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Infect Genet Evol ; 89: 104715, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434703


Rotaviruses (RVs) account for severe diarrhea in children and young animals globally. In the current study, the fecal samples of diarrheic calves from a beef farm in Inner Mongolia were screened for RVA by ELISA and RT-PCR, followed by culture of three positive RVA samples in the MA-104 cell line. After 10 blind passages, cytopathic effects (CPE) appeared as detachment, granulation, and clustering of the inoculated cells. The virus isolates were identified by RT-PCR (VP6 gene RVA) and ESI-LC-MS/MS for whole protein sequencing. The protein sequences demonstrated the presence of two strains from species A rotavirus and one RVB strain; RVA/Cow-tc/CHN/35333/2019/G6P[5] was mixed with one RVB strain (RVB/Cow-tc/CHN/35334/2019/G5P[3]) in two samples, and RVA/Cow-tc/CHN/10927/2019/G8P[7] was found in one sample. They are of genotype constellations (G6-P[5]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A3-N2-T6-E2-H3), (G8-P[7]-I5-R1-C1- M2-A1-N1-T1-E1-H1), and (G5-P[3]-I3-R5-C5-A5-N4-H5), respectively. Besides, phylogenetic analysis of the obtained sequences demonstrated viral evolution.

Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 92: 125-132, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125665


Cytidine/uridine monophosphate kinase 2 (CMPK2) is known as a nucleoside monophosphate kinase in mitochondria to maintains intracellular UTP/CTP, and could be induced by immunostimulants LPS and Poly (I:C) in mammals, suggesting its potential antiviral and antibacterial role. In this study, CMPK2 was cloned and characterized in Fathead minnow (FHM) cells. In vivo analysis of tissue distribution revealed that CMPK2 transcript was detected in all the tissues of zebrafish (Danio rerio) examined in this study, particularly abundant in liver, spleen and kidney. In addition, indirect immunofluorescence showed that CMPK2 was localized in the cytoplasm of FHM cells. Expression of CMPK2 mRNA was significantly up-regulated following challenge with Spring viraemia of carp virus (SVCV), poly(I:C), or zebrafish IFN1 and IFN3 both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, overexpression and RNA interference of CMPK2 in SVCV-infected FHM cells showed significantly antiviral effect. In summary, this study for the first time shows the presence and distribution of CMPK2 in different tissues of zebrafish, but also demonstrates its antiviral potential against SVCV infection in vivo. These new findings could contribute to explain the molecular mechanism of the CMPK2 mediated antiviral function.

Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Núcleosídeo-Fosfato Quinase/genética , Núcleosídeo-Fosfato Quinase/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/imunologia , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Interferons/metabolismo , Filogenia , Rhabdoviridae/fisiologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/veterinária , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária