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Exp Clin Transplant ; 17(6): 823-827, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29534659


Transplant is the optimal therapy for patients with end-stage renal disease. Acute cellular rejection refractory to treatment remains a major risk factor for graft loss and poor outcomes. In this study, we describe a 39-year-old man who received a living-related kidney transplant. Two days after transplant, the patient displayed acute deterioration of graft function. Conventional anti-rejection therapy was initiated, but graft function did not improve. Biopsy revealed acute cellular rejection (grade IIA), and C4d and HLA antibodies were negative. Immunohistochemistry phenotyping revealed clusters of CD20-positive lymphocytes, with 80% being CD3 positive. Rituximab was prescribed, and graft function improved dramatically. After 1 week, a second graft biopsy was done due to lagging of graft function, shown by serum creatinine of 2.1 mg/dL. Biopsy revealed regenerating acute tubular necrosis with disappearance of the CD20-positive lymphocyte cluster infiltrates. Two year, after transplant, the patient's graft function maintained stable. Phenotyping of the cellular infiltrate is important as it may lead to a proper selection of immunosuppression and consequent improvement of graft outcome.