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1.
Urol Oncol ; 36(5): 242.e9-242.e14, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29519561

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the sensitivity and specificity of neural precursor cell-expressed developmentally down-regulated protein 9 (NEDD9) protein high expression in predicting BCG response and its effect on recurrence or progression free survivals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between May 2014 and April 2017, a prospective cohort study was conducted on 105 patients with intermediate or high-risk nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer. Immunohistochemical staining with mouse monoclonal anti-NEDD9 antibody was done. Examination of the slides was done to detect NEDD9 cytoplasmic expression. Intravesical induction bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) instillation therapy was started for all patients 2 to 4 weeks after endoscopy with once weekly instillation for 6 weeks. Intravesical maintenance BCG instillation was then continued every 3 months for at least 1 year. Follow up with cystoscopy every 3 months for 2 years and every 6 months after that. RESULTS: The mean age ± SD of the patients was 57 ± 4.5 years. The median follow-up period was 25 (12-36) months. NEDD9 protein was highly expressed in 61 (58.1%) patients, whereas low expression was in 44 (41.9%) patients. Sensitivity and specificity of NEDD9 high expression in predicting recurrence were 83.6% and 64.2%, respectively. Its sensitivity and specificity in predicting progression to muscle invasion or distant metastases were 91.3% and 51.2%, respectively. Its sensitivity and specificity in predicting complete response to BCG therapy were 84.1% and 80.9%. Kaplan-Meier test showed highly significant difference (P<0.0001) in survival without recurrence or progression between patients showing high expression and those showing low expression. CONCLUSION: NEDD9 protein tissue marker could be used as a predictive marker for BCG response in nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer with reasonable sensitivity and specificity.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Vacina BCG/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Administração Intravesical , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo
2.
Urology ; 105: 202-207, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28411100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the functional results of continent cutaneous ileal urinary diversion using modified W-pouch with non-isolated extra limb for continence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2013 to January 2016, 21 patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer with median (interquartile range) of 59 (56.5-62.5) years old underwent radical cystectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy; they then had an ileal continent cutaneous pouch constructed from W-pouch with non-isolated extra limb for continence. The technique entails the creation of a detubularized ileal W-pouch with extra limb fashioned from 59 cm of the terminal ileum. This extra limb is not isolated from the pouch. The proximal part of this limb is tailored and fixed in a subserous extramural tunnel for continence, whereas the distal part is left continuous with the pouch. The median (interquartile range) of follow up was 12 (8-17) months. Evaluation of the technique included operative time, continence efficiency, overall complications, and quality of life questionnaire for the patients. RESULTS: The median (interquartile range) of operative time of the operation was 4.7 (3.9-5.4) hours. The median (interquartile range) of operative time of the cutaneous pouch creation was 39 (33-43) minutes. No perioperative mortality had occurred. The incidence of continence was 95.2%. The overall complications were 42.8%, and most of them were grade 1 or 2 on Clavien-Dindo classification system. CONCLUSION: Modification of W-pouch with non-isolated extra limb as continent cutaneous pouch can simplify the technique and shorten the operative time with efficient continence, less side effects, and good quality of life.


Assuntos
Cistectomia , Íleo/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Coletores de Urina , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
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