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Tunis Med ; 96(2): 122-128, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30324977


BACKGROUND: Tobacco use among teenagers in an increasing concern for the international community, especially with the fact that early experimentation is now identified as a risk factor for durable consumption and addiction. AIM: To study Tobacco use and its determinants amongteenagers in the city of Sousse. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectionalstudy was carried out among a sample of teenagers enrolled in the city of Sousse (Tunisia) in 2016-2017. A two-stage sampling was conducted for the selection of adolescents. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire in Arabic language. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 330 students. The prevalence of smoking was 9.7%(95% CI6,7% ;13%), with a male predominance (14.4% vs 6.3%). The mean age of onset of tobacco was 14.65 ± 1.38 years. 44.8% of parents ignore their children's smoking. The mean dependence score was 4.77 ± 3.6 (HONC test).  Factors significantly associated with smoking were gender, age, educational level, repeating school years, relationship with parents and teachers, presence of smokers in the environment, knowledge about the health risks of tobacco. CONCLUSION: Sensitizationactions should be strengthened within schools, starting even in primary schools, in collaboration with teachers, family and health professionals. In addition, more effective and rigorous enforcement of legislation is essential.

Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/fisiologia , Fatores Etários , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Urbanização , Adulto Jovem
Sante Publique ; 29(2): 255-262, 2017 Apr 27.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28737344


Aim: This study was designed to assess the prevalence of alcohol consumption and factors associated with alcohol consumption among students of the Sousse region of Tunisia. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 556 students of Sousse universities during the 2012-2013 academic year, using an anonymous self-report questionnaire. Data capture and statistical analysis were performed with SPSS software 18.0. Results: Our study population was composed of 268 males (48.2%) with a mean age of 21.8 ± 2.1 years. Eighty-four students (15.1%) had consumed alcohol at least once. On multivariate analysis, male gender (OR = 6.94; 95%CI = [2.32-20.72]), smoking (OR = 13.21; 95%CI = [6.20-27.78]), drug use (OR = 32.22; 95%CI = [6.73-154.26]) and parental alcohol consumption (OR = 4.31; 95%CI = [1.70-10.91]) were the factors significantly associated with alcohol consumption among students. Conclusion: This study was designed to determine the characteristics of alcohol consumption among Tunisian students. Alcohol consumption levels were comparable to those reported in the general population and were significantly related to smoking and drug use. The next step of this study will consist of developing strategies to prevent risk behaviours in the student population.

Consumo de Álcool na Faculdade , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
Sante Publique ; 28(5): 613-622, 2016 Nov 25.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28155737


The results of this study will help guide public hospital human resource managers in the choice of measures designed to increase the motivation of their employees in order to ensure staff satisfaction as well as quality health care services..

Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Motivação , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Tunísia , Recursos Humanos
Tunis Med ; 92(2): 128-34, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24938234


BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the ageing of the population became a societal frequent problem throughout the world. In Tunisia, the part of the elderly of 60 years old and over is estimated at 17,7 % in 2029. This ageing is at the origin of important health problems, in particular the increase of the frequency of the chronic diseases. AIM: To identify the Sociodemographic characteristics of the consultants of 65 years old and over, and to describe the morbidity diagnosed in this age group in the primary health care centers of the sanitary region of Sousse. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study in 86 primary health care centers in Sousse over 1 year (2002-2003). Medical records for 3 weeks per season were randomly selected. The International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC) was used to code recorded data. RESULTS: 2198 consultations were collected, elderly person presents on average 1,22 (± 0,55) morbid states by consultation. The main diseases identified in order were cardiovascular (26,2%), breathing (20,8%), osteo-articular (14,8%). Psychological and social disorders accounted for only 0,4% of cases. The major health problems were uncomplicated hypertension (22,4%), acute bronchitis / bronchiolitis (9,2%), diabetes mellitus type 2 (7,9%) and osteoarthritis of knee (4,7%). CONCLUSION: These results are important both to meet the needs of consultants and especially to better adapt the training to practice field.

Morbidade , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Geografia , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tunísia/epidemiologia