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Rom J Ophthalmol ; 64(3): 285-291, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367162

RESUMO

Purpose: To describe the central three-dimensional (3D) thickness profile of the macula (CMT) and the subfoveal choroidal region (SFCT) in diabetic retinopathy (DR) following panretinal laser photocoagulation (PRP) using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Methods: A prospective observational study including 17 eyes with proliferative DR (PDR) and 27 eyes with severe nonproliferative DR (sNPDR)] for whom PRP was done. All subjects received SS-OCT imaging before and 3 months after PRP (POM#3). SFCT and CMT changes were analysed at both visits. Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC) and Coefficients of Variation (COV) were used to test the accuracy of thickness data. Results: SFCT has thinned from 233 ± 54 µm before PRP treatment to 216 ± 51 µm 3 months later (p < 0.001). Likewise, CMT declined at POM#3 as compared to pre-PRP status (p<0.001). SFCT was thinner in PDR before and at POM#3 (p<0.05) than sNPDR; whereas, no significant difference was observed in CMT between both groups in the two visits. No significant changes were found between groups in SFCT and CMT at POM#3. Regarding reliability, ICCSFCT=0.98 and ICCCMT=0.99. The COVs for CMT and SFCT were 5.03% and 5.91%, respectively. Conclusion: The mean SFCT and CMT decreased 3 months after PRP. We also reported reliability of SFCT measurements in DR using SS-OCT. Abbreviations: SS = Swept-Source, TD = time domain, SD = spectral domain, FD = Fourier-domain, 3D = three-dimensional, 2D = two-dimensional.


Assuntos
Corioide/patologia , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico , Fotocoagulação a Laser/métodos , Retina/patologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Retinopatia Diabética/cirurgia , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Seguimentos , Fundo de Olho , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Retina/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
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