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2.
Investig Clin Urol ; 60(4): 251-257, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294134

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare the safety and efficacy of xylocaine gel and ketorolac as opioid-sparing analgesia compared with pethidine for shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) pain. Materials and Methods: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed in 132 patients with renal and upper ureteral stones amenable to treatment with SWL. The first patient group received intravenous (IV) pethidine and placebo gel; the second group received IV ketorolac plus placebo gel; the third group received lidocaine gel locally plus normal saline IV. Stone disintegration was classified as none (no change from basal by kidney, ureter, bladder X-ray or ultrasound [US] imaging), partial (fragmented and >4-mm residual fragments), and complete (≤4-mm residual fragments). Stone disintegration was assessed by kidney-ureter-bladder X-ray and US imaging. Pain was evaluated by use of the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS). Results: The NPRS scores were highest in the xylocaine group at 10, 20, and 30 minutes (p=0.0001) with no significant difference between the ketorolac and pethidine groups, except at 10 minutes (p=0.03) and a near significant difference at 30 minutes (p=0.054) in favor of ketorolac. Results for stone disintegration (none, partial, and complete, respectively) were as follows: 25 (50.0%), 23 (46.0%), and 2 (4.0%) for pethidine; 19 (35.8%), 23 (43.4%), and 11 (20.8%) for ketorolac; and 26 (89.7%), 3 (10.3%), and 0 (0.0%) for lidocaine (p=0.008). Conclusions: Ketorolac is a safe and more effective alternative to morphine derivatives for SWL analgesia. Lidocaine gel should not be used as mono-analgesia for SWL.

3.
World J Urol ; 2019 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944968

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of oral dissolution therapy (ODT), shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), and combined SWL and ODT for medium-sized radiolucent renal stone (RLS). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial for patients with medium-sized RLS, 1-2.5 cm, ≤ 500 Hounsfield unit (HU). The ODT patients were counseled for oral potassiumsodium-hydrogen citrate (Uralyt-U®). The 2nd group underwent SWL and the last group had combined SWL and ODT. The primary outcome, stone-free rate (SFR) at 3 months, was assessed by non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT). We defined complete response (success) if no residual fragment were detected by NCCT; partial response (failure) if there was a decrease in stone size, but presence of residual stones; no response if there was no change or increase in stone size (failure). RESULTS: 150 patients completed follow-up. The SFR at 1st month and 3rd month were, respectively; 16% and 50% in the ODT group, 10% and 46% in the SWL group, and 35% and 72% patients in combined group with (p = 0.03 and 0.003, respectively. The overall SFR for all groups was 66%. Combined treatment and initial response in first month follow-up were independent factors predicting SFR. In addition, combined treatment significantly decreased the overall stone volume (p = 0.03) and the need for additional stone management procedures after 3 months (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Combined ODT and SWL treatment constitutes the most rapid and effective therapeutic approach for medium-sized RLS, decreasing overall stone volume as well as the number of SWL sessions needed in comparison to SWL therapy, alone.

4.
Urol Oncol ; 37(3): 179.e9-179.e18, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30448030

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed at this study to test the value of immediate postoperative intravesical epirubicin instillation in intermediate and high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After approval of Institutional Review Board, 260 patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups, including transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) alone in control group and TURBT plus immediate postoperative epirubicin (50 mg) in test group. Patients were monitored for postoperative complications. Adjuvant instillation therapy was administered according to risk categorization. Patients were followed every 3 months by cystourethroscopy and urine cytology. The primary end points were recurrence, progression, and/or death from cancer. RESULTS: Of the 260 patients, 236 were eligible and followed for a mean of 29 months. The 2 study groups were comparable regarding perioperative baseline demographic criteria. There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups regarding recurrence rate (27.1% vs. 26.2%), interval to first recurrence (16.3 ± 6.6 vs. 16.4 ± 6.4 months) or progression rate to muscle invasion (8.5% vs. 5.9%). Site, size, and number of recurrences were also comparable between the 2 groups. Recurrences and progression-free survival were comparable between the 2 groups (Log-rank P = 0.88 and 0.47, respectively). Postoperative complications were all low-grade according to modified Dindo-Clavian system, with no significant difference in their rate between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Immediate post-TURBT epirubicin instillation is ineffective in intermediate and high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. It neither prolongs time to recurrence and/or progression nor reduces number of recurrences. We advocate strict specification of patient and tumor criteria in which immediate instillation is indicated.

5.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 50(11): 2007-2014, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30232721

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the role of low-intensity extra corporeal shock wave therapy (LI-ESWT) in penile rehabilitation (PR) post nerve-sparing radical cystoprostatectomy (NS-RCP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 152 sexually active men with muscle invasive bladder cancer. After bilateral NS-RCP with orthotopic diversion by a single expert surgeon between June 2014 and July 2016, 128 patients were available categorized into three groups: LI-ESWT group (42 patients), phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors (PDE5i) group (43 patients), and control group (43 patients). RESULTS: Mean age was 53.2 ± 6.5 years. Mean ± SD follow-up period was 21 ± 8 months. During first follow-up FU1, all patients of the three groups had insufficient erection for vaginal penetration; with decrease of preoperative IIEF-EF mean score from 27.9 to 6.9. Potency recovery rates at 9 months were 76.2%, 79.1%, and 60.5% in LI-ESWT, PDE5i, and control groups, respectively. There was statistically significant increase in IIEF-EF and EHS scores during all follow-up periods in all the study groups (p < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference between the three groups during all follow-up periods. Statistical evaluation showed no significant difference in continence and oncological outcomes during all follow-up points among the three groups (p = 0.55 and 0.07, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: During last follow-up, 16% more patients in LI-ESWT group had recovery of potency as compared to the control group. Although the difference is not statistically significant, but of clinical importance. LI-ESWT is safe as oral PDE5i in penile rehabilitation post nerve-sparing radical cystoprostatectomy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/cirurgia , Cistectomia/reabilitação , Disfunção Erétil/reabilitação , Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Prostatectomia/reabilitação , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Adulto , Carcinoma/patologia , Cistectomia/efeitos adversos , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/uso terapêutico , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
6.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 50(9): 1569-1576, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30083842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare monopolar and bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (M-TURP and B-TURP, respectively) focusing on erectile and ejaculatory functions in a randomized trial. METHODS: Between January 2013 and December 2014, all consecutive TURP candidates with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) were prospectively randomized 1:1 into M-TURP/B-TURP arms and followed up at 2, and 4 weeks, 6 and 12 months after surgery. All patients were assessed using IIEF-15 (International index of erectile function-15) and Ej-MSHQ (ejaculatory domain-male sexual-health inventory). Changes in IIEF-15, its subdomains and Ej-MSHQ scores were compared between both intervention groups. RESULTS: Following M.TURP and B.TURP; 122 and 124 patients were included respectively and were considered for analysis at 1 year. Sexual function did not differ significantly between arms during follow-up (erectile function, P = 0.82; orgasmic function, P = 0.46; sexual desire, P = 0.29; intercourse satisfaction, P = 0.18; overall satisfaction, P = 0.92). There were no differences between arms in the distribution of EF evolution at any time compared with base line (at 12 months: M-TURP vs. B-TURP = improved, 24.5 vs. 26.6%; stable, 66.4 vs. 64.5%; deteriorated, 9.1 vs. 8.9%; P = 0.41). Newly developed erectile dysfunction (ED) was present in 8.2 and 7.3% of patients following M.TURP and B.TURP respectively and was related to presence of DM and obesity. Orgasm perception significantly reduced following M.TURP and B.TURP (P < 0.001). Newly reported ejaculatory dysfunction (Ej-MSHQ < 22) was significantly associated with low orgasm perception. CONCLUSIONS: There were no differences between M-TURP/B-TURP in any aspect of sexual function.


Assuntos
Ejaculação , Ereção Peniana , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Sexualidade , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata/métodos , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Orgasmo , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata/efeitos adversos
7.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 49(10): 1741-1749, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28780626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess how much Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is detrimental on men sexuality. METHODS: Between January and December 2013, all patients presented for BPH surgery were assessed using IIEF-15 (international index of erectile function-15) and Ej-MSHQ (ejaculatory domain-male sexual health questionnaire). Changes in men's sexuality following HoLEP in relation to control procedure were prospectively assessed. Intervention group included legible consecutive patients treated by HoLEP. Control group included legible patients presented for diagnostic cystoscopy. Changes in IIEF-15, its subdomains and Ej-MSHQ scores were compared between HoLEP group and control. RESULTS: At one year 80 and 70 subjects were included for final analysis following HoLEP and control groups, respectively. Regardless of the baseline erectile function (EF/IIEF) score, there was an increase in EF score similar to control following HoLEP (P = 0.6). However, among subjects with normal preoperative EF (score >25), in comparison with control, there was similar decline in EF score following HoLEP (P = 0.07). Regarding the orgasm domain, there was a significant reduction in orgasm perception following HoLEP in relation to control (P = 0.01). Patients reported desire changes, intercourse satisfaction and overall satisfaction scores similar to control following HoLEP. Using Ej-MSHQ score, there was no statistically significant difference between HoLEP and control groups in percentage of subjects reporting ejaculatory dysfunction at baseline. However, at 12 months, there was statistically significant more ejaculatory dysfunction reporting following HoLEP. The most common ejaculatory abnormality was volume abnormality. Orgasm perception was significantly decreased among subjects with newly reported ejaculatory dysfunction (5.3 ± 1.4 vs. 8.6 ± 1.3, P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Controlled short-term assessment of HoLEP showed potential negative impact on EF in patients with normal preoperative EF. Apart from orgasm perception, sexual function changes following HoLEP were similar to control. High prevalence of postoperative ejaculatory dysfunction following HoLEP remained notable finding.


Assuntos
Ejaculação , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Orgasmo , Ereção Peniana , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Idoso , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sexualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Scand J Urol ; 51(2): 165-169, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28351191

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report the incidence, severity, outcome and risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in solitary kidneys. METHODS: The study included consecutive adult patients who underwent PNL for treatment of calculi in a solitary kidney between May 2012 and July 2015. Patients with congenital renal anomalies or with stages 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) were excluded. Serum creatinine levels were measured the day before PNL, daily after PNL for 2-5 days and after 3 months. AKI was depicted according to changes in early postoperative serum creatinine levels and its severity was determined based on the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) classification. The outcome of AKI was evaluated after 3 months by changes in the stage of CKD. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were conducted to determine risk factors for developing AKI. RESULTS: The study included 100 patients (62 males) with a mean ± SD age of 50 ± 11.7 years. Complications were reported for 27 patients. AKI developed in 25 patients; at the 3 month follow-up, 23 of them (92%) had completely recovered from AKI and two (8%) had developed stage 4 CKD. Independent risk factors for developing AKI were multiple PNL tracts and postoperative ureteric obstruction (relative risks were 14 and 22, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of AKI was 25% after PNL for a solitary kidney. The likelihood of renal function recovery was 92%. Multiple PNL tracts and postoperative ureteric obstruction were risk factors for developing AKI.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/fisiopatologia , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
9.
World J Urol ; 35(8): 1241-1246, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28013344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the intraoperative surgeon perspective for detection of residual fragments (RFs) after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) with postoperative NCCT. METHODS: A prospective study of adult patients who underwent PNL between March and September 2014 was conducted. Stone complexity was evaluated using the Guy's stone score (GSS). All patients were evaluated by pre- and postoperative NCCT. After the procedure, the surgeon had been asked whether there were residual stones or not. The sensitivity, specificity and predictive values were tested against postoperative NCCT. Predictors of accurate intraoperative assessment were determined using univariate and multivariate statistical analyses. RESULTS: The study included 306 consecutive patients. The surgeons reported no residual stones in 236 procedures; of whom 170 (72%) were reported stone-free by NCCT. On the other hand, 65 out of 70 procedures (93%) reported with residual stones by the surgeons were true by NCCT. The sensitivity was 50% and the NPV was 72%, while the specificity was 97% and the PPV was 93%. On multivariate analysis, only lower GSS (p < 0.001) was independently associated with true negative surgeon opinion. CONCLUSIONS: Although there was a high surgeon ability to detect post-PNL residual stones, postoperative imaging is mandatory because of the high false negative rates and low NPV. The surgeon opinions can be judged only in stones with lower GSS. The NPV could be enhanced if a consistent definition of clinically significant RFs is introduced.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Cálculos Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Urol ; 197(4): 1099-1107, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27825972

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite being endorsed in most guidelines, wide adoption of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate is hindered by learning difficulties. We prospectively assessed the learning curve using a multidimensional approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively report all perioperative safety and efficacy outcome measures as well as the need for reoperation and continence status. Case difficulty and learning curve characterization variables were considered, looking for predictors of different outcome measures. Our analysis included the first 313 procedures done by a total of 3 surgeons. RESULTS: Prostate volume and the number of previously performed cases independently predicted operative and enucleation efficiency (mean ± SD 0.76 ± 0.36 and 1.2 ± 0.6 gm per minute, respectively). Both measures plateaued only after the first 40 procedures. The mean percent reduction in postoperative prostate specific antigen was 80% ± 19%. A significantly lower decrease was independently predicted by the transrectal ultrasound depiction of a grossly multinodular prostate (p = 0.000, R2 = 0.59). Perioperative safety measures showed significant improvement after the first and second 20 procedures apart from hospital stay and catheter time. Urinary incontinence was reported in 89 (28.5%), 26 (8.3%) and 7 cases (2.2%) at 1, 4 and 12 months, respectively. Only the number of previously performed cases predicted urinary incontinence at 1 month, which was significantly reduced following the first 20 procedures (plateau) (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.98-0.999, p = 0.03). The I-PSS (International Prostate Symptom Score) preoperative storage subdomain (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.4-0.9, p = 0.04), case density (OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.2-0.6, p = 0.01) and number of previously performed cases (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.98-0.999, p = 0.02) predicted urinary incontinence at 4 months, which was significantly reduced after the first and second 20 procedures. Persistent urinary incontinence at 12 months was significantly associated with fewer previously performed cases (median 60, range 0 to 211 vs 20, range 0 to 99, p = 0.04) with no plateauing through the curve. CONCLUSIONS: Plateauing through the learning curve of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate is a moving target. Looking at different outcome measures, different levels of experience are needed to reach the plateau. Preoperative prostate volume, the number of previously performed cases and case density are the main influential factors in the curve. Urinary incontinence is the most relevant clinical outcome that was significantly affected by learning, although its transient nature is assuring.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Curva de Aprendizado , Prostatectomia/educação , Prostatectomia/métodos , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 49(1): 49-53, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27785747

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the necessity of chronic alkali therapy in non-complicated orthotopic ileal neobladders with normal renal function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study that included 200 male patients who underwent radical cystectomy and ileal W neobladder for invasive bladder carcinoma between January 1993 and December 2013. The studied patients included 100 consecutive patients who were maintained on regular alkali therapy since surgery and 100 consecutive patients who stopped the use of alkali treatment after initial 3 months postoperative with minimum postoperative observation time of 1 year. All patients had satisfactory function of the reservoirs with normal upper tract. The patients were subjected to blood analysis for creatnine, electrolytes, pH and bicarbonate and urine chemical analysis. The study also included 40 healthy male age-matched volunteers who served as a control group. RESULTS: Both groups were comparable as regard age, BMI, follow-up period and surgical technique. There were no significant differences between both groups as regard serum creatnine, electrolytes blood pH and bicarbonate and the mean values were within normal range; however, the neobladder patients are still toward the acidotic side in comparison to healthy volunteers. Also there were no significant differences between both groups of patients as regard urine pH and excretion of electrolytes, calcium, phosphorus and creatnine. CONCLUSION: Patients with non-complicated ileal neobladders with normal upper tract who were not maintained on alkali prophylaxis for long period have a compensated acid base status. Therefore, the prolonged alkali prophylaxis is not mandatory.


Assuntos
Acidose/prevenção & controle , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Bicarbonato de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Estruturas Criadas Cirurgicamente/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária/efeitos adversos , Acidose/sangue , Acidose/etiologia , Idoso , Cistectomia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Íleo/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Bicarbonato de Sódio/sangue , Urinálise
12.
Arab J Urol ; 14(2): 108-14, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27489737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of stone fragmentation on late stone recurrence by comparing the outcome of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) and non-fragmenting percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), and to investigate factors contributing to recurrent calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated stone recurrence in 647 patients who initially achieved a stone-free status after ESWL and compared the outcomes to 137 stone-free patients treated with PCNL without stone fragmentation. Patients were evaluated every 3 months during the first year and every 6 months thereafter to censorship or time of first new stone formation. Stone recurrence rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The effects of demographics, stone characteristics, and intervention on the recurrence rate were studied using the log-rank test and the Cox-regression analysis. RESULTS: For ESWL the recurrence rates were 0.8%, 35.8% and 60.1% after 1, 5 and 10 years, which were comparable to the 1.5%, 35.5% and 74.9%, respectively found in the PCNL group (P = 0.57). Stone burden (>8 mm) and a previous history of stone disease were significantly associated with higher recurrence rates regardless of the method of stone intervention (P = 0.02 and P = 0.01, respectively). In the ESWL group, a stone length of >8 mm showed a higher recurrence rate (P = 0.007). In both the ESWL and PCNL groups, there was a significant shift from baseline stone location, with an increased tendency for most new stones to recur in the calyces as opposed to the pelvis. CONCLUSIONS: In comparison with PCNL, ESWL does not increase long-term stone recurrence in patients who become stone-free. The stone burden appears to be the primary factor in predicting stone recurrence after ESWL.

13.
Arab J Urol ; 14(2): 147-55, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27489742

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To review non-morcellation approaches for tissue retrieval after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) and whether these approaches demolish the advantages of the HoLEP procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed our prospectively maintained laser prostate database for HoLEP procedures where non-morcellation approaches were used for retrieval of the enucleated adenoma. Non-morcellation approaches were adopted in cases of morcellator malfunction or whenever concomitant pathology indicated laparotomy. Patients were stratified into the laparotomy group (Group I) or the transurethral resection (TUR) group (Group II). Safety and efficacy of each approach were assessed and compared. RESULTS: Between August 2012 and July 2015, of 392 HoLEP procedures non-morcellation approaches were used for tissue retrieval in 37 (9.4%). In 19 procedures a laparotomy approach was adopted (17 mini-laparotomies and two conventional laparotomies for concomitant diverticulectomy). TUR of the enucleated adenoma was adopted in 18 patients. Baseline demographic data and indications for surgery were comparable between the groups. However, significantly larger prostates were treated in Group I. There were no significant differences between the groups for tissue retrieval time, histopathological findings of retrieved tissue, and peri-procedure biochemical changes. However, significantly more tissue was retrieved (median tissue weight 115 vs 38 g) and at a faster rate (4.6 vs 1.09 g/min) in Group I. The median hospital stay was similar in both groups, but the median time to catheter removal was longer in Group I (5 vs 2 days). Minimal and similar peri-procedure complications were reported in both groups and in both groups there was a significant and comparable improvement in all urinary outcome measures. CONCLUSION: In the absence or malfunction of a tissue morcellator, or whenever concomitant pathology indicates laparotomy, non-morcellation tissue retrieval approaches are feasible options for endourologists practicing transurethral enucleation of prostate adenoma. These approaches are valid alternatives retaining most of the advantages of the transurethral prostate enucleation procedure.

14.
Urology ; 96: 80-84, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27417920

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the standard physical, chemical, and microscopic characteristics of urine in patients with noncomplicated orthotopic ileal neobladders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study that included 100 male patients who underwent radical cystectomy and ileal neobladder between 1993 and 2013. All included patients were in a good health and having satisfactory function of the reservoirs with normal upper tract with a minimum 1-year postoperative follow-up. We excluded patients with oncological failure, those with diversion-related complications, those who were maintained on clean intermittent catheterization, or those who have symptoms of urinary tract infection. Patients with medical diseases that may affect urine properties (eg, diabetes mellitus) or receiving special medications (eg, diuretics, alkali therapy, or antibiotics) were also excluded. The patients were subjected to urine analysis, blood chemistry, pH, and blood gases; the results were compared to a control group of 40 normal male volunteers. RESULTS: Urine analysis in diverted patients showed higher urine pH than in control group but it is still acidic. Pyuria, proteinuria, hematuria, and positive culture were significantly higher in diverted patients. The chemical analysis showed lower urinary calcium, phosphorus, and creatinine contents in diverted patients than in the control group. Serum creatinine was significantly higher in diverted patients, whereas blood pH and bicarbonate were lower, but these values are within normal. CONCLUSION: Urine from uncomplicated orthotopic ileal reservoirs is acidic. Pyuria, proteinuria, minor degrees of microscopic hematuria, and positive nitrite reaction are normal findings. We also have normal findings for lower urinary calcium, phosphorus, and creatinine contents in patients.


Assuntos
Cistectomia , Íleo/transplante , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/urina , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Coletores de Urina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Urinálise/métodos
17.
BJU Int ; 118(2): 307-12, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26779990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare high-power holmium laser lithotripsy (HP-HLL) and ultrasonic lithotripsy (US-L) for disintegration of staghorn stones during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A non-inferiority randomised controlled trial was conducted between August 2011 and September 2014. Inclusion criteria were patients' aged >18 years who had complete staghorn stones (branching to the three major calyces), without contraindications to PCNL. Eligible patients were randomised between two groups: HP-HLL and US- . A standard PCNL in the prone position was performed for all patients. The only difference between the treatment groups was the method of stone disintegration. In the first group (HP-HLL), a laser power of 40-60 W (2 J, 20-30 Hz) was used to pulverise the staghorn stone into very small fragments, which could pass through the Amplatz sheath with the irrigation fluid. US-L,with suction of the fragments, was used in the second group. The primary outcome (stone-free rate) was evaluated with non-contrast computed tomography after 3 months. Secondary outcomes of complications, blood transfusion, operative time, and haemoglobin deficit were compared. The outcome assessor was 'blinded' to the treatment arm. RESULTS: The study included 70 patients (35 in each group). The baseline characteristics (age, sex, body mass index, side, stone volume, and density) and operative technique (number, size of tracts, and need for second PCNL session) were comparable for both groups. Operative time was significantly shorter in US-L group, at a mean (SD) of 130 (34) vs 148.7 (35) min (P = 0.028). The haemoglobin deficit was significantly more with in the US-L group, at a mean (SD) of 1.7 (0.9) vs 1.3 (0.6) g/dL (P = 0.037). The differences in blood transfusion (17% for US-L vs 11% for HP-HLL) and the complication rates (34% for US-L vs 23% for HP-HLL) were not significant (P = 0.495 and P = 0.290, respectively). The stone-free rates at 3 months were comparable (60% for US-L and 66% for HPL-L; P = 0.621). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with US-L for intracorporeal lithotripsy of staghorn stones during PCNL, HP-HLL showed comparable safety and efficacy with a lower haemoglobin deficit but longer operative time.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Litotripsia , Nefrostomia Percutânea , Cálculos Coraliformes/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego
18.
World J Urol ; 34(3): 399-405, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26210343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the functional outcome and cumulative health-resource-related cost of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in comparison with transvesical open prostatectomy (TVOP) in a developing country. METHODS: Matching of 92 HoLEP and 91 TVOP procedures was performed using resected prostate tissue weight as a sole matching criterion. Safety, efficacy, and accordingly health-related cost-efficiency of both procedures were statistically compared. RESULTS: Preoperative criteria and mean prostate size (166.7 ± 49.7, 161.4 ± 35.7 ml) were similar in HoLEP and TVOP, respectively; however, HoLEP treated more comorbid patients. Blood transfusion was 2.1 and 26.1 % after HoLEP and TVOP, respectively (P = 0.001). Median time to catheter removal and hospital stay was 2 days after HoLEP and 5 and 9 days, respectively, after TVOP (P < 0.001). On modified Clavien scale, grade per grade, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups apart from local wound complications in TVOP group. High-grade complications (≥ grade 3) were reported in 3.2 and 6.5 % in HoLEP and TVOP, respectively (P = 0.49). Resected prostate tissue weight was independently associated with high-grade periprocedure complications (OR[95 %CI] 1.22[1.02:1.49], P = 0.03). Last follow-up symptom score, peak urine flow rate, residual urine, % PSA reduction, and need for reoperation were comparable between the two groups. HoLEP costs the hospital in the first 3 months 4111.8EP (575US$) versus 4305.4EP (602US$) for TVOP (P = 0.09). CONCLUSION: In high-volume hospital, HoLEP procedure seems to be equally safe and effective as TVOP with the advantages of minimally invasive procedures. Two years after adopting the technique, HoLEP equally costs the hospital as TVOP. Significant hospital cost savings are anticipated in subsequent cases.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Próstata/cirurgia , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata/métodos , Egito/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico , Hiperplasia Prostática/epidemiologia , Reoperação , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Arab J Urol ; 13(4): 277-81, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26609447

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify patient and stricture characteristics predicting failure after direct vision internal urethrotomy (DVIU) for single and short (<2 cm) bulbar urethral strictures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the records of adult patients who underwent DVIU between January 2002 and 2013. The patients' demographics and stricture characteristics were analysed. The primary outcome was procedure failure, defined as the need for regular self-dilatation (RSD), redo DVIU or substitution urethroplasty. Predictors of failure were analysed. RESULTS: In all, 430 adult patients with a mean (SD) age of 50 (15) years were included. The main causes of stricture were idiopathic followed by iatrogenic in 51.6% and 26.3% of patients, respectively. Most patients presented with obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms (68.9%) and strictures were proximal bulbar, i.e. just close to the external urethral sphincter, in 35.3%. The median (range) follow-up duration was 29 (3-132) months. In all, 250 (58.1%) patients did not require any further instrumentation, while RSD was maintained in 116 (27%) patients, including 28 (6.5%) who required a redo DVIU or urethroplasty. In 64 (6.5%) patients, a redo DVIU or urethroplasty was performed. On multivariate analysis, older age at presentation [odds ratio (OR) 1.017; P = 0.03], obesity (OR 1.664; P = 0.015), and idiopathic strictures (OR 3.107; P = 0.035) were independent predictors of failure after DVIU. CONCLUSION: The failure rate after DVIU accounted for 41.8% of our present cohort with older age at presentation, obesity, and idiopathic strictures independent predictors of failure after DVIU. This information is important in counselling patients before surgery.

20.
Can Urol Assoc J ; 9(9-10): E618-25, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26425224

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We assess different approaches to retrieve the enucleated adenoma after transurethral enucleation of the prostate, particularly using the holmium laser. METHODS: A retrospective review through our prospectively maintained database was performed looking for safety and efficacy of two morcellators. The enucleation phase of the holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) was classically performed followed by retrieval of the intravesical adenoma using either the Piranha (Wolf Inc., Knittlingen, Germany) or VersaCut (Lumenis) morcellator. A PubMed-MEDLINE search was conducted for all transurethral enucleation procedures and relevant data regarding methods of prostate tissue retrieval were extracted. RESULTS: Strictly limiting the study to 3 reusable blades with each morcellator, we performed 67 and 55 consecutive procedures with Piranha and VersaCut, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two morcellators regarding perioperative complications, apart from 5 bladder mucosal injuries with the VersaCut (9%). Furthermore, there were similar retrieved tissue weight, mechanical problems-rate, catheter-time and hospital-stay in both morcellators. However, the Piranha morcellator needed significantly less morcellation-time, needed to use cold loop to remove non-morcellated pieces and to score the adenoma by laser for better bite of the adenoma, and had a higher median morcellation-rate 6.2 (rate: 2.8-12) g/min. Despite little reporting on morcellation, we had data on the tissue retrieval rate (2.6 to 6.5 g/min with Piranha and 1.9 to 11 g/min with VersaCut. Furthermore, bladder mucosal injury was reported in 1.4% and 0.7 to 5.7% with Piranha and VersaCut, respectively; bladder perforation with VersaCut was experienced in about 0.1 to 1.5% of patients. Our study is limited by its non-randomization. CONCLUSION: The Piranha morcellator was the most efficient and safe way to retrieve tissue after a transurethral enucleation of a prostate adenoma.

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