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2.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 62(4): 364-368, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endovascular balloon angioplasty is a common practice to treat femoropopliteal arterial lesions. The precise balloon inflation duration to obtain the best lesion dilatation is unclear. The aim of this study was to assess angiographic images after 3- and 5-minute balloon inflation in femoropopliteal de-novo atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS: We randomly assigned 61 femoropopliteal arterial lesions to undergo balloon angioplasty for 3 and 5 minutes. The primary endpoint was the rate of favorable angiographic images after balloon angioplasty. The correlation between angiographic image and degree of calcification was studied. The secondary endpoint was the need of additional ballooning or stenting of the dilated lesion. RESULTS: Thirty-two (52%) lesions were randomized to a 3-minute inflation time and 29 (48%) lesions to a 5-minute inflation time. Median lesion length was 83±32mm in the 3-minute group and 89±31mm in the 5-minute inflation group (P=0.47). After deflation, vessel recoil was significantly higher in the 3-minute group compared to the 5-minute group (P=0.04), in mild to moderate calcified lesions, 18 (56%) and 9 (31%) cases, respectively. The angiographic result after balloon angioplasty was significantly more favorable (P=0.007) in the 5-minute group with 20 (69%) cases compared to 10 (31%) cases in the 3-minute group. An increase of vessel recoil of 62% has been seen in severe calcified lesions in the 5-minute group. Additional intervention rate was significantly higher (P=0.007) in the 3-minute group compared to the 5-minute group. CONCLUSIONS: A prolonged inflation time of 5 minutes has an overall better angiographic image in the femoropopliteal segment and especially in non- or mildly calcified lesions.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Idoso , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular
4.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 55(1): 86-90, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873196

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: aortic aneurysms involving the renal and visceral arteries are endovascular challenges, especially for emergencies. We report a case of ruptured thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) in a morbidly obese 71-year-old man. The patient was admitted with a stable hemodynamic state. A computed tomography angiogram (CTA) revealed a contained ruptured TAAA with an occluded celiac trunk and left renal artery due to previous nephrectomy. Due to the emergency and his comorbidities, we performed an endovascular aortic repair with the sandwich technique and 2 chimneys. Two bridging stents (chimneys) were deployed between the aorta and the target vessels (superior mesenteric and right renal arteries) in a space created in-between 2 aortic straight endografts. Ten days postoperative, acute renal failure appeared and right renal stent occlusion was diagnosed on CTA. Unfortunately, no adequate kidney revascularization could be obtained, requiring permanent hemodialysis. At a 3-month follow-up visit, the patient did well with stable aneurysm dimensions. CONCLUSIONS: encouraging outcomes of chimney-EVAR techniques, comparable to those in published reports of fenestrated-EVAR and branched-EVAR, support this procedure as a valid off-the-shelf available alternative in emergency situations. Nevertheless, only few midterm results achieved are actually available and long-term outcomes are actually unknown.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Idoso , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 53(2): 126-131, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466371

RESUMO

AIMS:: Stenting of the popliteal artery (PA) is generally considered inappropriate due to the high mechanical stress and bending of the artery during knee flexion. Nevertheless, vessel recoil remains problematic following angioplasty procedure for chronic total occlusions (CTOs) and adjunctive stenting may be required. The purpose of this study is to compare balloon angioplasty alone versus bailout stenting for isolated CTO of the PA. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: Between March 2012 and October 2016, 43 patients were treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with balloon alone (PTA, n = 16) or bailout stenting percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS, n = 27) for de novo CTO of PA. There was no statistically significant difference between both groups with regard to patient demographics and lesions characteristics (calcification severity and lesion length). The median lesion lengths were 67 mm (39.5-78.5) in the PTA group and 94 mm (50-114) in the PTAS group ( p = 0.14). The primary outcome measure was primary patency; secondary outcomes were technical success, primary assisted patency, major amputation, and increased Rutherford classification. RESULTS:: Technical success rate was 37% and 96.3% in the PTA and PTAS groups, respectively. There was no statistical difference in 12-month primary patency rate (65.8% versus 58.7%; p = 0.15) and primary assisted patency at 12 months (75.2 versus 69.2; p = 0.47) between the 2 groups. Freedom from target lesion revascularization at 12 months was not significantly different, with 85.7% and 81.6% ( p = 0.2) in the PTA and PTAS groups, respectively. One amputation occurred in the PTA group. CONCLUSION:: This small cohort suggests that stenting as a bailout procedure in CTO of the PA provides similar results to successful balloon angioplasty. Stenting should only be performed after suboptimal balloon angioplasty with vessel recoil. Due to the large lost to follow-up, strong evidence of a therapy over the other cannot be formulated. Larger studies with longer and stronger follow-up are needed to confirm those results.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Stents , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Constrição Patológica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
9.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 52(3): 181-187, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29421969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prosthetic vascular graft infection (PVGI) remains a severe and challenging complication in vascular surgery with high morbidity and mortality rates. Incidence has been reported between 1% and 6%. The aim of this study was to report our experience in terms of general and surgical management as well as outcome, over 15 years. METHODS: A retrospective consecutive study was conducted of all patients treated in our department for PVGI between January 2000 and December 2015. We analyzed all data relative to primary operation, duration interval between initial surgery and infections signs, infection site, type of microorganism involved, and surgical treatment modality, as well as evaluation of short- and long-term results. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients were admitted for PVGI. Primary revascularization procedures consisted of a peripheral bypass in 42 (68%) patients and an aortic bypass in the remaining 20 (32%) patients. Median interval between primary procedure and reintervention was 3 months (interquartile range 17 [IQR 17]) in the peripheral group and 48 months (IQR 70.5) in the aortic group. Complete excision of the prosthetic graft was carried out in 85% of the cases. Thirty-day mortality was 0% and 9.5% in the aortic and peripheral group, respectively. The overall survival rate was 62.3% at 2-years, 46.4% in the aortic group, and 69.7% in the peripheral group. CONCLUSIONS: Prosthetic vascular graft infection needs a multidisciplinary management with appropriate antibiotherapy, radical removal of the infected graft, and in situ reconstruction. This strategy gives satisfactory results in terms of mortality, morbidity, patency rates, and infection control.


Assuntos
Artérias/transplante , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Remoção de Dispositivo , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Veias/transplante , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aloenxertos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Aortografia/métodos , Bélgica , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Desbridamento , Remoção de Dispositivo/efeitos adversos , Remoção de Dispositivo/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/microbiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Irrigação Terapêutica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla
11.
Surg Technol Int ; 31: 162-167, 2017 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29121693

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to independently evaluate the real-world performances of Eluvia™ paclitaxel drug-eluting stents (DES) (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, Massachusetts) for the treatment of external iliac and femoropopliteal artery lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively collected, and retrospectively reviewed, data for all patients who underwent an endovascular treatment with an Eluvia™ DES for the treatment of an external iliac or femoropopliteal lesion. Patient demographics, concomitant procedures, arterial lesions characteristics, procedural details, and follow-up were reviewed. RESULTS: Between April and October 2016, 15 Eluvia™ DES were placed in 15 consecutive adult patients with a technical success of 100%. The treated lesions had a mean length of 93.9 ±58 mm. Sixty percent of the lesions were total occlusions and 13% were restenosis of previous stents. An additional inflow treatment was performed in 40% of the cases. At six months, two patients were lost at follow-up and one had an occluded stent. We had a primary patency rate and freedom from TLR of 92%. All remaining patients had an improved Rutherford class, improved quality of life and wound healing, and an increase in walking distance. Survival and limb salvage rates were 100%. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms the good result of DES, in general, and of the Eluvia™ stent, in particular, in the treatment of external iliac and femoropopliteal arterial lesions, with a primary patency rate and a freedom from TLR of 92% at six months. A larger number of patients and longer follow-up will be required to determine the true real-world efficacy of the Eluvia™ DES, but short-term experience is encouraging.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Artéria Femoral , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Doença Arterial Periférica , Artéria Poplítea , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Acta Chir Belg ; 117(2): 115-117, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27549749

RESUMO

We report a case of successful heterograft aortic valve replacement following an impede Ross procedure in a 48-year-old man presenting with a congenital bicuspid pulmonary valve. The patient was admitted for aortic valve stenosis that required an aortic valve replacement (AVR). Owing to his young age and reluctance to long-term anticoagulation therapy, it was decided to do an AVR by pulmonary autograft. During surgery, the anatomical unsuitability of the graft was discovered leading to the procedure's readjustment.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Bioprótese , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Autoenxertos , Doença da Válvula Aórtica Bicúspide , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Seguimentos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/congênito , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Case Rep Surg ; 2014: 456509, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24653852

RESUMO

Primary hepatic carcinoids are rare tumors that are often diagnosed at a locally advanced stage. Their primary nature can only be ascertained after thorough investigations and long-term follow-up to exclude another primary origin. As with secondary neuroendocrine liver tumors, surgical resection remains the mainstay of therapy. Despite their large size and often central location liver resection is often feasible, offering long-term survival and cure to most patients. In selected patients liver transplantation appears to be a good indication for tumors not amenable to liver resection. An aggressive surgical attitude is therefore warranted. We report a large and unusually fast-growing liver carcinoid that appeared only marginally resectable in a patient who remains free of disease four years after surgery.

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