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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32180349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter edge-to-edge repair with MitraClip is only approved for treatment of mitral regurgitation but is increasingly used to treat concomitant tricuspid regurgitation (TR) due to its common coexistence and association with poor outcomes. This study aimed to describe the learning curve associated with the challenge of off-label treatment of concomitant TR. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of initial and consecutive patients who underwent combined edge-to-edge repair of mitral and tricuspid valves (TVs) at our institution from August 2017 to October 2019. RESULTS: Repair of both valves with MitraClip was performed in 22 patients (median age 81.5 years, 32% female). Mean procedure time was 176 ± 47 min; mean fluoroscopy time was 65 ± 24 min. Procedure duration in the first tertile was significantly longer (223 ± 13 min) than in the third tertile (143 ± 23 min, p = .0003). Median number of total clips placed per case was 3; in 15 patients (68%), the anterior and septal leaflets of the TV were clipped. The average changes in mean right atrial (RA) and left atrial (LA) pressures were -1.7 ± 2.5 mmHg (p = .0080) and -3.2 ± 4.6 mmHg (p = .0045), respectively. The average changes in RA and LA V-wave heights were -3.3 ± 4.0 mmHg (p = .0009) and -8.1 ± 9.9 mmHg (p = .038), respectively. There was a significant trend toward decreasing residual TR over the course of the series (p = .046). At 30 days, survival was 100% and mean NYHA class decreased from 2.8 to 1.8 (p < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Combined edge-to-edge tricuspid and mitral valve repair is safe and feasible. With experience, procedure duration and residual TR decreased.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034874

RESUMO

Mitral valvulopathy presents as regurgitation, stenosis, or mixed disease and can occur in both native and prosthetic valves. Such disease develops in conjunction with pathophysiologic changes in the left atrium (LA) and drives changes in LA compliance, pressure, and thus clinical syndromes. With advances in the understanding and treatment of structural heart disease and in the setting of higher-risk patient populations, less-invasive transcatheter approaches have become increasingly commonplace in the treatment of mitral valve disease. Over time, transcatheter mitral valve interventions have evolved to include paravalvular leak closure, mitral valve repair, and mitral valve replacement. Parallel to this evolution, advances in invasive intracardiac pressure monitoring, particularly at the level of the LA, have also occurred. These advances emphasize the unique interplay between mitral valve disease and LA function; account for limitations of noninvasive assessment; and guide beneficial outcomes in each area of transcatheter mitral valve intervention. As a result, continuous transseptal LA pressure monitoring has developed into an indispensable instrument in successful percutaneous mitral valve intervention, complementing traditional noninvasive assessment.

4.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(5): 583-591, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061604

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to use a national representative database to assess the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) as a bridge to transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in contemporary practice. BACKGROUND: Nationwide data on the use and outcomes of BAV as a bridge to TAVR are limited. METHODS: Patients who underwent BAV between January and June in 2015 and 2016 were identified in the National Readmission Database. We assessed rate of subsequent TAVR following BAV, and predictors and timing of subsequent TAVR. We then identified a group of patients who had direct TAVR (without prior BAV) in the original 2015 to 2016 National Readmission Database dataset. We compared in-hospital outcomes following TAVR between patients with prior bridging BAV and those undergoing direct TAVR. RESULTS: Among the 3,691 included patients 1,426 (38.6%) had subsequent TAVR. Timing of TAVR was pre-discharge in 7.4%, within 30 days in 35%, between 31 and 90 days in 47%, between 91 and 180 days in 14%, and >180 days in 4%. Negative predictors of subsequent TAVR included prior defibrillator (odds ratio [OR]: 0.56; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.36 to 0.85), dementia (OR: 0.60; 95% CI: 0.46 to 0.79), malnutrition (OR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.45 to 0.90), and malignancy (OR: 0.62; 95% CI: 0.47 to 0.82). In propensity-score matched cohorts of patients who underwent direct TAVR versus those with prior BAV, in-hospital mortality during TAVR admission was similar (3.7% vs. 3.5%; p = 0.91). Major complications, length of stay, and discharge disposition were also comparable. However, cost of the hospitalization was higher in the direct TAVR group. CONCLUSIONS: About 40% of BAV patients undergo subsequent TAVR mostly within 90 days. In-hospital outcomes of TAVR in these patients were comparable with propensity-score matched patients who underwent TAVR without prior BAV. Further investigations are needed to define the role of BAV in contemporary practice.

5.
Heart ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A subset of patients at the time of transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) will have normal left atrial pressure (LAP) (<13 mm Hg) despite having severe mitral regurgitation (MR). The goal of this study was to determine clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with normal LAP undergoing TMVR. METHODS: A single-centre retrospective cohort of consecutive patients who underwent transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve clip and continuous LAP monitoring between 5/1/2014 and 5/1/2018 was analysed. One-year mortality was compared by Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Multivariable analysis was performed to identify predictors of normal LAP and 1 year mortality. RESULTS: Of the 204 patients undergoing TMVR, 65% were men and the mean age was 81. Of these patients, 31 (15%) had normal LAP (mean LAP 10.5 mm Hg, mean V wave 16.5 mm Hg) and 173 had elevated LAP (mean LAP 19 mm Hg, mean V wave 32.5 mm Hg). The prevalence of severe MR was not different between groups, although the normal LAP group had significantly lower effective regurgitant orifice area and regurgitant volume. Other notable baseline characteristics including prior cardiac surgery, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, diabetes, congestive heart failure, body mass index, mechanism of MR and ejection fraction were similar between groups. However, there was an increased prevalence of chronic lung disease (CLD) (45.2% vs 17.3%, p<0.001) in the normal LAP group. On multivariate analysis, the only significant predictor of normal LAP was the presence of CLD (OR 4.79 (1.83-12.36), p=0.001) and 1-year mortality was significantly higher in the normal LAP group (32.3% vs 12.7%, p=0.006). After adjustment for comorbidities, normal LAP was no longer a predictor of 1-year mortality (RR 1.62 (0.64-4.06), p=0.32); however, CLD (RR 3.44 (1.37-8.67), p=0.01) remained a statistically significant predictor. CONCLUSION: Normal LAP at the time of TMVR is associated with a higher incidence of CLD which independently predicts increased 1-year mortality. In patients with CLD and apparently severe MR, measurement of LAP may help identify those with lower likelihood of benefit from TMVR.

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(6): 941-947, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964503

RESUMO

There is a significant increase in transvalvular gradients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in some patients; however, mechanisms underlying the greater than expected gradients are unknown. We sought to determine the incidence and mechanisms of greater than expected gradients post-TAVI. A total of 424 patients who underwent TAVI at our institution between November 2008 and August 2015 and had at least 1 follow-up echocardiogram were included in the study. Greater than expected gradients were defined as mean systolic Doppler gradients ≥20 mm Hg. The primary end-point was incidence and mechanisms of mean systolic Doppler gradients ≥20 mm Hg. A total of 36 (8%) patients had mean systolic Doppler gradients ≥20 mm Hg. The mechanisms of mean systolic Doppler gradients ≥20 mm Hg were: patient prosthesis mismatch in 15 (42%) patients, high cardiac output in 13 (36%), prosthetic and periprosthetic regurgitation in 11 (31%), stenosis in 5 (14%), and multiple mechanisms in 8 (22%). Patients with mean systolic Doppler gradients ≥20 mm Hg had higher cardiac re-hospitalization rate, but no difference in mortality or major cardiovascular events when compared with the normal gradient group. Smaller prosthetic valve size (p <0.0001) and larger body mass index (p = 0.02) were associated with mean systolic Doppler gradients ≥20 mm Hg; warfarin therapy at discharge had no effect on gradients. In conclusion, about 8% patients had mean systolic Doppler gradients ≥20 mm Hg following TAVI, and patient-prosthesis mismatch was the most common mechanism. The mean systolic Doppler gradients ≥20 mm Hg after TAVI are not benign and warrant careful surveillance.

7.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(2): e008540, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The temporal occurrence of arrhythmic complications after alcohol septal ablation (ASA) is unclear. As a result, the appropriate time to monitor patients after ASA is controversial. The purpose of this study is to determine the temporal occurrence of complete heart block (CHB) and ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VT) after ASA to better understand when patients can be safely discharged. METHODS: Consecutive patients treated with ASA for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy from 2003 to 2019 at a tertiary referral center were reviewed retrospectively. The incidence and timing of CHB or sustained VT within 30 days post-ASA were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 243 patients were included in this study. Mean maximal septal thickness was 19.0±3.9 mm, and total volume of ethanol injected was 1.7±0.6 mL. CHB occurred in 59 (24.3%) patients, including transient CHB in 33 (13.6%) and permanent in 26 (10.7%). The initial episode of CHB occurred within 24 hours post-ASA in 51 (21.0%) patients, between 24 and 48 hours in 3 (1.2%), between 48 and 72 hours in 3 (1.2%), and after 72 hours in 2 (0.8%). New permanent pacemaker was placed in 46 (18.3%). Presence of baseline bundle branch block and age ≥70 were significantly associated with CHB but not CHB presenting after 24 hours. VT occurred in 3 (1.2%) patients, including 1 (0.4%) within 24 hours, 1 (0.4%) between 24 and 48 hours, and 1 (0.4%) after 72 hours. VT required cardioversion in 2 patients and new implantable cardioverter-defibrillator placement in 2. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of CHB or VT presenting after 72 hours post-ASA was low. These findings suggest that timely discharge of patients without evidence of early conduction disturbances after ASA can be considered as a potentially safe management strategy, especially in patients without preexisting conduction abnormalities.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922335

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes of transcatheter coronary artery fistula (CAF) closure and to identify anatomic/procedural factors that may impact outcomes. BACKGROUND: Due to the rarity of CAF, reported experience with transcatheter closure remains limited and anatomic and procedural factors that may lead to unsuccessful closure, complications, or recanalization of CAF are unclear. METHODS: All patients who underwent transcatheter CAF closure at Mayo Clinic from 1997 to 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. CAF anatomic characteristics, procedural techniques, and clinical/angiographic outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 45 patients underwent transcatheter closure of 56 CAFs. The most commonly used devices were embolization coils in 40 (71.4%) CAFs, vascular occluders in 10 (17.8%), or covered stent in 2 (3.6%). Acute procedural success with no or trivial residual flow occurred in 50 (89.3%) CAFs. Residual flow was small in three (5.4%) and large in three (5.4%). Eight (17.8%) patients had complications, including device migration in three, intracranial hemorrhage from anticoagulation in one, and myocardial infarction (MI) in four. MI was a result of covered stent thrombosis or stagnation of flow after closure of large distal CAF. Twenty-two patients with 27 CAFs had follow-up angiography after successful index procedure at median time of 423 (IQ 97-1348) days. Of these, 23 (85.2%) had no/trace flow and 4 had large flow from recanalization. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter CAF closure is associated with a favorable acute procedural success and complication rate in selected patients. Procedural success and risk for complication are highly dependent on CAF anatomy and closure technique.

10.
Heart ; 106(4): 280-286, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the prognostic significance of atrial fibrillation (AF) versus sinus rhythm (SR) on the management and outcomes of patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS: 1847 consecutive patients with severe AS (aortic valve area ≤1.0 cm2 and aortic valve systolic mean Doppler gradient ≥40 mm Hg or peak velocity ≥4 m/s) and left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50% were identified. The independent association of AF and all-cause mortality was assessed. RESULTS: Age was 76±11 years and 46% were female; 293 (16%) patients had AF and 1554 (84%) had SR. In AF, 72% were symptomatic versus 71% in SR. Survival rate at 5 years for AF (41%) was lower than SR (65%) (age- and sex-adjusted HR=1.66 (1.40-1.98), p<0.0001). In multivariable analysis, factors associated with mortality included age (HR per 10 years=1.55 (1.42-1.69), p<0.0001), dyspnoea (HR=1.58 (1.33-1.87), p<0.0001), ≥ moderate mitral regurgitation (HR=1.63 (1.22-2.18), p=0.001), right ventricular systolic dysfunction (HR=1.88 (1.52-2.33), p<0.0001), left atrial volume index (HR per 10 mL/m2=1.13 (1.07-1.19), p<0.0001) and aortic valve replacement (AVR) (HR=0.44 (0.38-0.52), p<0.0001). AF was not a predictor of mortality independent of variables strongly correlated HR=1.02 (0.84-1.25), p=0.81). The 1-year probability of AVR following diagnosis of severe AS was lower in AF (49.8%) than SR (62.5%) (HR=0.73 (0.62-0.86), p<0.001); among patients with AF not referred for AVR, symptoms were frequently attributed to AF instead of AS. CONCLUSION: AF was associated with poor prognosis in patients with severe AS, but apparent differences in outcomes compared with SR were explained by factors other than AF including concomitant cardiac abnormalities and deferral of AVR due to attribution of cardiac symptoms to AF.

11.
Int J Cardiol ; 299: 209-214, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MAVD, defined as severe aortic stenosis with moderate or severe aortic regurgitation, is frequently encountered in clinical practice. However, the data regarding TAVR outcomes in MAVD are sparse. We compared Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) outcomes between Mixed Aortic Valve Disease (MAVD) and Predominant Aortic Stenosis (PAS) patients. METHODS: Patients who underwent TAVR at Mayo Clinic from February 7, 2012 to December 16, 2016 were enrolled. The primary end point was all-cause mortality. Secondary end points were central or paravalvular regurgitation, device success, and Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 defined post TAVR complications (access site complications, bleedings, myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiac arrest). RESULTS: A total of 622 patients were enrolled. Mean age was 81 ±â€¯8.9 years, and 263 (42.3%) were female. Median follow-up duration was 1.5 years. One hundred and sixteen patients (18.6%) had MAVD. Central or paravalvular leak was higher in MAVD patients post-TAVR (15.5% vs 6.7%, P = 0.004). Device success and VARC-2 in-hospital complications were similar between the two groups. The cumulative probability of survival at 3 years was 71.3% in MAVD patients vs. 62.6% in PAS patients (Log-Rank P = 0.024). In a multi-variant logistic regression analysis, MAVD was an independent negative predictor of all-cause mortality (HR = 0.53, 95% CI 0.3-0.89, P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: A significant number of patients referred for TAVR have MAVD disease. Despite higher rates of paravalvular regurgitation, all-cause mortality at mid-term was lower in patients with MAVD compared with those with PAS. Our results show the safety and efficacy of TAVR in MAVD patients.

12.
Circ Heart Fail ; 12(12): e005929, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly used in acute myocardial infarction (AMI); however, there are limited large-scale national data. METHODS: Using the National Inpatient Sample database from 2000 to 2014, a retrospective cohort of AMI utilizing ECMO was identified. Use of percutaneous coronary intervention, intra-aortic balloon pump, and percutaneous left ventricular assist device (LVAD) was also identified in this population. Outcomes of interest included temporal trends in utilization of ECMO alone and with concomitant procedures (percutaneous coronary intervention, intra-aortic balloon pump, and percutaneous LVAD), in-hospital mortality, and resource utilization. RESULTS: In ≈9 million AMI admissions, ECMO was used in 2962 (<0.01%) and implanted a median of 1 day after admission. ECMO was used in 0.5% and 0.3% AMI admissions complicated by cardiogenic shock and cardiac arrest, respectively. ECMO was used more commonly in admissions that were younger, nonwhite, and with less comorbidity. ECMO use was 11× higher in 2014 as compared with 2000 (odds ratio, 11.37 [95% CI, 7.20-17.97]). Same-day percutaneous coronary intervention was performed in 23.1%; intra-aortic balloon pump/percutaneous LVAD was used in 57.9%, of which 30.3% were placed concomitantly. In-hospital mortality with ECMO was 59.2% overall but decreased from 100% (2000) to 45.1% (2014). Durable LVAD and cardiac transplantation were performed in 11.7% as an exit strategy. Of the hospital survivors, 40.8% were discharged to skilled nursing facilities. Older age, male sex, nonwhite race, and lower socioeconomic status were independently associated with higher in-hospital mortality with ECMO use. CONCLUSIONS: In AMI admissions, a steady increase was noted in the utilization of ECMO alone and with concomitant procedures (percutaneous coronary intervention, intra-aortic balloon pump, and percutaneous LVAD). In-hospital mortality remained high in AMI admissions treated with ECMO.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868287

RESUMO

The aortic pulse contour displays characteristic changes associated with the progression of aortic stenosis (AS). A diminished and delayed aortic pulse contour is indicative of significant AS, but the aortic contour may also be affected by factors including aging, hypertension and increased peripheral arterial elastance. This review describes the components of the aortic pulse contour in AS and how it can be affected by different conditions and interventions.

14.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(21): 2145-2154, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the acute left ventricular (LV) unloading effect of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) would improve right ventricular (RV) function and RV-pulmonary artery (PA) coupling in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: RV dysfunction is an ominous prognostic marker in patients undergoing TAVR, suggesting that relief of obstruction might be less beneficial in this cohort. However, the left ventricle and right ventricle influence each other through ventricular interaction, which could lead to improved RV function through LV unloading. METHODS: Prospective invasive hemodynamic measurements with simultaneous echocardiography were performed in symptomatic patients with severe AS before and immediately after TAVR. RESULTS: Forty-four patients (mean age 81 ± 8 years, 27% women) with severe AS underwent TAVR. At baseline, right atrial, PA mean (27 ± 7 mm Hg), and pulmonary capillary wedge (16 ± 4 mm Hg) pressures were mildly elevated, with a low normal cardiac index (2.3 l/min/m2). Pulmonary vascular resistance was mildly elevated (222 ± 133 dynes · s/cm5) and PA compliance mildly reduced (3.4 ± 01.4 ml/mm Hg). Following TAVR, aortic valve area increased (from 0.8 ± 0.3 to 2.7 ± 1.1 cm2; p < 0.001) with a reduction in mean aortic gradient (from 37 ± 11 to 7 ± 4 mm Hg; p < 0.001) and an increase in cardiac index (from 2.3 ± 0.5 to 2.5 ± 0.6 l/min/m2; p = 0.03). LV stroke work, end-systolic wall stress, and systolic ejection period decreased by 23% to 27% (p < 0.001 for all), indicating substantial LV unloading. RV stroke work (from 16 ± 7 to 18 ± 7 mm Hg · ml; p = 0.04) and tricuspid annular systolic velocities (from 9.5 ± 2.0 to 10.4 ± 3.5 cm/s; p = 0.01) increased, along with a decrease in PVR (194 ± 113 dynes · s/cm5; p = 0.03), indicating improvement in RV-PA coupling. Increased RV stroke work following TAVR directly correlated with the magnitude of increase in aortic valve area (r = 0.58; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Acute relief in obstruction to LV ejection with TAVR is associated with improvements in RV function and RV-PA coupling. These findings provide new insights into the potential benefits of LV unloading with TAVR on RV dysfunction in patients with severe AS.

15.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746759

RESUMO

AIMS: There are limited data on the trends and outcomes of mechanical circulatory support (MCS)-assisted early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock (AMI-CS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the National Inpatient Sample database from 2005-2014 a retrospective cohort of AMI-CS admissions receiving early PCI (hospital day zero) was identified. MCS use was defined as intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), percutaneous left ventricular assist device (pLVAD) and extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Outcomes of interest included in-hospital mortality, resource utilization, trends and predictors of MCS-assisted PCI. Of the 110,452 admissions, MCS assistance was used in 55%. IABP, pLVAD and ECMO were used in 94.8%, 4.2% and 1% respectively. During 2009-2014, there was a decrease in MCS-assisted PCI due to a decrease in IABP, despite an increase in pLVAD and ECMO. Younger age, male sex, lower comorbidity, and cardiac arrest independently predicted MCS use. MCS-assisted PCI was predictive of higher in-hospital mortality (31% vs. 26%, adjusted odds ratio 1.23 [1.19-1.27]; p<0.001) and greater resource utilization. IABP-assisted PCI had lower in-hospital mortality and lesser resource utilization compared to pLVAD/ECMO. CONCLUSIONS: MCS-assisted PCI identified a sicker AMI-CS cohort. There was a decrease in IABP and an increase in the pLVAD/ECMO.

16.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(10): E306-E307, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567123

RESUMO

Aortic paravalvular leak (PVL) is a known complication of TAVR. PVL closure using vascular occluder devices can be used, particularly in cases with annular calcification preventing adequate seal; however, delivery of equipment can be challenging in TAVR patients due to interaction with the valve stent. We describe a novel antegrade closure approach to treat transcatheter aortic PVL.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410979

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the hemodynamic and early clinical outcomes of percutaneous alcohol septal ablation in patients with concomitant dynamic left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction and aortic valvular stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: Alcohol septal ablation is an established method to relieve dynamic LVOT obstruction in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of alcohol septal ablation in patients with serial obstructions from HCM and AS remain unclear. METHODS: In this case series, we describe the early outcomes of alcohol septal ablation in six patients with significant dynamic LVOT obstruction and AS. All patients had evidence of severe dynamic LVOT obstruction (resting or provoked gradient ≥50 mmHg), mild to severe AS, and NYHA class III symptoms or greater. RESULTS: Four (66.7%) patients had septal ablation performed in the setting of concomitant native valvular AS and two (33.3%) patients had TAVR performed prior to septal ablation. Successful alcohol septal ablation was performed in all patients and was associated with an immediate reduction of the dynamic LVOT gradient with a residual fixed obstruction related to AS. Four (66.7%) patients had follow-up at 1 month and of these, three (75%) had NYHA Class I-II symptoms and one (25%) Class III. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol septal ablation is a feasible method of relieving dynamic LVOT obstruction in patients with concomitant HCM and AS. Further study is required to determine the optimal treatment approach in these patients.

19.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 32(11): 1426-1435.e1, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient selection for transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (TMVR) remains challenging because of heterogenous mitral valve pathology and highly variable anatomy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether quantitative three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiographic modeling parameters are associated with optimal mitral regurgitation (MR) reduction in patients undergoing TMVR. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients underwent 3D transesophageal echocardiography during TMVR. Volumetric data sets were retrospectively analyzed using mitral valve quantitative 3D modeling software (Mitral Valve Navigator). Optimal MR reduction was defined as less than moderate residual MR. Logistic regression was used to correlate 3D transesophageal echocardiographic quantitative data to procedural success. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients had primary MR, 24 had mixed or secondary MR, and all patients had grade ≥ 3/4 MR before the procedure. Optimal MR reduction was achieved in 40 of 59 patients (68%). Univariate correlates of optimal MR reduction in patients with primary MR were lower mitral leaflet tenting volume (P = .049) and lower tenting height (P = .025); tenting height < 3 mm and tenting volume < 0.7 mL were associated with increased likelihood of optimal MR reduction (92% vs 48% [P = .01] and 81% vs 47% [P = .03], respectively). In mixed or secondary MR, annular height ≥ 5.5 mm was associated with increased likelihood of optimal MR reduction (94% vs 38%; P = .03). During follow-up, redo TMVR or surgical mitral valve replacement occurred exclusively in patients with suboptimal anatomy defined by 3D transesophageal echocardiography (10% vs 0%, P = .045). CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative 3D echocardiographic data are associated with favorable response to TMVR and could help optimize patient selection.

20.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(13): 1268-1279, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272671

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates outcomes of pre-emptive alcohol septal ablation (ASA) to prevent iatrogenic left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction after transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR). BACKGROUND: LVOT obstruction is a life-threatening complication of TMVR. Bail-out ASA has been described as a therapeutic option for patients with outflow obstruction during TMVR, but little is known about pre-emptive ASA. METHODS: Multicenter registry of patients with severe mitral valve disease who underwent pre-emptive ASA to mitigate LVOT obstruction risk after TMVR. High risk of LVOT obstruction was predicted in all patients by pre-procedural computed tomographic imaging. RESULTS: Thirty patients (age 76.1 ± 7.7 years; women 76.7%) with severe mitral valve disease underwent pre-emptive ASA to mitigate TMVR-induced LVOT obstruction risk. Twenty patients underwent mitral valve replacement (14 transseptal, 3 transatrial, 1 transapical, 1 transseptal with percutaneous laceration of anterior mitral leaflet, 1 treated with surgical mitral valve replacement). Eight patients experienced clinical improvement post-ASA. Two patients died before TMVR. Median increase in neo-LVOT surface area post-ASA was 111.2 mm2 (interquartile range: 71.4 to 193.1 mm2). Five patients (16.7%) required pacemaker implantation post-ASA. In-hospital and 30-day mortality post-ASA was 6.7% (2/30 patients). After ASA, TMVR was performed successfully in 100% of attempted cases. In-hospital and 30-day mortality post-TMVR was 5.3% (1/19). Mortality of entire cohort was 10% (3/30 patients: 2 post-ASA before TMVR, 1 died 30 days post-TMVR). CONCLUSIONS: Pre-emptive ASA is associated with a significant increase in predicted neo-LVOT area before TMVR and may enable safe TMVR in patients usually excluded secondary to prohibitive risk of LVOT obstruction.

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