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1.
Urology ; 115: 71-75, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29501625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the distance between the colon and the trajectory of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) access both in prone and flank-free modified supine (FFMS) positions as measured on computed tomography and to study the effect of age, gender, BMI, side, and previous renal surgery as influencing factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, we included 367 patients scheduled for PCNL. All patients underwent low dose abdominal computed tomography both in prone and FFMS positions. Patients <18 years and those with previous colonic surgery or renal congenital anomalies were excluded. The perpendicular distance between the imaginary line of the renal access and the colon was measured. Findings were correlated to different influencing factors. RESULTS: Two hundred nineteen patients were males, and 148 were females. BMI of <30 were reported in 158 patients whereas BMI >30 in 209 patients. Data analysis showed that the mean perpendicular distance between colon and the renal access in FFMS and prone positions were 35.92 ± 0.22 mm and 17.78 ± 0.09 mm, respectively. In prone position only obesity, age, and overall interaction effect were the significant factors on the studied distance. In FFMS position, in addition to the effect of the prior factors, previous renal surgery also significantly reduces this distance. CONCLUSION: The distance between the colon and assumed PCNL trajectory at a puncture on the posterior axillary line was influenced mainly by patient position. In FFMS position the colon appears to be farther than in prone position. BMI and age significantly influence this distance to a lesser extent.


Assuntos
Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Posicionamento do Paciente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Decúbito Ventral , Estudos Prospectivos , Punções , Fatores Sexuais , Decúbito Dorsal , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
2.
Urology ; 107: 103-106, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28456539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of preoperative testicular shear wave elastography (SWE) in the prediction of improvement of semen analysis parameters after subinguinal microsurgical varicocele ligation in patients with primary infertility and clinically detectable varicocele. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Testicular SWE before the surgical intervention was done. Forty-eight patients were scheduled for subinguinal microsurgical varicocele ligation as a treatment option. Computer-assisted semen analysis was repeated 6 months after the intervention. RESULTS: At a cutoff value of 4.5 kPa, the stiffness index had a sensitivity of 86.4% and a specificity of 84.2% for semen parameter improvement after varicocelectomy. Correlation between different parameters of semen analysis and SWE showed a statistically significant negative correlation between SWE stiffness index and both sperm count (million/mL) and total motility. On the other hand, a nonsignificant negative correlation was found between SWE stiffness index and percentage of normal form. CONCLUSION: Testicular SWE is a good test that can be used in the assessment of male infertility with clinically detectable varicocele, and its results may predict semen parameter improvement after varicocelectomy. Further studies on a larger number of patients are needed to verify our results.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina/cirurgia , Sêmen/diagnóstico por imagem , Motilidade Espermática/fisiologia , Testículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos , Varicocele/cirurgia , Adulto , Diagnóstico por Computador , Seguimentos , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/diagnóstico , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Ligadura , Masculino , Microcirurgia/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Varicocele/complicações , Varicocele/diagnóstico
3.
Urology ; 105: 202-207, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28411100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the functional results of continent cutaneous ileal urinary diversion using modified W-pouch with non-isolated extra limb for continence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2013 to January 2016, 21 patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer with median (interquartile range) of 59 (56.5-62.5) years old underwent radical cystectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy; they then had an ileal continent cutaneous pouch constructed from W-pouch with non-isolated extra limb for continence. The technique entails the creation of a detubularized ileal W-pouch with extra limb fashioned from 59 cm of the terminal ileum. This extra limb is not isolated from the pouch. The proximal part of this limb is tailored and fixed in a subserous extramural tunnel for continence, whereas the distal part is left continuous with the pouch. The median (interquartile range) of follow up was 12 (8-17) months. Evaluation of the technique included operative time, continence efficiency, overall complications, and quality of life questionnaire for the patients. RESULTS: The median (interquartile range) of operative time of the operation was 4.7 (3.9-5.4) hours. The median (interquartile range) of operative time of the cutaneous pouch creation was 39 (33-43) minutes. No perioperative mortality had occurred. The incidence of continence was 95.2%. The overall complications were 42.8%, and most of them were grade 1 or 2 on Clavien-Dindo classification system. CONCLUSION: Modification of W-pouch with non-isolated extra limb as continent cutaneous pouch can simplify the technique and shorten the operative time with efficient continence, less side effects, and good quality of life.


Assuntos
Cistectomia , Íleo/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Coletores de Urina , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Arab J Urol ; 14(2): 131-5, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27489740

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety, efficacy and complications of single vs multiple instillations of povidone iodine (PI) and urographin as a sclerosing agent in the treatment of chyluria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 58 patients diagnosed with chyluria between March 2006 and January 2013. The inclusion criteria were either severe attacks of chyluria or patients with mild-to-moderate chyluria who had failed conservative treatment. The patients were randomly allocated to one of two groups: those in Group A had a single instillation of a combination of PI 0.2% plus the contrast-agent urographin 76%, while those in Group B had multiple instillations of the same combination twice daily for 3 successive days. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age of the patients in Groups A and B was 38.22 (10.67) and 37.9 (10.86) years, respectively. Chyluria was severe in eight patients (14.8%), moderate in 25 (46.3%) and mild in 21 (38.9%). The success rate in Group A (single instillation) was 85.2% and in Group B (multiple instillation) was 88.9%. The recurrence rate in Group A was 14.8% with a disease-free duration (DFD) of 4-15 weeks, while in group B it was 11.1% with a DFD of 6-18 weeks. CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference between a single instillation of a combination of PI 0.2% and urographin 76% as a sclerosing agent in the treatment of chyluria and multiple instillations. However, the single instillation protocol is more cost effective with a shorter hospital stay.

5.
Arab J Urol ; 9(3): 203-6, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26579298

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of simple closure using bilateral anterior pubic osteotomy to achieve a tension-free approximation of the pubis and abdominal wall in patients with bladder exstrophy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study carried out between 2006 and 2009 included 15 patients (13 boys and 2 girls; age range 3-47 months). Of these patients, three had recurrent exstrophy while 10 were operated primarily. An elective surgical technique was used for all patients, which included dissection of the exstrophic bladder from the abdominal wall, closure of the bladder and reconstruction of the urethra, then dissection of the rectus muscle and sheath lateral to the attachment of muscle to pubic bone, which makes osteotomy of the superior pubic ramus easy, thus facilitating closure. RESULTS: For closure of the bladder and anterior abdominal wall the results were excellent for all patients soon after surgery, but there was soft-tissue infection in two patients. Of all 15 patients, one had incomplete bladder dehiscence and another had a vesico-cutaneous fistula; both needed surgical intervention later. CONCLUSIONS: Simple closure with anterior pubic osteotomy is a feasible and effective means to facilitate both bladder and abdominal closure for patients with bladder exstrophy. It is advantageous in being a rapid procedure, and can be completed by the paediatric urologist.

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