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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about sex differences in elderly patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and subsequent target temperature management (TTM). Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate sex-specific differences in survival and neurological outcome in elderly patients at 28-day and 180-day follow-up. METHODS: A total of 468 nontraumatic OHCA survivors with preclinical ROSC and an age of ≥ 65 years were included in this study. Sex-specific differences in survival and a favorable neurological outcome according to the cerebral performance category (CPC) score were evaluated as clinical endpoints. RESULTS: Of all participants included, 70.7% were men and 29.3% women. Women were significantly older (p = 0.011) and were more likely to have a nonshockable rhythm (p = 0.001) than men. Evaluation of survival rate and favorable neurological outcome by sex category showed no significant differences at 28-day and 180-day follow-up. In multiple stepwise logistic regression analysis, age (odds ratio 0.932 [95% confidence interval 0.891-0.951], p = 0.002) and time of hypoxia (0.899 [0.850-0.951], p < 0.001) proved to be independent predictors of survival only in male patients, whereas an initial shockable rhythm (4.325 [1.309-14.291], p = 0.016) was associated with 180-day survival in female patients. The majority of patients (93.7%) remained in the same CPC category when comparing 28-day and 180-day follow-up. CONCLUSION: Our results show no significant sex-specific differences in survival or favorable neurological outcome in elderly patients after having survived OHCA, but sex-specific predictors for 180-day survival. Moreover, the neurological assessment 28 days after the index event also seems to provide a valid indication for the further prognosis in elderly patients.

2.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569991

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Incidence and prognosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) vary according to ambient temperature and season. We sought to assess whether season and temperature on the day of STEMI are associated with infarct size, microvascular obstruction (MVO), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and clinical outcomes after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Individual patient data from 1598 patients undergoing primary PCI in six randomized clinical trials were pooled. Infarct size was evaluated by cardiac magnetic resonance within 30 days in all trials. Patients were categorized either by whether they presented on a day of temperature extremes (minimum temperature <0 °C or maximum temperature >25 °C) or according to season. RESULTS: A total of 558/1598 (34.9%) patients presented with STEMI on a day of temperature extremes, and 395 (24.7%), 374 (23.4%), 481 (30.1%) and 348 (21.8%) presented in the spring, summer, fall and winter. After multivariable adjustment, temperature extremes were independently associated with larger infarct size (adjusted difference 2.8%; 95% CI, 1.3-4.3; P < 0.001) and smaller LVEF (adjusted difference -2.3%; 95% CI, -3.5 to -1.1; P = 0.0002) but not with MVO (adjusted P = 0.12). In contrast, infarct size, MVO and LVEF were unrelated to season (adjusted P = 0.67; P = 0.36 and P = 0.95, respectively). Neither temperature extremes nor season were independently associated with 1-year risk of death or heart failure hospitalization (adjusted P = 0.79 and P = 0.90, respectively). CONCLUSION: STEMI presentation during temperature extremes was independently associated with larger infarct size and lower LVEF but not with MVO after primary PCI, whereas season was unrelated to infarct severity.

3.
Internist (Berl) ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591130

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation and heart failure with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (HFpEF) are of high importance in cardiology due to the increasing number of cases. Both diseases can mutually affect each other and important cardiovascular risk factors, e.g. arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity and chronic renal insufficiency can be observed with increasing frequency. Currently proven treatment concepts for patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) do not appear to have a comparable prognostic or symptomatic benefit for patients with HFpEF. In addition, there are indications that de novo manifestation of atrial fibrillation in HFpEF patients has been linked to reduced survival. Also, heart and kidney function are negatively affected by atrial fibrillation. Retrospective analyses of patients with HFpEF and atrial fibrillation who had been treated by pulmonary vein isolation could show that interventional treatment of the atrial fibrillation led to an improvement in the New York Heart Association (NYHA) stage and diastolic function. Currently running prospective randomized clinical trials, such as the AMPERE study including patients with HFpEF and atrial fibrillation undergoing pulmonary vein isolation, will hopefully provide reliable prospective randomized data and possibly show an improved symptom control and perhaps also prognostically relevant treatment for HFpEF patients with atrial fibrillation.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529043

RESUMO

AIMS: Several prediction models have been developed to allow accurate risk assessment and provide better treatment guidance in patients with infarct-related cardiogenic shock (CS). However, comparative data between these models are still scarce. The objective of the study is to externally validate different risk prediction models in infarct-related CS and compare their predictive value in the early clinical course. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) II Score, the CardShock score, the IABP-SHOCK II score, and the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Intervention (SCAI) classification were each externally validated in a total of 1055 patients with infarct-related CS enrolled into the randomized CULPRIT-SHOCK trial or the corresponding registry. The primary outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality. Discriminative power was assessed by comparing the area under the curves (AUC) in case of continuous scores. In direct comparison of the continuous scores in a total of 161 patients, the IABP-SHOCK II score revealed best discrimination [area under the curve (AUC = 0.74)], followed by the CardShock score (AUC = 0.69) and the SAPS II score, giving only moderate discrimination (AUC = 0.63). All of the three scores revealed acceptable calibration by Hosmer-Lemeshow test. The SCAI classification as a categorical predictive model displayed good prognostic assessment for the highest risk group (Stage E) but showed poor discrimination between Stages C and D with respect to short-term-mortality. CONCLUSION: Based on the present findings, the IABP-SHOCK II score appears to be the most suitable of the examined models for immediate risk prediction in infarct-related CS. Prospective evaluation of the models, further modification, or even development of new scores might be necessary to reach higher levels of discrimination.

5.
J Cardiovasc Dev Dis ; 8(8)2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients show higher adverse ischemic event rates and mortality when undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute myocardial infarctions. Therefore, diabetic patients might benefit even more from modern-generation drug-eluting stents (DES). The aim of the present study was to compare adverse ischemic events and mortality rates between bare-metal stents (BMS) and DES in diabetic patients admitted with ST-elevation-myocardial infarction (STEMI) with non-diabetic patients as the control group. METHODS: All STEMI patients undergoing emergency PCI and stent implantation documented between 2006 and 2019 in the Bremen STEMI registry entered the analysis. Efficacy was defined as a combination of in-stent thrombosis, myocardial re-infarction or additional target lesion revascularization at one year. RESULTS: Of 8356 patients which entered analysis, 1554 (19%) were diabetics, while 6802 (81%) were not. 879 (57%) of the diabetics received a DES. In a multivariate model, DES implantation in diabetics compared to BMS was associated with lower rates of in-stent thrombosis (OR 0.16, 95% CI 0.05-0.6), myocardial re-infarctions (OR 0.35, 95%CI, 0.2-0.7, p < 0.01) and of the combined endpoint at 1 year ((ST + MI + TLR): OR 0.31, 95% CI 0.2-0.6, p < 0.01), with a trend towards lower 5-year mortality (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.3-1.0, p = 0.058). When comparing diabetic to non-diabetic patients, an elevation in event rates for diabetics was only detectable in BMS (OR 1.78, 95% CI 0.5-0.7, p < 0.01); however, this did not persist when treated with a DES (OR 1.03 95% CI 0.7-1.6, p = 0.9). CONCLUSIONS: In STEMI patients with diabetes, the use of DES significantly reduced ischemic event rates and, unlike with BMS, adverse ischemic event rates became similar to non-diabetic patients.

6.
N Engl J Med ; 2021 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction is a frequent cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, the benefits of early coronary angiography and revascularization in resuscitated patients without electrocardiographic evidence of ST-segment elevation are unclear. METHODS: In this multicenter trial, we randomly assigned 554 patients with successfully resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of possible coronary origin to undergo either immediate coronary angiography (immediate-angiography group) or initial intensive care assessment with delayed or selective angiography (delayed-angiography group). All the patients had no evidence of ST-segment elevation on postresuscitation electrocardiography. The primary end point was death from any cause at 30 days. Secondary end points included a composite of death from any cause or severe neurologic deficit at 30 days. RESULTS: A total of 530 of 554 patients (95.7%) were included in the primary analysis. At 30 days, 143 of 265 patients (54.0%) in the immediate-angiography group and 122 of 265 patients (46.0%) in the delayed-angiography group had died (hazard ratio, 1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00 to 1.63; P = 0.06). The composite of death or severe neurologic deficit occurred more frequently in the immediate-angiography group (in 164 of 255 patients [64.3%]) than in the delayed-angiography group (in 138 of 248 patients [55.6%]), for a relative risk of 1.16 (95% CI, 1.00 to 1.34). Values for peak troponin release and for the incidence of moderate or severe bleeding, stroke, and renal-replacement therapy were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest without ST-segment elevation, a strategy of performing immediate angiography provided no benefit over a delayed or selective strategy with respect to the 30-day risk of death from any cause. (Funded by the German Center for Cardiovascular Research; TOMAHAWK ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02750462.).

7.
Curr Cardiol Rep ; 23(8): 95, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196796

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) has been developed to address the need for an alternative therapeutic option to surgery in patients suffering from severe mitral regurgitation who are at high surgical risk. The present review illustrated the state-of-the-art of catheter-based mitral valve replacement evaluating technical characteristics and early clinical experience of different devices to outline prospects and challenges of TMVR. RECENT FINDINGS: Several devices are currently under clinical assessment. Early experience has demonstrated high procedural success of TMVR. However, TMVR faces several possible hurdles such as left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) after prosthesis deployment, access site complications, and thrombotic risk requiring anticoagulatory therapy. Future studies should assess long-term prosthesis stability, optimal anticoagulation regime, and occurrence of paravalvular leakage. The development of smaller TMVR prostheses suitable for transseptal implantation could overcome bleeding complications. In perspective, TMVR may emerge to a clinically relevant therapeutic approach for patients with severe MR at high surgical risk.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Cateteres , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(10): 1647-1658, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Only few data on the prevalence of DM in young patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) exist. Aim of the present study was to analyse this prevalence, its association to other cardiovascular risk factors and its impact on severity of CAD. In a substudy, consecutive HbA1c measurements in each patient were evaluated. METHODS: All patients ≤ 45 years old, admitted with STEMI to an overregional German Heart Centre and treated with primary coronary intervention between 2006 and 2019, entered analysis. Since 2015 HbA1c measurements were performed to detect unknown dysglycaemia. RESULTS: Out of 776 young patients of the total cohort, 88 patients (11.4%) had a DM, while 688 (88.6%) did not. Diabetics were more likely to be obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2, OR 2.4, 95%CI 1.4-4.0, p < 0.01) and very obese (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2, OR 5.1, 95%CI 2.1-12.2, p < 0.01). In diabetics, a higher likelihood of subacute STEMI (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.1-4.5, p < 0.05) and more advanced CAD (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.0-2.6, p < 0.05) compared to non-diabetics was observed. 208 patients were included in the substudy with HbA1c measurements. Out of those, 26 patients (12%) had known DM, while 17 patients (8%) had newly diagnosed DM and 49 patients (24%) preDM. The combined prevalence of any type of dysglycaemia was 44%. CONCLUSION: DM in young patients with STEMI was associated with (severe) obesity, a higher likelihood of subacute STEMI and more advanced CAD compared to non-diabetics. Measurement of HbA1c in every consecutive STEMI-patient increased the rate of detected dysglycaemias more than three times higher than in general population.

9.
Am J Cardiol ; 154: 7-13, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238446

RESUMO

Effective long-term prevention after myocardial infarction (MI) is crucial to reduce recurrent events. In this study the effects of a 12-months intensive prevention program (IPP), based on repetitive contacts between non-physician "prevention assistants" and patients, were evaluated. Patients after MI were randomly assigned to the IPP versus usual care (UC). Effects of IPP on risk factor control, clinical events and costs were investigated after 24 months. In a substudy efficacy of short reinterventions after more than 24 months ("Prevention Boosts") was analyzed. IPP was associated with a significantly better risk factor control compared to UC after 24 months and a trend towards less serious clinical events (12.5% vs 20.9%, log-rank p = 0.06). Economic analyses revealed that already after 24 months cost savings due to event reduction outweighted the costs of the prevention program (costs per patient 1,070 € in IPP vs 1,170 € in UC). Short reinterventions ("Prevention Boosts") more than 24 months after MI further improved risk factor control, such as LDL cholesterol and blood pressure lowering. In conclusion, IPP was associated with numerous beneficial effects on risk factor control, clinical events and costs. The study thereby demonstrates the efficacy of preventive long-term concepts after MI, based on repetitive contacts between non-physician coworkers and patients.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Telemedicina/métodos , Idoso , Angina Instável/epidemiologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Reabilitação Cardíaca , LDL-Colesterol , Comorbidade , Análise Custo-Benefício , Custos e Análise de Custo , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Hiperlipidemias/epidemiologia , Hiperlipidemias/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/terapia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/economia , Recidiva , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Prevenção Secundária/economia , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fumar/terapia , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/economia , Telemetria/economia , Telemetria/métodos , Telefone , Perda de Peso
10.
Curr Heart Fail Rep ; 18(4): 200-210, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34148183

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is a transient but severe myocardial dysfunction that has been known for decades and is still to be fully understood regarding its clinical presentations and pathophysiological mechanisms. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging plays a key role in the comprehensive analysis of patients with TTS in acute and follow-up examinations. In this review, we focus on the major advantages and latest evolutions of CMR in diagnosis and prognostication of TTS and discuss future perspectives and needs in the field of research and cardiovascular imaging in TTS. RECENT FINDINGS: Specific CMR criteria for TTS diagnosis at the time of acute presentation are established. In addition to identifying the typical regional wall motion abnormalities, CMR allows for precise quantification of right ventricular and left ventricular (LV) function, the assessment of additional abnormalities/complications (e.g. pericardial and/or pleural effusion, LV thrombi), and most importantly myocardial tissue characterization (myocardial oedema, inflammation, necrosis/fibrosis). CMR enables a comprehensive assessment of the entire spectrum of functional and structural changes that occur in patients with TTS and may have also a prognostic impact. CMR can distinguish between TTS and other important differential diagnoses (myocarditis, myocardial infarction) with direct consequences on medical therapy.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3352, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099640

RESUMO

Platelets contribute to the regulation of tissue neovascularization, although the specific factors underlying this function are unknown. Here, we identified the complement anaphylatoxin C5a-mediated activation of C5a receptor 1 (C5aR1) on platelets as a negative regulatory mechanism of vessel formation. We showed that platelets expressing C5aR1 exert an inhibitory effect on endothelial cell functions such as migration and 2D and 3D tube formation. Growth factor- and hypoxia-driven vascularization was markedly increased in C5ar1-/- mice. Platelet-specific deletion of C5aR1 resulted in a proangiogenic phenotype with increased collateralization, capillarization and improved pericyte coverage. Mechanistically, we found that C5a induced preferential release of CXC chemokine ligand 4 (CXCL4, PF4) from platelets as an important antiangiogenic paracrine effector molecule. Interfering with the C5aR1-CXCL4 axis reversed the antiangiogenic effect of platelets both in vitro and in vivo.In conclusion, we identified a mechanism for the control of tissue neovascularization through C5a/C5aR1 axis activation in platelets and subsequent induction of the antiangiogenic factor CXCL4.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Fator Plaquetário 4/metabolismo , Receptor da Anafilatoxina C5a/genética , Receptor da Anafilatoxina C5a/metabolismo , Indutores da Angiogênese , Animais , Ativação do Complemento , Complemento C5a , Inflamação , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Receptor da Anafilatoxina C5a/deficiência , Receptores CXCR3/genética , Transdução de Sinais
12.
Chest ; 160(4): 1433-1441, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The short- and long-term prognosis of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) presenting with right ventricular (RV) involvement remains poorly understood. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the incidence and clinical outcome of RV involvement in TTS? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This study analyzed 839 consecutive patients with TTS (758 female subjects and 81 male subjects) in a multicenter registry. RV involvement was defined as wall motion abnormality of the RV free wall, with or without apical involvement. The median long-term follow-up was 2.1 years (interquartile range, 0.3-4.5 years). The primary outcome was in-hospital and out-of-hospital all-cause mortality. The secondary end point was a composite of in-hospital death, thromboembolic events, cardiogenic shock, pulmonary edema, and malignant arrhythmias. RESULTS: The incidence of RV involvement in TTS was 11% (n = 93). More often patients with RV involvement were male compared with patients without RV involvement (P = .02). There was a slight difference in the left ventricular ejection fraction measured in patients with RV involvement vs those patients with isolated left ventricular TTS (38 ± 10% vs 40 ± 10%; P = .03). No major differences in terms of comorbidities were observed between groups except regarding a history of cancer, which was significantly more prevalent in patients with TTS presenting with RV involvement (P = .03). Physical stressors were more prevalent in the RV group (P < .01), whereas emotional stressors were less prevalent (P < .01). Patients with RV involvement had a higher incidence of in-hospital cardiogenic shock (P = .02). The primary outcome (in- and out-of-hospital all-cause mortality) was observed in 12.8% of patients without RV involvement compared with 29% of patients with RV involvement. Although the in-hospital mortality rate was similar in both groups, a higher out-of-hospital all-cause mortality rate (log-rank test, P = .008) was observed in the RV involvement group. The Cox multivariable regression analysis showed that physical triggers were independent predictors of RV involvement. INTERPRETATION: RV involvement defines a high-risk cohort of patients with TTS. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT04361994; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov.

13.
Coron Artery Dis ; 32(4): 267-274, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the time of day of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with infarct size, microvascular obstruction (MVO), and prognosis is uncertain. We compared infarct size assessed by cardiac MRI (CMR) and clinical outcomes in STEMI patients according to the pPCI time of day from a large, individual patient-data pooled database. METHODS: We pooled patient-level data from five randomized pPCI trials in which infarct size was measured within 1 month by CMR. Patients were categorized according to the pPCI time of day. RESULTS: Among 1519 patients with STEMI, 794 (52.2%) underwent pPCI between 8:00 h and 15:59 h, 431 (28.4%) between 16:00 h and 23:59 h, and 294 (19.4%) between 24:00 h and 7:59 h. Infarct size was assessed in 1331 patients at a median of 3.0 days (interquartile range 2.0-5.0) after pPCI. Compared with patients who underwent PCI between 8:00 h and 15:59 h, infarct size was not significantly different for patients undergoing PCI from 16:00 h to 23:59 h [adjusted difference -0.7%, 95% confidence interval (CI) -3.1 to 1.7%, P = 0.46] or 24:00 h to 7:59 h (adjusted difference 0.9%, 95% CI -1.2 to 3.1%, P = 0.29). The time of day of pPCI was also unrelated to MVO and the 1-year risks of death or heart failure hospitalization. CONCLUSION: In this large-scale, individual patient data pooled analysis, no association was found between the time of day of pPCI and infarct size, MVO, or prognosis after STEMI.

14.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(9): e018881, 2021 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899498

RESUMO

Background Intravenous morphine administration can adversely affect platelet inhibition induced by P2Y12 receptor inhibitors after acute myocardial infarction. In contrast, some evidence suggests that opioid agonists may have cardioprotective effects on the myocardium. The aim of this prospective, randomized MonAMI (Impact of Morphine Treatment With and Without Metoclopramide Coadministration on Platelet Inhibition in Acute Myocardial Infarction) trial was, therefore, to investigate the impact of morphine with or without metoclopramide coadministration on myocardial and microvascular injury. Methods and Results Patients with acute myocardial infarction (n=138) were assigned in a 1:1:1 ratio to ticagrelor 180 mg plus: (1) intravenous morphine 5 mg (morphine group); (2) intravenous morphine 5 mg and metoclopramide 10 mg (morphine+metoclopramide group); or (3) intravenous placebo (control group) administered before primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 104 patients on day 1 to 4 after the index event. Infarct size was significantly smaller in the morphine only group as compared with controls (percentage of left ventricular mass, 15.5 versus 17.9; P=0.047). Furthermore, the number of patients with microvascular obstruction was significantly lower after morphine administration (28% versus 54%; P=0.022) and the extent of microvascular obstruction was smaller (percentage of left ventricular mass, 0 versus 0.74; P=0.037). In multivariable regression analysis, morphine administration was independently associated with a reduced risk for the occurrence of microvascular obstruction (odds ratio, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.14-0.93 [P=0.035]). There was no significant difference in infarct size (P=0.491) and extent (P=0.753) or presence (P=0.914) of microvascular obstruction when comparing the morphine+metoclopramide group with the control group. Conclusions In this randomized study, intravenous administration of morphine before primary percutaneous coronary intervention resulted in a significant reduction of myocardial and microvascular damage following acute myocardial infarction. This effect was not observed in the morphine plus metoclopramide group. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02627950.

15.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(17): 2204-2215, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The randomized SOLVE-TAVI (compariSon of secOnd-generation seLf-expandable vs. balloon-expandable Valves and gEneral vs. local anesthesia in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) trial compared newer-generation self-expanding valves (SEV) and balloon-expandable valves (BEV) as well as local anesthesia with conscious sedation (CS) and general anesthesia (GA) in patients undergoing transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Both strategies showed similar outcomes at 30 days. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes during 1-year follow-up in the randomized SOLVE-TAVI trial. METHODS: Using a 2 × 2 factorial design 447 intermediate- to high-risk patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis were randomly assigned to transfemoral TAVR using either the SEV (Evolut R, Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota) or the BEV (Sapien 3, Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California) as well as CS or GA at 7 sites. RESULTS: In the valve-comparison strategy, rates of the combined endpoint of all-cause mortality, stroke, moderate or severe paravalvular leakage, and permanent pacemaker implantation were similar between the BEV and SEV group (n = 84, 38.3% vs. n = 87, 40.4%; hazard ratio: 0.94; 95% confidence interval: 0.70 to 1.26; p = 0.66) at 1 year. Regarding the anesthesia comparison, the combined endpoint of all-cause mortality, stroke, myocardial infarction, and acute kidney injury occurred with similar rates in the GA and CS groups (n = 61, 25.7% vs. n = 54, 23.8%; hazard ratio: 1.09; 95% confidence interval: 0.76 to 1.57; p = 0.63). CONCLUSIONS: In intermediate- to high-risk patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR, newer-generation SEV and BEV as well as CS and GA showed similar clinical outcomes at 1 year using a combined clinical endpoint. (SecOnd-generation seLf-expandable Versus Balloon-expandable Valves and gEneral Versus Local Anesthesia in TAVI [SOLVE-TAVI]; NCT02737150).

16.
Am J Cardiol ; 147: 101-108, 2021 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647268

RESUMO

Optimal patient selection for transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) remains challenging. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of left and right ventricular stroke work index (LVSWi, RVSWi) on mortality in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) undergoing TMVR. One hundred-forty patients (median age 74 ± 9.9 years, 67.9% male) with CHF who underwent successful TMVR were included. Primary end point was defined as all-cause mortality after 16 ± 9 months of follow-up. LVSWi was calculated as: Stroke volume index (SVi) * (mean arterial pressure - postcapillary wedge pressure) * 0.0136 = g/m-1/m2. RVSWi was calculated as: SVi * (mean pulmonary artery pressure - right atrial pressure) * 0.0136 = g/m-1/m2. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis determined an optimal threshold of 24.8 g/m-1/m2 for LVSWi (sensitivity 80.4%, specificity 40.2%, area under the curve (AUC) 0.71 [0.60 to 0.81]; p = 0.001) and 8.3 g/m-1/m2 for RVSWi (sensitivity 67.4%, specificity 57.0%, AUC 0.67 [0.56 to 0.78]; p = 0.006), respectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed significantly lower survival in patients with LVSWi ≤24.8 g/m-1/m2 (20.0% vs 39.4%; log-rank p = 0.038) and in patients with RVSWi ≤8.3 g/m-1/m2 (22.1% vs 43.7%; log-rank p = 0.026), respectively. LVSWi of ≤24.8 g/m-1/m2 and RVSWi of ≤8.3 g/m-1/m2 were independent predictors for all-cause mortality (hazard ratio (HR) 2.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1 to 7.6; p = 0.04; HR 2.52; 95% CI 1.04 to 6.1; p = 0.041). A risk-score incorporating LVSWi and RVSWi cut-off values from ROC analysis powerfully predicts long-term survival after successful TMVR (log-rank p = 0.02). In conclusion, LVSWi and RVSWi independently predict mortality in patients with CHF undergoing TMVR and might be useful in risk stratification of TMVR candidates.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Taxa de Sobrevida , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia
18.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(2): e009879, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Symptom-to-balloon time (SBT) and door-to-balloon time (DBT) are both considered important metrics in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to assess the relationship of SBT and DBT with infarct size and microvascular obstruction (MVO) after pPCI. METHODS: Individual patient data for 3115 ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients undergoing pPCI in 10 randomized trials were pooled. Infarct size (% left ventricular mass) was assessed within 1 month after randomization by technetium-99 m sestamibi single-photon emission computerized tomography (3 studies) or cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (7 studies). MVO was assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance. Patients were stratified by short (≤2 hours), intermediate (2-4 hours), or long (>4 hours) SBTs, and by short (≤45 minutes), intermediate (45-90 minutes), or long (>90 minutes) DBTs. RESULTS: Median [interquartile range] SBT and DBT were 185 [130-269] and 46 [28-83] minutes, respectively. Median [interquartile range] time to infarct size assessment after pPCI was 5 [3-12] days. There was a stepwise increase in infarct size according to SBT category (adjusted difference, 2.0% [95% CI, 0.4-3.5] for intermediate versus short SBT and 4.4% [95% CI, 2.7-6.1] for long versus short SBT) but not according to DBT category (adjusted difference, 0.4% [95% CI, -1.2 to 1.9] for intermediate versus short DBT and -0.1% [95% CI, -1.0 to 3.0] for long versus short SBT). MVO was greater in patients with long versus short SBT (adjusted difference, 0.9% [95% CI, 0.3-1.4]) but was not different between patients with intermediate versus short SBT (adjusted difference, 0.1 [95% CI, -0.4 to 0.6]). There was no difference in MVO according to DBT. Results were similar in multivariable analysis with SBT and DBT included as continuous variables. CONCLUSIONS: Among 3115 patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing infarct size assessment after pPCI, SBT was more strongly correlated with infarct size and MVO than DBT.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(2): 153-161, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734504

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Current health care data reveal suboptimal prevention in patients with coronary artery disease and an unmet need to develop effective preventive strategies. The New Technologies for Intensive Prevention Programs (NET-IPP) Trial will investigate if a long-term web-based prevention program after myocardial infarction (MI) will reduce clinical events and risk factors. In a genetic sub study the impact of disclosure of genetic risk using polygenic risk scores (PRS) will be assessed. STUDY DESIGN: Patients hospitalized for MI will be prospectively enrolled and assigned to either a 12-months web-based intensive prevention program or standard care. The web-based program will include telemetric transmission of risk factor data, e-learning and electronic contacts between a prevention assistant and the patients. The combined primary study endpoint will comprise severe adverse cardiovascular events after 2 years. Secondary endpoints will be risk factor control, adherence to medication and quality of life. In a genetic sub study genetic risk will be assessed in all patients of the web-based intensive prevention program group by PRS and patients will be randomly assigned to genetic risk disclosure vs. no disclosure. The study question will be if disclosure of genetic risk has an impact on patient motivation and cardiovascular risk factor control. CONCLUSIONS: The randomized multicenter NET-IPP study will evaluate for the first time the effects of a long-term web-based prevention program after MI on clinical events and risk factor control. In a genetic sub study the impact of disclosure of genetic risk using PRS will be investigated.

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