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1.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 39(3): 979-81, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17541722

RESUMO

The value of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and simvastatin as potential modalities for the treatment of sensitized patients was evaluated by testing the efficacy of these agents on a relatively large cohort of adult hemodialysis patients (11) who were waiting for renal allotransplantation at our center. The patients had persistently positive crossmatches with their living related donors and a panel reactive antibody titer of more than 20%. All patients received IVIG (500 mg/kg per day on alternate days for a total of six doses); panel reactive antibody (PRA) titer and crossmatch testing were carried out after each dose and before each subsequent one. Two months after the last dose, eight patients received simvastatin (20 mg/day) for a period of 2 months; PRA titer and crossmatch testing were carried out every two weeks. Only four patients showed an insignificant reduction of PRA activity (P = 0.36); no patient attained a negative crossmatch. Simvastatin also resulted in an insignificant reduction of anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies in three patients (P = 0.32). We propose that IVIG or simvastatin alone can not effectively inhibit preformed anti-HLA antibodies to allow successful renal transplantation. Further trials on the use of IVIG and simvastatin with other modalities of treatment to desensitize these patients may be warranted.


Assuntos
Dessensibilização Imunológica/métodos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Rim/imunologia , Sinvastatina/uso terapêutico , Resistência a Medicamentos , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos
2.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 561(1-3): 202-5, 2007 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17296177

RESUMO

The value of intravenous immunoglobulin and simvastatin as potential modalities for the treatment of sensitized patients was studied. We aimed to test their efficacy as solo agents to inhibit anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies. We tested samples from 11 adult hemodialysis patients who were waiting for renal allotransplantation at our center, all of whom had persistently positive crossmatches with their living related donors and panel reactive antibody titers more than 20%. All patients received intravenous immunoglobulin (500 mg/kg/day on alternate days for 6 doses). Panel reactive antibody titer measurement and crossmatch testing were carried out after each dose and before each subsequent one. Two months later, 8 patients received simvastatin (20 mg/day) for 2 months. Panel reactive antibody measurement titer and crossmatch testing were carried out every 2 weeks. Only 4 patients showed an insignificant reduction in panel reactive antibody activity (P=0.36). None of them attained a negative crossmatch. Furthermore, simvastatin also resulted in an insignificant reduction of HLA antibodies in 3 patients (P=0.32). We concluded that intravenous immunoglobulin or simvastatin alone cannot effectively inhibit preformed anti-HLA antibodies to allow successful renal transplantation. Further trials of the use of intravenous immunoglobulin and simvastatin with other modalities to desensitize these patients may be warranted.


Assuntos
Dessensibilização Imunológica/métodos , Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Rim/imunologia , Sinvastatina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Quimioterapia Combinada , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Isoanticorpos/análise , Isoanticorpos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Diálise Renal
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