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Arab J Urol ; 14(2): 131-5, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27489740


OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety, efficacy and complications of single vs multiple instillations of povidone iodine (PI) and urographin as a sclerosing agent in the treatment of chyluria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 58 patients diagnosed with chyluria between March 2006 and January 2013. The inclusion criteria were either severe attacks of chyluria or patients with mild-to-moderate chyluria who had failed conservative treatment. The patients were randomly allocated to one of two groups: those in Group A had a single instillation of a combination of PI 0.2% plus the contrast-agent urographin 76%, while those in Group B had multiple instillations of the same combination twice daily for 3 successive days. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age of the patients in Groups A and B was 38.22 (10.67) and 37.9 (10.86) years, respectively. Chyluria was severe in eight patients (14.8%), moderate in 25 (46.3%) and mild in 21 (38.9%). The success rate in Group A (single instillation) was 85.2% and in Group B (multiple instillation) was 88.9%. The recurrence rate in Group A was 14.8% with a disease-free duration (DFD) of 4-15 weeks, while in group B it was 11.1% with a DFD of 6-18 weeks. CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference between a single instillation of a combination of PI 0.2% and urographin 76% as a sclerosing agent in the treatment of chyluria and multiple instillations. However, the single instillation protocol is more cost effective with a shorter hospital stay.

PLoS One ; 10(6): e0129796, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26057380


The effects of three water management techniques were evaluated on subsurface drip irrigated tomatoes. The three techniques were the intermittent flow (3 pulses), the dual-lateral drip system (two lateral lines per row, at 15 and 25 cm below soil surface), and the physical barrier (buried at 30 cm below soil surface). Field experiments were established for two successive seasons. Water movement in soil was monitored using continuously logging capacitance probes up to 60 cm depth. The results showed that the dual lateral technique positively increased the yield up to 50%, water use efficiency up to 54%, while the intermittent application improved some of the quality measures (fruit size, TSS, and Vitamin C), not the quantity of the yield that decreased in one season, and not affected in the other. The physical barrier has no significant effect on any of the important growth measures. The soil water patterns showed that the dual lateral method lead to uniform wetting pattern with depth up to 45 cm, the physical barrier appeared to increase lateral and upward water movement, while the intermittent application kept the wetting pattern at higher moisture level for longer time. The cost analysis showed also that the economic treatments were the dual lateral followed by the intermittent technique, while the physical barrier is not economical. The study recommends researching the effect of the dual lateral method on the root growth and performance. The intermittent application may be recommended to improve tomato quality but not quantity. The physical barrier is not recommended unless in high permeable soils.

Irrigação Agrícola , Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lycopersicon esculentum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Água , Irrigação Agrícola/economia , Clima , Custos e Análise de Custo , Produtos Agrícolas/economia , Lycopersicon esculentum/economia , Estações do Ano , Solo
BJU Int ; 107(10): 1605-10, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20825396


OBJECTIVE: • To evaluate the efficacy of a bladder preservation multimodality protocol for patients with operable carcinoma invading bladder muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: • In this prospective study, we included 33 patients with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) (T2 and T3, Nx, M0) who were amenable to complete transurethral resection. • These patients refused radical cystectomy as their first treatment option. After maximum transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT), all patients received three cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy in the form of methotrexate, vinblastin, adriamycin and cisplatin (MVAC) followed by radical radiotherapy. • Four weeks later, all cases had radiological and cystoscopical re-evaluation. • Complete responders were considered to be those patients who had no evidence of residual tumour. All patients were subjected to a regular follow-up by cystoscopy and tumour site biopsy conducted every 3 months. Abdomino-pelvic computed tomography and chest X-ray were conducted every 6 months. • The study endpoint was the response to treatment after completion of the first year of follow-up after therapy. RESULTS: • Out of 33 eligible patients, a total of 28 patients completed the study treatment protocol. Their mean ± SD age was 56.7 ± 6 years. Trimodal therapy was well tolerated in most of cases, with no severe acute toxicities. After 12 months of follow-up, a complete response was achieved in 39.3% and a partial response in 7.1%, with an overall response rate of 46.4%. • By the end of the first year, disease-free survival was reported in 39.3%, whereas 25% were still alive with their disease, giving an overall survival of 64.3% for all patients who maintained their intact, well functioning bladders. • Tumour stage and completeness of transurethral resection of bladder tumour were the most important predictors of response and survival. T2 lesions had complete and partial response rates of 69.2% and 23%, respectively, whereas T3 lesions had rates of 40% and 13.3%, respectively (P = 0.001). • The response rate in patients who had complete TURBT was 82.6% vs 20% in those with cystoscopic biopsy only (P = 0.001). In addition, disease-free survival was 72.7% in T2 patients and 27.3% in T3 patients (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: • In the present study, bladder preservation protocol with MVAC and radical radiotherapy achieved suboptimal response rates at 1 year in patients with localized TCC invading bladder muscle. Patients with solitary T2 lesions that are amenable to complete TURBT achieved the best response rates. Longer follow-up is needed to verify these results. Patients with localized disease should be encouraged for radical cystectomy, which achieved better results.

Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/terapia , Cistectomia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/terapia , Idoso , Biópsia , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem
Arab J Urol ; 9(2): 123-6, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26579282


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of urethral coverage by a single- or double-layered dorsal dartos flap after tubularized incised-plate (TIP) repair of hypospadias on fistula formation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study we evaluated sequential patients with hypospadias who underwent TIP urethroplasty with a dorsal dartos interpositional flap between April 2008 and December 2009. We reviewed their medical records for the site of hypospadias, previous hypospadias repair, single- or double-layered dartos flap and postoperative complications. The patients were divided into two groups; in group A the urethra was covered by a single layer of dartos fascia, and in group B the urethra was covered by double layers of dartos flap. RESULTS: Of 91 patients who opted for hypospadias repair during the time of the study, 62 had a TIP urethroplasty with a dorsal dartos flap; of these 62, three did not fulfil the requirement of the minimum follow-up, so 59 were eligible for the study (32 in group A and 27 in group B). Preoperative clinical data were comparable in both groups. At a mean of 12.2 months of follow-up, there was no reported fistula in group B, while two patients in group A developed a urethrocutaneous fistula (P = 0.19). Meatal stenosis occurred in two patients in group A and one in group B (P = 0.66). CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference in subsequent urethrocutaneous fistula between a double-layered dorsal dartos flap and single layer for covering the urethra as a part of TIP urethroplasty for repairing hypospadias.

Arab J Urol ; 9(4): 283-7, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26579313


PURPOSE: To evaluate tailored polypropylene (prolene) mesh, anterior rectus sheath, and vaginal wall slings positioned under the mid-urethra, to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women, as SUI is a common pathological condition causing considerable distress and compromising social, physical, psychological, and sexual health, and for which surgical treatment remains controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective randomised study included 32 patients with SUI, evaluated by SEAPI (Stress, Emptying, Anatomy, Protection, and Instability) symptom score and urodynamics. According to sling material, 12 patients had tailored prolene mesh, 12 had anterior rectus sheath and eight had anterior vaginal wall slings. Operative variables (intraoperative bleeding, duration, complications and hospital stay) were documented, and postoperative complications and continence status were assessed. The follow-up was 12-18 months. RESULTS: Patients who received tailored prolene mesh slings had a lower operative duration and hospital stay, and less intraoperative bleeding. Postoperative complications, e.g. urinary retention and urgency, were <12%, with no significant differences. There was no significant difference among the three studied groups in the success rate (75%, 67% and 75%). CONCLUSIONS: Tailored prolene mesh, anterior rectus sheath and the vaginal wall sling are good alternatives to treat SUI in women, with comparable results in a short-term follow up. The surgeon's experience and the patient's clinical circumstances should be considered when choosing a sling material, as success rates are comparable, being slightly better for the prolene sling in operative duration, bleeding and hospital stay.