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1.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686280

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess clinical presentation and outcomes of different treatment strategies in cases of spontaneous renal hemorrhage (SRH). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with SRH between 2000 and 2018 was performed. Patients' demographics, clinical presentation, laboratory and radiological investigations, and different lines of treatment were retrieved. The primary outcome was to assess the predictors of the success of conservative treatment. The secondary outcome was to assess the long-term renal function outcome comparing serum creatinine, e GFF, and CT-assessed renal volume at last follow-up with baseline values. RESULTS: The study included 42 (23 males and 19 women) patients with mean ± SD age was 48.1 ± 17.8 years. Conservative management was successful in 19 (46%) patients. Trans-arterial embolization (TAE) was performed in 13 patients (30%) to control active bleeding. Ten patients (25%) required surgical exploration and nephrectomy. Lower serum creatinine (P = 0.003), higher prothrombin concentration (P = 0.04), lower hematoma size (P = 0.02), and non-AML lesions (P = 0.03) were independent predictors of conservative management success. Unlike the TAE-treated group, serum creatinine increased significantly (P = 0.04) with a significant decrease in e-GFR (P = 0.02) and renal volume (P < 0.001) of affected kidneys at last follow-up after conservative treatment. CONCLUSION: Although SRH is a life-threatening condition, conservative treatment is successful in a certain subset of patients. However, it is associated with significant deterioration of the affected kidney function as well as renal volume.

2.
Arab J Urol ; 17(4): 265-269, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723443

RESUMO

Objective: To validate an Arabic version of the Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) questionnaire. Patients and methods: In all, 301 patients were evaluated using the Arabic-translated OABSS. They were divided into four groups: 112 patients with OAB symptoms, 115 healthy individuals with no OAB symptoms, 38 with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) associated with storage lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and 36 with BOO without storage LUTS. The reliability of the Arabic version was evaluated for internal consistency using Cronbach's α test. Interdomain associations were examined using Spearman's correlation coefficient (r). The discrimination validity was evaluated using the Mann-Whitney test. Results: Higher internal consistency was found for all OABSS domains in the OAB and BOO groups. There were strong correlations between all domains in the OAB group (P < 0.001). Similarly, there were strong correlations between all domains in the BOO group. For discrimination validity, scores were statistically significant higher for all OABSS domains and overall total scores in the OAB and BOO groups compared with their control groups (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The Arabic version of OABSS is a reliable and valid instrument that can be used to evaluate symptoms and health-related quality of life in Arabic patients with OAB. Clinical trial no. (clinicaltrials.gov NCT03533062) Abbreviations : BOO: bladder outlet obstruction; OAB: overactive bladder; OABSS: Overactive Bladder Symptom Score questionnaire; (U)UI: (urgency) urinary incontinence.

3.
Int Neurourol J ; 23(3): 240-248, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607104

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of re-treatment with anticholinergics on refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB) previously treated with intravesical botulinum neurotoxin type A (BTX-A) injections. METHODS: One hundred patients were initially managed by intravesical injections of 100 IU of BTX-A. After the effects of BTX-A faded, patients were randomized into 2 groups: group A patients received solifenacin (10 mg) for 12 weeks (study group), while group B patients received placebo treatment for 12 weeks (control group), then subsequently received solifenacin (10 mg) for another 6 weeks. All patients underwent preoperative urodynamic testing. Patients were asked to complete the validated overactive bladder symptoms score (OABSS) and incontinence quality of life (I-QoL) instruments after the effects of intravesical BTX-A faded and at 12 weeks of follow-up. Univariate and multivariate analyses of the factors affecting treatment response were conducted. RESULTS: At 12 weeks of follow-up, in group A, all OABSS items, including the total score, had improved significantly (P<0.0001). Group A had lower frequency and amplitude of detrusor overactivity and detrusor leak point pressure (P<0.0001, P=0.03, and P=0.01, respectively). Cystometric capacity also increased significantly (P=0.007), as did all I-QoL parameters. In a comparison of patients with failed treatment and patients with successful treatment, female sex, repeated intravesical BTX-A injections, and increased bladder capacity were statistically significant (P=0.001, P=0.0001, and P=0.002, respectively). Repeated intravesical BTX-A injections and increased bladder capacity were independent factors predicting treatment success. CONCLUSION: In patients with refractory idiopathic OAB, reuse of anticholinergics could be an effective treatment option in patients after the effects of BTX-A fade. Repeated intravesical BTX-A injections and increased cystometric capacity could affect treatment response.

4.
Investig Clin Urol ; 60(4): 251-257, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294134

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare the safety and efficacy of xylocaine gel and ketorolac as opioid-sparing analgesia compared with pethidine for shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) pain. Materials and Methods: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed in 132 patients with renal and upper ureteral stones amenable to treatment with SWL. The first patient group received intravenous (IV) pethidine and placebo gel; the second group received IV ketorolac plus placebo gel; the third group received lidocaine gel locally plus normal saline IV. Stone disintegration was classified as none (no change from basal by kidney, ureter, bladder X-ray or ultrasound [US] imaging), partial (fragmented and >4-mm residual fragments), and complete (≤4-mm residual fragments). Stone disintegration was assessed by kidney-ureter-bladder X-ray and US imaging. Pain was evaluated by use of the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS). Results: The NPRS scores were highest in the xylocaine group at 10, 20, and 30 minutes (p=0.0001) with no significant difference between the ketorolac and pethidine groups, except at 10 minutes (p=0.03) and a near significant difference at 30 minutes (p=0.054) in favor of ketorolac. Results for stone disintegration (none, partial, and complete, respectively) were as follows: 25 (50.0%), 23 (46.0%), and 2 (4.0%) for pethidine; 19 (35.8%), 23 (43.4%), and 11 (20.8%) for ketorolac; and 26 (89.7%), 3 (10.3%), and 0 (0.0%) for lidocaine (p=0.008). Conclusions: Ketorolac is a safe and more effective alternative to morphine derivatives for SWL analgesia. Lidocaine gel should not be used as mono-analgesia for SWL.

5.
J Urol ; 202(4): 826, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172845
6.
Urology ; 131: 234-239, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31181272

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess long-term clinical and functional outcomes postpyeloplasty in unilateral UPJO in poorly functioning kidneys in exclusive adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the database of all cases admitted with unilateral UPJO treated with pyeloplasty and preoperative split renal function (SRF) was <30% (by diuretic MAG-3 renography). We further subdivided patients into 2 groups; group (A) SRF ≤20% and group (B) SRF >20% and <30%. Renal function difference was evaluated by the changes in SRF at last follow-up, where 5% change was considered significant. Functional success was defined as absence of obstructive pattern on diuretic renogram with no decline in renal function. Clinical success is defined as no need of secondary intervention (redo pyeloplasty, nephrectomy, stenting, or endopyelotomy). RESULTS: Among 211 patients. The mean SRF was 20.5 ± 6.6%. After a median follow-up of 67.1 ± 11.8 months, SRF increased significantly to 23.5 ± 7.5 (P<.0001). In group (A) 92 patients, SRF increased from 14.3 ± 4.9 to 18.7 ± 7.1 (P <.0001). Functional success was achieved in 88 (95.6%) patients. Whereas, in group (B), SRF increased from 24.9 ± 3.3 to 27.2 ± 6.3 (P <.0001) at last follow-up. Functional success was achieved in 121 (95%) patients. Static SRF in serial follow-up renography had been observed after 12 months of follow-up. CONCLUSION: Pyeloplasty provides high rates of functional success in poorly functioning kidneys. After 12 months follow-up, SRF seems to be static without deterioration.


Assuntos
Pelve Renal/cirurgia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Obstrução Ureteral/fisiopatologia , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Infect Chemother ; 25(10): 791-796, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study risk factors for sepsis and mortality evaluating the role of platelet to leucocytic count ratio (PLR) as a marker for urosepsis and clinical outcomes in cases of emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN). MATERIALS: Patients with EPN were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' age, sex, diabetes mellitus (DM), Body Mass Index (BMI), hydronephrosis, types of EPN, air locules volume, serum creatinine, leucocytic count, and platelet count, PLR, albumin, INR and the line of treatment were analyzed as risk factors of sepsis. Correlation between PLR and other variables was done using Pearson correlation coefficient. Univariate and multivariate analyses for sepsis and mortality were performed. RESULTS: Of fifty four patients, 38 patients had SIRS ≥2 criteria on admission. Twenty patients developed sepsis requiring ICU admission. In univariate analysis, male gender, lower BMI, higher INR, higher WBCs count and lower PLR were associated with sepsis (P = 0.0001, 0.009, 0.04, 0.003 and 0.001, respectively). In multivariate analysis, PLR ≤18.4, male sex and BMI ≤24.2 were independent risk factors. Lower PLR directly correlated with serum albumin (P = 0.01) and inversely correlated with serum creatinine and random blood glucose level and Klebsiella infection (P = 0.001, 0.007 and 0.005, respectively). Also, it was correlated with a higher total score of qSOFA and SOFA (P = 0.02 and 0.04). Lower PLR was independent risk factors for death in EPN patients with (P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: EPN is associated with sepsis development. Lower PLR is an independent simple predictor for sepsis and mortality in patients with EPN.


Assuntos
Enfisema/sangue , Pielonefrite/sangue , Choque Séptico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Enfisema/complicações , Enfisema/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Pielonefrite/complicações , Pielonefrite/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Choque Séptico/etiologia , Choque Séptico/mortalidade
8.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 57: 122-125, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952024

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is no reported data for patients with malignant bladder Botox® injection related outcomes. Herein, we reported effect of Botox® injection in case of BCG cystitis. In addition, reporting of rare incidence of both primary neuroendocrine differentiation of bladder tumor and primary ovarian paraganglioma post cystectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A-64 years old female presented with sever irritative lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) post vesical BCG installation for carcinoma in situ. Patient's symptoms were relieved after Botox® bladder injection after anticholinergics failure. One year later, she came back with hematuria. Cystoscopy showed nodular bladder lesion. Hypertension episodes were noticed during cystoscopic resection. Pathological examination showed presence of muscle invasive transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) with neuroendocrine differentiation. Patient underwent radical cystectomy and pathology was associated with incidentally discovered primary ovarian paraganglioma. DISCUSSION: Intravesical BCG is a standard adjuvant treatment for carcinoma in situ with 75% induced cystitis as a local side effect. The International Bladder Cancer Group's recommendation for BCG cystitis included many agents, these treatment options had very limited outcomes. The existence of paraganglioma in the female genital tract described rarely <1% in the vagina, uterus, vulva and ovary with only few reports. The same as paraganglioma small cell differentiation of vesical urothelial tumor is a rare entity with no reported cases of simultaneous occurrence and to differentiate each other as primary or metastatic. CONCLUSION: Bladder Botox® injection could be offered as a treatment for overactive bladder-like symptoms in malignant cystitis. Neuroendocrine tumors are with a rare entity could be happened instantaneously in urogenital tract.

9.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 49: 30-33, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29940420

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Right retroperitoneal splenosis is rare with few reported cases. We report, here, the case of simultaneous peritoneal and retroperitoneal splenosis mimics metastatic right adrenal mass. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 28-year-old man who had previously undergone post traumatic splenectomy at childhood and subsequently presented with an large incidental non-functioning right adrenal mass with presence of extra-hepatic peritoneal focal lesion diagnosed as metastasis by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Adrenalectomy with metatstectomy was performed, and both masses were identified to be splenosis. DISCUSSION: Adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) is defined as asymptomatic masses >1 cm. on cross-sectional imaging studies. AIs have significant malignant potential for masses > 6 cm. Splenosis are found most frequently in the left retroperitoneum in cases involving retroperitoneal splenosis. However, right retroperitoneal splenosis have been reported. Traditional imaging techniques cannot differentiate splenosis from malignancy. CONCLUSION: Large right adrenal incidentalomas present with other abdominal, peritoneal masses could be splenosis in patient following post-traumatic splenectomy.

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