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1.
J Res Health Sci ; 18(2): e00414, 2018 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29784895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bullying is a serious public health concern remarkably common among youth. Involvement in bullying can lead to deleterious effect on the emotional well-being of pupils. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bullying, its psychosocial associated factors and the perceived involvement of parents, teachers, and classmates to counteract this behavior. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted this study in 2015 among a representative multistage sample of 1584 students enrolled in middle schools in the Region of Sousse using the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire. It assesses the prevalence of bullying and covers qualitative details of bullying including psychosocial factors and perceived efforts of others to counteract bullying. RESULTS: 11.7% of respondents were classified as pure victims, 7.8% as pure bullies, 3.2% as bully-victims and 75.5% as bystanders. Compared to other groups, the bully-victims were less likely to report a feeling of empathy and liking school. They were more likely to be afraid of being bullied, aggressive and to have fewer friends in the class. Only 30.3% of the victims indicated that they told someone about being bullied. The majority of the middle school students perceived that classmates (54.1%) and teachers (39.5%) did nothing to counteract bullying. CONCLUSIONS: Information about bullying is critical and must be gathered before effective intervention is planned. Parents, teachers and students should learn effective ways to handle the bullying problem since the most effective programs are comprehensive targeting students, schools, families and the community.


Assuntos
Bullying/prevenção & controle , Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Agressão/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Docentes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Grupo Associado , Prevalência , Estudantes/psicologia , Tunísia/epidemiologia
2.
Pan Afr Med J ; 23: 30, 2016.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27200135

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, the circuit of drugs is a plague. This situation may cause serious harm to patients. In this context, we conducted a study with the aim to describe and evaluate the circuit of anticancer drugs in a Tunisian regional hospital. METHODS: This is an evaluative study of the risk of anticancer drugs, conducted over a period of 15 days during the year 2014 in the Department of Cancer Research of the Regional Hospital of Gafsa (Tunisia). The evaluation method is based on that conducted by the project "SECURIMED" and developed by the Coordination Committee of the Clinical Evaluation and Quality in Aquitaine (CCECQA) in France. RESULTS: In our study, the observation of anticancer drugs circuit has revealed some deficiencies. We noted that the roles of the various actors are subject sometimes to tasks shifting, which may sometimes be dangerous. The study also revealed a lack and an inadequacy with the standards in terms of the necessary equipment for the preparation of the anticancer drugs. CONCLUSION: Securing drugs circuit should be a priority included in all national processes and shared by all stakeholders to achieve a premium goal: the quality of care and patient safety.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Tunísia
3.
Int J Adolesc Med Health ; 29(5)2016 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26926862

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A better understanding of socio-demographic characteristics of subgroups, which have a high risk to develop chronic diseases, is essential to develop more efficient interventional programs especially for youth. This study aimed to determine the association between clusters of non communicable diseases (NCDs') risk factors and the socio-demographic characteristics among a sample of Tunisian school children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted, in 2013/2014, a cross-sectional study among a proportional and stratified school children sample, selected in 17 elementary public schools in Sousse (Tunisia). A cluster analysis was used to identify different NCDs risk factors clusters, based on tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and excess weight. Subsequent χ2-tests were used to identify differences between the NCDs risk factors clusters in regards to socio-demographic characteristics. RESULTS: Four clusters of NCDs risk factors were found: 1) Cluster 1: physical inactivity behavior with normal weight, 2) Cluster 2: physical inactivity behavior associated to excess weight, 3) Cluster 3: unhealthy diet associated to excess weight and low practice of physical activity, and 4) Cluster 4: smoking behavior with physical activity behavior. The pattern of cluster membership differed across sex (<10-3), school level, and socioeconomic level (<10-3) but there was no significant difference between clusters for mother's education levels and household tenure. CONCLUSION: This study can have important implications for health policy and practice. Indeed, it found that many subjects have simultaneous multiple NCDs risk factors which leads to identify groups at risk and implement integrated intervention program.

4.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 20(4): 44-50, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29566318

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the frequency and the nature of maternal near miss (NM) events in a population of women attending a tertiary level maternity hospital in Tunisia and to evaluate the care level of this institution according to indicators proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO). We opted for a retrospective medical chart review of cases of NM and maternal mortality that occurred in the year 2010 at the Farhat Hached Maternity University Hospital. NM cases were defined based on the WHO criteria 2009. There were 9957 deliveries, 58 NM events and one case of maternal death. Haemorrhagic (74.1%) and hypertensive disorders (20.7%) were the leading causes of NM. The study showed a low Maternal NM Ratio of 5.86/1000 live births, a relatively low mortality index of 1.7 % and Severe Maternal Outcome Ratio of 5.96/1000 live births. This was the first study to document NM in a Tunisian public maternity. The WHO approach allowed a systematic monitoring of quality of maternal health care. There is a low frequency of maternal morbidity and mortality at the level of this facility. But, more efforts are still needed to document NM events in other types of care facilities in Tunisia.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Adulto , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/normas , Emergências/epidemiologia , Feminino , Maternidades , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Materna , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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