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2.
Ann Neurol ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recessive null variants of the slow skeletal muscle troponin T1 (TNNT1) gene are a rare cause of nemaline myopathy that is fatal in infancy due to respiratory insufficiency. Muscle biopsy shows rods and fiber type disproportion. We report on 4 French Canadians with a novel form of recessive congenital TNNT1 core-rod myopathy. METHODS: Patients underwent full clinical characterization, lower limb magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), muscle biopsy, and genetic testing. A zebrafish loss-of-function model using morpholinos was created to assess the pathogenicity of the identified variant. Wild-type or mutated human TNNT1 mRNAs were coinjected with morpholinos to assess their abilities to rescue the morphant phenotype. RESULTS: Three adults and 1 child shared a novel missense homozygous variant in the TNNT1 gene (NM_003283.6: c.287T > C; p.Leu96Pro). They developed from childhood very slowly progressive limb-girdle weakness with rigid spine and disabling contractures. They suffered from restrictive lung disease requiring noninvasive mechanical ventilation in 3 patients, as well as recurrent episodes of rhabdomyolysis triggered by infections, which were relieved by dantrolene in 1 patient. Older patients remained ambulatory into their 60s. MRI of the leg muscles showed fibrofatty infiltration predominating in the posterior thigh and the deep posterior leg compartments. Muscle biopsies showed multiminicores and lobulated fibers, rods in half the patients, and no fiber type disproportion. Wild-type TNNT1 mRNA rescued the zebrafish morphants, but mutant transcripts failed to do so. INTERPRETATION: This study expands the phenotypic spectrum of TNNT1 myopathy and provides functional evidence for the pathogenicity of the newly identified missense mutation. ANN NEUROL 2020.

3.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 5, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915059

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe successful therapeutic strategies in statin-induced anti-HMGCR myopathy. METHODS: Retrospective data from a cohort of 55 patients with statin-induced anti-HMGCR myopathy, sequentially stratified by the presence of proximal weakness, early remission, and corticosteroid and IVIG use at treatment induction, were analyzed for optimal successful induction and maintenance of remission strategies. RESULTS: A total of 14 patients achieved remission with a corticosteroid-free induction strategy (25%). In 41 patients treated with corticosteroids, only 4 patients (10%) failed an initial triple steroid/IVIG/steroid-sparing immunosuppressant (SSI) induction strategy. Delay in treatment initiation was independently associated with lower odds of successful maintenance with immunosuppressant monotherapy (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.85 to 0.97, P = 0.015). While 22 patients (40%) presented with normal strength, only 9 had normal strength at initiation of treatment. CONCLUSION: While corticosteroid-free treatment of anti-HMGCR myopathy is now a safe option in selected cases, initial triple steroid/IVIG/SSI was very efficacious in induction. Delays in treatment initiation and, as a corollary, delays in achieving remission decrease the odds of achieving successful maintenance with an SSI alone. Avoiding such delays, most notably in patients with normal strength, may reset the natural history of anti-HMGCR myopathy from a refractory entity to a treatable disease.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1250, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric low-grade gliomas (PLGG) are the most frequent brain tumors in children. Up to 50% will be refractory to conventional chemotherapy. It is now known that the majority of PLGG have activation of the MAPK/ERK pathway. The same pathway is also activated in plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) which are low-grade tumors involving peripheral nerves in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). These lesions are known to be refractory to chemotherapy. Specific MEK inhibitors such as trametinib are now available and have been approved for other cancers harboring mutations in the MAPK/ERK pathway such as melanoma. We have observed significant responses to trametinib in patients with refractory PLGG in our institutions and results from the phase I study are promising. The treatment appears not only efficacious but is also usually well tolerated. We hypothesize that we will observe responses in the majority of refractory PLGG and PN treated with trametinib in this phase 2 study. METHODS: The primary objective is to determine the objective response rate of trametinib as a single agent for treatment of progressing/refractory tumors with MAPK/ERK pathway activation. The TRAM-01 study is a phase II multicentric open-label basket trial including four groups. Group 1 includes NF1 patients with progressing/refractory glioma. Group 2 includes NF1 patients with plexiform neurofibroma. Group 3 includes patients with progressing/refractory glioma with KIAA1549-BRAF fusion. Group 4 includes other patients with progressing/refractory glioma with activation of the MAPK/ERK pathway. Eligible patients for a given study group will receive daily oral trametinib at full dose for a total of 18 cycles of 28 days. A total of 150 patients will be enrolled in seven Canadian centers. Secondary objectives include the assessment of progression-free survival, overall survival, safety and tolerability of trametinib, serum levels of trametinib and evaluation of quality of life during treatment. DISCUSSION: Trametinib will allow us to target directly and specifically the MAPK/ERK pathway. We expect to observe a significant response in most patients. Following our study, trametinib could be integrated into standard treatment of PLGG and PN. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03363217 December 6, 2017.

5.
Nat Genet ; 51(12): 1702-1713, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768071

RESUMO

Childhood brain tumors have suspected prenatal origins. To identify vulnerable developmental states, we generated a single-cell transcriptome atlas of >65,000 cells from embryonal pons and forebrain, two major tumor locations. We derived signatures for 191 distinct cell populations and defined the regional cellular diversity and differentiation dynamics. Projection of bulk tumor transcriptomes onto this dataset shows that WNT medulloblastomas match the rhombic lip-derived mossy fiber neuronal lineage and embryonal tumors with multilayered rosettes fully recapitulate a neuronal lineage, while group 2a/b atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors may originate outside the neuroectoderm. Importantly, single-cell tumor profiles reveal highly defined cell hierarchies that mirror transcriptional programs of the corresponding normal lineages. Our findings identify impaired differentiation of specific neural progenitors as a common mechanism underlying these pediatric cancers and provide a rational framework for future modeling and therapeutic interventions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Encéfalo/embriologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Animais , Encéfalo/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Lactente , Meduloblastoma/genética , Meduloblastoma/patologia , Camundongos , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/genética , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/patologia , Fibras Nervosas/patologia , Fibras Nervosas/fisiologia , Prosencéfalo/citologia , Prosencéfalo/embriologia , Tumor Rabdoide/genética , Tumor Rabdoide/patologia , Análise de Célula Única
6.
J Neuropathol Exp Neurol ; 78(12): 1130-1146, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665376

RESUMO

Astrocytes are increasingly recognized as active contributors to the disease process in multiple sclerosis (MS), rather than being merely reactive. We investigated the expression of a selected microRNA (miRNA) panel that could contribute both to the injury and to the recovery phases of the disease. Individual astrocytes were laser microdissected from brain sections. We then compared the miRNAs' expressions in MS and control brain samples at different lesional stages in white versus grey matter regions. In active MS lesions, we found upregulation of ischemia-related miRNAs in white but not grey matter, often with reversion to the normal state in inactive lesions. In contrast to our previous findings on MS macrophages, expression of 2 classical inflammatory-related miRNAs, miRNA-155 and miRNA-146a, was reduced in astrocytes from active and chronic active MS lesions in white and grey matter, suggesting a lesser direct pathogenetic role for these miRNAs in astrocytes. miRNAs within the categories regulating aquaporin4 (-100, -145, -320) and glutamate transport/apoptosis/neuroprotection (-124a, -181a, and -29a) showed some contrasting responses. The regional and lesion-stage differences of expression of these miRNAs indicate the remarkable ability of astrocytes to show a wide range of selective responses in the face of differing insults and phases of resolution.

8.
Cancer Cell ; 36(1): 51-67.e7, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287992

RESUMO

Embryonal tumors with multilayered rosettes (ETMRs) are highly lethal infant brain cancers with characteristic amplification of Chr19q13.41 miRNA cluster (C19MC) and enrichment of pluripotency factor LIN28A. Here we investigated C19MC oncogenic mechanisms and discovered a C19MC-LIN28A-MYCN circuit fueled by multiple complex regulatory loops including an MYCN core transcriptional network and super-enhancers resulting from long-range MYCN DNA interactions and C19MC gene fusions. Our data show that this powerful oncogenic circuit, which entraps an early neural lineage network, is potently abrogated by bromodomain inhibitor JQ1, leading to ETMR cell death.

9.
Pediatr Neurol ; 97: 50-55, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31036424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Seizures are one of the most common symptoms of pediatric brain tumors. The purpose of this study was to define seizures related to primary central nervous system tumors and to identify risk factors predictive of seizure occurrence and recurrence. METHODS: We reviewed the records of children treated from January 1, 2004, to January 1, 2018 and collected data including age, gender, tumor location, histology, extent of initial resection, seizure characteristics, treatment modalities, recurrence, and seizure control. A binomial logistic regression was performed to determine the risk factors of seizure occurrence. RESULTS: During the observation period, 348 children were diagnosed with a primary brain tumor. The median age at diagnosis was 7.8 years, and the median follow-up interval was 3.9 years. There were 196 boys (56.3%). In our cohort, a total of 70 children (20.1%) experienced seizures. Most of them (64.3%) had cortical tumors. All patients with dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors and 81.8% of patients with glioneuronal tumors presented seizures. Risk factors associated with an increased risk for seizures included cortical location, tumor recurrence, and age at diagnosis. Thirty-nine (86.7%) patients with seizures at diagnosis were seizure free at last follow-up (Engel 1). Significantly more patients (69.6%) with a gross total resection were withdrawn from their antiepileptic drugs when compared with those with subtotal resection (27.3%, P = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Our study is the largest cohort in children with tumor-related seizures and brings new insight in terms of seizure risk according to tumor types and evolution following treatment.

10.
Cancer Cell ; 35(5): 782-797.e8, 2019 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085178

RESUMO

High-grade gliomas defined by histone 3 K27M driver mutations exhibit global loss of H3K27 trimethylation and reciprocal gain of H3K27 acetylation, respectively shaping repressive and active chromatin landscapes. We generated tumor-derived isogenic models bearing this mutation and show that it leads to pervasive H3K27ac deposition across the genome. In turn, active enhancers and promoters are not created de novo and instead reflect the epigenomic landscape of the cell of origin. H3K27ac is enriched at repeat elements, resulting in their increased expression, which in turn can be further amplified by DNA demethylation and histone deacetylase inhibitors providing an exquisite therapeutic vulnerability. These agents may therefore modulate anti-tumor immune responses as a therapeutic modality for this untreatable disease.

11.
Genet Med ; 21(11): 2521-2531, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092906

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Skeletal muscle growth and regeneration rely on muscle stem cells, called satellite cells. Specific transcription factors, particularly PAX7, are key regulators of the function of these cells. Knockout of this factor in mice leads to poor postnatal survival; however, the consequences of a lack of PAX7 in humans have not been established. METHODS: Here, we study five individuals with myopathy of variable severity from four unrelated consanguineous couples. Exome sequencing identified pathogenic variants in the PAX7 gene. Clinical examination, laboratory tests, and muscle biopsies were performed to characterize the disease. RESULTS: The disease was characterized by hypotonia, ptosis, muscular atrophy, scoliosis, and mildly dysmorphic facial features. The disease spectrum ranged from mild to severe and appears to be progressive. Muscle biopsies showed the presence of atrophic fibers and fibroadipose tissue replacement, with the absence of myofiber necrosis. A lack of PAX7 expression was associated with satellite cell pool exhaustion; however, the presence of residual myoblasts together with regenerating myofibers suggest that a population of PAX7-independent myogenic cells partially contributes to muscle regeneration. CONCLUSION: These findings show that biallelic variants in the master transcription factor PAX7 cause a new type of myopathy that specifically affects satellite cell survival.

12.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(4): e192906, 2019 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31026031

RESUMO

Importance: Little progress in pediatric cancer treatment has been noted in the past decade, urging the development of novel therapeutic strategies for adolescents and children with hard-to-treat cancers. Use of comprehensive molecular profiling in the clinical management of children and adolescents with cancer appears a suitable approach to improve patient care and outcomes, particularly for hard-to-treat cases. Objective: To assess the feasibility of identifying potentially actionable mutations using next-generation sequencing-based assays in a clinically relevant time frame. Design, Setting, and Participants: This diagnostic study reports the results of the TRICEPS study, a prospective genome sequencing study conducted in Québec, Canada. Participants, aged 18 years or younger at diagnosis, with refractory or relapsed childhood and adolescent cancers were enrolled from April 2014 through January 2018. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) of matched tumor normal samples and RNA sequencing of tumor were performed to identify single-nucleotide variants, fusion transcripts, differential gene expression, and copy number alterations. Results reviewed by a team of experts were further annotated, synthesized into a report, and subsequently discussed in a multidisciplinary molecular tumor board. Main Outcomes and Measures: Molecular profiling of pediatric patients with hard-to-treat cancer, identification of actionable and targetable alteration needed for the management of these patients, and proposition of targeted and personalized novel therapeutic strategies. Results: A total of 84 patients with hard-to-treat cancers were included in the analysis. These patients had a mean (range) age of 10.1 (1-21) years and a similar proportion of male (45 [54%]) and female (39 [46%]). Sixty-two patients (74%) had suitable tissues for multimodal molecular profiling (WES and RNA sequencing). The process from DNA or RNA isolation to genomic sequencing and data analysis steps took a median (range) of 24 (4-41) days. Potentially actionable alterations were identified in 54 of 62 patients (87%). Actions were taken in 22 of 54 patients (41%), and 18 (33%) either were on a second or third line of treatment, were in remission, or had stable disease and thus no actions were taken. Conclusions and Relevance: Incorporating genomic sequencing into the management of hard-to-treat childhood and adolescent cancers appeared feasible; molecular profiling may enable the identification of potentially actionable alterations with clinical implications for most patients, including targeted therapy and clinically relevant information of diagnostic, prognostic, and monitoring significance.

13.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1262, 2019 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30890717

RESUMO

Lys-27-Met mutations in histone 3 genes (H3K27M) characterize a subgroup of deadly gliomas and decrease genome-wide H3K27 trimethylation. Here we use primary H3K27M tumor lines and isogenic CRISPR-edited controls to assess H3K27M effects in vitro and in vivo. We find that whereas H3K27me3 and H3K27me2 are normally deposited by PRC2 across broad regions, their deposition is severely reduced in H3.3K27M cells. H3K27me3 is unable to spread from large unmethylated CpG islands, while H3K27me2 can be deposited outside these PRC2 high-affinity sites but to levels corresponding to H3K27me3 deposition in wild-type cells. Our findings indicate that PRC2 recruitment and propagation on chromatin are seemingly unaffected by K27M, which mostly impairs spread of the repressive marks it catalyzes, especially H3K27me3. Genome-wide loss of H3K27me3 and me2 deposition has limited transcriptomic consequences, preferentially affecting lowly-expressed genes regulating neurogenesis. Removal of H3K27M restores H3K27me2/me3 spread, impairs cell proliferation, and completely abolishes their capacity to form tumors in mice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/genética , Histonas/genética , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 2/metabolismo , Adolescente , Idoso , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Criança , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Edição de Genes/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioblastoma/patologia , Células HEK293 , Código das Histonas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Lisina/genética , Masculino , Metionina/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Mutação , Neurogênese/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
14.
Am J Med Genet A ; 179(3): 386-396, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30652412

RESUMO

The ryanodine receptor 1 (RYR1) is a calcium release channel essential for excitation-contraction coupling in the sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscles. Dominant variants in the RYR1 have been well associated with the known pharmacogenetic ryanodinopathy and malignant hyperthermia. With the era of next-generation gene sequencing and growing number of causative variants, the spectrum of ryanodinopathies has been evolving with dominant and recessive variants presenting with RYR1-related congenital myopathies such as central core disease, minicore myopathy with external ophthalmoplegia, core-rod myopathy, and congenital neuromuscular disease. Lately, the spectrum was broadened to include fetal manifestations, causing a rare recessive and lethal form of fetal akinesia deformation sequence syndrome (FADS)/arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) and lethal multiple pterygium syndrome. Here we broaden the spectrum of clinical manifestations associated with homozygous/compound heterozygous RYR1 gene variants to include a wide range of manifestations from FADS through neonatal hypotonia to a 35-year-old male with AMC and PhD degree. We report five unrelated families in which three presented with FADS. One of these families was consanguineous and had three affected fetuses with FADS, one patient with neonatal hypotonia who is alive, and one individual with AMC who is 35 years old with normal intellectual development and uses a wheelchair. Muscle biopsies on these cases demonstrated a variety of histopathological abnormalities, which did not assist with the diagnostic process. Neither the affected living individuals nor the parents who are obligate heterozygotes had history of malignant hyperthermia.

15.
Clin Neuropathol ; 38(2): 59-73, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30499772

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) with anaplastic features (PAAF) is a rare entity associated with decreased survival. It is characterized by hypercellularity, atypia, brisk mitotic activity, variable necrosis, and association with a classic PA component or anaplastic transformation in a recurrent tumor with a previously-documented classic PA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present 5 PAAF cases with clinical, radiological, pathological, and molecular correlation. We interrogated ATRX, IDH, TP53, PTEN, EGFR, BRAF, 6q23, p16(Ink4a) by sequencing, FISH, and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Four tumors were located in the cerebellum, and 1 was supratentorial. All showed ATRX protein loss by immunohistochemistry, loss of heterozygosity for PTEN, and had no IDH/TP53/BRAF mutations, nor EGFR amplification. Two of 5 tumors showed BRAF duplication by pyrosequencing. All showed loss of PTEN nuclear expression in subsets of tumor cells, which was associated with variable cytoplasmic positivity for pS6. There was a relative correlation between loss of PTEN expression and pS6 cytoplasmic expression. p53 was expressed in ~ 50% of tumor cells in all tumors. P16 was variably lost in all cases. One tumor showed MYB/6q23 deletion. CONCLUSION: We confirm ATRX protein loss suggestive of ATRX alteration as well as dysregulation of the PI3K/AKT pathway and, less often, of the MAPK/ERK pathway in PAAF.
.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Proteína Nuclear Ligada ao X/genética , Adulto , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Criança , DNA Helicases/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais
16.
J AAPOS ; 22(6): 469-471, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30120981

RESUMO

Mucolipidosis type IV is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder with psychomotor developmental delay, visual impairment, and achlorhydria. A mutation in the MCOLN1 gene causes an alteration of the protein mucolipin-1 that results in the accumulation of lipids and proteins in cytoplasmic vacuoles derived from lysosomes. Visual impairment results mainly from corneal clouding and retinal degeneration. The involvement of the corneal epithelium has been proposed following clinical observation and confirmed by ultrastructural studies of the cornea. We present the case of a child of French Canadian origin affected by mucolipidosis type IV who showed abnormal optical coherence tomography imaging of the cornea, typical skin cell inclusions on electronic microscopy, and a novel pathogenic mutation.


Assuntos
Doenças da Córnea/etiologia , Epitélio Anterior/patologia , Mucolipidoses/complicações , Degeneração Retiniana/etiologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Biópsia , Doenças da Córnea/diagnóstico , DNA/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Lactente , Lipossomos/ultraestrutura , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica , Mucolipidoses/diagnóstico , Mucolipidoses/genética , Mutação , Degeneração Retiniana/diagnóstico , Pele/patologia , Canais de Receptores Transientes de Potencial/genética , Canais de Receptores Transientes de Potencial/metabolismo
17.
J Neurooncol ; 140(2): 435-444, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30097824

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pediatric pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs) are low grade gliomas and the most common brain tumors in children. They often represent a therapeutic challenge when incompletely resected as they can recur and progress despite the use of several lines of chemotherapeutic agents or even radiation therapy. Genetic alterations leading to activation of the mitogen-activated-protein-kinase pathway are a hallmark of this disease and offer an interesting therapeutic alternative through the use of targeted inhibitors. METHODS: Here, we describe six children with sporadic PA who were treated with trametinib, a MEK inhibitor, following progression under conventional therapies. Retrospective chart review was performed. RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis was 2.3 years (y) old [range 11 months (m)-8.5 y old]. KIAA1549-BRAF fusion was identified in five cases, and hotspot FGFR1/NF1/PTPN11 mutations in one. All patients received at least one previous line of chemotherapy (range 1-4). The median time on treatment was 11 m (range 4-20). Overall, we observed two partial responses and three minor responses as best response; three of these patients are still on therapy. Treatment was discontinued in the patient with progressive disease. The most frequent toxicities were minor to moderately severe skin rash and gastro-intestinal symptoms. Two patients had dose reduction due to skin toxicity. Quality of life was excellent with decreased hospital visits and a close to normal life. CONCLUSION: Trametinib appears to be a suitable option for refractory pediatric low-grade glioma and warrants further investigations in case of progression.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Astrocitoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinonas/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Astrocitoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Astrocitoma/genética , Astrocitoma/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinonas/efeitos adversos , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 57(5): 223-230, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29315962

RESUMO

Germ-line interstitial deletions involving the 14q32 chromosomal region, resulting in 14q32 deletion syndrome, are rare. DICER1 is a recently described cancer-predisposition gene located at 14q32.13. We report the case of a male child with a ∼5.8 Mbp 14q32.13q32.2 germ-line deletion, which included the full DICER1 locus. We reviewed available clinical and pathological material, and conducted genetic analyses. In addition to having congenital dysmorphic features, the child developed multiple DICER1 syndrome-related tumors before age 5 y: a pediatric cystic nephroma (pCN), a ciliary body medulloepithelioma (CBME), and a small lung cyst (consistent with occult pleuropulmonary blastoma Type I/Ir cysts seen in DICER1 mutation carriers). He also developed a cerebral spindle-cell sarcoma with myogenous differentiation. Our investigations revealed that the deletion encompassed 31 protein-coding genes. In addition to the germ-line DICER1 deletion, somatic DICER1 RNase IIIb mutations were found in the CBME (c.5437G > A, p.E1813K), pCN (c.5425G > A, p.G1809R), and sarcoma (c.5125G > A, p.D1709N). The sarcoma also harbored a somatic TP53 mutation: c.844C > T, p.R282W. Additional copy number alterations were identified in the CBME and sarcoma using an OncoScan array. Among the 8 cases with molecularly-defined 14q32 deletions involving DICER1 and for whom phenotypic information is available, our patient and one other developed DICER1-related tumors. Biallelic DICER1 mutations have not previously been reported to cause cerebral sarcoma, which now may be considered a rare manifestation of the DICER1 syndrome. Our study shows that DICER1-related tumors can occur in children with 14q32 deletions and suggests surveillance for such tumors may be warranted.


Assuntos
Deleção Cromossômica , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , Síndromes Neoplásicas Hereditárias/genética , Ribonuclease III/genética , Criança , Cromossomos Humanos Par 14 , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Masculino , Deleção de Sequência
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