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1.
Immunol Med ; 43(1): 36-46, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829825

RESUMO

Older adults are mostly affected by chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The present study aimed to evaluate oxidative stress in CLL and to assess its impact on IL-9, Th9 cells levels and prognosis of cases. Seventy Egyptian CLL patients and 15 healthy controls were included. Th9 cell and immunophenotyping of abnormal B cells were assessed by flow cytometry, IL-9 level using ELISA, IL-9 mRNA by qRT-PCR, cytogenetics using FISH, and oxidative stress parameters were determined spectrophotometrically and with native gel electrophoresis. Oxidative stress was elevated in CLL that correlated with abnormal immunophenotyping, cytogenetic changes, bad prognosis, Th9 cells, and overexpression of IL-9. Levels of IL-9 and Th9 cells were strongly correlated with oxidative stress and bad prognostic markers in CLL, indicating that these cells may contribute to CLL by novel mechanisms that could include oxidant injury.

2.
Biomolecules ; 9(11)2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684142

RESUMO

As a group of progressive, chronic, and disabling disorders, neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) affect millions of people worldwide, and are on the rise. NDs are known as the gradual loss of neurons; however, their pathophysiological mechanisms have not been precisely revealed. Due to the complex pathophysiological mechanisms behind the neurodegeneration, investigating effective and multi-target treatments has remained a clinical challenge. Besides, appropriate neuroprotective agents are still lacking, which raises the need for new therapeutic agents. In recent years, several reports have introduced naturally-derived compounds as promising alternative treatments for NDs. Among natural entities, flavonoids are multi-target alternatives affecting different pathogenesis mechanisms in neurodegeneration. Naringenin is a natural flavonoid possessing neuroprotective activities. Increasing evidence has attained special attention on the variety of therapeutic targets along with complex signaling pathways for naringenin, which suggest its possible therapeutic applications in several NDs. Here, in this review, the neuroprotective effects of naringenin, as well as its related pharmacological targets, signaling pathways, molecular mechanisms, and clinical perspective, are described. Moreover, the need to develop novel naringenin delivery systems is also discussed to solve its widespread pharmacokinetic limitation.

3.
Molecules ; 24(20)2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623155

RESUMO

The crystal structures of five new chalcones derived from N-ethyl-3-acetylindole with different substituents were investigated: (E)-3-(4-bromophenyl)-1-(1-ethyl-1H-indol-3-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (3a); (E)-3-(3-bromophenyl)-1-(1-ethyl-1H-indol-3-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (3b); (E)-1-(1-ethyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (3c); (E)-1-(1-ethyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-3-mesitylprop-2-en-1-one (3d); and (E)-1-(1-ethyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-3-(furan-2-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (3e). The molecular packing of the studied compounds is controlled mainly by C-H⋅⋅⋅O hydrogen bonds, C-H⋅⋅⋅π interactions, and π···π stacking interactions, which were quantitatively analyzed using Hirshfeld topology analysis. Using density functional theory (DFT) calculations, the order of polarity (3b ˂ 3d ˂ 3e ˂ 3a ˂ 3c) was determined. Several chemical reactivity indices such as the ionization potential (I), electron affinity (A), chemical potential (µ), hardness (η), electrophilicity (ω) and nucleophilicity (N) indices were calculated, and these properties are discussed and compared. In addition, the antiproliferative activity of the five new chalcones was studied.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Chalconas/química , Chalconas/farmacologia , Indóis/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
Curr Pharm Des ; 25(11): 1210-1235, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Algal polysaccharide and oligosaccharide derivatives have been shown to possess a variety of therapeutic potentials and drug delivery applications. Algal polysaccharides contain sulfated sugar monomers derived from seaweed including brown, red, and green microalgae. Here, in this review, the recent progress of algal polysaccharides' therapeutic applications as anticancer agents, as well as underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms was investigated. Moreover, recent progress in the structural chemistry of important polysaccharides with anticancer activities were illustrated. METHODS: Electronic databases including "Scopus", "PubMed", and "Cochrane library" were searched using the keywords "cancer", or "tumor", or "malignancy" in title/abstract, along with "algae", or "algal" in the whole text until July 2018. Only English language papers were included. RESULTS: The most common polysaccharides involved in cancer management were sulfated polysaccharides, Fucoidans, Carageenans, and Ulvan from different species of algae that have been recognized in vitro and in vivo. The underlying anticancer mechanisms of algal polysaccharides included induction of apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, modulation of transduction signaling pathways, suppression of migration and angiogenesis, as well as activation of immune responses and antioxidant system. VEGF/VEGFR2, TGFR/Smad/Snail, TLR4/ROS/ER, CXCL12/ CXCR4, TGFR/Smad7/Smurf2, PI3K/AKT/mTOR, PBK/TOPK, and ß-catenin/Wnt are among the main cellular signaling pathways which have a key role in the preventive and therapeutic effects of algal polysaccharides against oncogenesis. CONCLUSION: Algal polysaccharides play a crucial role in the management of cancer and may be considered the next frontier in pharmaceutical research. Further well-designed clinical trials are mandatory to evaluate the efficacy and safety of algal polysaccharides in patients with cancer.


Assuntos
Anticarcinógenos/farmacologia , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Alga Marinha/química , Humanos , Polissacarídeos/química , Sulfatos/química
5.
Daru ; 27(2): 781-798, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352568

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Diabetic neuropathy (DNP) is a widespread and debilitating complication with complex pathophysiology that is caused by neuronal dysfunction in diabetic patients. Conventional therapeutics for DNP are quite challenging due to their serious adverse effects. Hence, there is a need to investigate novel effective and safe options. The novelty of the present study was to provide available therapeutic approaches, emerging molecular mechanisms, signaling pathways and future directions of DNP as well as polyphenols' effect, which accordingly, give new insights for paving the way for novel treatments in DNP. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive review was done in electronic databases including Medline, PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, national database (Irandoc and SID), and related articles regarding metabolic pathways on the pathogenesis of DNP as well as the polyphenols' effect. The keywords "diabetic neuropathy" and "diabetes mellitus" in the title/abstract and "polyphenol" in the whole text were used. Data were collected from inception until May 2019. RESULTS: DNP complications is mostly related to a poor glycemic control and metabolic imbalances mainly inflammation and oxidative stress. Several signaling and molecular pathways play key roles in the pathogenesis and progression of DNP. Among natural entities, polyphenols are suggested as multi-target alternatives affecting most of these pathogenesis mechanisms in DNP. CONCLUSION: The findings revealed novel pathogenicity signaling pathways of DNP and affirmed the auspicious role of polyphenols to tackle these destructive pathways in order to prevent, manage, and treat various diseases. Graphical Abstract .

6.
Anticancer Agents Med Chem ; 19(15): 1863-1873, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver cancer is a life threating disease as it is the fifth most common cancer and the third most common cause of death worldwide with no safe, efficient, and economic drug available for treatment. METHODS: This study intended to investigate glycyrrhizin and its derivatives for possible use as a cytotoxic agent and as a drug for liver cancer treatment. Thus, after treatment of liver cancer cell line HepG-2 with 50 µM of each compound, cell viability was determined. RESULTS: The cytotoxicity assay showed glycyrrhizin derivatives ME-GA (18ß-Glycyrrhetinic-30-methyl ester) and AKBA (3-acetyl-11- keto-ß-Boswellic acid) to be the most potent drug against liver cancer cell line HepG-2 with IC50 values 25.50 ± 1.06 and 19.73 ± 0.89 µM, respectively. Both the compounds showed higher selectivity towards hepatocellular carcinoma rather than the normal lung fibroblast cell line WI-38. The presence of methyl ester at C-30 greatly increased the cytotoxicity of ME-GA which might be attributed to its higher activity and selectivity. Both ME-GA and AKBA contributed to inhibit cancer cell migration in the wound healing assay and impeded colony formation. The use of flow cytometry to carry out cell cycle analysis and the determination of possible mechanisms of action for apoptosis revealed that ME-GA arrested the cell cycle at G2/M that led to the inhibition of hepatocellular carcinoma and induced apoptosis via the extrinsic pathway and its ability to increase p53 transactivation. CONCLUSION: This work highlights the cytotoxicity of glycyrrhizin and its derivatives for possible use as a chemotherapeutic agent against hepatocellular carcinoma cells HepG-2. The most cytotoxic compound was ME-GA (18ß-Glycyrrhetinic-30-methyl ester) with no cytotoxic effect on the normal cell line. In summary, this new derivative may be used as an alternative or complementary medicine for liver cancer.

7.
Molecules ; 24(7)2019 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987350

RESUMO

An efficient and practical method for the synthesis of 2,6-diaryl-4-oxo-N,N'-di(pyridin-2-yl)cyclohexane-1,1-dicarboxamide is described in this present study, which occurs through a double Michael addition reaction between diamide and various dibenzalacetones. The reaction was carried out in dichloromethane (DCM) in the presence of 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU). The anticancer activities of the synthesized compounds were evaluated in several cancer cell lines, including MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, SAS, PC-3, HCT-116, HuH-7 and HepG2 cells. From these experiments, we determined that MDA-MB-231 was the most sensitive cancer cell line to the compounds 3c, 3e, 3d, 3j and 3l, which exhibited variable anticancer activities (3l [IC50 = 5 ± 0.25 µM] > 3e [IC50 = 5 ± 0.5 µM] > 3c [IC50 = 7 ± 1.12 µM] > 3d [IC50 = 18 ± 0.87 µM] > 3j [IC50 = 45 ± 3 µM]). Of these, 3l (substituted p-trifluoromethylphenyl and chloropyridine) showed good potency (IC50 = 6 ± 0.78 µM) against HCT-116 colorectal cancer cells and exhibited high toxicity against HuH-7 liver cancer cells (IC50 = 4.5 ± 0.3 µM). These values were three times higher than the values reported for cisplatin (IC50 of 8 ± 0.76 and 14.7 ± 0.5 µM against HCT-116 and HuH-7 cells, respectively). The highest α-glucosidase inhibitory activity was detected for the 3d, 3i and 3j compounds. The details of the binding mode of the active compounds were clarified by molecular docking studies.


Assuntos
Amidas/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cicloexanonas/química , Cicloexanonas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Piridinas/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicloexanonas/síntese química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/síntese química , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , alfa-Glucosidases/química
8.
Bioorg Chem ; 86: 598-608, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30802707

RESUMO

The designed compounds, 4a-p, were synthesized using a simple and smooth method with an asymmetric 1,3-dipolar reaction as the key step. The chemical structures for all synthesized compounds were elucidated and confirmed by spectral analysis. The molecular complexity and the absolute stereochemistry of 4b and 4e designed analogs were determined by X-ray crystallographic analysis. The anticancer activities of the synthesized compounds were tested against colon (HCT-116), prostate (PC-3), and hepatocellular (HepG-2) cancer cell lines. Molecular modeling revealed that the compound 4d binds through hydrophobic-hydrophobic interactions with the essential amino acids (LEU: 57, GLY: 58, ILE: 61, and HIS: 96) in the p53-binding cleft, as a standard p53-MDM2 inhibitor (6SJ). The mechanism underlying the anticancer activity of compound 4d was further evaluated, and the study showed that compound 4d inhibited colony formation, cell migration, arrested cancer cell growth at G2/M, and induced apoptosis through intrinsic and extrinsic pathways. Transactivation of p53 was confirmed by flow cytometry, where compound 4d increased the level of activated p53 and induced mRNA levels of cell cycle inhibitor, p21.

9.
Nat Prod Res ; 33(18): 2591-2599, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29656653

RESUMO

Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChE-Is) increase both level and duration of action of acetylcholine (ACh); thus, alleviate symptoms of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Glycyrrhizin, is the main active compound in liquorice root. Its aglycone, glycyrrhetinic acid, has shown several beneficial pharmacological activities. This study reports the synthesis and screening of a series of glycyrrhetinic acid analogs as AChE-Is. Fourteen derivatives were prepared, of which five derivatives are recorded as new viz., 3-phenyl-carbamoyl-18ß-glycyrrhetinic acid (J9), 3-acetyl-18ß-glycyrrhetinic-30-anilinamide (J10), 3-acetyl-18ß-glycyrrhetinic-30-ethanolamide (J11), 3-acetyl-18ß-glycyrrhetinic-30-n-butylamide (J12) and 18ß-glycyrrhetinic acid-30-prenyl ester (J14), in addition to nine known derivatives (J1-J8 & J13). Compounds J12, J11, J0 and J3 showed remarkable AChE-I activity with IC50 values of 3.43, 5.39, 6.27 and 8.68 µM, respectively. These results are in full agreement with the docking study. The active compounds were non-cytotoxic to normal cells (WI-38).


Assuntos
Inibidores da Colinesterase/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Ácido Glicirrízico/química , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Glicirrízico/farmacologia , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Bioorg Chem ; 82: 423-430, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30508794

RESUMO

Anticancer therapeutics with profiles of high potency, low toxicity, and low resistance is of considerable interest. A new series of functionalized spirooxindole linked with 3-acylindole scaffold is reported, starting from chalcones derived from 3-acetyl indole with isatin, and l-4-thiazolidinecarboxylic acid. The reactions proceeded regioselectivity, stereoselectivity, without side products in high yield (71-89%). The new spirooxindole hybrids have been evaluated in vitro for their antiproliferative effects against colon cancer (HCT-116), hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) and prostate cancer (PC-3). The selectivity of their activity was evaluated. Some of the synthesized compounds showed considerable anticancer activities. Compound 4k proved to retain a high cytotoxic activity and selectivity against colon cancer cells HCT-116 (IC50 = 7 ±â€¯0.27 µM, SI: 3.7), and HepG2 (IC50 = 5.5 ±â€¯0.2 µM, SI: 4.7) in comparison to (IC50 = 12.6 ±â€¯0.5, SI: 0.4 and 5.5 ±â€¯0.3 µM, SI: 0.9, respectively). Compound 4k was less active (IC50 = 6 ±â€¯0.3 µM, SI: 4.3) than cisplatin (IC50 = 5 ±â€¯0.56 µM, SI: 1.0) but showed greater selectivity towards prostate cancer cells PC-3 in comparison to cisplatin. The details of the binding mode of the active compounds were clarified by molecular docking. Ligand Efficiency (LE) and Ligand Lipophilic Efficiency (LLE) were evaluated and revealed that compound 4k had acceptable value.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Oxindois/farmacologia , Pirrolidinas/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenho de Drogas , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Ligantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Oxindois/síntese química , Oxindois/química , Oxindois/toxicidade , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/metabolismo , Pirrolidinas/síntese química , Pirrolidinas/química , Pirrolidinas/toxicidade , Compostos de Espiro/síntese química , Compostos de Espiro/química , Compostos de Espiro/toxicidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/química , Tiazóis/toxicidade , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Células Vero
11.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 12(10): 1007-1024, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30136591

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory disorder. A wealth of data pointed out that various aspects of chronic inflammation may be affected by several specific dietary factors. This paper calls attention to anthocyanins enriched plant food and anthocyanin dietary supplements, whose role in the management of IBD and its associated oncogenesis deems crucial. Area covered: We updated the most relevant dietary anthocyanins with potential anti-colitis and preventive effect on inflammatory associated colorectal cancer based on the recent animal and human researches along with revealing the major cellular and molecular mechanisms of action. Mounting evidence reported that anthocyanins enriched plant foods perform their protective role on IBD and inflammatory-induced colorectal cancer via different cellular transduction signaling pathways, including inflammatory transcription factors, SAPK/JNK and p38 MAPK cascade, JAK/STAT signaling, NF-kB/pERK/MAPK, Wnt signaling pathway, Nrf2 cytoprotective pathway as well as AMPK pathway and autophagy. Expert commentary: Combination of anthocyanins enriched dietary supplements with existing medications can provide new therapeutic options for IBD patients. Further, well-designed randomized control trials (RCTs) are essential to evaluate the role of anthocyanins enriched medicinal foods as well as isolated anthocyanin components as promising preventive and therapeutic dietary agents for IBD and its associated oncogenesis.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/uso terapêutico , Dieta , Alimentos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/metabolismo , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antocianinas/farmacologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Proteção
12.
Nutrients ; 10(7)2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29966389

RESUMO

Oxidative stress has been considered a key causing factor of liver damage induced by a variety of agents, including alcohol, drugs, viral infections, environmental pollutants and dietary components, which in turn results in progression of liver injury, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, non-alcoholic liver disease, liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. During the past 30 years and even after the major progress in the liver disease management, millions of people worldwide still suffer from an acute or chronic liver condition. Curcumin is one of the most commonly used indigenous molecules endowed by various shielding functionalities that protects the liver. The aim of the present study is to comprehensively review pharmacological effects and molecular mechanisms, as well as clinical evidence, of curcumin as a lead compound in the prevention and treatment of oxidative associated liver diseases. For this purpose, electronic databases including “Scopus,” “PubMed,” “Science Direct” and “Cochrane library” were extensively searched with the keywords “curcumin or curcuminoids” and “hepatoprotective or hepatotoxicity or liver” along with “oxidative or oxidant.” Results showed that curcumin exerts remarkable protective and therapeutic effects of oxidative associated liver diseases through various cellular and molecular mechanisms. Those mechanisms include suppressing the proinflammatory cytokines, lipid perodixation products, PI3K/Akt and hepatic stellate cells activation, as well as ameliorating cellular responses to oxidative stress such as the expression of Nrf2, SOD, CAT, GSH, GPx and GR. Taking together, curcumin itself acts as a free radical scavenger over the activity of different kinds of ROS via its phenolic, β-diketone and methoxy group. Further clinical studies are still needed in order to recognize the structure-activity relationships and molecular mechanisms of curcumin in oxidative associated liver diseases.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Hepatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/efeitos adversos , Curcumina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Hepatopatias/metabolismo , Hepatopatias/fisiopatologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Anticancer Agents Med Chem ; 17(10): 1411-1425, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28356021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thiourea derivatives bearing sulfonamide moiety are well known for their anticancer activity. OBJECTIVE: The anticancer activity of the target compounds was studied, via inhibition of COX-2 enzyme. METHOD: A series of novel thioureas 5a-n, 8, quinazoline 6, benzo[g]quinazoline 7 and benzo[1,3] dioxole 10, bearing a sulfonamide moiety was synthesized from the starting compound N-(2,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-4-yl)-4- isothiocyanatobenzenesulfonamide 2. The target compounds were screened against HepG2, MCF-7, Caco-2, HCT-116, PC-3 cancer cell lines and VERO-B normal cell line. RESULTS: Out of all the tested compounds, compound 5c showed a broad selective cytotoxicity against HepG2, MCF-7, Caco-2 and PC-3 cancer cells. Moreover, a sensitization assay was performed on Caco-2 cells, and compound 5c proved to act as a chemosensitizer for cisplatin on colon cancer (Caco-2) cells. The target compounds were further screened in vitro for their anti COX1/COX2 activity and investigated in vivo as antiinflammatory agents against carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema model. CONCLUSION: Compound 5g showed the most selective inhibitory activity against COX-2. While, compounds 5a, 6, 5m, 5n, 5g and 5i revealed significant anti-inflammatory effect as presented in carrageenan-induced oedema assay. Molecular docking of the tested compounds disclosed important binding modes which may be responsible for their anticancer activity via inhibition of the COX-2 enzyme.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Tioureia/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/síntese química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/química , Tioureia/síntese química , Tioureia/química
14.
Tumour Biol ; 37(1): 685-98, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26242260

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is the most deadly gynecological cancer. The first line in treatment is platinum-based drugs. However, most patients suffer from tumor recurrence, characterized by resistance to cisplatin. A plausible approach to address the tumor resistance is to co-administer the chemotherapeutic agents along with natural products to offer a synergistic effect and optimize the dosage regimen. Cucurbitacin B is a natural product and displays antitumor activity against a wide array of cancer cell lines. The aim of this work is to determine the antitumor activity against ovarian cancer cell line (A2780) and possible sensitization activity on cisplatin-resistant cell line (A2780CP) in 2D and 3D culture model. 3D spheroids were generated from A2780CP cell line. A2780, A2780CP, and the spheroids were treated with cucurbitacin B, cisplatin alone, or pretreated with cucurbitacin B followed by cisplatin. The viability, cell cycle, and apoptosis were analyzed. Level of ROS and total glutathione was measured. In this study, cucurbitacin B showed cytotoxicity against the ovarian cancer cell lines, and pretreatment of A2780CP cells leads to a significant increase in the cytotoxicity of cisplatin. The mechanism behind the sensitization effect was dependent in part on the depletion of the total glutathione, an increase in ROS through a decrease in the level of dual-specificity tyrosine-regulated kinase (Dyrk1B), decrease in pERK1/2 and pSTAT3 level. The viability of spheroids treated with a combination of cisplatin and cucurbitacin B were significantly decreased. The resulting data shows that cucurbitacin B is a promising chemosensitizer for the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Eur J Med Chem ; 81: 314-22, 2014 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24852278

RESUMO

Three new cembranoids: sarcophytolol (1), sarcophytolide B (2), and sarcophytolide C (3), along with three known metabolites: 10(14)aromadendrene (4), deoxosarcophine (5), and sarcophine (6) were obtained from the soft bodied coral Sarcophyton glaucum. The structures were determined based on spectroscopic measurements (NMR, UV, IR and MS). Compounds 1, 3, and 4 had similar significant cytotoxic effects towards HepG2 (Human hepatocellular liver carcinoma; IC50 = 20 µM). 2 and 3 showed activity against MCF-7 (Human breast adenocarcinoma; IC50 25 ± 0.0164 and 29 ± 0.030 µM, respectively). Finally, 4 showed potent activity towards PC-3 (Prostate cancer; IC50 9.3 ± 0.164 µM). The antiproliferative activity of 1, 3 and 4, can be attributed, at least partly, to their ability to induce cellular apoptosis.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Antozoários , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Vero
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