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1.
Urol Ann ; 11(3): 320-323, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413515

RESUMO

Self-inserted urethral foreign bodies (FBs) are rare. Neither reported case was the self-inflicted FB due to a lack of financial resources nor was either case complicated by Fournier's gangrene. We present a 54-year-old male who inserted a household pipe to relieve his urine retention. Unfortunately, the FB became stuck inside, perforated the urethra, and required perineal exploration. After it was removed, the urethra was closed over a 16F urethral catheter. The wound was complicated by severe infection and resulting Fournier's gangrene. This required an additional surgery for debridement and urine diversion. Retrospectively, it would have been better if the urethra had been left open with SP tube only. We are sharing a clinical lesson learned by the practicing urologist and surgeons. Conclusively, self-inserted FBs in the urethra may lead to a series of complications. Patients with limited financial resources need more attention and care because they may hurt themselves unintentionally.

2.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 51(10): 1709-1713, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309391

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In view of the differences in early and late management experiences based on Huang and Tseng CT classification of emphysematous pyelonephritis (EP), our study included 34 patients aimed to re-correlate the current management plans with CT classification. METHODS: A retrospective review from January 2009 to December 2018, in patients with primary or final diagnosis of EP. Data included; patients' demographics, routine laboratory and imaging work-up. CT was performed for all, and images were classified based on Huang and Tseng classification. The CT classification was correlated to the laboratory parameters and the final treatment plans. Data were collected and analyzed using SPSS®. RESULTS: Complete data for 34 patients were analyzed. The majority (70%) had positive urine culture, and Carbapenems and Ureidopenicillin were the most commonly used antibiotics. Based on CT classification, 75% (26/34) of the patients were in class I and II, 6 cases with class IIIa, and only two with class IIIb, with no cases of class IV. All patients in class I and II responded well to the medical therapy, and eight required PCN/DJ. Four required nephrectomy in class III, with zero mortality. CONCLUSION: Patients in class I and II comprise the majority of EP patients, and respond well to medical treatment with excellent outcome. Insertion of PCN and DJ are not required routinely, but with urinary obstruction requiring drainage, and a few cases who required nephrectomy-all with class III. Our data show improvement in the overall survival in patients for EP.

3.
Turk J Urol ; 45(3): 177-182, 2019 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to report our 25-year experience on upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) on a larger number of patients with long-term follow-up at a single tertiary urology institute. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 275 patients from 1990 to 2015. Basic patient demographic data with the laboratory and radiologic investigations were collected. We used 1997 TNM classification and the three-tiered WHO grading system. Data were collected using an SPSS® version 21 spreadsheet. RESULTS: The mean age was 59±11 years, and 88% of all the patients were male. Previous and concurrent bladder tumors were found in 16% and 26%, respectively. Computed tomography gave an overall accuracy of 96%. Open nephroureterectomy and bladder cuff excision was performed for 85%, and the remaining by laparoscopy and nephron-sparing surgeries. Tumor was pelvicalyceal, ureteric, and both in 40%, 40%, and 20% respectively. In 97% of the patients, the tumor was transitional cell carcinoma. Nearly two-thirds of the patients were of low grade and non-invasive in stage. Nearly half of the patients (46%) had bladder tumor recurrence after NU. Bladder, urethral, and contralateral recurrence, distant, local metastasis occurred in 46%, 2%, 1%, 7.5%, and 6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: UTUC is a unique disease with synchronous and metachronous urothelial tumor recurrence that requires long-term surveillance. The majority (two-thirds) of the patients are non-invasive in stage of grade II. Tumor stage is of paramount prognostic significance for survival; the five-year survival rate of T1 and T4 is 80% and 0%, respectively.

4.
Urol Ann ; 10(4): 409-412, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386096

RESUMO

22-year-old male patient with irrelevant medical history presented with bilateral renal stones; multiple stones in right renal pelvis measured 10, 11, and 11mm and another one on the left side measured 12mm. Extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) was done first on the left side, but after 400 shocks and total energy of 20 Storez Medical Lithotripsy Index only, the stone wasn't visible. Then, the operator switched to the right side and a he completed the session. A day after, the patient presented with bilateral renal colic, gradual rising of renal function and imaging showed bilateral steinstrasse with bilateral hydroureteronephrosis. Patient was managed with insertion of bilateral ureteric stents and had another session of ESWL on the right side. We concluded that bilateral simultaneous ESWL for bilateral renal stones doesn't affect the renal function on the long-term outcome, but still carries the risk of bilateral obstruction and acute renal injury.

6.
Turk J Urol ; 44(3): 213-220, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29733795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bladder cancer recurrence after management of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is a common disease. Although the incidence and risk factors for the development of noninvasive bladder tumor have been reported in many series, rare studies have reported on muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) and its urethral recurrence. We aimed to report the incidence, risk factors and survival rate for the development of MIBC and urethral tumors after surgical management of UTUC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who were surgically treated for UTUC from 1983 to 2013. The tumor was categorized according to the 1997 TNM staging and the 3-tiered WHO grading systems. The primary endpoint of this study was the occurrence of any post-treatment MIBC and its urethral recurrences. We studied the possible risk factors that may contribute to the development of such pathology as well as the prognosis of this pathology. RESULTS: A total of 297 patients were eligible for analysis. Intravesical tumor recurrence was observed in 139 (46.8%) patients and radical cystectomy was warranted for 36 patients (MIBC or multicentric bladder recurrence). Twenty-seven patients were fit for surgery with ileal loop conduit was the urinary diversion for the majority, and others received radiotherapy. Ureteral tumor was the only statistically significant risk factor (p=0.001) and the incidence increased as the ureteral tumors became more distal (p=0.01). Occurrence of invasive or multicenteric bladder recurrence was a predictor for local, urethral recurrence and distant metastasis (p=0.016, 0.0001 and 0.01 respectively). Seven patients had urethral urothelial carcinoma; 5 were diagnosed at the time of cystectomy and 2 were discovered later (1 and 3 years after cystectomy). CONCLUSION: MIBC is a relatively uncommon (6%) post UTUC, and ureteral tumors, especially distal in location, are the independent risk factor. Extended surveillance for those patients is needed. Urethral cancer recurrence is rare (2%); most cases are localized in the posterior urethra, they are noninvasive, and may develop even after cystectomy.

7.
Urol J ; 15(5): 256-260, 2018 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29687437

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is a lack of reporting of the bladder cuff pathology in the literature and ongoing debate regarding the role of bladder cuff excision (BCE) in the prognosis in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). We aimed to know the risk factors, the survival, and the clinical course of such pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was retrospective, from 1983-2013 on 305 patients who had diagnosed with UTUC. Patients were managed by radical open/ laparoscopic nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision. The tumor was staged using 1997 TNM classification and the 3-tiered WHO grading system was used for grading. Patients who found to have a malignant bladder cuff on the final pathology were further analyzed for the risk factors for such disease and its effect on survivaltheir outcomes. RESULTS: 13/ 281 (4.6%) cases were found to have malignant bladder cuff. Regarding tumor stage; one case was diagnosed with Tis, eight had T1 and four cases had T2 malignant bladder cuff. All cases were with pure ureteric or multifocalcentric tumors, and none had pure pelvicalyceal tumors (p = .001).Local recurrence at the surgical site and distant metastasis were significantly higher among patients with malignant bladder cuff (p = .001 and .002 respectively), and the last sustained its significance in multivariate analysis. Those patients had a poor prognosis when compared to non-malignant bladder cuff cases (Log Rank test, p = .001)Conclusion: Ureteric tumor is the only independent risk factor for malignant bladder cuff at the final pathology and is associated with increased risks for invasive bladder tumor, distant metastasis and poor survival in comparison with non-malignant bladder cuff. In a clinical implementation, BCE is considered as a mandatory step in management of ureteric tumors, while it could be omitted in pure and low grade renal pelvis tumors.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias Renais , Nefroureterectomia , Neoplasias Ureterais , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Egito/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nefroureterectomia/métodos , Nefroureterectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Ureter/patologia , Ureter/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ureterais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ureterais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ureterais/patologia , Neoplasias Ureterais/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Urotélio/patologia
8.
Arab J Urol ; 15(3): 216-222, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29071155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the incidence, predictors and prognosis of bladder cancer recurrence after management of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who were surgically treated for UTUC from 1983 to 2013. The tumours were categorised according to the 1997 Tumour-Node-Metastasis (TNM) staging and the three-tiered World Health Organization grading systems. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of any intravesical recurrence after treatment. We studied the possible risk factors that may contribute to development of intravesical recurrence, as well as the prognosis of the patients who had recurrence. RESULTS: In all, 297 patients were eligible for analysis. Recurrent bladder tumours occurred in 139 patients (46.8%). The mean (range) time to recurrence after surgery was 33 (6-300) months. Neither sex, past history of bladder tumours, concomitant bladder tumour, the side of the tumour, UTUC stage, grade, presence of carcinoma in situ or multicentricity at the time of diagnosis of UTUC, were significant predictors of intravesical tumour recurrence. Ureteric tumour was the only identified risk factor (P = 0.02). Post-treatment bladder recurrence was a significant predictor of later urethral recurrence (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In our present series, bladder cancer recurrence of urothelial malignancy occurred in nearly half of the patients after surgical management of UTUC. Ureteric tumour was the only identifiable risk factor, thus patients with ureteric tumours may benefit from prophylactic intravesical chemoimmunotherapy. Bladder recurrence does not appear to affect the cancer-specific survival after surgical management of UTUC.

10.
Urol Ann ; 9(1): 99-102, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28216943

RESUMO

Non-transitional cell carcinomas (non-TCC) of the upper urinary tract as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), adenocarcinoma, and small cell carcinoma (SmCC) are rare with few case reports in the literature. We retrospectively reviewed our patients who surgically treated for upper tract urothelial carcinoma from 1983 to 2013 for non-TCC pathological cancer characteristics and survival. Among 305 patients, only 5 (1.6%) cases were found: One case of SmCC, another had adenocarcinoma, and 3 SCC cases. None of them had intravesical recurrence and the cancer-specific survival for non-TCC cohort is markedly decreased (log-rank = 0.01) compared to TCC patients.

11.
Clin Genitourin Cancer ; 14(6): e609-e615, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27262370

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tumor stage and grade represent the best established predictors for the prognosis of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). However, controversies still exist regarding the role of tumor necrosis, location, and multifocality in the prognosis of UTUC. We share our experience with 305 patients, reporting on the pathologic features in detail, cancer characteristics, and survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data from patients who had undergone surgery for UTUC from 1983 to 2013. The tumors were staged according to the 1997 TNM classification and the 3-tiered World Health Organization grading system. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 305 patients were eligible for analysis. The 5-year CSS for grade 1, 2, and 3 was 88%, 84%, and 60%, respectively. The CSS for stage pT1, T2, T3, and T4 was 82%, 70%, 62%, and 0%, respectively. On univariate analysis, tumor stage, tumor grade, positive lymph node status, and micropapillary invasion had adverse effects on survival (P = .006, P = .045, P = .01, and P = .005, respectively). On multivariate analysis, only stage and micropapillary variant maintained significance (P = .01). Multicentricity and tumor location affected CSS in the early follow-up period but did not in the late follow-up period. Neither carcinoma in situ nor adverse pathologic variants affected survival. CONCLUSION: The tumor stage and presence of a micropapillary variant are of paramount prognostic significance for survival in patients with UTUC. The tumor grade and lymph node status are also good predictors. In our series, multifocality and tumor location affected early and mid-term survival with no significant effects on late survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Urológicas/patologia , Neoplasias Urológicas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos
12.
Urol Ann ; 8(1): 99-101, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26834413

RESUMO

Human ejaculation happens in the orgasmic phase of the human sexual response cycle. Among psychosomatic ejaculatory disorders that may happen before ejaculation, we present two cases of preejaculatory illness syndrome. The two cases shared common symptoms of sympathetic over activity, the sensation of impending death, and muscle atonia with subsequent failure to ejaculate. Depression, anxiety disorders, and family histories of psychiatric problems were noticed as risk factors. Medical conditions that may lead to panic attack type symptoms were eliminated before the final diagnosis. After the failure of empirical medications, symptoms became controlled with fluoxetine. Patients reported a recurrence of the symptoms on trying to stop the prescribed medication. On the last follow-up, they still take fluoxetine on a regular base with satisfactory sexual life.

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