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1.
J Vasc Surg ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035784

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous data showed superior outcomes of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) compared with transfemoral carotid artery stenting (TFCAS) in elderly patients because of an increased stroke risk in TFCAS-treated patients. Transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) with flow reversal was developed to mitigate the maneuvers at highest risk for causing stroke during TFCAS, such as manipulation of a diseased aortic arch and crossing of the carotid lesion before deployment of an embolic protection device. This study aimed to compare the association between age and outcomes after TCAR, TFCAS, and CEA. METHODS: All patients undergoing carotid procedures in the Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative database between 2015 and November 2018 were included. Patients were divided into three different age groups (≤70 years, 71-79 years, and ≥80 years). In-hospital outcomes after TCAR vs TFCAS and after TCAR vs CEA were compared in each age group by introducing an interaction term between treatment type and age in the logistic regression analysis after adjustment for patients' preoperative characteristics. RESULTS: The study cohort included 3152 TCAR, 10,381 TFCAS, and 61,650 CEA cases. The absolute and adjusted in-hospital outcomes after TCAR did not change across the different age groups. The rates of in-hospital stroke/death after TCAR were 1.4% in patients ≤70 years vs 1.9% in patients 71 to 79 years and 1.5% in patients ≥80 years (P = .55). Comparison of TCAR to CEA across different age groups showed no significant differences in outcomes, and no interaction was noted between treatment and age in predicting in-hospital stroke/death (P = .80). In contrast, TCAR was associated with a 72% reduction in stroke risk (4.7% vs 1%; odds ratio [OR], 0.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.12-0.65; P < .01), 65% reduction in risk of stroke/death (4.6% vs 1.5%; OR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.20-0.62; P < .001), and 76% reduction in the risk of stroke/death/myocardial infarction (5.3% vs 2.5%; OR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.12-0.47; P < .001) compared with TFCAS in patients ≥80 years. Moreover, compared with TCAR, the odds of stroke/death after TFCAS doubled at 77 years (OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.4-3.0; P < .01) and tripled at 90 years (OR, 3.0; 95% CI, 1.6-5.8; P < .01; P value for the interaction = .08). CONCLUSIONS: TCAR is a relatively safe procedure regardless of the patient's age. The advantages of TCAR become more pronounced in elderly patients, with significant reductions in in-hospital stroke compared with TFCAS in patients ≥77 years old, independent of symptomatic status and other medical comorbidities. These findings suggest that TCAR should be preferred to TFCAS in elderly patients who are at high surgical risk.

2.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(2): e008528, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare mortality after treatment of superficial femoral-popliteal artery disease with paclitaxel and nonpaclitaxel devices using a multicenter vascular registry. METHODS: Patients (N=8376) undergoing endovascular treatment of superficial femoral-popliteal artery disease in the Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative were studied from October 2016 to December 2017. One-year mortality was compared between 3 groups; plain balloon angioplasty (N=2104) versus paclitaxel-coated balloon angioplasty (N=3543), bare-metal stenting (N= 2045) versus paclitaxel-eluting stents (N=684), and combined paclitaxel versus nonpaclitaxel devices. Mortality rates with hazard ratios (HR) and 95% CI were compared in unadjusted and propensity-matched cohorts and illustrated by Kaplan-Meier analysis with subgroup analysis for intermittent claudication, chronic limb-threatening ischemia, and secondary interventions. RESULTS: In propensity-matched analyses, mortality was similar after plain balloon angioplasty (12.6%) and paclitaxel-coated balloon angioplasty (9.6%; HR=0.84 [95% CI, 0.66-1.06], P=0.14). In propensity-matched groups, mortality was similar after bare-metal stenting (9.8%) and paclitaxel-eluting stenting (8.8%; HR=0.93 [95% CI, 0.62-1.41], P=0.75). In the combined, matched analysis mortality was significantly lower in the paclitaxel device group (8.5%) compared with the nonpaclitaxel device group (11.5%; HR=0.82 [95% CI, 0.68-0.98], P=0.03). Secondary interventions were similar after nonpaclitaxel (N=1113/4149, 26.8%) and paclitaxel device use (N=1113/4227, 26.3%). For intermittent claudication, mortality was lower after paclitaxel device use (1.6%) compared with nonpaclitaxel devices (4.4%; adjusted HR=0.59 [95% CI, 0.39-0.89], P=0.01). For chronic limb-threatening ischemia, the mortality difference was not significant; paclitaxel (12.8%) versus nonpaclitaxel devices (15.5%; adjusted HR=0.85 [95% CI, 0.72-1.00], P=0.05). CONCLUSIONS: At 1 year, mortality was similar if not lower after treatment of femoral-popliteal occlusive disease with paclitaxel versus nonpaclitaxel devices. This work highlights the potential use of the Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative for surveillance of the safety of new peripheral arterial devices.

3.
J Vasc Surg ; 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973949

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Professional societies publish clinical practice guidelines to provide evidence-based recommendations to improve care and to reduce practice variation. However, the degree of compliance with the guidelines and its impact on outcomes have not been well defined. This study used the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) registries to determine current compliance with and impact of recent Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) AAA guidelines. METHODS: Recommendations from the SVS AAA guidelines were reviewed and assessed as to whether they could be evaluated with current VQI data sets. The degree of compliance with these individual recommendations was calculated by center and correlated with clinical outcomes. Data were analyzed by univariate analysis and mixed effects multivariable logistic regression. Statistical significance was measured at P < .05. RESULTS: Of the 111 SVS recommendations, 10 could be evaluated using VQI registries. The mean center-specific compliance rate ranged from 40% (smoking cessation 2 weeks before open AAA [OAAA] repair) to 99% (preservation of flow to one internal iliac artery during endovascular aneurysm repair [EVAR]). Some recommendations were associated with improved outcomes (eg, cell salvage for OAAA repair and antibiotic prophylaxis), whereas others were not (eg, EVAR at a center with >10 cases per year or door-to-intervention time <90 minutes for ruptured AAA). With multivariable analysis, compliance with preservation of flow to the internal iliac artery decreased major adverse cardiac events in EVAR and marginally decreased in-hospital and 1-year mortality in OAAA repair. Antibiotic administration decreased surgical site infection, major adverse cardiac events, and in-hospital mortality and marginally decreased respiratory complications and 1-year mortality in EVAR. Cell salvage for OAAA repair decreased 1-year mortality. Tobacco cessation before EVAR or OAAA repair decreased respiratory complications and 1-year mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The VQI registry is a valuable tool that can be used to measure compliance with SVS AAA guidelines. Compliance with recommendations was associated with improved outcomes and should be encouraged for providers. Participation in the VQI registry provides an objective assessment of performance and compliance with guidelines. VQI provider and center reports may be used as a focus for quality improvement efforts.

4.
J Vasc Surg ; 71(1): 87-95, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) with flow reversal offers a less invasive option for carotid revascularization in high-risk patients and has the lowest reported overall stroke rate for any prospective trial of carotid artery stenting. However, outcome comparisons between TCAR and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are needed to confirm the safety of TCAR outside of highly selected patients and providers. METHODS: We compared in-hospital outcomes of patients undergoing TCAR and CEA from January 2016 to March 2018 using the Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative TCAR Surveillance Project registry and the Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative CEA database, respectively. The primary outcome was a composite of in-hospital stroke and death. RESULTS: A total of 1182 patients underwent TCAR compared with 10,797 patients who underwent CEA. Patients undergoing TCAR were older (median age, 74 vs 71 years; P < .001) and more likely to be symptomatic (32% vs 27%; P < .001); they also had more medical comorbidities, including coronary artery disease (55% vs 28%; P < .001), chronic heart failure (20% vs 11%; P < .001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (29% vs 23%; P < .001), and chronic kidney disease (39% vs 34%; P = .001). On unadjusted analysis, TCAR had similar rates of in-hospital stroke/death (1.6% vs 1.4%; P = .33) and stroke/death/myocardial infarction (MI; 2.5% vs 1.9%; P = .16) compared with CEA. There was no difference in rates of stroke (1.4% vs 1.2%; P = .68), in-hospital death (0.3% vs 0.3%; P = .88), 30-day death (0.9% vs 0.4%; P = .06), or MI (1.1% vs 0.6%; P = .11). However, on average, TCAR procedures were 33 minutes shorter than CEA (78 ± 33 minutes vs 111 ± 43 minutes; P < .001). Patients undergoing TCAR were also less likely to incur cranial nerve injuries (0.6% vs 1.8%; P < .001) and less likely to have a postoperative length of stay >1 day (27% vs 30%; P = .046). On adjusted analysis, there was no difference in terms of stroke/death (odds ratio, 1.3; 95% confidence interval, 0.8-2.2; P = .28), stroke/death/MI (odds ratio, 1.4; 95% confidence interval, 0.9-2.1, P = .18), or the individual outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a substantially higher medical risk in patients undergoing TCAR, in-hospital stroke/death rates were similar between TCAR and CEA. Further comparative studies with larger samples sizes and longer follow-up will be needed to establish the role of TCAR in extracranial carotid disease management.

5.
J Am Coll Surg ; 230(1): 113-120, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) with flow reversal was recently introduced as a novel technique for carotid artery stenting (CAS). We examined the learning curve of surgeons adopting TCAR based on data from the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI-TCAR Surveillance Project; TSP). STUDY DESIGN: We identified all patients in the TSP who underwent TCAR from September 2016 to December 2018. Cases were numbered in chronological order for each unique surgeon. Patients were then divided into 4 levels based on surgeon case number for comparison: cases 1 to 5 (novice), cases 6 to 20 (intermediate), cases 20 to 30 (advanced), and cases >30 (expert). RESULTS: During the study period, 3,456 TCAR procedures were performed by 417 unique surgeons from 178 centers. Of all procedures, 1,426 (41%) were performed at the novice level, 1,375 (40%) at the intermediate level, 307 (8.9%) at the advanced level, and 348 (10%) at the expert level. Cases performed at more advanced levels had lower operative times (novice 82 vs intermediate 73 vs advanced 62 vs expert 60 minutes, p < 0.001), fluoroscopy time (7 vs 6 vs 5 vs 5 minutes, p < 0.001), and flow reversal time (12 vs 11 vs 10 vs 10 minutes, p < 0.001). Cases done at more advanced levels had decreases in bleeding (3.9% vs 3.4% vs 1.6% vs 1.2%, p = 0.03). No differences in major in-hospital outcomes were found regardless of experience level including stroke (p = 0.99), death (p = 0.39), and composite stroke/death/myocardial infarction (p = 0.84). CONCLUSIONS: Transcarotid artery revascularization is being performed with excellent stroke and mortality rates in the TSP, even in the early stages of the surgeons' learning curve. Bleeding complications, operative, fluoroscopy, and flow reversal times all decrease with increasing TCAR experience.

6.
JAMA ; 322(23): 2313-2322, 2019 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846015

RESUMO

Importance: Several trials have observed higher rates of perioperative stroke following transfemoral carotid artery stenting compared with carotid endarterectomy. Transcarotid artery revascularization with flow reversal was recently introduced for carotid stenting. This technique was developed to decrease stroke risk seen with the transfemoral approach; however, its outcomes, compared with transfemoral carotid artery stenting, are not well characterized. Objective: To compare outcomes associated with transcarotid artery revascularization and transfemoral carotid artery stenting. Design, Setting, and Participants: Exploratory propensity score-matched analysis of prospectively collected data from the Vascular Quality Initiative Transcarotid Artery Surveillance Project and Carotid Stent Registry of asymptomatic and symptomatic patients in the United States and Canada undergoing transcarotid artery revascularization and transfemoral carotid artery stenting for carotid artery stenosis, from September 2016 to April 2019. The final date for follow-up was May 29, 2019. Exposures: Transcarotid artery revascularization vs transfemoral carotid artery stenting. Main Outcomes and Measures: Outcomes included a composite end point of in-hospital stroke or death, stroke, death, myocardial infarction, as well as ipsilateral stroke or death at 1 year. In-hospital stroke was defined as ipsilateral or contralateral, cortical or vertebrobasilar, and ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Death was all-cause mortality. Results: During the study period, 5251 patients underwent transcarotid artery revascularization and 6640 patients underwent transfemoral carotid artery stenting. After matching, 3286 pairs of patients who underwent transcarotid artery revascularization or transfemoral carotid artery stenting were identified (transcarotid approach: mean [SD] age, 71.7 [9.8] years; 35.7% women; transfemoral approach: mean [SD] age, 71.6 [9.3] years; 35.1% women). Transcarotid artery revascularization was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital stroke or death (1.6% vs 3.1%; absolute difference, -1.52% [95% CI, -2.29% to -0.75%]; relative risk [RR], 0.51 [95% CI, 0.37 to 0.72]; P < .001), stroke (1.3% vs 2.4%; absolute difference, -1.10% [95% CI, -1.79% to -0.41%]; RR, 0.54 [95% CI, 0.38 to 0.79]; P = .001), and death (0.4% vs 1.0%; absolute difference, -0.55% [95% CI, -0.98% to -0.11%]; RR, 0.44 [95% CI, 0.23 to 0.82]; P = .008). There was no statistically significant difference in the risk of perioperative myocardial infarction between the 2 cohorts (0.2% for transcarotid vs 0.3% for the transfemoral approach; absolute difference, -0.09% [95% CI, -0.37% to 0.19%]; RR, 0.70 [95% CI, 0.27 to 1.84]; P = .47). At 1 year using Kaplan-Meier life-table estimation, the transcarotid approach was associated with a lower risk of ipsilateral stroke or death (5.1% vs 9.6%; hazard ratio, 0.52 [95% CI, 0.41 to 0.66]; P < .001). Transcarotid artery revascularization was associated with higher risk of access site complication resulting in interventional treatment (1.3% vs 0.8%; absolute difference, 0.52% [95% CI, -0.01% to 1.04%]; RR, 1.63 [95% CI, 1.02 to 2.61]; P = .04), whereas transfemoral carotid artery stenting was associated with more radiation (median fluoroscopy time, 5 minutes [interquartile range {IQR}, 3 to 7] vs 16 minutes [IQR, 11 to 23]; P < .001) and more contrast (median contrast used, 30 mL [IQR, 20 to 45] vs 80 mL [IQR, 55 to 122]; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients undergoing treatment for carotid stenosis, transcarotid artery revascularization, compared with transfemoral carotid artery stenting, was significantly associated with a lower risk of stroke or death.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros
7.
J Am Coll Radiol ; 16(11S): S340-S347, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685102

RESUMO

Vascular malformations of the extremities represent a wide spectrum of lesions, broadly divided into high-flow and low-flow categories. High-flow lesions include arteriovenous malformations and arteriovenous fistulas, while the more common low-flow lesions consist of venous and lymphatic malformations. The clinical presentation of vascular malformations is variable and can include extremity pain, discoloration, focal mass, or diffuse extremity enlargement. A vascular murmur can also be present and is more typical of high-flow lesions. While vascular malformations can often be diagnosed or strongly suspected by clinical features alone, imaging is often used to confirm the diagnosis, determine lesion characteristics and extent, and/or plan for treatment. Among the imaging options available, those usually appropriate for initial imaging of suspected vascular malformation are MR angiography without and with intravenous contrast, MRI without and with intravenous contrast, CT angiography with intravenous contrast, or US duplex Doppler. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

8.
J Vasc Surg ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492613

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) is the largest registry of vascular surgical procedures and as such is capable of distinguishing small but important differences in outcomes. The goal of this study was to determine the outcomes of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) based on patch type, including bovine pericardium, autogenous vein, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), and Dacron. METHODS: All primary CEAs performed with primary repair and patching (n = 70,987) within the VQI were retrospectively analyzed. Reoperative CEA and combined CEA and coronary artery bypass were excluded. Rates of any postoperative neurologic event, return to the operating room (bleeding, neurologic event, or wound complication), and restenosis (>50% and >80%) at 1-year follow-up were primary outcomes. Rates were compared by patch type using χ2 and Bonferroni analysis. Multivariate hierarchical logistic regression models were used to predict end points of postoperative neurologic event, return to the operating room, and 1-year restenosis. RESULTS: During the period of study, 2003 to 2017, there were 70,987 CEAs entered into the VQI registry. Bovine pericardium was the patch material with the highest frequency of use (n = 51,480), followed by Dacron (n = 12,356), vein (n = 1460), and PTFE (n = 1638). Bovine pericardium, vein, and Dacron had lower rates of postoperative neurologic events compared with PTFE or primary repair. Bovine pericardium had the lowest rate of restenosis at 1 year. By multivariate analysis, bovine pericardium (odds ratio [OR], 0.70; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56-0.89) and protamine use (OR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.60-0.91) were associated with a lower incidence of return to the operating room. The use of Dacron, vein, and PTFE patches was not significantly different from the reference of primary closure. Multivariate analysis of postoperative neurologic events revealed that bovine pericardium (OR, 0.59; CI, 0.48-0.72) and Dacron (OR, 0.56; CI, 0.43-0.72) were associated with lower incidence of stroke or transient ischemic attack, whereas vein and PTFE were no different from primary closure. Bovine pericardium (OR, 0.57; CI, 0.44-0.75), Dacron (OR, 0.70; CI, 0.50-0.98), vein (OR, 0.72; CI, 0.53-0.98), and never smoking (OR, 0.87; CI, 0.78-0.96) were associated with a lower incidence of restenosis at 1 year by multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Bovine pericardium has superior outcomes both postoperatively and at 1 year compared with other patch materials. The large volume of patient data contained in the VQI makes it possible to compare outcomes that have small but meaningful differences.

11.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 61: 34-47, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) conducted a pilot study evaluating the feasibility of 30-day data collection in patients undergoing infrainguinal bypass (INFRA) which was subsequently expanded to include a limited number of additional sites within the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI). The purpose of our study was to use these data to evaluate the incidence of 30-day readmission after infrainguinal bypass. A secondary goal of the study was to perform a critical appraisal of the data elements and definitions in the 30-day dataset. METHODS: All infrainguinal bypass procedures performed during the pilot study period (7/2008 and 4/2016) were identified and merged with a dataset containing the 30-day data. Incidence and types of readmission were assessed. The primary endpoint was 30-day readmission, defined as any hospital readmission within 30 days of index operation; unplanned 30-day readmission was the secondary endpoint. Covariates tested for association with the primary and secondary endpoints included patient demographics, comorbidities, procedural, and postoperative characteristics. Variables significant on univariate screen (P < 0.2) were evaluated with logistic regression to identify independent determinants. RESULTS: Of 9,847 infrainguinal bypass patients, 5,842 (59%) patients were identified with 30-day data, and 907 (16%) were readmitted within 30 days. Of readmissions, 675 (85%) were unplanned. Potentially modifiable independent determinants of any 30-day readmission included 30-day surgical site infection (SSI) (odds ratio [OR]: 10, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.2-12, P < 0.0001), postoperative acute kidney injury (OR: 1.7, 95% CI: 1.2-2.5, P = 0.002), and discharge anticoagulation (OR: 1.2, 95% CI: 1.04-1.5; P = 0.02). Predictors of unplanned 30-day readmission were very similar but identified in-hospital major amputation as an additional independent predictor (OR: 2.8, 95% CI: 1.6-4.9, P = 0.0002). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the interest in, and value of, 30-day data collection in VSGNE/VQI and documents the frequency of readmission after infrainguinal bypass. Readmission within 30 days is strongly associated with SSI, stressing the importance of efforts to decrease this complication. Given that many other predictors are unmodifiable, 30-day readmission is only appropriate as a quality metric if it is risk adjusted using large, real-world datasets such as VQI. Lessons learned from this analysis can be used to select optimal 30-day data elements.

12.
J Vasc Surg ; 69(6): 1801-1806, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patch angioplasty has been shown to decrease rates of restenosis after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). In 2003, the Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) implemented its first quality initiative aimed at increasing the rates of patch closure after CEA. This study reports the effects of that initiative on the rate of patch closure in the VSGNE and also postoperative and 1-year CEA outcomes. METHODS: Patients undergoing CEA (N = 14,636) within the VSGNE between 2003 and 2014 were studied. Rates of in-hospital postoperative events (death, ipsilateral stroke or transient ischemic attack [TIA], and return to the operating room for bleeding) and events during 1 year of follow-up (stroke or TIA and restenosis >70% or occlusion) were compared by repair type-patch closure, primary closure, or eversion. One-year follow-up events were also compared over time and by annualized surgeon volume. RESULTS: During the 12 years studied, patch use increased from 71% to 91% (P < .001). There was no difference in postoperative death or ipsilateral stroke or TIA between the repair types. However, there was a statistically lower rate of return to the operating room for bleeding (P < .001), 1-year stroke or TIA (P < .003), and 1-year restenosis or occlusion (P < .001) with patch closure. Overall, the rates of 1-year stroke or TIA and restenosis decreased over time in the VSGNE. The initiative affected patch closure rates and outcomes of high-volume surgeons (>47 CEAs/y) the most. High-volume surgeons increased patch use from 50% to 90% and decreased their restenosis rates from 9.0% to 1.2% and 1-year stroke or TIA from 4.9% to 1.9% (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The VSGNE carotid patch quality initiative successfully increased the rates of CEA patch closure. During the same time, there has been a decrease in postoperative bleeding requiring reoperation and 1-year ipsilateral neurologic events and restenosis or occlusion.


Assuntos
Angioplastia/instrumentação , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Idoso , Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia/mortalidade , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/mortalidade , Masculino , New England , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/mortalidade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/cirurgia , Recidiva , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Am Coll Radiol ; 16(5S): S174-S183, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054743

RESUMO

A broad range of nonatherosclerotic diseases affect the peripheral arteries. The appropriate initial diagnostic imaging studies vary, depending upon the clinical presentation and suspicion of disease. Accurate vascular imaging relies upon visualization of the vessel lumen, vessel wall, and surrounding soft-tissue structures, with some modalities also offering the ability to characterize blood flow direction and velocity. Furthermore, nonvascular findings are often paramount in supporting a suspected clinical syndrome or guiding surgical management. The scenarios discussed in this document include the initial evaluation of suspected popliteal entrapment syndrome, external iliac artery endofibrosis, lower-extremity inflammatory vasculitides, dissection or connective tissue disease, noninflammatory vascular disease, and vascular trauma. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

14.
J Am Coll Radiol ; 16(5S): S2-S6, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054747

RESUMO

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is defined as aneurysmal dilation of the abdominal aorta to 3 cm or greater. A high degree of morbidity and mortality is associated with AAA rupture, and imaging surveillance plays an essential role in mitigating the risk of rupture. Aneurysm size and growth rate are factors associated with the risk of rupture, thus surveillance imaging studies must be accurate and reproducible to characterize aneurysm size. Ultrasound, CT angiography, and MR angiography provide an accurate and reproducible assessment of size, while radiographs and aortography provide limited evaluation. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

15.
J Am Coll Radiol ; 16(5S): S214-S226, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054748

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE)-deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism-is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. The mainstay of VTE prophylaxis and therapy is anticoagulation. In select patients with VTE, inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are used to prevent pulmonary embolism by trapping emboli as they pass from the lower extremity venous system through the IVC. These guidelines review the indications for placement of IVC filters in acute and chronic VTE, as well as the indications for retrieval of implanted IVC filters. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

16.
J Vasc Surg ; 70(2): 629-640.e1, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing vascular operations face high rates of intraoperative and postoperative complications and delayed return to baseline. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), with its aim of delivering high-quality perioperative care and accelerating recovery, appears well suited to address the needs of this population. METHODS: In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we performed a systematic review to characterize the use and effectiveness of ERAS in all types of vascular and endovascular operations. We queried MEDLINE (through PubMed), Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Prospero, and Google Scholar. Two reviewers independently completed screening, review, and quality assessment. Eligible articles described the use of ERAS pathways for vascular operations from January 1, 1997, through December 7, 2017. Details regarding patients' demographics and use of the ERAS pathway or selected ERAS components were extracted. When available, results including perioperative morbidity, mortality, and in-hospital length of stay were collected. The studies with control groups that evaluated ERAS-like pathways were meta-analyzed using random-effects meta-analysis. RESULTS: In the final analysis, 19 studies were included: four randomized controlled trials and 15 observational studies. By Let Evidence Guide Every New Decision (LEGEND) criteria, the two good-quality studies are randomized controlled trials that evaluated a specific part of an ERAS pathway. All other studies were considered poor quality. Meta-analysis of the five studies describing ERAS-like pathways demonstrated a reduction in length of stay by 3.5 days (P = .0012). CONCLUSIONS: Based on systematic review, the use of ERAS pathways in vascular surgery is limited, and existing evidence of their feasibility and effectiveness is low quality. There is minimal poor- to moderate-quality evidence describing the use of ERAS pathways in open aortic operations. There is scarce, poor-quality evidence related to ERAS pathways in lower extremity operations and no published evidence related to ERAS pathways in endovascular operations. Although the risk of bias is high in most of the studies done to date, all of them observed improvements in length of stay, postoperative diet, and ambulation. It is reasonable to consider the implementation of ERAS pathways in the care of vascular surgery patients, specifically those undergoing open aortic operations, but many of the details will be based on limited data and extrapolation from other surgical specialties until further research is done.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Tempo de Internação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos
17.
J Vasc Surg ; 70(1): 74-79, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598356

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Major adverse event (MAE) rates are used as an outcome measure after surgical procedures. Although MAE rates summarize the occurrences of adverse events, they do not reflect differences in severity of these events. We propose that a measure of complication severity could provide a more accurate assessment about the quality of care. We aimed to analyze and to describe the regional variation in elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) MAE rates across centers in the Vascular Study Group of New England and to create an index for describing complication severity. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective EVAR (n = 4731) at 30 Vascular Study Group of New England centers between 2003 and 2016 were studied. The MAE composite end point was defined as the occurrence of any of the following postoperative events: myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, congestive heart failure, leg ischemia, renal insufficiency, bowel complication, reoperation, surgical site infection, stroke, respiratory complication, and no home discharge. An adjustment factor (complication severity index) was calculated as a ratio of length of stay for complicated to uncomplicated cases. Multivariate logistic regression was used to calculate predicted MAE rates. The observed and predicted MAE rates as well as complication severity index rates were compared among centers and across quintiles of center volume. RESULTS: Observed MAE rates varied widely, ranging from 0% to 39%. Multivariate predictors of MAE included abdominal aortic aneurysm diameter >6 cm (odds ratio [OR], 2.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.0-2.3), female sex (OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.8-2.2), chronic renal insufficiency (OR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.7-2.1), age >75 years (OR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.8-2.1), congestive heart failure (OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.5-1.9), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.4-1.6), diabetes (OR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1-1.7), positive stress test result (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.4), preoperative beta blocker (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.3), and no preoperative statin (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.3). Predicted MAE rates had little variation (range, 21%-29%). In comparing observed MAE rates and complication severity, there was an inverse relation between the two, suggesting that although certain centers had a greater number of MAEs, the complications were less severe. CONCLUSIONS: MAE rates after elective EVAR vary widely. However, centers with higher MAE rates tended to have less severe complications, suggesting that observed MAE rates may not be a good measure of outcomes assessment after elective EVARs.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Humanos , New England , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Lab Invest ; 99(3): 290-304, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29795127

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of heart disease and stroke. The use of animal models has advanced our understanding of the molecular signaling that contributes to atherosclerosis. Further understanding of this degenerative process in humans will require human tissue. Plaque removed during endarterectomy procedures to relieve arterial obstructions is usually discarded, but can be an important source of diseased cells. Resected tissue from carotid and femoral endarterectomy procedures were compared with carotid arteries from donors with no known cardiovascular disease. Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) contribute to plaque formation and may determine susceptibility to rupture. Notch signaling is implicated in the progression of atherosclerosis, and plays a receptor-specific regulatory role in SMC. We defined protein localization of Notch2 and Notch3 within medial and plaque SMC using immunostaining, and compared Notch2 and Notch3 levels in total plaques with whole normal arteries using immunoblot. We successfully derived SMC populations from multiple endarterectomy specimens for molecular analysis. To better define the protein signature of diseased SMC, we utilized sequential window acquisition of all theoretical spectra (SWATH) proteomic analysis to compare normal carotid artery SMC with endarterectomy-derived SMC. Similarities in protein profile and differentiation markers validated the SMC identity of our explants. We identified a subset of differentially expressed proteins that are candidates as functional markers of diseased SMC. To understand how Notch signaling may affect diseased SMC, we performed Jagged1 stimulation of primary cultures. In populations that displayed significant growth, Jagged1 signaling through Notch2 suppressed proliferation; cultures with low growth potential were non-responsive to Jagged1. In addition, Jagged1 did not promote contractile smooth muscle actin nor have a significant effect on the mature differentiated phenotype. Thus, SMC derived from atherosclerotic lesions show distinct proteomic profiles and have altered Notch signaling in response to Jagged1 as a differentiation stimulus, compared with normal SMC.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Idoso , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/metabolismo , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Endarterectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Proteína Jagged-1/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica/metabolismo , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Receptor Notch2/metabolismo , Receptor Notch3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
19.
J Vasc Surg ; 69(1): 92-103.e2, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29941316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent evidence from the Safety and Efficacy Study for Reverse Flow Used During Carotid Artery Stenting Procedure (ROADSTER) multicenter trial in high-risk patients undergoing transcarotid artery stenting with dynamic flow reversal reported the lowest stroke rate compared with any prospective trial of carotid artery stenting. However, clinical trials have selection criteria that exclude many patients from enrollment and are highly selective of operators performing the procedures, which limit generalizability. The aim of this study was to compare in-hospital outcomes after transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) and transfemoral carotid artery stenting (TFCAS) as reported in the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI). METHODS: The Society for Vascular Surgery VQI TCAR Surveillance Project (TSP) was designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of TCAR in real-world practice. Data from the initial 646 patients enrolled in the TSP from March 2016 to December 2017 were analyzed and compared with those of patients who underwent TFCAS between 2005 and 2017. Patients with tandem, traumatic, or dissection lesions were excluded. Multivariable logistic regression and 1:1 coarsened exact matching were used to analyze neurologic adverse events (stroke and transient ischemic attacks [TIAs]) and in-hospital mortality. Patients in the two procedures were matched on age, ethnicity, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, prior coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous coronary intervention, chronic kidney disease, degree of ipsilateral stenosis, American Society of Anesthesiologists class, symptomatic status, restenosis, anatomic and medical risk, and urgency of the procedure. RESULTS: Compared with patients undergoing TFCAS (n = 10,136), those undergoing TCAR (n = 638) were significantly older, had more cardiac comorbidities, were more likely to be asymptomatic, and were less likely to have a recurrent stenosis. The rates of in-hospital TIA/stroke as well as of TIA/stroke/death were significantly higher in TFCAS compared with TCAR (3.3% vs 1.9% [P = .04] and 3.8% vs 2.2% [P = .04], respectively). In both procedures, symptomatic patients had higher rates of TIA/stroke/death compared with asymptomatic patients (TCAR, 3.7% vs 1.4% [P = .06]; TFCAS, 5.3% vs 2.7% [P < .001]). After multivariable adjustment, there was a trend of increased stroke or death rates in TFCAS compared with TCAR, but it was not statistically significant (2.5% vs 1.7%; P = .25; odds ratio, 1.75, 95% confidence interval, 0.85-3.62). However, TFCAS was associated with twice the odds of in-hospital adverse neurologic events and TIA/stroke/death compared with TCAR (odds ratio, 2.10; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-4.08; P = .03), independent of symptom status. Coarsened exact matching showed similar results. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with patients undergoing TFCAS, patients undergoing TCAR had significantly more medical comorbidities but similar stroke/death rates and half the risk of in-hospital TIA/stroke/death. These results persisted despite rigorous adjustment and matching of potential confounders. This initial evaluation of the VQI TSP demonstrates the ability to rapidly monitor new devices and procedures using the VQI. Although it is preliminary, this is the first study to demonstrate the benefit of TCAR compared with TFCAS in real-world practice. These results need to be confirmed by a clinical trial.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Cateterismo Periférico , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Artéria Femoral , Stents , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Punções , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade
20.
J Vasc Surg ; 68(3): 887-899, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30146036

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to provide an up-to-date summarization of available Food and Drug Administration-approved vascular closure devices (VCDs) and to analyze current evidence comparing individual devices with one another and with manual compression (MC). The review includes indications for use, advantages and disadvantages, safety and efficacy, and outcomes. METHODS: A review of literature available on VCDs was conducted using PubMed and MEDLINE. Only clinical trials published within the last 10 years evaluating the efficacy of different VCDs with access obtained through common femoral artery or vein were included. All literature included in this review was published in English and used human participants. RESULTS: The search strategy yielded 34 relevant articles. These studies included procedures ranging from diagnostic catheterizations to percutaneous endovascular aneurysm repair. There is considerable heterogeneity in the studies, with a wide variety of definitions and different outcome measures. The review demonstrated that VCDs provided improvement in the patients' comfort and satisfaction as well as in the time to hemostasis and ambulation. Most studies are underpowered to show differences, but even after meta-analysis or Cochrane review, complication rates as well as safety and efficacy between devices and MC remained comparable. CONCLUSIONS: VCDs have shown marked improvement in patients' comfort and satisfaction as well as in time to hemostasis and ambulation after percutaneous vascular procedures. According to multiple small randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, and a Cochrane review, complication rates, safety and efficacy, and outcomes remain comparable between VCDs and MC (12% for VCDs vs 13% for MC). VCDs have a low incidence of major complications and high success rates, which provides convenience for the practitioner and facilitates turnover of patients. VCDs have a risk of infectious (0.6% with VCDs vs 0.2% with MC) and thrombotic complications (0.3% with VCDs vs none with MC) that is small but may be increased compared with MC. It is important to balance the goals of comfort of the patient, resources of the staff, and early ambulation against periprocedural and anatomic risk factors (ie, individualize use of VCDs to specific clinical scenarios). Users must be familiar with a device and its limitations to safely and effectively achieve hemostasis after femoral artery puncture.


Assuntos
Artéria Femoral , Dispositivos de Oclusão Vascular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/instrumentação , Humanos , Punções
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