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1.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(7): 1204-1206, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082000
2.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(7): 979-987, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of rituximab in systemic sclerosis (SSc) in clinical practice. METHODS: We performed a prospective study including patients with SSc from the European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) network treated with rituximab and matched with untreated patients with SSc. The main outcomes measures were adverse events, skin fibrosis improvement, lung fibrosis worsening and steroids use among propensity score-matched patients treated or not with rituximab. RESULTS: 254 patients were treated with rituximab, in 58% for lung and in 32% for skin involvement. After a median follow-up of 2 years, about 70% of the patients had no side effect. Comparison of treated patients with 9575 propensity-score matched patients showed that patients treated with rituximab were more likely to have skin fibrosis improvement (22.7 vs 14.03 events per 100 person-years; OR: 2.79 [1.47-5.32]; p=0.002). Treated patients did not have significantly different rates of decrease in forced vital capacity (FVC)>10% (OR: 1.03 [0.55-1.94]; p=0.93) nor in carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) decrease. Patients having received rituximab were more prone to stop or decrease steroids (OR: 2.34 [1.56-3.53], p<0.0001). Patients treated concomitantly with mycophenolate mofetil had a trend for better outcomes as compared with patients receiving rituximab alone (delta FVC: 5.22 [0.83-9.62]; p=0.019 as compared with controls vs 3 [0.66-5.35]; p=0.012). CONCLUSION: Rituximab use was associated with a good safety profile in this large SSc-cohort. Significant change was observed on skin fibrosis, but not on lung. However, the limitation is the observational design. The potential stabilisation of lung fibrosis by rituximab has to be addressed by a randomised trial.

3.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37(1): 26-31, 2019 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30620268

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the cumulative incidence of uveitis in spondyloarthritis (SpA) and its associated factors and to evaluate the effect of DMARD treatment on uveitis in a real-life setting. METHODS: A cross-sectional monocentric observational study (COSPA) was conducted. Patients with definite SpA underwent a face-to-face interview. General data and specific data concerning uveitis were collected. Cumulative incidence of uveitis flares was estimated by Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Factors associated with uveitis were determined by Cox analysis. Treatment effectiveness was evaluated by comparing the number of uveitis flares before/after treatment using Wilcoxon test. RESULTS: In total, 301 patients were included, 186 (61.8%) were men, with mean age and disease duration of 44.8 (±13.6) and 16.8 (±11.9) years, respectively. Among them, 82 (27.2%) had at least one uveitis flare. Prevalence of uveitis at the time of SpA diagnosis was 11.5 % (±1.9%) and increased over time to reach 39.3% (±4.1%) 20 years after diagnosis. HLA B27 positivity and heel pain were independently associated with uveitis (HR [IC 95%] = 4.5 [1.3-15.2] and 1.8 [1.1-2.9], respectively). A significant reduction in the number of uveitis before/after treatment was observed in patients treated with anti TNF monoclonal antibodies (n=27), (1.83 (±4.03) vs. 0.41 (±1.22), p=0.002), whereas it was not with etanercept (n=19), (0.44 (±0.70) and 0.79 (±1.36), p=NS). CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of uveitis in SpA seems to increase with disease duration and seems more likely to appear with HLA B27 positivity and heel pain. Anti-TNF monoclonal antibodies seemed to be more effective in the reduction of uveitis flares.


Assuntos
Espondilartrite , Uveíte Anterior , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Antígeno HLA-B27 , Humanos , Masculino , Espondilartrite/epidemiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Uveíte Anterior/epidemiologia
4.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(6): 972-982, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624031

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) runs a highly variable course, and prediction tools are highly desired. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic and prognostic performance of 4 candidate serum biomarkers for SSc-associated ILD. METHODS: Serum samples from a combined cohort of SSc patients (from Paris, France and Oslo, Norway; n = 427) were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for concentrations of lung epithelial-derived surfactant protein D (SP-D), Krebs von den Lungen 6 glycoprotein (KL-6), CCL18, and OX40 ligand (OX40L). Lung fibrosis was measured by high-resolution computed tomography and pulmonary function tests. Associations of these candidate biomarkers with baseline disease involvement and prediction of disease progression over time (mean ± SD follow-up 3.2 ± 4.4 years) were investigated. RESULTS: In SSc patients at baseline, serum levels of KL-6 correlated with the forced vital capacity (FVC) (r = -0.317, P < 0.001), diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (r = -0.335, P < 0.001), and extent of lung fibrosis (r = 0.551, P < 0.001). In multivariate analyses, serum levels of KL-6 and SP-D, but not CCL18 and OX40L, were associated with lung fibrosis (odds ratio [OR] 2.41, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.43-4.07 [P = 0.001] and OR 3.15, 95% CI 1.81-5.48 [P < 0.001], respectively). In SSc patients with ILD at baseline, longitudinal, multivariate analyses showed that CCL18 serum levels were an independent predictor of a >10% decrease in the FVC (hazard ratio [HR] 2.90, 95% CI 1.25-6.73; P = 0.014) and de novo development of extensive disease (HR 3.71, 95% CI 1.02-13.52; P = 0.048). Matrix-based logistic regression models for the diagnosis and prognosis of SSc-associated ILD were constructed, and these models discriminated 3 groups of risk (mild, moderate, or high) for the diagnosis or worsening of lung fibrosis according to the serum levels of SP-D (for diagnosis) and serum levels of CCL18 (for progression of disease). CONCLUSION: These results show that SP-D is a relevant diagnostic biomarker for SSc-associated ILD, whereas KL-6 could be used to assess the severity of lung fibrosis. CCL18 appears to be a potential predictive marker for progression of ILD in SSc.

5.
PLoS One ; 13(9): e0203607, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30188942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoangiogenesis is a crucial event to promote the development of the hyperplasic proliferative pathologic synovium in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Ultrasound (US) is sensitive for detection of power Doppler (PD) vascularization. OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations between a set of complementary circulating angiogenic markers and a comprehensive US assessment in patients with RA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum levels of eight angiogenic markers were measured by quantitative ELISAs in a total of 125 patients with RA, who were all systematically assessed in parallel by PDUS, performed on 32 joints. RESULTS: Serum levels of soluble Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and Tie-2 were more likely to be increased in patients with synovial hyperemia detected on at least one joint (Power Doppler grade ≥1). sVCAM-1, Tie-2 and Angiostatin concentrations gradually increased together with the grade of the semiquantitative PDUS scale and concentrations of these three markers were markedly increased in patients with moderate to marked hyperemia (Power Doppler grade 2 and 3). Levels of sVCAM-1, Tie-2, and Angiostatin correlated with a global arthritis sum score, defined by the sum of the semiquantitative PDUS scores for all joints examined. Levels of Tie-2 and Placenta Growth Factor (PlGF) were associated with PDUS features indicating residual disease activity. CONCLUSION: Our results support the relevance of measuring serum levels of vascular markers to evaluate the intensity and extent of synovial vascularization. Angiogenic markers, and particularly Tie-2, could be a valuable surrogate of active synovitis and their place in relation to PDUS in clinical practice deserve further investigation.

6.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(5): 741-748, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29102156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate effectiveness of systematic switching treatment from innovator infliximab to biosimilar infliximab, and its associated factors. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, all adult patients receiving maintenance therapy with innovator infliximab in Cochin University Hospital were systematically switched to biosimilar infliximab. Effectiveness was assessed by the retention rate of biosimilar infliximab at the time of the third infusion. Sensitivity analyses for effectiveness included changes of disease activity parameters and infliximab trough levels between baseline and the last visit as well as the occurrence of adverse events leading to drug discontinuation. Factors associated with biosimilar infliximab discontinuation at the last visit were explored. RESULTS: A total of 260 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria, including 31 rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 131 axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and 64 inflammatory bowel diseases. The retention rate was 85% (221/260 patients) at the time of the third biosimilar infusion. Between baseline and the last visit (mean follow-up of 34 weeks), 59 patients (23%) discontinued biosimilar infliximab, mainly due to experienced inefficacy (n = 47, 80%). No clinical or biological factors were associated with biosimilar discontinuation. No serious adverse events occurred. No change in objective disease activity parameters or infliximab trough levels was detected. However, a significant increase of BASDAI (2.94 ± 2.20 vs. 3.18 ± 2.21, P = 0.046, before vs. after switch, respectively) was observed in patients with axSpA. Innovator infliximab was re-established in 47/59 patients (80%). CONCLUSION: No changes in drug trough levels or objective parameters were observed after the systematic switch to biosimilar infliximab in a real clinical practice setting. Only changes in patient-reported outcomes were observed, suggesting attribution effects rather than pharmacological differences.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Substituição de Medicamentos , Feminino , França , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 76(11): 1897-1905, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28835464

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the causes of death and risk factors in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Between 2000 and 2011, we examined the death certificates of all French patients with SSc to determine causes of death. Then we examined causes of death and developed a score associated with all-cause mortality from the international European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) database. Candidate prognostic factors were tested by Cox proportional hazards regression model by single variable analysis, followed by a multiple variable model stratified by centres. The bootstrapping technique was used for internal validation. RESULTS: We identified 2719 French certificates of deaths related to SSc, mainly from cardiac (31%) and respiratory (18%) causes, and an increase in SSc-specific mortality over time. Over a median follow-up of 2.3 years, 1072 (9.6%) of 11 193 patients from the EUSTAR sample died, from cardiac disease in 27% and respiratory causes in 17%. By multiple variable analysis, a risk score was developed, which accurately predicted the 3-year mortality, with an area under the curve of 0.82. The 3-year survival of patients in the upper quartile was 53%, in contrast with 98% in the first quartile. CONCLUSION: Combining two complementary and detailed databases enabled the collection of an unprecedented 3700 deaths, revealing the major contribution of the cardiopulmonary system to SSc mortality. We also developed a robust score to risk-stratify these patients and estimate their 3-year survival. With the emergence of new therapies, these important observations should help caregivers plan and refine the monitoring and management to prolong these patients' survival.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Bases de Dados Factuais , Atestado de Óbito , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 69(11): 2209-2221, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28805015

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the role of gene candidates involved in pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Gene candidates were identified through microarray experiments performed on Affymetrix GeneChip Human Exon 1.0 ST arrays in endothelial progenitor cell (EPC)-derived endothelial cells (ECs) obtained from patients with SSc-associated PH, patients with SSc without PH, and healthy control subjects. Expression of identified gene candidates was assessed by quantitative sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in the serum, and by immunohistochemistry in lesional lung tissue. The functional importance of the identified gene candidates was then evaluated in fos-related antigen 2-transgenic (Fra-2-Tg) mice that spontaneously develop SSc-like features associated with an intense pulmonary vascular remodeling. RESULTS: Microarray experiments revealed that the matrix metalloproteinase 10 (MMP-10) gene was the top up-regulated gene in SSc-associated PH EPC-derived ECs. Circulating serum proMMP10 concentrations were markedly increased in patients with SSc-associated PH compared to SSc patients without PH and healthy controls. Consistent with these observations, a strong MMP10 staining of the thickened wall of distal pulmonary arteries was found both in the lungs of patients with SSc-associated PH and in the lungs of Fra-2-Tg mice. Daily treatment of Fra-2-Tg mice with neutralizing anti-MMP10 antibodies did not significantly affect the development and severity of pulmonary fibrosis, but did reverse established PH and markedly reduced pulmonary vascular remodeling by reducing cell proliferation, cell survival, and the platelet-derived growth factor signaling axis. CONCLUSION: Gene expression profiling of EPC-derived ECs identified MMP10 as a novel candidate gene in SSc-associated PH. MMP10 is overexpressed in the serum and pulmonary arteries of patients with SSc-associated PH, and its blockade alleviates PH in the Fra-2-Tg mouse model. MMP10 appears to be a prospective treatment target for this devastating disorder.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Hipertensão Pulmonar/genética , Metaloproteinase 10 da Matriz/genética , Artéria Pulmonar/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/farmacologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Antígeno 2 Relacionado a Fos/genética , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 10 da Matriz/imunologia , Metaloproteinase 10 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/etiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Remodelação Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 113(27): E3901-10, 2016 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27298374

RESUMO

Treatment for fibrosis represents a critical unmet need, because fibrosis is the leading cause of death in industrialized countries, and there is no effective therapy to counteract the fibrotic process. The development of fibrosis relates to the interplay between vessel injury, immune cell activation, and fibroblast stimulation, which can occur in various tissues. Immunotherapies have provided a breakthrough in the treatment of immune diseases. The glycoprotein OX40-OX40 ligand (OX40L) axis offers the advantage of a targeted approach to costimulatory signals with limited impact on the whole immune response. Using systemic sclerosis (SSc) as a prototypic disease, we report compelling evidence that blockade of OX40L is a promising strategy for the treatment of inflammation-driven fibrosis. OX40L is overexpressed in the fibrotic skin and serum of patients with SSc, particularly in patients with diffuse cutaneous forms. Soluble OX40L was identified as a promising serum biomarker to predict the worsening of lung and skin fibrosis, highlighting the role of this pathway in fibrosis. In vivo, OX40L blockade prevents inflammation-driven skin, lung, and vessel fibrosis and induces the regression of established dermal fibrosis in different complementary mouse models. OX40L exerts potent profibrotic effects by promoting the infiltration of inflammatory cells into lesional tissues and therefore the release of proinflammatory mediators, thereafter leading to fibroblast activation.


Assuntos
Ligante OX40/antagonistas & inibidores , Ligante OX40/sangue , Fibrose Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue , Pele/patologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Bleomicina , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Fibrose , Antígeno 2 Relacionado a Fos/genética , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Fibrose Pulmonar/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Pele/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo
10.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 34(1): 82-7, 2016 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26842749

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of psoriasis among a cohort of patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA), to describe the clinical characteristics of psoriasis and associations with other manifestations. METHODS: This is a retrospective single-centre observational study. The patients were diagnosed with definite SpA (expert opinion), either axial or peripheral. Each patient underwent a direct interview by a physician. The data regarding history of psoriasis and its clinical characteristics were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses of patients with versus without psoriasis were carried out. RESULTS: In all, 275 SpA patients were assessed: mean disease duration 16.7±11.8 years, 61.4% were men, 69.1% were diagnosed as axial SpA and 17.8% as peripheral SpA. In all, 84 patients (30.5%) had present or past psoriasis. The prevalence of psoriasis was high whatever the clinical presentation. Psoriasis was present before or concomitantly to diagnosis of SpA in 59/84 patients (70.2%). The most common types of psoriasis were plaque (66.7% of patients with psoriasis) and scalp psoriasis (65.5%). Other localisations were not rare, including palmoplantar pustulosis (20.2%) or nail psoriasis (19.1%). Patients with versus without psoriasis differed only through a lower proportion of radiological sacroiliitis (57.5% vs. 81.3 %, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: With a prevalence of 30.5%, i.e. ten times higher than in the general population, this study confirms that psoriasis is a frequent and early manifestation in SpA and that a systematic search for psoriasis (e.g. scalp) is relevant in SpA for clinical practice, whatever the clinical presentation of SpA.


Assuntos
Psoríase/epidemiologia , Espondiloartropatias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Paris/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espondiloartropatias/diagnóstico , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 75(12): 2142-2149, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26912566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Activated T cells are the main component of the inflammatory skin infiltrates that characterise systemic sclerosis (SSc). Our aim was to investigate the efficacy of abatacept, which tempers T-cell activation, in reducing skin fibrosis in complementary mouse models of SSc. METHODS: The antifibrotic properties of abatacept were evaluated in the mouse models of bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis and sclerodermatous chronic graft-versus-host disease, reflecting early and inflammatory stages of SSc. Thereafter, we studied the efficacy of abatacept in tight skin (Tsk-1) mice, an inflammation-independent mouse model of skin fibrosis. RESULTS: Abatacept efficiently prevented bleomycin-induced skin fibrosis and was also effective in the treatment of established fibrosis. In this model, abatacept decreased total and activated T-cell, B-cell and monocyte infiltration in the lesional skin. Abatacept did not protect CB17-SCID mice from the development of bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis, which supports that T cells are necessary to drive the antifibrotic effects of abatacept. Upon bleomycin injections, skin interleukin (IL) 6 and IL-10 levels were significantly reduced upon abatacept treatment. Moreover, treatment with abatacept ameliorated fibrosis in the chronic graft-versus-host disease model, but demonstrated no efficacy in Tsk-1 mice. The tolerance of abatacept was excellent in the three mouse models. CONCLUSIONS: Using complementary models, we demonstrate that inhibition of T-cell activation by abatacept can prevent and induce the regression of inflammation-driven dermal fibrosis. Translation to human disease is now required, and targeting early and inflammatory stages of SSc sounds the most appropriate for positioning abatacept in SSc.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/farmacologia , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Dermatopatias/patologia , Dermatopatias/prevenção & controle , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Bleomicina , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibrose , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/induzido quimicamente , Dermatopatias/induzido quimicamente
12.
Joint Bone Spine ; 83(4): 444-7, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26750764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Digital ulcers (DU) are a burden in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Microangiopathy is a cardinal feature of SSc that plays a critical role in the development of DU. However, whether injury of medium or large vessels also contributes to DU in SSc remains controversial. METHODS: To measure concomitantly in SSc patients with and without active DU: (i) the Augmentation Index of the reflected wave (Aix_75) by radial applanation tonometry, an index of small and medium arterial function; (II) the aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of large vessel injury (aortic stiffness). RESULTS: Sixty-three consecutive SSc patients were included (49 females, aged 60 [49-65] years, disease duration of 8.5 [5-13] years), including 10 (15.9%) with active DU. Patients with active DU versus those without had increased Aix_75 (35% [28-38] versus 28% [20-34], P=0.041) whereas no difference existed in PWV (7.0m/s [6.7-10.1] versus 7.6m/s [6.8-8.7], P=0.887), in systolic, diastolic, as well as aortic pulse pressure (P=0.126, 0.592, and 0.161, respectively). When compared to patients in the low tertile, patients having Aix_75 in the highest tertile had 10-fold more DU (OR=10.23; 95% CI 1.12 to 93.34, P=0.039). CONCLUSION: The presence of DU is associated with increased Aix_75 whereas there is no relation with PWV. These data suggest that small and medium arteries are involved in the occurrence of DU whether large vessel stiffness does not contribute. Whether Aix_75 is predictive of further DU remained to be studied.


Assuntos
Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Úlcera Cutânea/epidemiologia , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Artérias/anatomia & histologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Feminino , Articulações dos Dedos/irrigação sanguínea , França , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Microcirculação/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Distribuição por Sexo , Úlcera Cutânea/diagnóstico , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Articulação do Dedo do Pé/irrigação sanguínea
13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 75(1): 163-9, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25342760

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In agreement with other autoimmune diseases, systemic sclerosis (SSc) is associated with a strong sex bias. However, unlike lupus, the effects of sex on disease phenotype and prognosis are poorly known. Therefore, we aimed to determine sex effects on outcomes. METHOD: We performed a prospective observational study using the latest 2013 data extract from the EULAR scleroderma trials and research (EUSTAR) cohort. We looked at (i) sex influence on disease characteristics at baseline and (ii) then focused on patients with at least 2 years of follow-up to estimate the effects of sex on disease progression and survival. RESULTS: 9182 patients with SSc were available (1321 men) for the baseline analyses. In multivariate analysis, male sex was independently associated with a higher risk of diffuse cutaneous subtype (OR: 1.68, (1.45 to 1.94); p<0.001), a higher frequency of digital ulcers (OR: 1.28 (1.11 to 1.47); p<0.001) and pulmonary hypertension (OR: 3.01 (1.47 to 6.20); p<0.003). In the longitudinal analysis (n=4499), after a mean follow-up of 4.9 (±2.7) years, male sex was predictive of new onset of pulmonary hypertension (HR: 2.66 (1.32 to 5.36); p=0.006) and heart failure (HR: 2.22 (1.06 to 4.63); p=0.035). 908 deaths were recorded, male sex predicted deaths of all origins (HR: 1.48 (1.19 to 1.84); p<0.001), but did not significantly account for SSc-related deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Although more common in women, SSc appears as strikingly more severe in men. Our results obtained through the largest worldwide database demonstrate a higher risk of severe cardiovascular involvement in men. These results raise the point of including sex in the management and the decision-making process.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idade de Início , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Progressão da Doença , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais
14.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 17: 145, 2015 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26025306

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disorder characterised by the development of skin fibrosis. Our current understanding of the disease pathogenesis is incomplete and the study of SSc is hindered, at least partially, by a lack of animal models that fully replicate the complex state of human disease. Murine model of bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis encapsulates important events that take place early in the disease course. METHODS: To characterise the optimum in vivo parameters required for the successful induction of dermal fibrosis we subjected three commonly used mouse strains to repeated subcutaneous bleomycin injections. We aimed to identify the effects of genetic background and gender on the severity of skin fibrosis. We used male and female Balb/C, C57BL/6, and DBA/2 strains and assessed their susceptibility to bleomycin-induced fibrosis by measuring dermal thickness, hydroxyproline/collagen content and number of resident myofibroblasts, all of which are important indicators of the severity of skin fibrosis. All data are expressed as mean values ± SEM. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis with GraphPad Prism 6.04 software. RESULTS: Dermal fibrosis was most severe in Balb/C mice compared to C57BL/6 and DBA/2 suggesting that Balb/C mice are more susceptible to bleomycin-induced fibrosis. Analysis of the effect of gender on the severity of fibrosis showed that male Balb/C, C57BL/6, DBA/2 mice had a tendency to develop more pronounced fibrosis phenotype than female mice. Of potential importance, male Balb/C mice developed the most severe fibrosis phenotype compared to male C57BL/6 and male DBA/2 as indicated by significantly increased number of dermal myofibroblasts. CONCLUSION: Our study highlights the importance of genetic background and gender in the induction of murine dermal fibrosis. Robust and reproducible animal models of fibrosis are important research tools used in pharmacological studies which may lead to better understanding of the pathogenesis of fibrotic diseases and assist in identification of new drugs.


Assuntos
Bleomicina/efeitos adversos , Patrimônio Genético , Dermatopatias/genética , Dermatopatias/patologia , Animais , Biópsia por Agulha , Colágeno/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fibrose/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose/patologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos DBA , Distribuição Aleatória , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Fatores Sexuais , Dermatopatias/induzido quimicamente , Especificidade da Espécie , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
15.
J Inflamm (Lond) ; 12: 9, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25685070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic studies have pointed out that CD226 variants, encoding DNAM-1, could be associated with susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, we aimed to determine the influence of DNAM-1 on the development of arthritis using the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mouse model. METHODS: CIA was induced in mice on a DBA/1 background, treated in parallel with a DNAM-1 neutralizing monoclonal antibody, a control IgG and PBS, respectively. CIA was also induced in mice deficient for DNAM-1(dnam1-/-) and control dnam-1+/+ mice on a C57/BL6 background. Mice were monitored for clinical and ultrasound signs of arthritis. Histological analysis was performed to search for inflammatory infiltrates and erosions. The Mann-Whitney U test for non-related samples was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: There was a non-significant trend for a less arthritic phenotype in mice receiving anti-DNAM-1 mAb at both clinical, ultrasound and histological assessments. But, we did not observe any difference between dnam1+/+ and dnam1-/- mice for incidence nor severity of clinical arthritis. Histological analysis revealed inflammatory scores similar in both groups, without evidence of erosion. Collagen antibodies levels were similar in all mice, confirming immunization with collagen. CONCLUSION: Despite some clues suggesting a role of DNAM-1 in arthritis, these complementary approaches demonstrate no contribution of CD226/DNAM-1 in the arthritic phenotype. These results contrast with previous studies showing a role in vivo of DNAM-1 in some autoimmune disorders.

16.
Joint Bone Spine ; 82(3): 148-53, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25557659

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis is an orphan connective tissue disease characterized by alterations of the microvasculature, disturbances of the immune system and massive deposition of collagen and other matrix substances in the skin and internal organs. A major achievement of the recent years has been the validation of new classification criteria, allowing earlier diagnosis and earlier treatment of systemic sclerosis, before irreversible fibrosis and organ damage appeared ("window of opportunity"). Raynaud's phenomenon is usually the first sign of the disease and is considered as the main sentinel sign for the identification of very early systemic sclerosis. Systemic sclerosis is clinically heterogeneous and disease course remains unpredictable. Its prognosis depends on cardiopulmonary involvement and recent studies aim to identify serum or genetic biomarkers predictive of severe organ involvement. Moreover, the prospective follow-up of large cohorts has provided and will offer critical material to identify strong prognostic factors. Whereas the outcomes of vascular manifestations of the disease has been recently improved due to targeted therapy, recent data have highlighted that mortality has not changed over the past 40 years. This reflects the absence of efficacy of current available drugs to counteract the fibrotic process. Nevertheless, several targeted immunity therapies, commonly with proven efficacy in other immune diseases, are about to be investigated in systemic sclerosis. Indeed, promising results in small and open studies have been reported. This article deals with recent insights into classification criteria, pathogenesis, organ involvements, outcome and current and possible future therapeutic options in systemic sclerosis.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Fibrose , Humanos , Prognóstico , Doença de Raynaud/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/classificação , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia
17.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 16(4): R157, 2014 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25059342

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine for which preliminary data have suggested that it might contribute to systemic sclerosis (SSc). Our aims were to investigate, firstly, IL-6 expression in patients with SSc and, secondly, the efficacy of both passive and active immunization against IL-6 to reduce skin fibrosis in complementary mouse models of SSc. METHODS: Human serum levels and skin expression of IL-6 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunohistochemistry, respectively. We first evaluated the antifibrotic properties of the monoclonal anti-IL-6R antibody, MR16-1, in the bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis mouse model, reflecting early and inflammatory stages of SSc. Then, we assessed the efficacy of MR16-1 in tight skin-1 (Tsk-1) mice, an inflammation-independent model of skin fibrosis. Additionally, we have developed an innovative strategy using an anti-IL-6 peptide-based active immunization. Infiltrating leukocytes, T cells, and B cells were quantified, and IL-6 levels were measured in the serum and lesional skin of mice after passive or active immunization. RESULTS: Serum and skin levels of IL-6 were significantly increased in patients with early SSc. Treatment with MR16-1 led in the bleomycin mouse model to a 25% (P = 0.02) and 30% (P = 0.007) reduction of dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content, respectively. MR16-1 demonstrated no efficacy in Tsk-1 mice. Thereafter, mice were immunized against a small peptide derived from murine IL-6 and this strategy led in the bleomycin model to a 20% (P = 0.02) and 25% (P = 0.005) decrease of dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content, respectively. Passive and active immunization led to decreased T-cell infiltration in the lesional skin of mice challenged with bleomycin. Upon bleomycin injections, serum and skin IL-6 levels were increased after treatment with MR16-1 and were significantly reduced after anti-IL-6 active immunization. CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the relevance of targeting IL-6 in patients with early SSc since IL-6 is overexpressed in early stages of the disease. Targeting IL-6 by both passive and active immunization strategies prevented the development of bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis in mice. Our results highlight the therapeutic potential of active immunization against IL-6, which is a seductive alternative to passive immunization.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Imunização/métodos , Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Dermatopatias/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Bleomicina/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Fibrose/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose/imunologia , Fibrose/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dermatopatias/induzido quimicamente , Dermatopatias/imunologia
18.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 31(6): 864-70, 2013 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24144262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Fatigue is an important aspect of spondyloarthritis (SpA). However the influencing factors of fatigue in SpA are unclear. The objective of this study was to explore if fatigue is related to disease activity or to patient characteristics. METHODS: This was a retroelective observational study (Cochin COSPA study) in one tertiary-referral centre. The primary outcome was fatigue, evaluated on a 0-100mm Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). The covariates were demographic characteristics, disease subtype (axial vs. peripheral) and disease-related factors, e.g. Bath Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), patient global assessment (VAS), Bath Functional Index (BASFI). To explain fatigue, univariate then multivariate logistic regressions were conducted (with fatigue analysed as above or below 50 mm), as well as multiple linear regressions with the different covariates. RESULTS: Two hundred and sixty-six SpA patients were analysed. Sixty-one percent were male; mean age and disease duration were 44.5±13.5 years and 16.8±11.7 years, respectively. Mean VAS fatigue was 49.3±32.7mm; 49.6% of patients had fatigue VAS>50mm. Logistic regression showed high fatigue was associated with disease: BASDAI and BASFI (p<0.0001), as well as female gender (p=0.025) and aerobic exercise (p=0.005), but there was no difference in the subtypes of SpA. In multivariate analysis, the single factor explaining fatigue was patient global assessment (p<0.001 and odds ratio =1.35). By linear regression, demographic variables explained 2.8% of the variance, whereas disease characteristics and activity explained 44.6%. CONCLUSIONS: Fatigue levels were high in SpA patients whatever the subtype and appeared more strongly related to the disease than to patient-related variables, thus confirming its usefulness as an outcome measure.


Assuntos
Fadiga/epidemiologia , Espondilartrite/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Paris/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Radiology ; 269(3): 824-30, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24009352

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To characterize ultrasonographic (US) features in the hand of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to evaluate the sensitivity of US in the detection of calcinosis and acroosteolysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The local ethics committee approved this study, and oral informed consent was obtained. A total of 44 consecutive patients with SSc (34 women; mean age, 56.1 years ± 12.1 [standard deviation]; 10 men; mean age, 45.0 years ± 14.0) and 30 healthy control subjects (20 women; mean age, 46.3 years ± 12.1; 10 men; mean age, 39.6 years ± 10.8) were included between October 2010 and December 2011. Bilateral US, including Doppler assessment of the wrists, hands, and fingers, was performed, and presence of synovitis, tenosynovitis with or without a layered appearance, calcifications, acroosteolysis, and distal vascularization was recorded. Radiography of both hands was performed to assess for acroosteolysis and calcinosis. Frequency of US features, sensitivity of US for calcinosis and acroosteolysis, and respective confidence intervals were calculated. RESULTS: Synovitis was found in 17 patients (39%). Tenosynovitis was found in 12 patients (27%), and it had a layered pattern in 15 (41%) of 37 cases. Calcinosis was found in 17 patients (39%) with US, with a sensitivity of 89%. Acroosteolysis was found in nine (20%) patients with US and in 10 (23%) patients with radiography, with 90% sensitivity for US. Distal vascularization was detected in 26 patients (59%) and 30 control subjects (100%) and was in contact with the acroosteolysis bed in seven (78%) of nine patients with SSc. CONCLUSION: US can be used to assess features of SSc, including synovitis, tenosynovitis, calcinosis, acroosteolysis, and distal vascularization and is sensitive for calcinosis and acroosteolysis detection. A layered pattern (similar to the appearance of an artichoke heart) of tenosynovitis was seen commonly. Online supplemental material is available for this article.


Assuntos
Mãos/diagnóstico por imagem , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Acro-Osteólise/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sinovite/diagnóstico por imagem , Tenossinovite/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
Autoimmun Rev ; 12(11): 1052-7, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23791632

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Several epidemiological studies have revealed the co-occurrence of other autoimmune diseases (AIDs) within patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). However, some of these studies were based on small cohorts and wide ranges of prevalence have been reported. Therefore to overcome these limitations of individual studies, we sought to perform a meta-analysis to determine the accurate prevalence of polyautoimmunity in SSc. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and a meta-analysis of literature in MEDLINE and Embase databases from January 1960 to March 2013. All cohort studies reporting on prevalence of other AIDs known to be associated with SSc were analyzed. Prevalence of polyautoimmunity and of each AID were then calculated. RESULTS: Ten studies reporting polyautoimmunity were identified corresponding to a total of 6102 SSc patients. Overall 1432 patients with at least one AID were identified corresponding to a weighted prevalence of polyautoimmunity equal to 25.7% CI 95% [20.1%-31.6%]. Overall 208/5139 SSc-patients had at least two additional AIDs resulting in a weighted prevalence of 3.9% [3.3%-4.4%]. The most prevalent associated AIDs were autoimmune thyroid disease (10.4%) followed by Sjögren's syndrome (7.7%) and dermatopolymyositis/polymyositis (5.6%). CONCLUSION: Our results confirm that SSc polyautoimmunity is a frequent condition in SSc affecting a quarter of SSc-patients. The impact on the phenotype and also on the management and therapy will need to be addressed now in further works.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Fenótipo , Prevalência , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Síndrome de Sjogren/genética
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