± 13.9 years old, P = 0.026), and were more male (59.1% vs. 18.8%, P = 0.013). They showed lower initial oxygen saturation (92.8 vs. 97.1%, P = 0.002) and a trend toward higher mortality (27.3 vs. 6.3%, P = 0.099). The increased number of cardiac injury markers was significantly related to a higher incidence of in-hospital mortality which was also evidenced by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (P = 0.008). CONCLUSION: The increased number of cardiac injury markers is related to in-hospital mortality in patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/metabolismo , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Traumatismos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Traumatismos Cardíacos/patologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/patologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/metabolismo , Pandemias , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores Sexuais , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Troponina I/metabolismo
8.
Circulation ; 142(1): e7-e22, 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476490

RESUMO

Transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) results in a restrictive cardiomyopathy caused by extracellular deposition of transthyretin, normally involved in the transportation of the hormone thyroxine and retinol-binding protein, in the myocardium. Enthusiasm about ATTR-CM has grown as a result of 3 simultaneous areas of advancement: Imaging techniques allow accurate noninvasive diagnosis of ATTR-CM without the need for confirmatory endomyocardial biopsies; observational studies indicate that the diagnosis of ATTR-CM may be underrecognized in a significant proportion of patients with heart failure; and on the basis of elucidation of the mechanisms of amyloid formation, therapies are now approved for treatment of ATTR-CM. Because therapy for ATTR-CM may be most effective when administered before significant cardiac dysfunction, early identification of affected individuals with readily available noninvasive tests is essential. This scientific statement is intended to guide clinical practice and to facilitate management conformity by covering current diagnostic and treatment strategies, as well as unmet needs and areas of active investigation in ATTR-CM.

9.
Am J Transplant ; 20(10): 2768-2780, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185871

RESUMO

We analyzed humoral immune responses to nonhuman leukocyte antigen (HLA) after cardiac transplantation to identify antibodies associated with allograft rejection. Protein microarray identified 366 non-HLA antibodies (>1.5 fold, P < .5) from a discovery cohort of HLA antibody-negative, endothelial cell crossmatch-positive sera obtained from 12 cardiac allograft recipients at the time of biopsy-proven rejection. From these, 19 plasma membrane proteins and 10 autoantigens identified from gene ontology analysis were combined with 48 proteins identified through literature search to generate a multiplex bead array. Longitudinal sera from a multicenter cohort of adult cardiac allograft recipients (samples: n = 477 no rejection; n = 69 rejection) identified 18 non-HLA antibodies associated with rejection (P < .1) including 4 newly identified non-HLA antigenic targets (DEXI, EMCN, LPHN1, and SSB). CART analysis showed 5/18 non-HLA antibodies distinguished rejection vs nonrejection. Antibodies to 4/18 non-HLA antigens synergize with HLA donor-specific antibodies and significantly increase the odds of rejection (P < .1). The non-HLA panel was validated using an independent adult cardiac transplant cohort (n = 21 no rejection; n = 42 rejection, >1R) with an area under the curve of 0.87 (P < .05) with 92.86% sensitivity and 66.67% specificity. We conclude that multiplex bead array assessment of non-HLA antibodies identifies cardiac transplant recipients at risk of rejection.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto , Transplante de Coração , Aloenxertos , Anticorpos , Rejeição de Enxerto/diagnóstico , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Antígenos HLA , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos
10.
Am J Transplant ; 20(5): 1236-1243, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037718

RESUMO

Graft allocation rules for heart transplantation are necessary because of the shortage of heart donors, resulting in high waitlist mortality. The Agence de la biomédecine is the agency in charge of the organ allocation system in France. Assessment of the 2004 urgency-based allocation system identified challenging limitations. A new system based on a score ranking all candidates was implemented in January 2018. In the revised system, medical urgency is defined according to candidate characteristics rather than the treatment modalities, and an interplay between urgency, donor-recipient matching, and geographic sharing was introduced. In this article, we describe in detail the new allocation system and compare these allocation rules to Eurotransplant and US allocation policies.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , França , Humanos , Alocação de Recursos , Doadores de Tecidos , Listas de Espera
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31258858

RESUMO

Background: Long-term oral anticoagulants (OAC) increases bleeding risk after the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with Aspirin and P2Y12 inhibitors. We hypothesize that dual anti-thrombotic therapy (DATT) reduces bleeding without increased cardiovascular events. Objectives: DATT does not increase adverse cardiovascular events compared to triple anti-thrombotic therapy (TATT). Method: We searched MEDLINE, PUBMED, Google Scholar, Cochrane and EMBASE from inception to 6 April 2019 for randomized control trials (RCTs) comparing DATT to TATT after PCI. Results: We identified 641 citations (411 after excluding duplicates). Four RCTs with 5,317 patients (3,039 on DATT vs 2,278 on TATT) were included. DATT arm showed significantly reduced [total bleeding, 731 vs. 784, odds ratio [OR] = 0.51, Confidence Interval [CI] = 0.39-0.67, p < 0.00001, I2 = 71% (I2 = 0% without WOEST study)], [TIIMI major bleeding 60 vs. 80, OR = 0.56, CI = 0.4-0.79, p = 0.0009, I2 = 0%], and [TIIMI minor bleeding, 70 vs 126, OR = 0.43, CI = 0.32-0.59, p < 0.00001, I2 = 0%]. There was no difference in subsequent strokes, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and mortality. A trend towards decreased non-cardiac deaths with DATT was observed, 14 vs 26, OR = 0.55, CI = 0.27-1.10, p = 0.09, I2 = 6%. Conclusions: DATT is associated with significantly reduced bleeding and a trend towards reduced non-cardiac death with no difference in adverse cardiovascular outcomes.

15.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(1): 36-51, 2019 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The CTOT-11 (Prevention of Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy Using Rituximab Therapy in Cardiac Transplantation [Clinical Trials in Organ Transplantation-11]) study was a randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter, double-blinded clinical trial in nonsensitized primary heart transplant (HTX) recipients. OBJECTIVES: The study sought to determine whether B cell depletion therapy would attenuate the development of cardiac allograft vasculopathy. METHODS: A total of 163 HTX recipients were randomized to rituximab 1,000 mg intravenous or placebo on days 0 and 12 post-transplant. Primary outcome was change in percent atheroma volume (PAV) from baseline to 1 year measured by intravascular ultrasound. Secondary outcomes included treated episodes of acute rejection, de novo anti-HLA antibodies (including donor-specific antibodies), and phenotypic differentiation of B cells. RESULTS: There were no significant differences at study entry between the rituximab and placebo groups. Paired intravascular ultrasound measures were available at baseline and 1 year in 86 subjects (49 rituximab, 37 placebo). The mean ± SD change in PAV at 12 months was +6.8 ± 8.2% rituximab versus +1.9 ± 4.4% placebo (p = 0.0019). Mortality at 12 months was 3.4% rituximab versus 6.8% placebo (p = 0.47); there were no retransplants or post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder. The rate of treated rejection was 24.7% rituximab versus 32.4% placebo (p = 0.28). Rituximab therapy effectively eliminated CD20+/CD19+ B cells followed by a gradual expansion of a CD19- cell population in the rituximab-treated group. CONCLUSIONS: A marked, unexpected increase in coronary artery PAV with rituximab was observed during the first year in HTX recipients. One-year mortality was not impacted; however, longer-term follow-up and mechanistic explanations are required. (Prevention of Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy Using Rituximab [Rituxan] Therapy in Cardiac Transplantation; NCT01278745).


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Doenças Vasculares/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Korean Circ J ; 49(7): 568-585, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243930

RESUMO

Congestive heart failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality as well as a major health care cost in the developed world. Despite the introduction of highly effective heart failure medical therapies and simple devices such as cardiac resynchronization therapy that reduce mortality, improve cardiac function and quality of life, there remains a large number of patients who do not respond to these therapies or whose heart failure progresses despite optimal therapy. For these patients, cardiac transplantation is an option but is limited by donor availability as well as co-morbidities which may limit survival post-transplant. For these patients, left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) offer an alternative that can improve survival as well as exercise tolerance and quality of life. These devices have continued to improve as technology has improved with substantially improved durability of the devices and fewer post-implant complications. Pump thrombosis, stroke, gastrointestinal bleeding and arrhythmias post-implant have become less common with the newest devices, making destination therapy where ventricular assist device are implanted permanently in patients with advanced heart failure, a reality and an appropriate option for many patients. This may offer an opportunity for long term survival in many patients. As the first of the totally implantable devices are introduced and go to clinical trials, LVADs may be introduced that may truly be alternatives to cardiac transplantation in selected patients. Post-implant right ventricular failure remains a significant complication and better ways to identify patients at risk as well as to manage this complication must be developed.

18.
Heart Lung ; 48(4): 302-307, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30905390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The International Society for Heart & Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) guidelines for Mechanical Circulatory Support (MCS) includes assessment of four elements of psychosocial functioning prior to Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) implantation. Information about the practices and impact of assessments of psychosocial functioning are limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe the psychosocial function assessment practices used within US LVAD programs and the influence of psychosocial assessment results on clinical decisions for LVAD patient selection. METHODS: In 2017, a cross-sectional survey of LVAD programs listed in the Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) (N = 164) was conducted to understand practices used for and the influence of psychosocial assessments for post-operative care planning decisions. RESULTS: Respondents included representatives of 69 LVAD programs from throughout the U.S. that implanted 64.8% of all U.S LVADs in 2016. More than 39 psychosocial screening instruments were used. Assessment of family, social and emotional support occurred most frequently (84.1% (n = 58) of programs assessed 100% of patients), but assessment was least likely to be conducted with standardized instruments (36.2%). Cognitive dysfunction was the least likely characteristic to be assessed (26.1% (n = 18) of programs assessed 100% of patients), but was most often conducted with standardized instruments (53.8% of programs). Twenty seven percent of programs used non-standardized instruments or patient observation. The influence of assessments on clinical decisions to implant an LVAD was most influential in the bridge to transplant pathway with 60% (n = 39) of respondents rating it very influential and least influential for patients in the destination therapy pathway with 39.4% (n = 26) of respondents. CONCLUSIONS: Current psychosocial assessment practices in LVAD programs vary widely and often yield non-standardized, non-comparable data that may lead to variations in care and limit generation of an evidence base for decision making regarding psychosocial eligibility for LVAD implantation.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Coração Auxiliar , Psicometria/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Sistema de Registros , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Curr Cardiol Rep ; 20(11): 121, 2018 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30259183

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by left ventricular dilation and systolic function and is the most common among all cardiomyopathies. Familial DCM makes up a significant portion of cases, and approximately 40 genes are identified as involved in the pathogenesis of heart failure, each affecting a specific part of cellular mechanisms. The purpose of this review is to summarize recent findings and the current understanding of the most common gene mutations identified associated with DCM. RECENT FINDINGS: Next-generation sequencing is a comprehensive gene analysis technique used to discover more mutation variants and also to learn about the impact of mutations in relationship to clinical presentations. A variety of techniques are utilized to study different gene mutations, such as genotype-phenotype association analysis or whole-exome sequencing, to understand the natural history of diseases. For certain genetic abnormalities, information is helpful in developing potential therapeutic treatment targeting mutations. More treatment options are hopeful with the understanding of specific genetic mutations and their pathogenic mechanism. It also suggests the importance of genetic assessment and counseling for family members of an affected patient, in order to provide potential early diagnosis and better clinical management of DCM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Mutação/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Conectina/genética , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Lamina Tipo A/genética , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.5/genética , Linhagem , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
20.
Am J Med Sci ; 356(2): 103-113, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30219151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent randomized control trials (RCTs) have suggested benefit with transcatheter patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure plus antiplatelet therapy over medical treatment alone for secondary stroke prevention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data sources: we searched PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE from the inception until November 10, 2017 for RCTs comparing TPFO closure to medical therapy in patients with a PFO and a history of cryptogenic stroke. RESULTS: Five RCTs with 3,627 patients (TPFO closure = 1,829 versus medical therapy =1,798) were included. There was a decreased number of post-TPFO closure strokes compared to the medical therapy arm; 53 versus 80 strokes (odds ratio [OR] = 0.61, CI: 0.39-0.94, P = 0.03, I2 = 17%). Transient ischemic attacks occurred in 43 patients after TPFO closure versus 60 patients in the medical therapy group (OR = 0.80, CI: 0.53-1.19, P = 0.26, I2 = 0%). There was a higher incidence of atrial fibrillation in the TPFO closure group, which occurred in 75 patients, compared to 12 patients in the medical therapy group (OR = 5.23, CI: 2.17-12.59, P = 0.0002, I2 = 43%). There was a trend toward a decreased number of neuropsychiatric events in the TPFO closure closure group compared to the medical therapy group; 42 versus 67 neuropsychiatric events (OR = 0.71, CI: 0.48-1.06, P = 0.09, I2 = 0%). CONCLUSIONS: TPFO closure plus antiplatelet therapy is superior to medical therapy in patients with a PFO and cryptogenic stroke. PFO closure is associated with new-onset atrial fibrillation and a trend toward reduced neuropsychiatric events.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Forame Oval Patente , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Forame Oval Patente/epidemiologia , Forame Oval Patente/terapia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
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