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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249125, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339338

RESUMO

Abstract COVID-19 is reported as an extremely contagious disease with common symptoms of fever, dry cough, sore throat, and tiredness. The published literature on incidence and gender-wise prevalence of COVID-19 is scarce in Pakistan. Therefore, the present study was designed to compare the distribution, incubation period and mortality rate of COVID-19 among the male and female population of district Attock. The data were collected between 01 April 2020 and 07 December 2020 from the population of district Attock, Pakistan. A total of 22,962 individuals were screened and 843 were found positive for RT-qPCR for SARS-CoV-2. The confirmed positive cases were monitored carefully. Among the positive cases, the incidence of COVID-19 was 61.7% among males and 38.2% among females. The average recovery period of males was 18.89±7.75 days and females were 19±8.40 days from SARS-CoV-2. The overall mortality rate was 8.06%. The death rate of male patients was significantly higher (P<0.05) compared to female patients. Also, the mortality rate was higher (P<0.05) in male patients of 40-60 years of age compared to female patients of the same age group. Moreover, the mortality rate significantly increased (P<0.05) with the increase of age irrespective of gender. In conclusion, the incidence and mortality rate of COVID-19 is higher in males compared to the female population. Moreover, irrespective of gender the mortality rate was significantly lower among patients aged <40 years.


Resumo Covid-19 é relatada como uma doença extremamente contagiosa com sintomas comuns de febre, tosse seca, dor de garganta e cansaço. A literatura publicada sobre incidência e prevalência de Covid-19 com base no gênero é escassa no Paquistão. Portanto, o presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar a distribuição, o período de incubação e a taxa de mortalidade de Covid-19 entre a população masculina e feminina do distrito de Attock. Os dados foram coletados entre 1 de abril de 2020 e 7 de dezembro de 2020 da população do distrito de Attock, Paquistão. Um total de 22.962 indivíduos foi selecionado, e 843 foram considerados positivos para RT-qPCR para SARS-CoV-2. Os casos positivos confirmados foram monitorados cuidadosamente. Entre os casos positivos, a incidência de Covid-19 foi de 61,7% no sexo masculino e 38,2% no feminino. O período médio de recuperação dos homens foi de 18,89 ± 7,75 dias e das mulheres 19 ± 8,40 dias do SARS-CoV-2. A mortalidade geral foi de 8,06%. A taxa de mortalidade de pacientes do sexo masculino foi significativamente maior (P < 0,05) em comparação com pacientes do sexo feminino. Além disso, a taxa de mortalidade foi maior (P < 0,05) em pacientes do sexo masculino com 40-60 anos de idade em comparação com pacientes do sexo feminino da mesma faixa etária. Além disso, a taxa de mortalidade aumentou significativamente (P < 0,05) com o aumento da idade, independentemente do sexo. Em conclusão, a incidência e a taxa de mortalidade de Covid-19 são maiores no sexo masculino em comparação com a população feminina. E também, independentemente do sexo, a taxa de mortalidade foi significativamente menor entre os pacientes com idade < 40 anos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , COVID-19 , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Incidência , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e253514, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932678

RESUMO

The objective of the current study was to investigate the synergistic impact of α-Tocopherol and α-Linolenic acid (100 µM) on IVM and IVC of Nili Ravi buffalo oocytes. Oocytes were obtained from the ovaries of slaughtered buffaloes within two hours after slaughter and brought to laboratory. Buffalo cumulus oocyte complexes were placed randomly in the five experimental groups included; GROUP 1: Maturation media (MM) + 100 µM ALA (control), GROUP 2: MM + 100 µM ALA + 50µM α-Tocopherol, GROUP 3: MM + 100 µM ALA + 100µM α-Tocopherol, GROUP 4: MM + 100 µM ALA + 200 µM α-Tocopherol and GROUP 5: MM + 100 µM ALA + 300 µM α-Tocopherol under an atmosphere of 5% CO2 in air at 38.5 °C for 22-24 h. Cumulus expansion and nuclear maturation status was determined (Experiment 1). In experiment 2, oocytes were matured as in experiment 1. The matured oocytes were then fertilized in Tyrode's Albumin Lactate Pyruvate (TALP) medium for about 20 h and cultured in synthetic oviductal fluid (SOF) medium to determine effect of α-Linolenic acid (100 µM) and α-Tocopherol in IVM medium on IVC of presumptive zygotes. To study the effect of α-Linolenic acid (100 µM) in IVM media and increasing concentration of α-tocopherol in the culture media on early embryo development (Experiment 3), the presumptive zygotes were randomly distributed into the five experimental groups with increasing concentration of α-tocopherol in culture media. Higher percentage of MII stage oocytes in experiment 1(65.2±2.0), embryos at morula stage in experiment 2 (30.4±1.5) and experiment 3 (22.2±2.0) were obtained. However, overall results for cumulus cell expansion, maturation of oocyte to MII stage and subsequent embryo development among treatments remain statistically similar (P > 0.05). Supplementation of α-tocopherol in maturation media having α-Linolenic acid and/or in embryo culture media did not further enhance in vitro maturation of oocyte or embryo production.


Assuntos
Búfalos , Ácido alfa-Linoleico , Animais , Meios de Cultura , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Oócitos , Ácido alfa-Linoleico/farmacologia , alfa-Tocoferol/farmacologia
3.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e249125, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669800

RESUMO

COVID-19 is reported as an extremely contagious disease with common symptoms of fever, dry cough, sore throat, and tiredness. The published literature on incidence and gender-wise prevalence of COVID-19 is scarce in Pakistan. Therefore, the present study was designed to compare the distribution, incubation period and mortality rate of COVID-19 among the male and female population of district Attock. The data were collected between 01 April 2020 and 07 December 2020 from the population of district Attock, Pakistan. A total of 22,962 individuals were screened and 843 were found positive for RT-qPCR for SARS-CoV-2. The confirmed positive cases were monitored carefully. Among the positive cases, the incidence of COVID-19 was 61.7% among males and 38.2% among females. The average recovery period of males was 18.89±7.75 days and females were 19±8.40 days from SARS-CoV-2. The overall mortality rate was 8.06%. The death rate of male patients was significantly higher (P<0.05) compared to female patients. Also, the mortality rate was higher (P<0.05) in male patients of 40-60 years of age compared to female patients of the same age group. Moreover, the mortality rate significantly increased (P<0.05) with the increase of age irrespective of gender. In conclusion, the incidence and mortality rate of COVID-19 is higher in males compared to the female population. Moreover, irrespective of gender the mortality rate was significantly lower among patients aged <40 years.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34438611

RESUMO

The current study demonstrates the culture characteristics of adipose tissue and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). The study evaluates the effect of ambient temperature, physiological status of the donor and the tissue source on sheep (Ovis aries) mesenchymal stem cells. The tissue samples were harvested from full term pregnant female sheep (n = 9) and male sheep (n = 10). Adipose tissue was harvested from n = 9 sheep and bone marrow from n = 10 sheep. The samples (adipose tissue, n = 2; bone marrow, n = 3) transported at cold ambient temperature (<10 °C) failed to yield MSCs while those (n = 14) at higher (>20 °C) ambient temperature successfully yielded MSCs. Bone marrow mononuclear cell (MNC) fraction was higher than the adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF), but the percent adherent cells (PAC) was higher in the later cell fraction. Adipose tissue-derived MSCs from the full term female sheep had a significantly (p < 0.05) higher proliferation potential as compared to those of the male sheep-derived MSCs. Female sheep MSCs also had rapid differentiation potential. The cryopreserved MSCs had morphological features comparable to that of the fresh cells. In conclusion, the tissue type and physiological status of donor animal may affect MSCs' characteristics and should be taken into consideration while applying in clinical settings.

5.
Acta Endocrinol (Buchar) ; 15(3): 283-288, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32010344

RESUMO

Context: Kisspeptin role in metabolism has been implicated recently. However, the nature of the signals that may connect body fat/muscle tissues with the central nervous system governing energy homeostasis remains to be elucidated. Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the effects of peripheral kisspeptin-10 administration on irisin release in human males. Subjects and methods: Kisspeptin-10 was administered to normal weight (n=8) and obese (n=8) men. Sequential blood sampling was performed for 30 minutes pre and 210 minutes post kisspeptin injection at 30 minutes interval. ELISA kit was used to detect plasma irisin levels. Results: There is a significant (P<0.0001) effect of Kisspeptin-10 administration on irisin release in both normal weight and obese participants. Mean irisin levels (96.24 ± 1.351 ng/mL) at 210 minutes were significantly (P<0.0001) enhanced as compared to pre-kisspeptin (59.18 ± 4.815 ng/mL) in normal weight subjects. In obese subjects mean irisin levels (75.76 ± 4.06 ng/mL) were significantly (P<0.0001) elevated at 180 minutes post-kisspeptin when compared with pre-kisspeptin irisin levels (41.28 ± 2.89 ng/mL). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that kisspeptin may have a novel therapeutic potential to induce irisin release in humans which may have anti-obesity effects.

6.
Cryo Letters ; 40(6): 347-351, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33966061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The quality of cryopreserved buffalo semen is low due to high susceptibility of sperm membranes to cold shock. OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to investigate the effect of recombinant type-III antifreeze protein from the eel pout Macrozoarces americanus (rAFPIII) on freezability of buffalo semen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen was collected from three buffalo bulls for three weeks (replicates). Qualified ejaculates (N=18) were split into four aliquots and diluted in Tris-citric acid extender containing 0.0, 0.1, 1 and 10 µg mL-1 of rAFPIII. Semen was cooled to 4 C, evaluated for sperm motility and PMI, cryopreserved and assessed for post-thaw quality. RESULTS: Supplementation of the extender with rAFPIII didn't affect motility and PMI of chilled semen. Post-thaw sperm motility and PMI were higher in extender supplemented with rAFPIII (10µg mL-1) compared to control. Sperm viability and acrosome integrity remained the same. CONCLUSION: Addition of rAFPIII in extender improved motility and PMI of cryopreserved buffalo semen.

7.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 33(1): 170-177, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30022542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An aberrant interaction between commensal skin bacteria and the host skin immune system is considered important in the pathogenesis of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the antibiotic susceptibility and biofilm-forming capabilities of S. epidermidis strains isolated from HS patients. METHODS: Skin biopsies were taken from active HS lesions such as inflammatory nodules and/or sinuses and non-involved skin from 26 patients and cultured under optimal microbiological conditions for 24 h. Planktonic growth, biofilm production, antibiotic susceptibility and biofilm eradication by clindamycin, doxycycline, rifampicin and tetracycline were tested including a laboratory control strain of S. epidermidis for reference. RESULTS: Staphylococcus epidermidis was cultured in 16 of 26 HS patients (62%). In total 27 different S. epidermidis isolates were identified; 16 (59%) from non-involved skin and 11 (41%) from HS lesions. All bacterial strains showed planktonic growth. Twenty-four of 27 (89%) isolates were strong biofilm producers in vitro. The biofilm-forming capability varied amongst the strains from non-involved skin and lesional skin. Twenty-four strains had an intermediate to resistant antibiotic susceptibility to clindamycin (89%). Rifampicin was the most effective antibiotic at inhibiting planktonic growth and at eradication of biofilm (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: We observed a slight increase in S. epidermidis virulence, characterized by resistance to commonly used antibiotics, increased biofilm production and resistance to biofilm eradication. In particular, the reduced sensitivity to tetracycline and clindamycin, two standard antibiotics in the treatment of HS, is alarming. Rifampicin, also important in HS treatment, showed the greatest efficacy at eradicating the biofilm at low MIC concentrations.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidradenite Supurativa/microbiologia , Staphylococcus epidermidis/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus epidermidis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Clindamicina/farmacologia , Doxiciclina/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Rifampina/farmacologia , Staphylococcus epidermidis/isolamento & purificação , Tetraciclina/farmacologia
8.
Theriogenology ; 104: 1-6, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28802112

RESUMO

Alpha linolenic acid (ALA) is integral component of cell membrane that protects the cell in stressful events and involves in many metabolic pathways. It was hypothesized that ALA have the ability to protect the structural and functional integrity of buffalo spermatozoa during freeze-thawing. Therefore, study was designed to evaluate ALA supplementation (0, 5, 10 and 20 ng/mL) in extender on freezability and in vivo fertility of buffalo bull spermatozoa. Semen from three adult Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls of similar age was collected with artificial vagina (42 °C) for five weeks (replicates; N = 30). Qualified semen ejaculates (>1 mL volume, >60% motility; >0.5 billion/mL concentration) were diluted with tris-citric acid extender containing 0.0 (control), 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 ng/mL ALA at 37 °C and cryopreserved following established protocol. Sperm motility and plasma membrane integrity were recorded higher (P < 0.05) in extender containing 5.0 ng/mL of ALA compared to control. Nevertheless, sperm viability, live dead ratio and chromatin integrity were observed higher (P < 0.05) in all experimental extenders with ALA compared to control. The number of abnormal sperm reduced significantly in all experimental extenders having ALA. A total of 539 artificial inseminations were performed with the best evolved extender having ALA (5.0 ng/mL; 272 inseminations) and control (267 inseminations). In vivo fertility rates of buffalo semen were recorded higher (P < 0.05) with extender containing ALA (5.0 ng/mL) (58%) compared to control (46%). In conclusion, supplementing 5.0 ng/mL ALA in extender improved the post-thaw quality and in vivo fertility of cryopreserved Nili-Ravi buffalo bull semen.


Assuntos
Búfalos , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Preservação do Sêmen/métodos , Ácido alfa-Linoleico/farmacologia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Masculino , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Cryo Letters ; 38(1): 43-50, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28376139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Semen from the Nili-Ravi buffalo bull, Bubalus bubalis, shows poor survival after freeze storage compared to bovine (Bos taurus and Bos indicus) semen. Freeze-susceptibility distinctions in these two genera have been attributed to differences in sperm membranes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured the impact of protein preparations derived from a frost-resistant perennial grass, Lolium perenne, with ice recrystallization inhibition activity on the low temperature storage of B. bubalis semen. RESULTS: When the L. perenne preparations (0.1, 1, 10 µg/mL) were added to buffalo semen [2 ejaculates per bull (N=3) per replicate (r=3)] in Tris-citrate extender (50×106sperm mL-1), there was no impact on semen quality, as measured by sperm motility and plasma membrane integrity, after storage at 4 degree C (P>0.05). However, when semen supplemented with the grass proteins (0.1 and 1 µg mL-1) was evaluated after freezing and storage in liquid nitrogen for 24 h, post-thaw sperm progressive motility and plasma membrane integrity was higher (P<0.05) than in control samples. Post-thaw sperm viability and sperm acrosome integrity was similar (P > 0.05) to controls. CONCLUSION: The improvement in cryopreserved buffalo sperm progressive motility and plasma membrane integrity suggests that the use of these easily-made preparations may improve fertility after cryopreservation and offers the prospect of improved conception rates after artificial insemination with cryopreservation.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/métodos , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Lolium , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Preservação do Sêmen/métodos , Animais , Búfalos , Bovinos , Crioprotetores/química , Lolium/química , Masculino , Proteínas de Plantas/farmacologia , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Theriogenology ; 86(7): 1662-9, 2016 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27349137

RESUMO

Overwintering larvae of the beetle Dendroides canadensis produce potent antifreeze proteins to inhibit inoculative freezing and promote supercooling. We hypothesized that addition of Dendroides canadensis recombinant antifreeze proteins (DAFPs) in the extender will improve the quality and fertility of cryopreserved Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) sperm. The study was divided into two parts: (1) Evaluation of the effect of DAFPs on the quality of frozen-thawed buffalo bull sperm and (2) Examination of the fertilizing ability of frozen-thawed buffalo bull sperm. Semen was collected from three bulls using an artificial vagina (42 °C). Qualifying ejaculates from each bull were divided into four aliquots and diluted (at 37 °C, 50 × 10(6) sperm/mL) in tris-citric acid extender containing DAFP (at 0.1, 1.0, and 10 µg/mL), and the sperm were evaluated for important characteristics relative to a control without DAFP. D canadensis recombinant antifreeze proteins at any of the three concentrations did not affect sperm progressive motility or plasma membrane integrity (PMI), either before or after the semen was cooled to 4 °C in 2 hours. However, after 24 hours of cryostorage at -196 °C, followed by thawing at 37 °C for 30 seconds, sperm progressive motility and PMI were higher (P < 0.05) in extender containing DAFP at 10 µg/mL compared with control. The in vitro-fertilizing ability of cryopreserved (-196 °C) sperm supplemented with DAFP (10 µg/mL) was slightly higher (P = 0.098) compared with control, as assessed through in vitro cleavage rate of in vitro matured buffalo oocytes. Also, the in vivo fertility rate was evaluated by inseminating 100 buffaloes (50 inseminations per extender) 12 hours after standing heat. The fertility rate of cryopreserved buffalo bull sperm in terms of positive pregnancy at 90 days after insemination was clinically higher but remained statistically nonsignificant in extender containing DAFP at 10 µg/mL (52.0%) compared with control (43.8%). In conclusion, supplementation of 10 µg/mL of DAFP in the extender improved the motility and PMI of Nili-Ravi buffalo sperm after freeze-thawing, and yielded numerically higher, although statistically nonsignificant, in vitro cleavage, and in vivo fertility rate.


Assuntos
Proteínas Anticongelantes/farmacologia , Búfalos/fisiologia , Besouros/fisiologia , Criopreservação/veterinária , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Sêmen/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Proteínas Anticongelantes/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fertilidade , Congelamento , Masculino , Proteínas Recombinantes , Preservação do Sêmen/métodos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/fisiologia
11.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 157: 56-62, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25863987

RESUMO

Experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of Antarctic fish antifreeze glycoproteins, (AFGP) size 1-5 (34-10.5 kDa) and 7-8 (3.2 and 2.4 kDa) in extender on buffalo bull sperm at cooling (4 °C) and at post thawing. Semen was collected from three Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls with artificial vagina for 3 weeks. Qualifying ejaculates from each buffalo bull were diluted (at 37 °C having 50×10(6) sperm/mL) in tris-citric acid extender containing AFGP at 0 (control), 0.1, 1 and 10 µg/mL. An aliquot of diluted semen was evaluated for sperm progressive motility and plasma membrane integrity, while the remaining fraction was cooled to 4 °C in 2 h. Further, an aliquot of cooled semen was evaluated for the previously described variables and the remaining fraction was cryopreserved (-196 °C). After 24 h of storage, straws were thawed at 37 °C for 30 s to assess post-thaw sperm quality. Inclusion of AFGP in the extender did not affect (P>0.05) sperm progressive motility and plasma membrane integrity of buffalo bull sperm at cooling stage (4 °C). However, at post thawing, improvement (P<0.05) in sperm progressive motility and plasma membrane integrity was recorded in extender containing AFGP 1-5 and AFGP 7-8 at 1 µg/mL compared to the control. Percentage of live sperm with an intact acrosome remained similar (P>0.05) in extenders containing different amounts of AFGP and control. In conclusion, supplementation of 1 µg/ml of AFGP in extender improved the motility and plasma membrane integrity of Nili-Ravi buffalo sperm after thawing.


Assuntos
Proteínas Anticongelantes/farmacologia , Búfalos/fisiologia , Criopreservação/veterinária , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Temperatura Baixa , Masculino , Preservação do Sêmen/métodos , Espermatozoides/fisiologia
12.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 148(1-2): 26-31, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24925471

RESUMO

Lower fertility in buffaloes with frozen-thawed semen is attributed to sperm damage that is believed to be due to formation of ice crystals during freeze/thaw process. It was hypothesized that antifreeze proteins in the extender may improve the post thaw quality of buffalo bull sperm. For this purpose, two separate experiments were conducted to evaluate antifreeze proteins III (AFP III) at 0 (control), 0.1, 1 and 10 µg/mL (Experiment I) and 0 (control), 0.01, 0.1 and 1 µg/mL (Experiment II) for its effect on post thaw quality of buffalo bull semen. Semen was collected from three Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bulls with artificial vagina (42 °C) for three weeks (replicate) per experiment. For each experiment, qualifying ejaculates (6 ejaculates/bull) were divided into four aliquots and diluted (at 37 °C having 50 × 10(6) sperm/mL) in tris-citric acid extender containing above mentioned concentrations of AFP III. Diluted semen was cooled to 4 °C in 2 h, equilibrated for 4 h, filled in 0.5 mL straws, kept over liquid nitrogen vapors for 10 min and plunged in the liquid nitrogen. After 24 h of storage, semen straws were thawed at 37 °C for 30 s to assess sperm progressive motility (SM), plasma membrane integrity (PMI), viability (live sperm with intact acrosome) and normal epical ridge (NAR). In experiment I, improvement (P<0.05) in percentage SM and sperm PMI was recorded in extender containing 0.1 µg/mL AFP III compared to control, the higher concentrations (1 µg/mL and 10 µg/mL) being inefficient. While evaluating the lower concentration (experiment II), 0.01 µg/mL of AFP III in the extender it was found to be ineffective to improve semen quality parameters, while 0.1 µg/mL AFP III in extender was found better in terms of progressive motility and plasma membrane integrity of buffalo bull semen compared to control. Sperm viability and NAR remained similar (P>0.05) in extenders containing different concentrations of AFP III and control in both of experiments. In conclusion addition of AFP III in the extender at 0.1 µg/mL improved the progressive motility and plasma membrane integrity of cryopreserved buffalo bull semen.


Assuntos
Proteínas Anticongelantes Tipo III/farmacologia , Búfalos/fisiologia , Criopreservação/veterinária , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Fertilidade , Masculino , Análise do Sêmen , Preservação do Sêmen/métodos , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/citologia , Espermatozoides/fisiologia
13.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 49(1): 122-5, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24112366

RESUMO

Cryopreservation process reduces lipids and phospholipids from buffalo bull spermatozoa. It was therefore hypothesized that supplementation of fatty acid to extender may improve the post-thaw quality of buffalo semen. The objective was to evaluate the effect of arachidic acid supplementation in extender on post-thaw quality of buffalo bull (Bubalus bubalis) spermatozoa. Semen was collected from three adult Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls of similar age group with artificial vagina (42°C) for 3 weeks (replicate). Qualified semen ejaculates (n = 18) were split into four aliquots and diluted in tris-citric acid extender containing 0.0 (control), 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 ng/ml at 37°C having approximately 50 × 10(6) spermatozoa/ml. Diluted semen was cooled to 4°C in 2 h and equilibrated for 4 h at 4°C. Cooled semen was filled in 0.5-ml straws at 4°C, kept on liquid nitrogen vapours for 10 min and plunged in liquid nitrogen for storage. Thawing of frozen semen was performed after 24 h at 37°C for 30 s. Sperm progressive motility (%) was improved in a dose-dependent manner by supplementing arachidic acid at 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 ng/ml compared with control. Structural and functional integrity of sperm plasma membrane (%), number of acrosome-intact live sperm (%) and sperm chromatin integrity (%) were better (p < 0.05) in extender having 5.0 ng/ml of arachidic acid compared with control. At 10.0 ng/ml, these values did not vary (p > 0.05) from those at 5.0 ng/ml. Further improvement in structural and functional integrity of sperm plasma membrane, number of acrosome-intact live sperm and chromatin integrity was observed at 20.0 ng/ml of arachidic acid in extender. In conclusion, arachidic acid supplementation in extender improved the post-thaw quality parameters of cryopreserved Nili-Ravi buffalo bull spermatozoa. Among the arachidic acid concentrations studied, maximum improvement in post-thaw semen quality parameters was observed at 20.0 ng/ml.


Assuntos
Búfalos , Criopreservação/veterinária , Crioprotetores , Ácidos Eicosanoicos , Análise do Sêmen , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Acrossomo/ultraestrutura , Animais , Membrana Celular/fisiologia , Membrana Celular/ultraestrutura , Cromatina/ultraestrutura , Criopreservação/métodos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ácidos Eicosanoicos/administração & dosagem , Temperatura Alta , Masculino , Preservação do Sêmen/métodos , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Espermatozoides/ultraestrutura
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